Rank #1: CHP-227-The Seven Great Singing Stars of Shanghai Part 2
In this second part of the series Laszlo and special guest Spun Counterguy introduce Bai Hong, Bai Guang, Gong Qiuxia and Wu Yingyin. These four superstars of that golden era of music and entertainment left behind a string of hits that still inspires feelings of reminiscence for those days gone by. Yao Li, who sadly passed away recently on July 19, 2019 as well as Li Xianglan and Zhou Xuan will be covered in Part 3.
Rank #2: CHP-003 The Four Great Inventions
Today we look at the Four Great Inventions, the 四大发明, that Lord Francis Bacon hailed as having done more than anything else to transform completely the modern world and mark it off from antiquity and the Middle Ages. Today we examine the four great inventions of the compass, gunpowder, paper and printing. Terms used in continue reading >>
Rank #3: CHP-083-The Cultural Revolution Part 1
By popular demand Laszlo begins to trace the history of the Cultural Revolution. This week’s episode looks at the events leading up to the moment in 1966 when Mao called for the people to Bombard the Headquarters and to tear down the government. Terms used in this episode: Dazibao 大字报 Big Character Poster Paoda Silingbu continue reading >>
Rank #4: CHP-140-The History of Tea Part 1
Laszlo is back with a new ten-part CHP series covering the history of tea from its mythical discovery clear through to the 20th century.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Sanhuang Wudi 三皇五帝 The Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors
Wang Xufeng 王旭烽 One of China’s great writers and Tea Ambassadors
Mao Dun Prize 茅盾将 China’s answer to the Booker or Pulitzer Prizer
Charen Sanbu Qu 茶人三部曲 Trilogies of the Teamen, written by Wang Xufeng
Wang Laoshi 王老师 Respectful salutation, “Teacher Wang”
Yipian Shuye de Gushi 一片树叶的故事 The Story of a Leaf
Yuantou 源头 fountainhead, source
Li Yuan 李渊 Tang founder Tang Gaozu
Li Shimin 李世民 Son of Li Yuan and co-founder of the dynasty
Emperor Xuan 宣帝 Han Emperor Xuan
Wang Bao 王褒 Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant
Wuyang 武阳 City on the Jiangxi-Fujian border, home of an ancient tea market
Jiangxi 江西 Province in eastern China
Nanchang 南昌 Capital of Jiangxi Province
Cha 茶 Tea
Jia 槚 a former character for tea
Tu 荼 ancient name for tea
Chuan 荈 a former character for tea
She 蔎 a former character for tea
Ming 茗 a former character for tea
Lu Yu 陆羽 The tea saint, writer of the Cha Jing
Cha Jing 茶经 The Classic of Tea
Cha Sheng 茶圣 The Tea Saint, Lu Yu
Shen Nong 神农 The Divine Farmer, Shennong
Wugu Xiandi 五谷先帝The Emperor of the Five Grains, another nickname of Shen Nong
Shen Nong Bencao Jing 神农本草经 Shen Nong’s Materia Medica or Herbal
Baicha 白茶 White tea or plain boiled water
Cha Lin 茶林 Village in Hunan where Shen Nong died
Zhangjiajie 张家界 Beautiful scenic area in northwest Hunan
Ren 人 person
Liang Shiqiu 梁实秋 One of China's greatest lexicograpers of the 20th century. His 新實用漢英辭典 was my first and favorite dictionary going back to 1979.
Kucai 苦菜 Bitter vegetable
Shijing 诗经 The Book of Songs
Liji 礼记 The Book of Rites
Fujian 福建 Fujian province
Guangdong 广东 Guangdong province
Guangzhou 广州 Guangzhou, a.k.a Canton
Xiamen 厦门 Xiamen in Fujian
Fuzhou 福州 Fuzhou or Foochow as it was once called
Quanzhou 泉州 Coastal port city in Fujian
Shuowen Jiezi 说文解字 Han Dynasty Dictionary
Cun 村 Village
Chan Buddhism 禪 Zen Buddhism
Zhou Xin 紂辛 Di Xin, 帝辛, Infamous last king of the Shang Dynasty
Jiuchi Roulin 酒池肉林 The Wine Pool and Meat Forest.
