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Injury Prevention podcast

Updated 6 days ago

Health & Fitness
Medicine
Science
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Injury Prevention is an international peer review journal, offering the best in science, policy and public health practice to reduce the burden of injury in all age groups around the world. In our podcast we interview the author of that edition’s editor’s choice article.* The purpose of this podcast is to educate and to inform. The content of this podcast does not constitute medical advice and it is not intended to function as a substitute for a healthcare practitioner’s judgement, patient care or treatment. The views expressed by contributors are those of the speakers. BMJ does not endorse any views or recommendations discussed or expressed on this podcast. Listeners should also be aware that professionals in the field may have different opinions. By listening to this podcast, listeners agree not to use its content as the basis for their own medical treatment or for the medical treatment of others.

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Injury Prevention is an international peer review journal, offering the best in science, policy and public health practice to reduce the burden of injury in all age groups around the world. In our podcast we interview the author of that edition’s editor’s choice article.* The purpose of this podcast is to educate and to inform. The content of this podcast does not constitute medical advice and it is not intended to function as a substitute for a healthcare practitioner’s judgement, patient care or treatment. The views expressed by contributors are those of the speakers. BMJ does not endorse any views or recommendations discussed or expressed on this podcast. Listeners should also be aware that professionals in the field may have different opinions. By listening to this podcast, listeners agree not to use its content as the basis for their own medical treatment or for the medical treatment of others.

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Cover image of Injury Prevention podcast

Injury Prevention podcast

Updated 6 days ago

Read more

Injury Prevention is an international peer review journal, offering the best in science, policy and public health practice to reduce the burden of injury in all age groups around the world. In our podcast we interview the author of that edition’s editor’s choice article.* The purpose of this podcast is to educate and to inform. The content of this podcast does not constitute medical advice and it is not intended to function as a substitute for a healthcare practitioner’s judgement, patient care or treatment. The views expressed by contributors are those of the speakers. BMJ does not endorse any views or recommendations discussed or expressed on this podcast. Listeners should also be aware that professionals in the field may have different opinions. By listening to this podcast, listeners agree not to use its content as the basis for their own medical treatment or for the medical treatment of others.

Rank #1: Mark Stevenson on mobile phones, big data and a new era in Injury Prevention

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Mark Stevenson (University of Melbourne, Australia) is one of the State of the Art Review Editors of Injury Prevention. He talks with Rod McClure about a new era in the practice of Injury Prevention supported by technology and big data, both powerful allies in his most recent work.
More details of the papers mentioned in this podcast:
- The epidemiology of accidents. American Journal of Public Health. 1949, 39(4):504-515
- The role of sleepiness, sleep disorders, and the work environment on heavy-vehicle crashes in 2 Australian states. American Journal of Epidemiology. 2014, 179(5):594-601.
- Childhood drowning: barriers surrounding private swimming pools. Pediatrics, 2003, 111: e115-e119.
- Land use, transport and population health; estimating the health benefits of compact cities. Lancet, 2016; published online Sept 23.

- The role of mobile phones in motor vehicle crashes resulting in hospital attendance: a case-crossover study. British Medical Journal, 2005, 331:428-433. - https://www.bmj.com/content/331/7514/428

May 23 2019

15mins

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Rank #2: The Sports Injury Registry

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This podcast focuses on the collection of high school athlete sports injury data by the University of South Florida Sports Medicine and Athletic Related Trauma Institute (SMART).

SMART developed an injury surveillance tool to collect detailed sports injury risk factor and outcome data for high school athletes in west central Florida beginning in 2007. Since 2012 SMART has joined the Reporting Information Online (RIO) network for high school athletes’ sports injury data collection. The lead researcher for the SMART injury surveillance research is Dr Karen Liller, Professor and AAAS Fellow in the University of South Florida College of Public Health. The Director of SMART is Dr Barbara Morris.

Together they provide information on the origins of SMART, the data collection process, latest results, and plans for the future in this podcast.

About the presenters: Dr. Karen Liller is a professor and AAAS Fellow in the University of South Florida College of Public Health. Her teaching, research, and service activities largely focus on public health and the prevention and control of children's unintentional injuries, most recently those related to sports. In 2012 Dr Liller was named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and has been named one of the top 15 women scholars in health education and health promotion. She is the editor of the injury text, "Injury Prevention for Children and Adolescents: Research, Practice, and Advocacy," published by the American Public Health Association.

Dr Barbara Morris, Director of SMART, is also a certified athletic trainer and a certified strength and conditioning specialist. She was named the 2008 Professional Outreach Athletic Trainer of the Year by the Athletic Trainer’s Association of Florida and has worked extensively in sports medicine clinical settings, including athletic training outreach, industrial rehabilitation and administration. Dr Morris has a faculty appointment in USF’s Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine where she teaches in the Athletic Training Education Program.

