Cover image of The Hamilcast: A Hamilton Podcast
(646)
Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Music Commentary

The Hamilcast: A Hamilton Podcast

Updated 1 day ago

Arts
Music
Performing Arts
Music Commentary
Read more

In this podcast about all things Hamilton, I (your host Gillian Pensavalle) talk to my co-hosts and guests about all things Hamilton including how it brings people together, how we find Ham references in everyday life, and the general brilliance of the show: from cast, crew, and creatives involved in the production, to the minds behind some of the best social media accounts inspired by Hamilton, to teachers who use the music to get their students excited about history, and everything in between.The discussion of Ron Chernow's "Alexander Hamilton" starts in episode three. If you're interested, please feel free to read along with us; we'll be going chapter-by-chapter and provide detailed and reference-heavy outlines for each #Cherpter. But there's no pressure! There's plenty to talk about and this is not a super serious history class.When I started this podcast in January of 2016, I could not have imagined the incredible community that has built around the show and the amazing experiences that have come my way. Thank you to everyone who has listened, appeared on the show, contributed, or reached out in any way. This podcast for you and I absolutely love making it.If you have any great Ham stories or funny references you've come across, let me know! I love hearing about things like that. Email TheHamilcast [at] gmail [dot] com, or contact me on social media @TheHamilcast.I have the honor to be your obedient servant,
G.Pen

Read more

In this podcast about all things Hamilton, I (your host Gillian Pensavalle) talk to my co-hosts and guests about all things Hamilton including how it brings people together, how we find Ham references in everyday life, and the general brilliance of the show: from cast, crew, and creatives involved in the production, to the minds behind some of the best social media accounts inspired by Hamilton, to teachers who use the music to get their students excited about history, and everything in between.The discussion of Ron Chernow's "Alexander Hamilton" starts in episode three. If you're interested, please feel free to read along with us; we'll be going chapter-by-chapter and provide detailed and reference-heavy outlines for each #Cherpter. But there's no pressure! There's plenty to talk about and this is not a super serious history class.When I started this podcast in January of 2016, I could not have imagined the incredible community that has built around the show and the amazing experiences that have come my way. Thank you to everyone who has listened, appeared on the show, contributed, or reached out in any way. This podcast for you and I absolutely love making it.If you have any great Ham stories or funny references you've come across, let me know! I love hearing about things like that. Email TheHamilcast [at] gmail [dot] com, or contact me on social media @TheHamilcast.I have the honor to be your obedient servant,
G.Pen

iTunes Ratings

646 Ratings
Average Ratings
594
31
9
6
6

A Message from the Jig!

By LotuSviLLe - Sep 02 2019
Read more
Gillian’s editing skills gives me chills, thrills, and I hope one day it will pay her bills!

Hamilton

By harry potter nred - Jul 18 2019
Read more
Ive only listened ti 1 or 2 episodes but its so cool

iTunes Ratings

646 Ratings
Average Ratings
594
31
9
6
6

A Message from the Jig!

By LotuSviLLe - Sep 02 2019
Read more
Gillian’s editing skills gives me chills, thrills, and I hope one day it will pay her bills!

Hamilton

By harry potter nred - Jul 18 2019
Read more
Ive only listened ti 1 or 2 episodes but its so cool
Cover image of The Hamilcast: A Hamilton Podcast

The Hamilcast: A Hamilton Podcast

Updated 1 day ago

Read more

In this podcast about all things Hamilton, I (your host Gillian Pensavalle) talk to my co-hosts and guests about all things Hamilton including how it brings people together, how we find Ham references in everyday life, and the general brilliance of the show: from cast, crew, and creatives involved in the production, to the minds behind some of the best social media accounts inspired by Hamilton, to teachers who use the music to get their students excited about history, and everything in between.The discussion of Ron Chernow's "Alexander Hamilton" starts in episode three. If you're interested, please feel free to read along with us; we'll be going chapter-by-chapter and provide detailed and reference-heavy outlines for each #Cherpter. But there's no pressure! There's plenty to talk about and this is not a super serious history class.When I started this podcast in January of 2016, I could not have imagined the incredible community that has built around the show and the amazing experiences that have come my way. Thank you to everyone who has listened, appeared on the show, contributed, or reached out in any way. This podcast for you and I absolutely love making it.If you have any great Ham stories or funny references you've come across, let me know! I love hearing about things like that. Email TheHamilcast [at] gmail [dot] com, or contact me on social media @TheHamilcast.I have the honor to be your obedient servant,
G.Pen