Chengdu 成都 Capital of Sichuan
Gan Lu Cha 甘露茶 Sweet Dew Tea, the famous tea of Mengding Shan.
Wu Lizhen 吴里真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan.
Mengding Shan 蒙顶山 Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China
Xian Cha 仙茶 The Tea of the Immortals, a.k.a. Gan Lu Tea from the seven original trees
Ya’an 雅安 City outside Chengdu famous for tea
Qionglai 邛崃 City outside Chengdu famous for tea
Sanguo Zhi 三国志 Record of the Three Kingdoms
Sun Hao 孙浩 Eastern Wu king known for his drunkeness
Wei Yao Loyal official to Sun Hao
Sima Yan 司马炎 (also known as 晋武帝) Jin Dynasty founder
Jin 晋朝 The Jin Dynasty
Shang-Zhou-Han 商周汉 The three dynasties of Shang-Zhou Han
Luoyang 洛阳 One of China’s ancient capitals
Chang’an 长安 One of China’s ancient capitals (present day Xian)
Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 Qin dynasty founder
Er Ya 尔雅 The first dictionary in China
Guangya 广雅 An updated version of the Er Ya
Longjing 龙井 Village outside Hangzhou famous for Longjing, Dragon Well tea
Shu Guo 蜀国 The kingdom of Shu, present day Sichuan
Sanxingdui 三星堆 Neolithic ruins discovered outside Chengdu
Ba Shu 巴蜀 Ancient state from the Shu Kingdom
Zhou King Wu 周武王 Brother of the Duke of Zhou, conquering king.
Haojing 镐京 Western Zhou Capital
Ying Zheng 嬴政 The future Qin Shihuang
Han Wudi 汉武帝 The great martial emperor of the Western Han
Liu Song 刘宋 1st dynasty in the south during the Nanbei Chao, 420-479
Wucheng 婺城 District of Jinhua in Zhejiang, Province.
Nanbei Chao 南北朝 The Northern and Southern Dynasties
Zhuge Liang 诸葛亮 Great strategist and statesman of the 3 Kingdoms period
Yang Jian 杨暕 Second Sui emperor and grandson of founder Wendi.
Sui Wendi 隋文帝 Founder of the Sui Dynasty
Taishan 台山 City in southern Guangdong, southwest of Jiangmen.
Rank #5: CHP-119-The Chinese Civil War Part 1
Rank #6: CHP-197-The History of China-Vietnam Relations Part 1
In this first of a multipart series, Laszlo explores the ancient relationship between China and Vietnam. In this episode, the earliest days going back to Zhao Tuo and the Nanyue Kingdom are discussed. A thousand apologies for the poor editing job splicing the Vietnamese pronunciation. I'm hoping for an A for effort at least. The remaining episodes will go off more smoothly. Thank you for your understanding.
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Rank #7: CHP-203-The History of Chinese Martial Arts, Wing Chun and Ip Man Part 1
Don't be fooled by the title. Wing Chin and Ip Man will be covered next episode. Today's the first in a two part series that offers up a survey of the development of martial arts in China from the mythical times of the Yellow Emperor to the present day. Let's look at the China history timeline once more, with feeling, and see how these martial arts embraced by millions and millions around the world slowly developed through the centuries. This will serve as the setup to next episode when we zero in on one particular style of martial arts and one of its best known masters.
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Rank #8: CHP-218-The History of Tang Poetry Part 1
In this first of a series introducing the history of the development of Chinese poetry, Laszlo focuses on the two most important works from Pre-Qin China. These were the Classic of Poetry and the Songs of Chu. Though we will not get to the Tang Dynasty in this episode, we'll look at what came prior and how each new style impacted newer emerging styles of poetry. The life of Qu Yuan and Chu Kingdom will also be introduced.