Aug 21 2014

27mins

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Rank #3: Greening vacant lots reduces violent injury

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In Philadelphia, the local authority has undertaken a project to green vacant lots, with the aim of improving the city.

Research by Charles Branas, a professor of epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania, has shown that not only did this have the desired aesthetic effect, it also lead to a reduction in violent crime in those areas.

He joins Brian Johnston, IP's editor in chief, to discuss his work.

Read the full research: http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/19/3/198

Jul 12 2013

22mins

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Rank #4: Using the Haddon matrix: introducing the third dimension

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William Haddon Jr developed his conceptual model, the Haddon matrix, by applying basic principles of public health to the problem of traffic safety. In 1998, Carol Runyan expanded on his work with the seminal paper “Using the Haddon matrix: introducing the third dimension” that expanded on the matrix and its utility by adding a decision-making dimension based on principles of policy analysis. This paper made an important contribution to the injury prevention field as it provided straightforward and useful guidance on how to apply and use an already familiar tool to better support evidence-based decision-making.

In this podcast, Dr Runyan, UNC Injury Prevention Research Center, and J Morag MacKay, European Child Safety Alliance discuss the impact of the work and, given the current challenges decision makers face in translating research into action, how this framework remains relevant today.

Read the papers:
Using the Haddon matrix: introducing the third dimension http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/21/2/126.full

Research and practice in a multidimensional world: a commentary on the contribution of the third dimension of the Haddon matrix to injury prevention http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/21/2/131.full

Jul 23 2015

24mins

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Rank #5: Injury and violence: achieving population level change

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In the first podcast of the year, Editor-in-Chief of Injury Prevention Rod McClure talks to Natalie Wilkins, from the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
Dr Wilkins experience in the injury prevention field ranges from opioids overuse to car accidents, sports injury, child abuse and suicide. She is the guest editor of a supplement of the Injury Prevention journal titled “Achieving population level change”, which brings together different approaches for achieving population-level change to improve injury-related health of communities. Read it for free: https://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/24/Suppl_1.
A list of specific papers mentioned in this podcast below:
A social change perspective on injury prevention in China - https://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/24/Suppl_1/i25
What matters, when, for whom? three questions to guide population health scholarship -
https://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/24/Suppl_1/i3
New York City’s window guard policy: four decades of success - https://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/24/Suppl_1/i14
How the science of injury prevention contributes to advancing home fire safety in the USA: successes and opportunities - https://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/24/Suppl_1/i7
Compared with what? Estimating the effects of injury prevention policies using the synthetic control method - https://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/24/Suppl_1/i60

Find the Injury Prevention podcast on the journal website (injuryprevention.bmj.com) as well as on your preferred App every first Thursday of the month.

Dec 20 2018

10mins

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Rank #6: Preventing deaths and injuries from house fires

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Brian Johnston, IP Editor in Chief, talks to Gregory Istre and Mary McCoy, Injury Prevention Center of Greater Dallas, about their latest research into the impact of community-based smoke alarm distribution programmes on the occurrence of house fire-related deaths and injuries.

Read the full research: http://goo.gl/mg7JCa

Mar 24 2014

16mins

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Rank #7: Analysis of the quantity and quality of published RCTs related to injury prevention in China

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Brian Johnston talks to Guoqing Hu, Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Central South University, China, about what his analysis of injury prevention research published in China between 2001 and 2010 reveals.

Read the full paper (for free) http://goo.gl/bNZz51

Jul 03 2014

34mins

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Rank #8: Patterns of vulnerability to non-fatal injuries in Sudan

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Successful injury prevention requires identification and targeting of particularly vulnerable groups, but little is known about injury vulnerability patterns in Sudan.

Safa Abdalla, Sudanese Public Health Consultancy Group, aimed to fill this gap using survey data, and here Brian Johnston asks her what she found.

Read the full paper:

http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/20/5/310.full

Nov 05 2014

13mins

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Rank #9: Road safety and communication. Why Professor Martha Híjar chose research over public service

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Professor Martha Híjar has recently made the decision of leaving her role as the Director of the National Council for Injury Prevention of the Ministry of Health in México to go back to research. She explains why in this conversation with Professor Rod McClure. She is a professor at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de México and author and co-author of many articles in the Injury Prevention field, the majority of which are written in Spanish, so "they can reach all her colleagues in Latin America” she tells. Professor Híjar also talks about taking on the job of editing Injury Prevention and explores her Mexico-city-based career path in this field.
References to the mentioned papers below:
- Baker SP. Childhood Injuries: The Community Approach to Prevention. J Public Health Policy 2:235-246, 1981.
https://www.jstor.org/stable/3342369
- Híjar MC, Carrillo C, Flores M, Anaya R, Lopez MV. Factores de riesgo de lesión por accidentes de tráfico y el impacto de una intervención en carretera. (Risk factors for road traffic injuries on highway, impact of an intervention on the road) Rev Saúde Pública de Brasil.1999, 33 (5):505-51.
https://www.scielosp.org/pdf/rsp/1999.v33n5/505-512/es
- Híjar M, Troste J, Bronfman M. Pedestrian injuries in México: a multi-method approach. Social Science & Medicine 2003, 57(11):2149-2159.

