Audio recordings of Peterson Institute for International Economics events.
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Listen to recordings of public events from the Brookings Institution, a nonprofit public policy research organization (think tank) in Washington, DC. Expert speakers and panelists at our events include scholars, leading policymakers, and foreign officials, and address a wide range of public policy issues that matter to the nation and the world.
Rank #1: A conversation with Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Dunford.
On May 29, Brookings hosted General Dunford for a discussion on the national security landscape facing America, the state of the nation’s armed forces, and key defense choices for the future, moderated by Senior Fellow Michael O’Hanlon. Subscribe to Brookings Events on iTunes, send feedback email to firstname.lastname@example.org, and follow us and tweet us at @policypodcasts on Twitter. To learn more about upcoming events, visit our website. Brookings Events is part of the Brookings Podcast Network.
Rank #2: The Navy in an era of great power competition.
On October 23, the Brookings Institution hosted Richard Spencer, the 76th secretary of the Navy, to discuss naval modernization, the budgetary environment, and the challenges posed by America’s great power rivals to America’s maritime forces. Subscribe to Brookings Events on iTunes, send feedback email to email@example.com, and follow us and tweet us at @policypodcasts on Twitter. To learn more about upcoming events, visit our website. Brookings Events is part of the Brookings Podcast Network.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND events offer new insights and evidence-based perspectives on top policy concerns. For more about RAND, visit www.rand.org.
Rank #1: Security 2040: The Promise and Perils of AI, 3D Printing, and Speed.
Emerging technologies, such as artificial intelligence and 3D printing, will pose new risks to global security. In this Events @ RAND podcast, a multidisciplinary team of experts discusses crucial trends and how to harness their potential.
Rank #2: Why Prison Education Matters.
In this Events @ RAND podcast, our panel of experts discuss the costs and benefits of using education to stop the prison revolving door, and the effectiveness of programs that prepare inmates for reentry by providing them with marketable skills.
The Sound of Economics brings you insights, debates, and research-based discussions on economic policy in Europe and beyond.The podcast is produced by Bruegel, an independent and non-doctrinal think tank based in Brussels. It seeks to contribute to European and global economic policy-making through open, fact-based and policy-relevant research, analysis and debate.
Rank #1: 62: Director's Cut: The Green New Deal.
The layout of the commission has largely changed this year. A key part being that there are now three executive Vice Presidents, driving three main economic issues. Frans Timmermans, responsible for the implementation of the Green Deal; Margrethe Vestager, responsible for the digital age and competition policy and Valdis Dombrovskis, responsible for economy and financial services. The major change being that, in this commission, the Vice Presidents also have their own portfolio and Directorate-Generals to oversee, suggesting these three will be instrumental in driving the political priorities of commission. In this episode of 'The Sound of Economics' Bruegel director Guntram Wolff discusses with Simone Tagliapietra the new commission setup and Ursula von der Leyen's European Green Deal. In his previous blog post on the Green Deal, Simone argues not only does it aim to reduce the continent's emissions, but it also has the potential to grow the EU's economy and transform the bloc's politics. He also states the green deal has the motivation to achieve very high climate targets in quicker time than foreseen. For further reading on this topic, we recommend another recent blog post by Simone Tagliapietra on the global summits between now and November 2020 that are crucial to the future of climate change.
Rank #2: 27: Director's Cut: The economics of no-deal Brexit.
Bruegel director Guntram Wolff is joined by senior fellow Zsolt Darvas to rake through the possibilities and probabilities inherent in a no-deal Brexit scenario, covering trade, the Irish border, citizens' rights and the EU budget. Bruegel senior fellow Zsolt Darvas joins Guntram Wolff for this Director's Cut, to discuss the economic fall-out of a no-deal Brexit. While the UK remains without an agreement on the nature of its relationship with the EU beyond March 29th 2019, the possibility of a no-deal Brexit - and its bundle of complex permutations for each sector - is still on the table. What would a WTO-based trade relationship between the EU and the UK look like in reality? Beneath surface-level tariffs, the value chains that would be broken by a hard border in the English Channel could have far-reaching consequences. And in Ireland, the more innovative border solutions remain mostly unsubstantiated, and at the very least would require a long implementation period - the time for which has long since passed. A no-deal Brexit also has implications for the EU budget. Our calculations specify the gap to be filled if the UK were to stop contributing immediately, as well as the spread of the additional burden across the EU's member countries. For further reading on this subject, consider Guntram Wolff's Policy Contribution on how well prepared the EU might be for a no-deal Brexit scenario, as well as Zsolt Darvas' full breakdown of the implications for the EU budget of the UK 'crashing out' of the union.