Rank #1: #88: #Lintoberfest with Lin-Manuel Miranda // Part One

Podcast cover
Read more

Lin-Manuel Miranda came over to my apartment and we had so much fun that I have FIVE episodes for you! Welcome to #Lintoberfest, with my husband Michael Paul Smith joining me for these episodes. In Part One, I try to get over the fact that Lin is recording in my living room - spoiler! I don't! - But regardless, we tell the story of how Lin ended up on the podcast, details of the early days of Hamilton, why Lin is a Hamilton/Burr hybrid, and quote The West Wing a LOT. We also eat popcorn and drink the Spark Into a Flame cocktail, made especially for Lin and inspired by his Inwood, NYC roots. Stay tuned for four more episodes: two more with Lin and then the Lin B-Sides which will be outtakes, non-sequiturs, and commentary by me and Mike (you know Mike). And no, I'm still not over the fact that this happened! No chill whatsoever!

To help Puerto Rico: https://hispanicfederation.org/donate

Donate to disaster relief: http://www.businessinsider.com/best-charities-to-help-hurricane-victims-harvey-irma-maria-2017-9

https://www.bakerripley.org/get-involved/donate

https://www.oneamericaappeal.org/

https://secure.humanesociety.org

Previous episodes referenced: http://www.thehamilcast.com/episode-65-dag-i-amaze-and-astonish-part-one/

http://www.thehamilcast.com/episode-66-dag-i-amaze-and-astonish-part-two/

http://www.thehamilcast.com/episode-77-you-want-a-revolution-i-want-a-revelation

http://www.thehamilcast.com/episode-83-everybodys-dancin-and-the-bands-top-volume/

http://www.thehamilcast.com/episode-84-everybodys-dancin-and-the-bands-top-volume-part-two

Oct 02 2017
54 mins
Play

Rank #2: #181: #HamiltonCHI Part One // Gillian and Mike Talk all the Things

Podcast cover
Read more

I went to Chicago and Mike met me there and we had a bit of a weekend! It kicked off with a #PitSit on Thursday, which means I GOT TO SIT IN THE PIT WITH THE MUSICIANS DURING A PERFORMANCE AND THE WORLD WILL NEVER BE THE SAME. The rest of the weekend involved #HamiltonCHI, #HamEx, an amazing listener meetup, and recording with cast members! Hamilton is the best. The end.

Aug 12 2019
1 hour 8 mins
Play

Rank #3: #116: We just assume that it happens // Part One

Podcast cover
Read more

In an entirely unprecedented move, I had to record an Emergency Podcast System to put at the top of an already completed episode! Join me and my husband Mike as we play and discuss not only April's #Hamildrop, #FirstBurn, but Lin-Manuel Miranda's very first draft of Burn! We talked about the draft during #Lintoberfest and thanks to LMM's endless generosity and awesomeness, The Hamilcast is the only place you can hear this unreleased draft. Needless to say, we lost our minds and you will too. Enjoy!

Download and stream "First Burn" on your favorite music platform and head over to www.hamildrops.com for all things Hamildrops.

///

Hamilton Broadway's Associate Company Manager Holli Campbell stopped by to drop alllllll the knowledge about how Hamilton runs smoothly, from Broadway to the growing number of companies. From what a company manager does to breaking down all the types of tickets and how to get them (yes!), Holli proves that you don't have to be on stage to be heavily involved in theatre. 

HAMILTON Ham4Ham 9/11/15 “Love for the Techies Day” with the entire company

On “Love for the Techies Day," production stage manager Jason Bassett calls the cues while Lin-Manuel and the company perform “Ten Duel Commandments” (without the dual turntables):

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XqE-mGI5OaM

Apr 30 2018
1 hour 20 mins
Play

Rank #4: #3: Get your education

Podcast cover
Read more

This week Gillian and Bianca talk to Kathleen Cameron, the hilarious genius behind the Hamilton Dubsmashes, and dive into the prologue and first chapter of Chernow's book. "My Shot" instrumental provided by Bao Vu.