Rank #9: CHP-226-The Seven Great Singing Stars of Shanghai Part 1
In this latest CHP installment Laszlo finally gets around to introducing The Seven Great Singing Stars of old Shanghai whose performing skills on the silver screen and on 78 records provide us with a nostalgic glimpse of long gone and controversial era. In this Part 1 episode we will focus on the one who made it all possible, the talented Li Jinhui. Mr. Spun Counterguy from the "In the Corner Back By the Woodpile" podcast joins Laszlo to assist in telling this story. Next time in Part 2 we'll look at the first four of these Seven Great Singing Stars of 1930's and 40's Shanghai.
Rank #10: CHP-001 Introductory Episode
A warm welcome to everyone across the world and thank you for listening to the introductory episode of the China History Podcast. Each week we will bring you a different topic taken from the annals of 5,000 years of Chinese history. We’ll look at the dynasties, historical persons, ancient history, modern history and everything in continue reading >>
Rank #11: CHP-216-The History of the Hokkien People Part 1
We're back in ancient times once again, this time looking at the homeland of the Hokkien people. As we've done with other groups of Southern Chinese (Teochew, Toi San, Hakka) this time Laszlo provides a broad overview of the people from the south of Fujian Province, the Hokkien or Hoklo people. Before we get into the Qing era diaspora, Laszlo focuses on how Fujian developed from a land populated by Yuè people to a part of Han Dynasty China with a focus on the Minyue Kingdom.
Rank #12: CHP-101-The History of Hong Kong Part 1
Rank #13: CHP-050 Daoism Part 1
In this week’s episode Laszlo tackles Daoism, a philosophy, a religion and way of life that everyone has heard about but not everyone learned the backstory. This time we look at the history and the times that spawned this most fertile of philosophies. In later episodes we’ll dig a little deeper and look more at continue reading >>
Rank #14: CHP-161-Zhou Enlai Part 1
In today's Part 1 episode Laszlo explores the early life of Zhou Enlai, growing up in a traditional scholar-official's family that had seen better days. Zhou gets passed from relative to relative. But each step of the way there were mentors and breaks that he was able to make the most of. We can see through his early years and into his teens how Zhou was perfectly trained and tested for the larger job that lay ahead.
CHP-161-Zhou Enlai Part 1 Terms
Zhou Enlai 周恩来 1898-1976
Jung Chang 张荣 British Chinese author famous for her critical biography of Mao Zedong and her book Wild Swans
Zhou zongli 周总理 Premier Zhou
Liu Shaoqi 刘少奇 One-time top Chinese leader, hounded to death during the Cultural Revolution
Lin Biao 林彪 Great military leader, later Mao's successor but not for long.
Wang Hongwen 王洪文 One of the Gang of Four and Mao's appointed successor but not for long.
Hua Guofeng 华国锋 Succeeded Mao in 1976 as Chairman of the Party
Deng Xiaoping 邓小平 Featured in CHP episodes 63-70
Huái'ān 淮安 City in northern Jiangsu province
Jiangsu 江苏 Province just north of Zhejiang
Shaoxing 绍兴 Historic city in Zhejiang, just west of Shanghai
Tianjin 天津 City in the north, just east of Beijing
Song Meiling 宋美龄 Madame Chiang Kai-shek
Zhou Panlong 周攀龙 Zhou Enlai's paternal grandfather
Zhou Yineng 周貽能 Zhou Enlai's father
Wan Dong'er 万冬儿 Zhou Enlai's natural mother
Lady Chen 陈氏 Zhou's 养母 or adoptive mother
Jiang Zhou's nurse who took care of him
Zhou Yigan 周贻淦 Zhou's uncle (younger brother of father)
shushu 叔叔 Uncle (younger brother of father)
didi 弟弟 Younger brother
muqin 母亲 Mother
ganma 干妈 Adoptive mother
waigong 外公 grandfather (father of one's mother)
Zhou Yiqian 周贻谦 Zhou's uncle (elder brother of father)
bofu 伯父 Uncle (elder brother of father)
Zhou Yigeng Uncle of Zhou Enlai who got led him to Tianjin
Zou Rong 邹容 Early revolutionary writer
Gemingjun 革命军 Revolutionary Army, Zou Rong's great work.