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0277953603000674

Apr 01 2019

24mins

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Rank #10: The health care burden of illicit synthetic drug use

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The Minnesota Department of Health conducted an exploratory epidemiologic investigation into the health care burden of illicit synthetic drug (ISD) use in Duluth, Minnesota.

Staff reviewed medical records of 78 patients with suspected ISD use who were treated in emergency departments at two Duluth-area hospitals from January through September 2013.

The analysis showed use of ISDs has the potential to create a significant burden on the health care system and public services, and that effective prevention and response strategies need to be developed.

In this podcast, study authors Mark Kinde, Unit Leader for the Injury and Violence Prevention Unit at the Minnesota Department of Health, Ruth Lynfield, State Epidemiologist and Medical Director for the Minnesota Department of Health, and Sarah Dugan, Research Analyst, Injury and Violence Prevention Unit, Minnesota Department of Health, discuss the work and its findings.

Read the full paper here:

http://www.minnesotamedicine.com/Portals/mnmed/February%202014/Clinical_Dugan_0214.pdf

Nov 05 2014

20mins

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Rank #11: Looking back at building the evidence base for safe and active bicycling

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As Injury Prevention turns 20 we're taking a look back at some of the most influential papers we've published in our Anniversary Archives, starting with Fred Rivara et al's “Epidemiology of bicycle injuries and risk factors for serious injury”.

Using data from their seminal case–control study on bicycle helmet effectiveness, the study reported on crash circumstances, helmet use and injury outcomes to identify prevention opportunities. This study was part of a broader intellectual effort to engage rigorous epidemiological science in the gritty real-world work of injury prevention: identifying modifiable crash risk factors, measuring helmet effectiveness and putting this knowledge to work in a large controlled community campaign.

Here Brian Johnston talks to Fred Rivara, Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, University of Washington, and commentators Beth Ebel, Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, and Brent Hagel, Department of Paediatrics, University of Calgary.

Read the papers:
Epidemiology of bicycle injuries and risk factors for serious injury http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/21/1/47.full

Building the evidence base for safe and active bicycling: an historical commentary on Rivara et al: epidemiology of bicycle injuries and risk factors for serious injury

http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/21/1/52.full

Feb 06 2015

15mins

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Rank #12: Spatial analysis of paediatric swimming pool submersions by housing type

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Drowning is a major cause of unintentional childhood death. Along with colleagues, Rohit P Shenoi, Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital, Texas, investigated the relationship between childhood swimming pool submersions, neighbourhood sociodemographics, housing type and swimming pool location was examined in Harris County, Texas.

He tells Brian Johnston what they found.

Read the paper, for free: http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/21/4/245.full

Sep 09 2015

15mins

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Rank #13: Poverty and children's burn injury. How common citizens help shape Injury Prevention in South Africa

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This month’s guest is a specialist in childhood burns and violence-related injuries in South Africa. Professor Ashley Van Niekerk is the deputy director of the Violence, Injury and Peace Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council-University of South Africa. He tells Editor-in-Chief of Injury Prevention, Professor Rod McClure, how the social changes of the 1990s and the current political and economic unrest in the country have been shaping his career in Injury Prevention.
Find the Injury Prevention podcast on the journal website (injuryprevention.bmj.com) as well as on your preferred App every first Thursday of the month.

The articles mentioned in this podcast are:
Van Niekerk, A., Govender, R., Hornsby, N., & Swart, L. (2017). Household and caregiver characteristics and behaviours as predictors of unsafe exposure of children to paraffin appliances. Burns, 43, 866-876.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2016.10.022

Van Niekerk, A., Tonsing, S., Seedat, M., Jacobs, R., Ratele, K. & McClure, R. (2015). The invisibility of men in South African violence prevention policy: National prioritisation, male vulnerability, and framing prevention. Global Health Action, 8: 27649.
https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v8.27649

Lockhat R, Van Niekerk A. (2000). South African children and mental health: A history of adversity, violence and trauma. Ethnicity and Health, 5(3/4), 291-302.

https://doi.org/10.1080/713667462

Feb 05 2019

21mins

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Rank #14: Structural housing elements associated with home injuries in children

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In this podcast Dr Brian Johnston talks to Wendy Shields and Eileen McDonald co-authors of the paper "Structural housing elements associated with home injuries in children".