Feb 15 2016
44 mins
Play

Rank #5: #89: #Lintoberfest with Lin-Manuel Miranda // Part Two

Podcast cover
Read more

Welcome to Part Two of a five part series featuring Lin-Manuel Miranda! I am once again joined by my husband Mike and this episode focuses a LOT on music, so prepare to have your mind blown. Lin tries to teach me how to freestyle (it doesn't go well), we talk about Freestyle Love Supreme, Lin plays a "Meet Me Inside" demo, and answers questions from the Patreon Peeps. We also talk Hamilton memes, inside jokes from the days at The Public, and more. PS: Don't forget to send me your photos of listening to #Lintoberfest with your own popcorn using either #Lintoberfest or #popcornchomp!

To help Puerto Rico:

https://hispanicfederation.org/donate

https://open.spotify.com/user/spotify/playlist/37i9dQZF1DWVJYaFlGP5hP

Donate to disaster relief:

http://www.businessinsider.com/best-charities-to-help-hurricane-victims-harvey-irma-maria-2017-9

https://www.bakerripley.org/get-involved/donate

https://www.oneamericaappeal.org/

https://secure.humanesociety.org

Previous episodes referenced:

http://www.thehamilcast.com/episode-65-dag-i-amaze-and-astonish-part-one/

http://www.thehamilcast.com/episode-66-dag-i-amaze-and-astonish-part-two/

http://www.thehamilcast.com/episode-77-you-want-a-revolution-i-want-a-revelation

http://www.thehamilcast.com/episode-83-everybodys-dancin-and-the-bands-top-volume/

http://www.thehamilcast.com/episode-84-everybodys-dancin-and-the-bands-top-volume-part-two

Shockwave's Ham4Ham:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=605NNhgl2U0

Freestyle Love Supreme at Joe's Pub: 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0_MLXaP2q1M 

Lin on Drunk History:

http://www.cc.com/episodes/y51rs0/drunk-history-hamilton-season-4-ep-410

Oct 09 2017
54 mins
Play

Rank #6: #150 // Kurt Crowley, Hamilton Broadway's Music Director // Part One

Podcast cover
Read more

Kurt Crowley, Hamilton Broadway's music director, kicks of 2019 with three mindblowing episodes. In this first episode Kurt pulls back the curtain on the #SNOB tradition (Saturday Night on Broadway), tells stories from the earliest days of Hamilton, goes in on his friendship/working relationship with Alex Lacamoire, and plays tons of motifs and musical gems because OF COURSE I MADE SURE THE KEYBOARD WAS PRESENT!

Jan 07 2019
1 hour 28 mins
Play

Rank #7: #126: And I’m tryin’ not to cry ‘cause there’s nothing that your mind can’t do // Part One

Podcast cover
Read more

Sir Alex Lacamoire is here! For THREE EPISODES! Get ready, you guys, your minds are about to be blown. Mike joins me for #JuLac and Alex was kind enough to bring an electric piano and play us ALL THE THINGS. In this first episode, Alex tells us all about The Schuyler Sisters, the song that went through the most changes. But he doesn't just tell us... he brought all the demos so we get to HEAR the evolution of the song. We also play a little game I like to call "In the style of..." and Alex plays his favorite Hamilton song in the style of Billy Joel, Rush, Fiona Apple, and Tori Amos. This episode is packed. We had the most fun ever and I hope you love it. 

How a Miami musician overcame hearing loss to help create the music to ‘Hamilton’:

https://www.miamiherald.com/entertainment/article107866077.html

First Burn #Hamildrop:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r2ys-AimNbE

Alex Lacamoire on Shockwave’s Shock and Awesome Podcast:

https://headgum.com/shock-and-awesome/lacamoire-the-room-where-it-happens

Mike Elizondo on Spotify:

https://open.spotify.com/user/spotify_in_residence/playlist/1qjLC064PnRWeyvOAPJH6R#_=_

Fiona Apple - “Extraordinary Machine”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WQk0xTwZumo&list=PLEGB_5jnXjR0lvILUb0-kSiQV7ys4eoKH