Kang Youwei 康有为 Reformer in the late 19th century
Liang Qichao 梁启超 Student of Kang Youwei who participated in the 100 Days of Reform
Nankai Middle School 天津南开中学
Yan Xiu 严修 Co-founder of Nankai Middle School
Zhang Boling 張伯苓 co-founder and president of Nankai
Jing Ye 敬业 Respect Work, Zhou Enlai's first journal
Xiao Feng 校风 School Wind School newspaper of Nankai
Chen Duxiu 陈独秀 Communist Party co-founder and writer
Xin Qingnian 新青年 Chen Duxiu's New Youth Magazine
Tianjin Xuesheng Lianhe Huibao 天津学生联合会包 Tianjin Student Union
Juewushe 觉悟社 Awakening Society
Deng Yingchao 邓颖超 Among other accomplishments, wife of Zhou Enlai
Yang Zhen Deng Yingchao's mother
Liu Qingyang 刘清扬 Early Communist Party member
Zhang Shenfu 张申府 Married to Liu Qingyang, another early Party operative
Li Dazhao 李大钊 CCP co-founder and librarian at Peking U
Guomintang 国民党 The KMT or Kuomintang
Li Fuchun 李富春 Longtime party leader, chairman of State Planning Commission
Nie Rongzhen 聂荣臻 Great military leader and called Father of China's Atomic Bomb
Zhu De 朱德 Red Army founder, great military leader
Chi Guang 赤光 Red Light, the journal printed in France
Guofu 国父 The Father of the Country (Sun Yat-sen)
Whampoa Military Academy 陆军官校 Funded and established by Soviets to train Chinese officers
Ye Jianying 叶剑英 Great military man and CCP stalwart
Chen Jiongming 陈炯明 Landlord in Guangdong, the target of the Eastern Campaign
Taiping Guan 太平馆 Restaurant in Guangzhou where Zhou and Deng Yingchao had a wedding reception.
Beijing Lu 北京路 Beijing Road
Zhongshan Gunboat Incident 中山舰事件 March 20, 1926, an incident that provoked a crackdown by Chiang Kai-shek against left leaning elements in the KMT as all Communists.
Go check out:
Nina Xiang's China Money Podcast
The Anthill - A Writer's Colony
The Sinica Podcast, a classic
Rank #15: CHP-004 The Great Leap Forward
The Great Leap Forward ( 大跃进) from 1958-1960 caused death and suffering to dozens of millions of people. It sounded like a workable idea but it didn’t turn out like Chairman Mao hoped. When looking back on the life of Mao Zedong, the Great Leap Forward is always viewed as a black mark against his legacy. I welcome you to listen to the podcast and learn all about what happens when central planning goes awry.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Dàyùejìn 大跃进 The Great Leap Forward
Rénmín Gōngshè 人民公社 People's Communes
Nánníng 南宁 Capital city of Guangxi Province
Guǎngxī province 广西 Southern province in China
Chéngdū 成都 Capital of Sichuan province
Xiàn 县 county
Liú Shàoqí 刘少奇 High-ranking government/Party leader, Mao's chief target during Cultural Revolution
Tián Jiāyīng 田家英 Secretary to Chairman Mao
Dèng Xiǎopíng 邓小平 Great Chinese leader
Zhōu Ēnlái 周恩来 Premier of China 1949-1976
Chén Yūn 陈云 Chinese leader mainly in charge of the economy
Chén Yì 陈毅 Chinese military leader and former Shanghai mayor and foreign minister
Duō liànhǎo gāng, jiāsù Shèhuìzhûyì jiànshè! 多临钢加速社会主义建设 Make more steel, increase the speed of building Socialism!
Shēngchǎn duì 生产队 Production Team
Shēngchǎn dàduì 生产大队 Production Brigade
nóngmín 农民 peasantry
Sānnián dà jīhuǎng 三年大饥荒 Three Year Big Famine
Sānnián zìrán zāi hài 三年自然灾害 Three Years of Natural Disasters.