A selection of Atlantic Council events.
Rank #1: General James Cartwright on Missile Defense.
What new threats does the United States face with missile defense? General James Cartwright, former Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and Barry Pavel, Vice President and Director of the Brent Scowcroft Center at the Atlantic Council, address this question and discuss the role of regional cooperation and potential future technologies in missile defense.
Rank #2: The New Containment: Changing America’s Approach to Middle East Security.
In the following program, Atlantic Council Senior Fellow Bilal Saab launches his report, “The New Containment: Changing America’s Approach to Middle East Security.” Following his presentation, CNN Correspondent Barbara Starr moderates a discussion with Bilal Saab, Dr. Barry Posen, Director of Security Studies at MIT, and Dr. Richard Haass, President of the Council on Foreign Relations about US interests, regional cooperation, state sustainability, and relations with Iran.
Listen to the World's top economists discuss their research and deconstruct global economic trends.
Rank #1: Growing Pains: Malawi’s Struggle with Hunger, Climate Change.
Extreme weather has hit Malawi’s economy hard over the last two years. Severe flooding followed by a drought—the worst in its history—caused widespread crop failure and placed 6.7 million people at risk of starvation. But a remarkable humanitarian effort helped reduce the impact of the drought on the most vulnerable segment of the population. An increase by the IMF to the amount of resources it provides to Malawi, as well as sizable contributions from Malawi’s development partners like the World Food Program and the World Bank, enabled the country to address the worst humanitarian crisis in its history. In this feature podcast, we hear from the small-scale farmers beset by the effects of climate change, beneficiaries of food aid including school children, and key players within the various agencies who were faced with making tough decisions in the throes of a major food crisis. Contributors: Oral Williams: IMF Mission Chief for Malawi Jack Ree: IMF Resident Representative in Malawi Goodall Gondwe: Malawi’s Finance Minister Ben Botolo: Malawi’s Secretary to the Treasury Coco Ushiyama: World Food Program Representative for Malawi Roisin DeBurca: Unicef’s Deputy Director for Malawi Laura Kullenberg: Country Manager for the World Bank in Malawi Richard Record: Senior Country Economist for the World Bank in Malawi
Rank #2: Firms Told: Pay Your Fair Share.
Equality is not just about everyone getting their fair share, it’s also about everyone paying their fair share. A top NGO chief says the growing wealth gap could be reduced by tightening both domestic and international tax rules.Read more on the subject:Fixing International Corporate Taxation---Not Just a Problem for Advanced Economies http://blog-imfdirect.imf.org/2014/06/25/fixing-international-corporate-taxation-not-just-a-problem-for-advanced-economies/ http://www.imf.org/external/np/pp/eng/2014/050914.pdf
Opinion Has It by Project Syndicate features conversations with leading economists, policymakers, authors, and researchers on the world’s most pressing issues. Tune in for biweekly analyses and insights with our host Elmira Bayrasli, Foreign Policy Interrupted co-founder and Project Syndicate contributor.
Rank #1: Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan.
Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.
Rank #2: The Legacy of Tiananmen Square, 30 Years Later.
Type the words “Tiananmen” or “June 4” in a search browser in China, and little, if anything, identifies Beijing’s central square as the site where thousands of people, mostly students, were killed while peacefully demonstrating for democratic reform in 1989. Thirty years later, China’s government is as determined as ever to crush dissent.Featured in this podcast: Chris Patten served as the last British governor of Hong Kong, from 1992-1997. He is the author of several books, including East and West: China, Power, and the Future of Asia. Louisa Lim is an award-winning journalist who has reported from China for a decade, most recently for National Public Radio. She is the author of The People’s Republic of Amnesia: Tiananmen Revisited. Sophie Richardson is the China director at Human Rights Watch. She is the author of China, Cambodia, and the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence.
The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace is a unique global network of policy research centers in Russia, China, Europe, the Middle East, India, and the United States. Our mission, dating back more than a century, is to advance the cause of peace through analysis and development of fresh policy ideas and direct engagement and collaboration with decisionmakers in government, business, and civil society.
Rank #1: Should We Fear Russia?.
In this latest book, Dmitri Trenin, the longtime director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, explains why the Cold War analogy is misleading. Relations between the West and Russia are certainly bad and dangerous but, he argues, they are bad and dangerous in new ways. Trenin outlines the crucial differences, which make the current rivalry between Russia, the EU, and the United States more fluid and unpredictable. By unpacking the dynamics of this increasingly strained relationship, Trenin makes the case for handling Russia with pragmatism and care and cautions against simply giving into fear.