The Regrettes - “Helpless” #Hamildrop

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tK_9hkWigYs

Satisfied (feat. Miguel & Queen Latifah):

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sZCKsSmRMx4

Daft Punk - “Random Access Memories”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IluRBvnYMoY&list=PLcdN8reXV1kxMnaH06Wi8KJYPMIzehXuo

The Notorious B.I.G - “Things Done Changed”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yy5m_9HXp6A

Jul 09 2018
56 mins
Play

Rank #8: #124: You simply must meet Thomas. Thomas! // Part One

Podcast cover
Read more

That's Thomas as in KAIL. YES! TOMMY. KAIL. CAME. OVER. It was super fun and we are naturally at 1.5x speed. Tommy tells me all about the upcoming Hamilton exhibition in Chicago, opening this November, and how the job of a director changes (or doesn't) as a production evolves. We bond over It's a Wonderful Life, Tommy reminds cast members who are alums of The Hamilcast that he *does* hear the stories they tell, I teach him the correct names of Hamilton songs, and Tommy confirms that he is not in fact Alex Lacamoire. OR IS HE??? He's not, you guys, they just both have really fantastic hair. 

Have I mentioned that Hamilton and In The Heights director and all around excellent human Thomas Kail hung out with me for a few hours? Because it still feels ridiculous. 

Freestyle Love Supreme at Joe's Pub: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0_MLXaP2q1M

Choreographing 'Hamilton': The Meaning Behind the Moves: https://youtu.be/VmYTsOrnWP0

Jun 25 2018
52 mins
Play

Rank #9: #90: #Lintoberfest with Lin-Manuel Miranda // Part Three

Podcast cover
Read more

Lin-Manuel Miranda is back for another round and #Lintoberfest Part Three is our most emotional episode yet; Lin goes IN on "It's Quiet Uptown" as well as his thoughts on legacies and what he says is truly beautiful. But don't worry, there's balance! We also talk King George III, Moana, if and when the audience is allowed to sing along during parts of Hamilton, and Lin gives advice to writers and creative people. Stay tuned for next week for Part Four aka The Lin B-Sides, where you'll hear audio from the cutting room floor along with commentary from me and Mike. Keep sending those #popcornchomp photos!

To help Puerto Rico:

https://hispanicfederation.org/donate

https://open.spotify.com/user/spotify/playlist/37i9dQZF1DWVJYaFlGP5hP

Donate to disaster relief:

http://www.businessinsider.com/best-charities-to-help-hurricane-victims-harvey-irma-maria-2017-9

https://www.bakerripley.org/get-involved/donate

https://www.oneamericaappeal.org/

https://secure.humanesociety.org

Previous episodes referenced:

http://www.thehamilcast.com/episode-83-everybodys-dancin-and-the-bands-top-volume/

http://www.thehamilcast.com/episode-84-everybodys-dancin-and-the-bands-top-volume-part-two

John Adams HBO Miniseries:

http://www.hbo.com/john-adams

"More" demo from Moana: 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=upjbIJESEUU

"Hot House" by Charlie Parker:

https://archive.org/details/CharlieParker93Songs

Oct 16 2017
46 mins
Play

Rank #10: #63: I'm passionately smashin' every expectation // Part One

Podcast cover
Read more

Javier Muñoz is here! Yes, for real! This episode is packed, you guys. We sip on the custom-made Tom Cat cocktail as Javi tells us about his relationship with Lin-Manuel Miranda starting with In the Heights and how that impacts his experience in Hamilton, the importance of connecting with every cast member on stage, and his favorite parts of playing HamiltonWe also talk Harry Potter and reminisce about the 90s because of course.

"Praying for Time" by George Michael: https://youtu.be/goroyZbVdlo

Apr 10 2017
54 mins
Play

Rank #11: #171 // Rory O'Malley // Hamilton's King George III

Podcast cover
Read more

Hello! A message from the King! (Get it? Because Rory O'Malley has been in both The Book of Mormon *and* Hamilton). Join me as I hang out with the kind, funny, warm, and super talented Rory O'Malley! Rory talks about what it's like to be a brand new father, he tells me his Hamilton story and his experience playing King George III on Broadway and the first national tour, and we bond over podcasting. Plus, we talk The Book of Mormon including sage advice about King George III from Andrew Rannells, what KGIII and Elder McKinley have in common, and Rory does one hell of a Josh Gad impression.