Yáng Jìshéng 楊繼繩 Chinese author of the book on the Great Leap "Tombstone"
Lúshān Conference 庐山会议 Conference held in July 1959 to discuss the Great Leap
Péng Déhuái 彭德怀 Civil War hero and first defense minister
Sháoshān 韶山 Birthplace of Mao Zedong
Jiāngxī province 江西 Province in the southeast
Xiāngtán 湘潭 Large city in Hunan
Jǐnggāngshān 井冈山 Mountainous area in Jiangxi where Mao set up his first base of operations in the 1930's
Tā gǎn shuō huà 他敢说话 he dared to speak up
Lín Biāo 林彪 Defense minister after Peng Dehuai
Rank #16: CHP-153-The History of Opium in China
In this episode Laszlo examines remarks made by distinguished UCLA Professor of Public Policy Mark Kleiman who had commented on Britain's participation in the Opium War. The main point was that the cause of the Opium War was due more to protecting imperial tax revenues and the domestic market than trying to stamp out the opium problem. Opium's history in China began centuries before, at least during the Tang and maybe as far back as the Eastern Jin. The focus of this episode is on opium's history in China prior to the Opium War.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
lao pengyou 老朋友 Old friends.
Xia Dynasty 夏朝
Shang Dynasty 商朝
Eastern Zhou 东周
Eastern Jin 东晋
Nanfang Caomu Zhuang 南方草木装 Western Jin Scholar Ji Han (嵇含)
A Fu Rong 阿芙蓉 Ancient name for opium
A Fei Rong 阿肥蓉 Another name for opium
He Fu Rong 合甫融 Another name for opium
Yapian 鸦片Opium from the Arabic / Persian work afyun
Jiu Tang Shu 旧唐书 The Old Book of Tang
Chen Cangqi’s Bencao Shiyi 陈藏器，本草拾遗 the Supplement to the Materia Medica
Tang Xuanzong 唐玄宗 Tang emperor on duty when the dynasty peaked a second time.
Southern Song 南宋
Ying Su 罂粟poppy
Su Dongpo 苏东坡 a.k.a. Su Shi 苏轼
Xu Boling 徐伯龄 Wrote in 1483 about opium’s use in China as an aphrodisiac
Siku Quanshu 四库全书 The Complete Library of the Four Treasures
Qianlong 乾隆帝 The long reigning Qianlong emperor
Yongle Emperor 永乐大典 Yongle Encyclopedia
Xie Zhaozhe 谢肇淛 lived in late 16th – early 17th century Ming Dynasty China was a prolific writer of books
Ming Chenghua 明成化 Ming emperor
chunyao 春药 aphrodisiac
Li Shízhēn 李時珍 Compendium of Materia Medica, the Bencao Gangmu 本草纲目 - 1578
Tainan 台南 City on south coast of Taiwan
Madak 玛达克 Mixture of opium and tobacco
Ming Chongzhen 明崇祯 Final Ming emperor, committed suicide when the dynasty fell
Wan Li Emperor 明万历 Ming emperor
Shisan Ling 十三陵 the Thirteen Ming Tombs just north of Beijing
Dingling 定陵 The Wanli Emperor's Tomb, excavated in 1956
Lady Zheng 郑贵妃 Wanli Emperor’s favorite consort
Kangxi emperor 康熙 Great and long reigning Qing emperor
Yongzheng Emperor 雍正 Successor to the Kangxi emperor
Jiajing Emperor 嘉靖 Qing emperor who followed the Qianlong emperor
Daoguang emperor 道光 Qing emperor who was on duty when the roof caved in on China
da Tu 大土 Patna opium (big soil)
xiao tu 小土 Malwa opium (马尔瓦鸦片) (small soil)
gong tu 公土 Another name for Malwa opium common soil.
Lin Zexu 林则徐 Chinese hero who stood up to Britain
Zhang Changjia 张昌甲 wrote a book in 1878 called “Opium Talk”, Yan Hua.
