Rank #1: Prescription Stimulant Abuse in Young Patients
Host: Michael Benson, MD
Patients requesting early prescription refills, reporting lost medication, and other deviations from a standard dosing regimen are certainly worth noting. Given the frequency with which we prescribe medications for ADD, ADHD and other illnesses to our young patients, these irregularities may serve as warning signs of a larger problem. Host Dr. Michael Benson discusses prescription stimulant abuse in children with Dr. Jennifer Christner, an adolescent medicine specialist and a clinical assistant professor in the department of pediatrics and communicable diseases at the University of Michigan Medical School.
Rank #2: Xeroderma Pigmentosum in the Crosshairs: A Dermatologist's Journey to Guatemala, Part 2
Guest: Bari Cunningham, MD
Imagine that you have a rare condition called Xeroderma Pigmentosum (XP) in which even the slightest amount of UV radiation from the Sun turns your skin to cancer; left untreated, you can expect to die within the first 10 years of your life. Also imagine that your brothers and sisters suffer from this same affliction, but your family lacks the resources to do anything about it.
Join Dr. Andrew Krakowski as he joins Dr. Bari Cuningham to discuss her remarkable journey through the wilderness of Guatemala to a small town where an autosomal recessive disease has dominated the local population and cast a shadow on life in this village. Then hear how a new day may be dawning for these special people thanks to a support team that is now championing their cause.
Rank #3: Searching for a Genetic Diagnosis for Rare Diseases: The Story of MyDaughtersDNA.org
Guest: Hugh Rienhoff, MD
Dr. Michael Greenberg speaks with Dr. Hugh Rienhoff about www.mydaughtersdna.org, a website he created to help children with rare or difficult-to-diagnose genetic diseases find proper diagnoses and help.
Rank #4: Impacts of Prolonged Screen Time on Children's Health
Guest: Sarah E. Domoff, PhD
To address the growing issue of prolonged screen time and media use among children, Dr. Jennifer Caudle speaks with Dr. Sarah Domoff, Director of the Family Health Lab at Central Michigan University, about the tools available to help physicians identify and curb screen addiction.
Rank #5: Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome
Guest: David Teachey, MD
Dr. David Teachey, a practicing pediatric hematologist-oncologist, laboratory and clinical researcher, and instructor in the department of pediatrics, division of oncology, at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, explains to host Bruce Bloom his breakthrough research that may resolve symptoms for children saddled with the rare genetic disorder, Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome.
Rank #6: Eating Disorders and Sexuality in Boys
Guest: Diann Ackard, PhD
When we hear that a patient has an eating disorder, we almost always think of a female. Yet adolescent boys do have disordered eating. Might knowing the risk factors help us target our interventions? Eating disorders expert Dr. Diann Ackard joins host Dr. Leslie Lundt as they discuss gender differences in eating disorders.
Rank #7: Little League Pitching Injuries
Host: Sherwin Ho, MD
One of the lessons of Little League is that injuries are almost inevitable— particularly for overworked young pitchers. Dr. Bill Bryan, orthopedic surgeon and former team physician for Major League Baseball’s Houston Astros, talks with host Dr. Sherwin Ho about the best approaches to evaluating and treating shoulder and elbow injuries. Some injuries are only temporary, but Dr. Bryan says other arm troubles may force a pitcher to choose a new position on the field, at least until the patient is older and stronger.
Rank #8: Delayed Diagnosis of Hunter Syndrome
Guest: Joseph Muenzer, MD
Hunter syndrome is a rare but serious genetic disorder that inhibits the body’s ability to break down specific complex carbohydrates. Initial onset symptoms include inguinal hernias, recurrent otitis, and the common cold, frequently manifesting concurrently as part of a multi-system failure sometime after the first year of life. Because many of these symptoms are common in infants, physicians often do not suspect Hunter syndrome, yet treatment for the disease is much more effective when administered early in its progression. How can we minimize the delay typically associated with diagnosis of Hunter syndrome? Dr. Joseph Muenzer, professor of pediatrics and genetics at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine, and one of the world’s leading authorities in Hunter syndrome research, joins host Dr. Mark Nolan Hill to share his expertise.
Rank #9: Autism: The Critical Importance of Early, Individualized Diagnosis
As diagnostic information becomes more readily available, the importance of early diagnosis cannot be underestimated when it comes to helping those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their families. Join Paul Rokuskie and his guest Dr. Stuart Shapira, Associate Director for Science at CDC’s National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, as they discuss the diagnosis criteria for ASD.
Rank #10: Is the Rise of Allergies Due to Missing Gut Microbiomes?
Guest: Tanya Altmann, MD
To investigate the concerning rise in both asthma and allergies in children, Dr. Brian McDonough is joined by Dr. Tanya Altmann, pediatrician and Editor in Chief of the American Academy of Pediatrics parenting books, to discuss why a missing component of the gut microbiome may be the potential cause and how nutrition and probiotics play a vital role in a child's growth and development.
Rank #11: How To Talk to Parents About Autism
Host: Bill Rutenberg, MD
Dr. Roy Sanders, author of How To Talk to Parents About Autism, speaks frankly with host Dr. Bill Rutenberg about his own family experience in learning of his son's autistic spectrum disorder. He discusses his family's journey and the dynamics involved in caring for a child with special needs. Dr. Sanders also talks about his professional work as director of psychiatric services at the Marcus Institute in Atlanta, an organization which works with children who have developmental disabilities.
Rank #12: Why Has the Prevalence Rate of Autism Tripled in Recent Years?