Twitter: @RoryOMalley Instagram: @MrRoryOMalley

Marc Tumminelli http://www.broadwayworkshop.com/faculty-bio/marc-tumminelli/

Patrick Hinds and Steve Tipton on The Strangers Podcast http://www.storycentral.org/two-men-and-a-baby-the-final-episode/

Nerds on Twitter
https://twitter.com/nerdsmusical

HAMILTON #Ham4Ham "Congratulations" with Renée Elise Goldsberry 8/31/16 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d7K7pvJB27w

The Twitter Song from Nobody Loves You https://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/07/23/in-performance-rory-omalley-of-nobody-loves-you/

Living the Dream with Rory O'Malley http://roryomalley.com/podcast

Geffen Playhouse Unscripted https://www.podcastone.com/geffen-playhouse-unscripted

Broadway Impact https://twitter.com/broadwayimpact https://beltthevote.org/

Jun 03 2019
1 hour
Play

Rank #12: #97: I wanna talk about what I have learned, the hard-won wisdom I have earned // Part One

Podcast cover
Read more

Ladies and gentlemen, Chris Jackson coulda been anywhere in the world tonight, but he's here with me in New York City. Are you ready for Part One of my chat with him?? In this episode, CJack gets real about some of his past bad behavior during the early days of In The Heights, his experience being in the original Broadway company of Hamilton, the moment he thought he chose the wrong career path, and the mutual love, respect, and admiration flowing between the members of the Lin's Cabinet. We go in on those #TequilaThoughts, with a torrential downpour as our soundtrack. 

hispanicfederation.org/donate

Dec 04 2017
57 mins
Play

Rank #13: #163 // Marc de la Cruz - Hamilton Broadway // Part One

Podcast cover
Read more

Marc de la Cruz recently made history as the first ever Asian American actor to play the role of Hamilton on Broadway. After falling in love with In the Heights and realizing what was possible on Broadway, he wondered if he’d ever get the chance to work with The Cabinet and SPOILER it’s happening!! In Marc’s first episode, we talk about his journey to Broadway and his experiences with High School Musical, If/Then, and Allegiance

via YouTube

OnQ Talent Agency

Published on Nov 23, 2014

Allegiance features music and lyrics by Jay Kuo, book by Marc Acito, Kuo and Lorenzo Thione, direction by Stafford Arima, choreography by Andrew Palermo and music supervision, arrangements and orchestrations by Lynne Shankel.

Apr 08 2019
58 mins
Play

Rank #14: #160 // Mike Moise - Hamilton's Assistant Conductor // Part One

Podcast cover
Read more

Mike Moise, Hamilton’s Assistant Conductor, is super fun and full of energy. He started his music career at four years old by plunking out Andrew Lloyd Webber’s Phantom of the Opera BY EAR and by the end of his first episode Mike tells us the story of playing Andy Blankenbuehler’s Cats for ALW himself. But before that, Mike tells the story of how he had lived in NYC for less than a week before Sir Alex Lacamoire called him in to audition for Hamilton. 

Mar 18 2019
1 hour 6 mins
Play

Rank #15: #127: And I’m tryin’ not to cry ‘cause there’s nothing that your mind can’t do // Part Two

Podcast cover
Read more

Alex Lacamoire is back to blow our minds once again which is crazy because I'm still not over last week's episode. This week we dive into Lin-Manuel Miranda's favorite arrangements and how Alex came to make them: Yorktown (YAASSSS!!!), Wait For It (SRSLY YOU'RE NOT READY), One Last Time ("f@%k you strings!"), and That Would Be Enough (Alex brought something that even Lin hasn't heard yet - yes, there were tears). Oh! AND! Alex plays an exclusive track you can't hear anywhere else called "Hamilton Finale Idea" and while neither Alex, LMM, nor Thomas Kail remember exactly what it was for I can promise you that your world will never be the same. 