Pu Yi 溥仪 The last Qing emperor
Empress Wanrong 婉容皇后 Empress of China’s last emperor Pu Yi
Chen Chong 陈冲 Joan Chen
Du Yuesheng 杜月笙 Big-Ears Tu
Yapian Guan 鸦片馆 An opium house
Yan Guan 烟馆 An opium house
Ying chou 迎抽 A welcome smoke offered a gues upon arriving at your house
Shen Nong 神农
Lu Yu 陆羽
ChineseSkill: Find it at http://www.chinese-skill.com/cs.html
Download the free APP and start learning to speak Mandarin like the Pro's!
For more on opium and eroticism in Chinese literature:
Keith McMahon http://kmcmahon.faculty.ku.edu//
Professor, Chinese Language and Literature East Asian Languages and Cultures University of Kansas
Rank #17: CHP-184-The History of Chinese Philosophy Part 1
After the longest break in the action since 2001, The CHP is back with this pleasant little 9-Part overview covering the history of Chinese philosophy. The series will run from pre-Confucian times clear through to Wang Yangming in the mid Ming Dynasty, a period stretching for more than two thousand years. And don't forget to download the free Infographic that will accompany the series. I predict it will do wonders in keeping all the names, dates, philosophies and texts straight. Thanks for your patience! I hope you enjoy the series.
Rank #18: CHP-128-The History of American Chinese Cuisine
After a record-breaking pause in the action Laszlo is back with one last episode to finish off 2013. This time we look at the interesting and amusing history of Chinese cuisine in America, an oft requested topic here at the China History Podcast. This is a history that goes hand in hand with the earliest Chinese immigration to the US. If you’re interested to learn more on the subject check out Andrew Coe and Jennifer 8 Lee’s books. The links to amazon are below:
Andrew Coe – “Chop Suey” http://amzn.to/1h99KCp
Jennifer 8. Lee – “The Fortune Cookie Chronicles” http://amzn.to/1elXxph
Rank #19: CHP-169-The Mongol Yuan Dynasty Part 1
In this long overdue episode with a deceiving title we don't actually get around to the Yuan Dynasty. However a nice handy and confusing overview tracing the rise of the Mongol nation is presented which includes a bio on Genghis Khan. We'll get to rise of Kublai Khan this time and look at the Yuan Dynasty next episode.
Terms from this Episode
numero ciento sesenta y nueve Number 169
Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 Qin Dynasty founder
Da Yuanchao 大元朝 The Great Mongol Dynasty
Parthians 帕提亚 Iranian nomadic people
Scythians 斯基泰人 Iranian nomadic people
Yuezhi 月氏 Originally from Xinjiang and Gansu, defeated by the Xiongnu
Goths 哥特 West central Asian power, the scourge of the Roman Empire
Magyars 马扎儿人 West central Asian power. Today they are known as Hungarians.
Huns 匈奴 More from the western part of the steppe, often confused with Xiongnu
Xiongnu 匈奴 Often called Huns, they were an early northern tribe who kept invading China
Slavs 斯拉夫人 People from central Europe and the West Asian steppe
Xianbei 鲜卑 So-called "proto-Mongols" who lived around the Qin and Han dynasties and founded the Northern Wei.
Shatuo Turks 沙陀突厥 Power in north China late 9th and 10th century. Founded several short-lived dynasties in the north of China.