Did you know that in just 10 years, the national prevalence rate for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has nearly tripled, going from 1 in 166 to 1 in 59? Or that 2 percent of the US population under the age of 18 now carries a diagnosis of ASD? Join Paul Rokuskie as he speaks with Dr. Stuart Shapira, Associate Director for Science at CDC’s National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, about these and other findings from the 2018 study regarding prevalence rates for ASD.
Rank #13: What is the Economic Impact of Autism Spectrum Disorder?
Guest: David S. Mandell, ScD
As prevalence rates for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) increase, so do economic costs. On average, medical expenditures for individuals with an ASD were 4 to 6 times greater than those without an ASD. Join Paul Rokuskie and his guest Dr. David Mandell, Associate Director of the Center for Autism Research at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, as they dive into the economic impact of ASD.
Rank #14: The Most Important Meal of the Day: What Should Children Eat for Breakfast?
Host: Leslie P. Lundt, MD
Studies show that people who eat breakfast have better overall nutrition, improved cognitive functioning and are less likely to be overweight. What should we advise our pediatric patients to eat for breakfast? Up to 50% of school-aged children eat cereal for breakfast. How much nutritional value is present in cereal? How best can we advise parents on feeding their children? Dr. Marlene Schwartz, deputy director for the Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity at Yale University, describes her research into children's nutrition with host Dr. Leslie Lundt.
Rank #15: Teenagers and STDs: A Too-Common Pairing
Host: Jennifer Shu, MD
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has indicated that 19 million Americans — including one in four teenage girls — are infected with at least one sexually transmitted disease (STD). As physicians, we know that these diseases are far more common than most people think. But are we doing our best to educate our patients and provide appropriate screening measures? How can physicians work to debunk common public misconceptions about STDs? Dr. Jill Grimes, a practicing family physician in Austin, Texas, and author of Seductive Delusions: How Everyday People Catch STDs, addresses a series of erroneous beliefs about STDs and offers counsel on the most effective ways for physicians to help tackle this critical public health problem. Dr. Jennifer Shu hosts.
Rank #16: FDA-Approved Gene Therapy Reverses Blindness in Children & Adults
Guest: Jean Bennett, MD, PhD
Guest: Albert Maguire, MD
Power couple Drs. Jean Bennett and Albert Maguire discuss how their new therapy for the RPE65 gene, which causes retinal blindness, was recently approved by the FDA to become the first gene therapy treatment for a genetic disease in the United States and the first worldwide treatment for inherited blindness. Not only do they delve into the mechanics of the corrected gene injection, but they also explain what this milestone means for patient eligibility and how their marriage has played a role in the success of their research partnership.
Dr. Jean Bennett is the F.M. Kirby Professor of Ophthalmology at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, and Dr. Albert Maguire is a Professor of Ophthalmology at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania and Attending Physician in the Division of Pediatric Ophthalmology at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.
Rank #17: The Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation's Camp Oasis: A Clinician's Perspective
Guest: Neilanjan Nandi, MD, FACP
Guest: Susan Peck, MSN, CRNP
From the ReachMD studios in Fort Washington, Pennsylvania, host Dr. Philip Stein talks with Dr. Neilanjan Nandi and nurse practitioner Susan Peck about their respective experiences with The Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation's Camp Oasis. This camp gives children with IBD the opportunity to meet other kids with the same chronic illness, teaching them how to cope with their disease, manage their own medical needs, try new sports and activities, build confidence and independence, and most importantly, spend quality time just being a kid.
Rank #18: Heart of the Matter: Emerging Treatment Options for Congenital Heart Disease
Guest: Thomas Doyle, MD
About 40,000 babies are born with Congenital Heart Disease each year, making it one of the most common birth defects and causes of infant death in the US. CHD is usually present at birth but shows very few outward signs and, in most cases has no known cause or origin.
New and evolving surgical techniques, along with the dawn of pediatric heart transplant, are transforming the field of pediatric cardiology and offer new options for CHD patients.
Host Dr. John Russell talks with Dr. Thomas Doyle about how continued research, improved surgical treatments and, emerging technology have altered the course of treatment for CHD, resulting in approximately 69% of children with CHD now living to age 18.
Dr. Thomas Doyle is the Ann and Monroe Carell Jr. Family Associate Professor of Pediatrics at Vanderbilt University. Dr. Doyle was a 2016 Project Heart CHD research grant recipient.
Rank #19: Autism Spectrum Disorder Risk Factors: Environmental and Genetic Components
Scientists have been doing research into many areas of autism spectrum disorder in the hopes of explaining the doubling of its prevalence rate over the past decade.
Both environmental risk factors and genetic components are areas of intense scrutiny for researchers seeking to understand the root causes of autism.
Host Paul Rokuskie talks with Craig Newschaffer, Professor, Associate Dean for Research, and Director of the A.J. Drexel Autism Institute, about the risk factors for autism spectrum disorder that scientists are working to better define.
Rank #20: Dirt Is Good: The Advantage of Germs for Children's Developing Immune System
Do pets help prevent allergies? Does the 5-second rule actually exist? And is dirt really good for a child’s immune system?
Host Dr. John Russell talks with Jack Gilbert, Ph.D., Professor of Surgery at the University of Chicago and Director of the Microbiome Institute. Dr. Gilbert is author of the book Dirt is Good, answering questions about the potential benefits of exposure to germs and bacteria. He and Dr. Russell sift through common misconceptions about microbiomes to better understand their actual risks and benefits for the body's immune system, explaining its role in disease and health.