Andrés Forero Episodes: 

Episode #118: When you knock me down I get the fuck back up again // Part One

Episode #119: When you knock me down I get the fuck back up again // Part Two

That Would Be Enough musicians (Hamilton quartet from The Philip Tour - @hamiltourquartet) Concertmaster/Violin I: Austin Burket Violin 2: Hayden Oliver Viola: Sarah Haines Cello: Buffi Jacobs

Jul 16 2018
49 mins
Play

Rank #16: #153 // The Hamilcast Goes to #HamiltonPR // Part One

Podcast cover
Read more

Greetings from Puerto Rico! Well, not really, but Mike and I went to PR to see Hamilton and we had so much to say that I had to split our recording into two episodes. We tell you about our full #HamiltonPR experience from meeting listeners, to hanging with Lin-Manuel Miranda and the cast backstage, and of course diving into the performance itself. We also tell you about the beautiful island of Puerto Rico, and the many reasons you should visit!

If a vacation isn't in the cards for you at the moment, please take some time to check out:

https://flamboyanartsfund.org/ and https://hispanicfederation.org/

Jan 28 2019
1 hour 13 mins
Play

Rank #17: #4: Then a hurricane came, and devastation reigned

Podcast cover
Read more

Our resident high school history teacher Ashley Graffeo returns to gush over seeing "Hamilton"for the first time and talk about Chapter Two in Chernow's book, aptly titled "Hurricane." Not to mention Hamilton's early poetry in which he calls someone "an artful little slut." Damn, Ham! "My Shot" instrumental provided by Bao Vu.

Feb 22 2016
35 mins
Play

Rank #18: #154 // The Hamilcast Goes to #HamiltonPR // Part Two

Podcast cover
Read more

Greetings from Puerto Rico! Part Two! Well, not really, but Mike and I went to PR to see Hamilton and we had so much to say that I had to split our recording into two episodes. We tell you about our full #HamiltonPR experience from meeting listeners, to hanging with Lin-Manuel Miranda and the cast backstage, and of course diving into the performance itself. We also tell you about the beautiful island of Puerto Rico, and the many reasons you should visit!

If a vacation isn't in the cards for you at the moment, please take some time to check out:

https://flamboyanartsfund.org/ and https://hispanicfederation.org/

Feb 04 2019
1 hour 11 mins
Play

Rank #19: #139: We'll get a little place in Harlem and we'll figure it out // Part One

Podcast cover
Read more

Solea Pfeiffer and Ryan Vasquez are here! Solea originated Eliza on the First National Tour of Hamilton aka The Angelica Tour. On that same tour Ryan covered Alexander Hamilton, Aaron Burr, George Washington, James Reynolds, Philip Schuyler, and The Doctor. Ryan is now in Hamilton's Broadway company covering those same roles and this amazing couple came over to talk to me about their relationship, careers, and what it was like for a real life couple to play Hamilton and Eliza on stage. 

@HamiltonAsDogs tweets: 

https://twitter.com/hamiltonasdogs/status/947214093936615424

https://twitter.com/hamiltonasdogs/status/851516338673598464

https://twitter.com/hamiltonasdogs/status/845067399724359681

https://twitter.com/hamiltonasdogs/status/818906991267459072

Bedknobs and Broomsticks - "Portobello Road"

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LYBECKl0zFo

Phillipa Soo - "No One Else" from Natasha, Pierre, and the Great Comet of 1812 (Original Cast Recording):

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bF8ta_5D7og

Oct 08 2018
59 mins
Play

Rank #20: #125: You simply must meet Thomas. Thomas! // Part Two

Podcast cover
Read more

Hamilton director Tommy Kail is back again this week and I am reminded, by Tommy, that no one thinks I'm laid back. In this episode Tommy talks about the casting process including how Hamilton has the feeling of a family reunion, and he gives his opinion on what happens in the very last moment of the show. In non-Hamilton related topics, Tommy tells the story of how he and Lin-Manuel Miranda ended up in the Sex and the City movie, his experience directing Grease LIVE!, and why "Mona Lisa" by Slick Rick is a defining song for him. 

The West Wing Weekly: Hamilton Special (with Lin-Manuel Miranda and Thomas Kail)

Grease: Live Is The Word

Grease LIVE! Freddy My Love

Slick Rick - "Mona Lisa"

Jul 02 2018
52 mins
Play

Similar Podcasts