Khitans 契丹 The people who founded the Liao Dynasty 907-1125
Tatars 鞑靼人 Mongol tribe defeated by Genghis Khan who later moved westward towards Russia and Europe
Kazakhs 哈萨克人 North-Central Asian people, Turkic, found mostly in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan
Kyrgyz 吉尔吉斯 Central Asian people, Turkic, found mostly in Kyrgyzstan
Uighurs 维吾尔人 Turkic people who today mostly live in Xinjiang
The Hakkas 客家人 The Hakka People
Fujian 福建 Province on the east coast of China
Huizong 徽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song
Aguda 阿骨打 Also known as Emperor Taizu of Jin, founder of the Jin Dynasty
Wuqimai 吴乞买 Aguda's brother, second emperor of the Jin
Kaifeng 开封 Capital of the Northern Song Dynasty
Jin Dynasty 金朝 Jürchen Dynasty 1115-1234, founded by Aguda
Zhao Gou 赵构 Escaped Zhao royal family member, launched Southern Song
Gaozong 高宗 First emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty
Lin'an 临安 Southern Song capital, present day Hangzhou
Merkits 蔑儿乞人 One of many tribes of the Mongols
Keraits 怯烈亦 One of many tribes of the Mongols
Ongüts 汪古部 One of many tribes of the Mongols
Ongirats One of many tribes of the Mongols
Naimans 乃蛮 One of many tribes of the Mongols
Temüjin 铁木真 Genghis Khan's name
Dobun Known as Dobun the Clever, married to Alan the Fair, early ancestors of Temujin
Ah-Lan the Fair married to Dobun, early ancestors of Temujin
Khaidu 海都 c. 1040-1100 Great-grandfather of Khabul Khan
Khabul Khan 合不勒 Early great khan and great -grandfather of Genghis Khan
Yesugei the Brave 孛儿只斤也速该 Father of Genghis Khan
Yuanchao Mi Shi 元朝秘史 The Secret History of the Mongols
Börte 孛儿帖 Wife of Temüjin and later Grand Empress of the Mongol Empire
Ulaan Bator 乌兰巴托 Capital of Mongolia
Jochi 术赤 Oldest son of Börte and maybe Genghis Khan
Golden Horde 金帐汗国 Originally the northwest portion of the Mongol Empire. Also known as the Kipchak Khanate. Lasted till 1502.
Xinjiang 新疆 Northwest autonomous region in China
Mongol Yasa (Jasagh) A Mongol Codified law introduced by Genghis Khan
Khuriltai 忽里勒台 A Mongol congress of all elders and leaders
Kara Khitai 喀喇契丹 Also known as the Western Liao 1124-1218
Xixia 西夏 The Western Xia, an empire established by the Tanguts
Khwarizmian Empire 花剌子模王国 Lasted 1077-1231. Khwarazmia covered All of Iran and parts of Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan.
Batu 拔都 Founder of Golden Horde, son of Jochi, grandson of Genghis Khan
Chaghadai 蔡合台 Second son of Genghis Khan, founder of Khanate of Chaghadai
Khanate of Chaghadai 蔡合台汗国 Covered most of Central Asia
Ogedai Khan 窝阔台 or 斡歌歹 Third son of Genghis Khan, second Khan of the Mongol Empire
Tolui 拖雷 Fourth Son of Genghis Khan, father of Kublai Khan
Möngke 蒙哥 Eldest son of Tolui, elder brother to Kublai Khan
Kublai 忽必烈 1215-1294, Great Khan and founder of the Yuan Dynasty. Reigned 1271-1294.
Hulagu 旭烈兀 grandson of Genghis Khan, son of Tolui
Arigh Boke 阿里不哥 Youngest son of Tolui, fought civil war with Kublai
Subotei 速不台 Genghis Khan's number one guy (and Ogedai's too!). Great Mongol general.
Dzungaria 准噶尔 Northern half of Xinjiang with Tianshan Mountains south and the Altai north.
Karakorum 喀喇昆仑 Mongol capital 1235-1260
Guyuk 贵由 Eldest son of Ogedai Khan, reigned only two years as the 3rd Great Khan
Mamluks 马木留克 Originally slave soldiers, they were a powerful "caste" of warriors who operated from the 9th to 19th centuries. Not to be messed with.
Il-khanate 伊儿汗国 The southwestern portion of the Mongol Empire. Ruled by Hülagü's branch of the family - centered around Iran
Dali Kingdom 大理国 Kingdom that lasted 937-1253. Mostly located in Yunnan.
Owen Lattimore 欧文拉铁摩尔 American scholar and Central Asian specialist
Isaac Meyer: “History of Japan Podcast”
Nina Xiang: "China Money Network"
Rank #20: CHP-182-The Nanjing Massacre Part 1
By popular demand Laszlo finally introduces the Nanjing Massacre. This is a very emotional, controversial and sensitive subject for a whole lot of reasons. Over the next two episodes Laszlo will review material from past episodes to discuss the lead-up to the Massacre. Then in Part 2 the actual event itself as well as the story of the Nanjing Safety Zone and some of the foreigners who became eyewitnesses to the horrors of the Nanjing Massacre. It's also referred to as the Nanking Massacre and the Rape of Nanking.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE:
Rape of Nanking Nánjīng Dà Túshā 南京大屠杀 (Japanese 南京大虐杀) Also referred to as the Nanjing (Nanking) Massacre.