Full paper >>http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/22/2/105.full

May 18 2016

22mins

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Rank #15: Firearms injury. Professor David Studdert on mass shootings, health law and changing careers

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In the second podcast of a series about the papers that helped shape a career in Injury Prevention, Professor Rod McClure talks to Professor David Studdert, expert in health law and empirical legal research from the Stanford Law School and Stanford University School of Medicine, USA, whose latest research career focus on the burden of injuries and deaths from firearms, especially in the wake of mass shootings.
Find the Injury Prevention podcast on the journal website (injuryprevention.bmj.com) as well as on your preferred App every first Thursday of the month.
More about the papers mentioned in this podcast below:
(2017) “Handgun Acquisitions in California After Two Mass Shootings” -
https://law.stanford.edu/publications/handgun-acquisitions-in-california-after-two-mass-shootings/
(2010) "Relationship between vehicle emissions laws and incidence of suicide by motor vehicle exhaust gas in Australia, 2001-06: an ecological analysis" - https://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.1000210

(1991) "Incidence of Adverse Events and Negligence in Hospitalized Patients — Results of the Harvard Medical Practice Study I" - https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM199102073240604.

Dec 05 2018

21mins

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Rank #16: “Injury Prevention was an accident”. Putting injury in the national agenda in India

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Dr Rakhi Dandona, PhD, is a Clinical Professor of Health Metrics Sciences at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington and at the Public Health Foundation of India, She is a lead investigator on epidemiological studies on injuries, HIV/AIDS, maternal and child health, blindness and mortality estimation and also an Associate Editor of Injury Prevention. In this podcast, Dr Dandona tells Rod McClure how she almost didn't pursuit Injury Prevention and why research contradicts some of the national stats regarding injury and mortality in India.
The papers mentioned in this podcast:
1 - Haddon W Jr. The changing approach to the epidemiology, prevention, and amelioration of trauma: the transition to approaches etiologically rather than descriptively based. 1968. Inj Prev. 1999 Sep;5(3):231-5. (https://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/5/3/231)
2 - Dandona R, Kumar GA, Ameer MA, Ahmed GM, Dandona L. Incidence and burden of road traffic injuries in urban India. Inj Prev. 2008 Dec;14(6):354-9. (https://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/14/6/354)

3 - Dandona R, Bertozzi-Villa A, Kumar GA, Dandona L. Lessons from a decade of suicide surveillance in India: who, why and how? Int J Epidemiol. 2017 Jun 1;46(3):983-993. (https://academic.oup.com/ije/article/46/3/983/2617187)

Apr 29 2019

17mins

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Rank #17: China: the effects of economic growth in injury

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With exponential economic growth in the past decades, China has also experienced a growth in injuries. This is the subject of a special issue of Injury Prevention, covering a broad range of topics from traffic accidents, violence, falls and cyberbullying and is discussed in this podcast by Editor-in-Chief Rod McClure and Guoqing Hu (Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, China), the guest editor of this edition of the journal.
Read the February 2019 issue:

https://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/25/1

Feb 28 2019

16mins

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Rank #18: Risk and protective behaviours for residential carbon monoxide poisoning

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Unintentional, non-fire-related carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is a leading cause of poisoning death and injury in the USA. Most residential poisonings are preventable, so how to get people to adopt these protective behaviours?

IP editor Brian Johnston talks to Douglas Rupert, Health Communication Program, RTI International, and Scott Damon, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about what their research looking at the question revealed.

See also:

Risk and protective behaviours for residential carbon monoxide poisoning http://bit.ly/12FjyeH

Apr 23 2013

19mins

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Rank #19: Inequality and injury prevention policy

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Tackling inequality in health is an important part of the public policy agenda in many countries; however, many interventions that could improve overall health might also increase inequality.

Robert Lu (Institute of Public Health, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan) has been tracking mortality from road traffic injuries after a mandatory motorcycle helmet law was introduced in Taiwan, and editor Brian Johnston asks him how this varied regionally and over time.

See also:

Reducing regional inequality in mortality from road traffic injuries through enforcement of the mandatory motorcycle helmet law in Taiwan http://bit.ly/ZMyPFj

Apr 23 2013

13mins

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Rank #20: Mental models

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Editor Brian Johnston talks to Laurel Austin (professor in the Department of Management, Politics and Philosophy, Copenhagen Business School) about using mental models to help prevent injuries and communicate risk.

See also:

Injury prevention and risk communication: a mental models approach http://bit.ly/15EaYzY

Apr 23 2013

16mins

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