Zēng Guófán 曾国藩 1811-1872 Viceroy of Zhili, founder of the Xiang Army that helped put down the Taiping Rebellion.
Zhào Qīzhèng 赵启正 PRC official who has mostly been associated with news organizations.
Kublai Khan 忽必烈 Yuan Dynasty founder and grandson of Chinggiz Khan
Zhāng Chúnrú 张纯如 Iris Chang 1968-2004, American writer.
Honda Katsuichi 本多勝 Japanese journalist and writer who wrote extensively on the Rape of Nanking.
Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarian (Japanese 攘夷勅命 Sonnō Jōi)
Zūnwáng Rǎngyí 尊王攘夷 The Mandarin version of the above phrase.
Lǐ Hóngzhāng 李鸿章 1823-1901 Successor to Zeng Guofan, top late Qing era diplomat
Treaty of Shimonoseki 下关条约 Signed 1895 at conclusion of 1st Sino-Japanese war
Zhāng Zuòlín 张作霖 Warlord of Manchuria from 1922 - 1928.
Prime Minister Hamaguchi Osachi 濱口雄幸 Japanese Prime Minister 1929-1931
Jiǔyībā 九一八 The Mukden Incident of September 18, 1931
Manchukuo (Mǎnzhōuguó) 满洲国 Lasted from 1932 to 1945. Puppet state in Manchuria
Pǔ Yí 溥仪 The last Qing Emperor, also known as the Xuantong 宣统帝Emperor. Emperor of Manchukuo.
Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi 犬養毅 Japanese prime Minster from 1931-1932.
Héběi 河北 Northern province of China, where Beijing and Tianjin are geographically located.
Shānxī 山西 Northern Province of China, capital at Taiyuan
Shāndōng 山东 Coastal northern province
Tiānjìn 天津 Northern city in China just east of Beijing
Lúshān 庐山 Mountain resort in Jiangxi popular with Nationalist and Communist leaders as a meeting place.
Jiāngxī 江西 Province in China, capital at Nanchang
Zhōu Dynasty 周朝 Ancient dynasty of China
Bái Chóngxǐ 白崇禧 NRA general, close ally to Li Zongren
Lǐ Zōngrén 李宗仁 Major military and political figure during the 1920's and 30's. Had a stormy relationship with Chiang Kai-shek.
Chóngqìng 重庆 City in Sichuan province, now a stand-alone municipality
Wǔhàn 武汉 City in Hubei on the Yangzi River
Lǎobǎixìng 老百姓 The people, in this case the Chinese people, (the old 100 surnames).
Jiāng-Zhè 江浙区 region Abbreviation for the Jiangsu-Zhejiang region
Yamaguchi Tsutomu 山口 彊 1916-2010 A survivor of both the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombings August 6 and 9, 1945.
Nánchāng 南昌 Capital city of Jiangxi province
Táng Shēngzhì 唐生智 Nationalist general who was tasked with defending Nanjing
Sūn Quán 孙权 Three Kingdoms era leader of the State of Sun Wu.
Matsui Iwane 松井石根 Imperial Japanese Army Commander-in-chief for the Shanghai-Nanjing Region
Nakajima Kesago 中岛今朝吾 Lt. Gen. in the Imperial Japanese Army
Yanagawa Heisuke 柳川平助 General in the Imperial Japanese Army
Sūzhōu 苏州 City in Jiangsu province renowned for a thousand things
Emperor Hirohito (Emperor Showa 昭和天皇) Emperor of Japan 1926-1989
Prince Asaka Yasuhiko 朝香宮鳩彦王 1887-1981 General in the Imperial Japanese Army, uncle of Emperor Hirohito.
Ānhuī 安徽 Province in central China