Rank #2: The Economics Of The Arab Spring And Its Aftermath.
The Arab uprisings in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, Libya, and Syria over the past five years represent a conundrum. Standard development indicators failed to capture or predict the outburst of popular anger during the so-called Arab Spring of 2011.The World Bank’s Elena Ianchovichina and Shantayanan Devarajan discussed the findings of their recent report Inequality, Uprisings, and Conflict in the Arab World, and reflected on the economic origins of the Arab revolts. While many believe that income inequality was the most significant cause of the uprisings, the report weighs the role of other major drivers, mainly citizen frustrations with a shortage of quality jobs in the formal sector, poor quality public services, and governance issues. Carnegie’s Joseph Bahout moderated.
Soumaya Keynes (The Economist) and Chad P. Bown (Peterson Institute for International Economics) cohost a podcast about the economics of international trade and policy. From trade wars to trade deals, this podcast covers trade developments with insights and economic analysis from two of the world's top trade geeks.
Rank #1: 11: The Complicated Impact of Trade…on Developing Countries.
PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of the Economist examine the impact of international trade on economic activity within developing countries like India, Vietnam, and Brazil. They talk with Professor Nina Pavcnik of Dartmouth College about her research on how trade liberalization has impacted workers and firms, what affects their ability to adjust, and the implications for poverty reduction and inequality. They also discuss the challenges and domestic policy implications of the pockets of nonadjustment that are found—not only in America—but even in the developing world.
Rank #2: 1: NAFTAnomics: The Economics of Three Big Fights.
Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the economics of trade policy. This week they focus on three big fights in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) renegotiations, as President Donald Trump steers the trade relationship between the United States, Mexico, and Canada on Twitter. The first is about the ability of foreign companies to sue governments under NAFTA; the second is Trump seeking to remove constraints on imposing antidumping and countervailing duties on imports from other NAFTA countries, and finally, potential changes to the “rules of origin” that affect how much production takes place in North America.
The World Unpacked is a weekly foreign policy podcast, hosted by Jen Psaki, that breaks down the hottest global issues of today with experts, journalists, and policymakers who can explain what is happening, why it matters, and where we go from here. Tune in to get smart on foreign policy.
Rank #1: Reaction to the Helsinki Summit.
The Helsinki meeting between U.S. President Donald Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin concluded with a tumultuous press conference filled with jaw-dropping statements on both sides. Carnegie experts Andrew Weiss and Alexander Gabuev joined Jen Psaki to dissect the summit and what it means for US-Russia relations going forward. Andrew S. Weiss is the James Family Chair and vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he oversees research in Washington and Moscow on Russia and Eurasia. Prior to joining Carnegie, he was director of the RAND Corporation’s Center for Russia and Eurasia and executive director of the RAND Business Leaders Forum. (More on Weiss -https://carnegieendowment.org/experts/824) Alexander Gabuev is a senior fellow and the chair of the Russia in the Asia-Pacific Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center. His research is focused on Russia’s policy toward East and Southeast Asia, political and ideological trends in China, and China’s relations with its neighbors—especially those in Central Asia. (More on Gabuev - https://carnegie.ru/experts/1017)
Rank #2: How UNGA Happens.
The United Nations General Assembly has gathered world leaders since 1945. But while presidents and prime ministers stage dramatic speeches in the hall, much of the real diplomatic work takes place on the sidelines. How does UNGA really work? What thorny issues are diplomats tackling this week? And what will we remember from this year's meeting? Jen talks to Carnegie expert Salman Ahmed, who has almost twenty years of experience at the UN.
Founded in 1961 by strategist Herman Kahn, Hudson Institute challenges conventional thinking and helps manage strategic transitions to the future through interdisciplinary studies in defense, international relations, economics, health care, technology, culture, and law. Hudson seeks to guide public policy makers and global leaders in government and business through a vigorous program of publications, conferences, policy briefings, and recommendations.
Rank #1: The Mark Palmer Forum: China’s Global Challenge to Democratic Freedom.
On October 24, he Hudson Institute and Freedom House’s Mark Palmer Forum for the Advancement of Democracy held a conference on China’s global challenge to democratic freedom.
Rank #2: Crime, Kleptocracy, and Politics: Developments in Modern Russia.
Mark Galeotti and Charles Davidson discuss corruption and organized crime in Russian domestic politics and its influence on U.S.-Russia relations
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decision making through research and analysis. RAND Congressional Briefings connect RAND experts with lawmakers, legislative staff, and respected opinion leaders on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., to present findings and recommendations on issues relevant to the current policy debate. For more about RAND, visit www.rand.org.
Rank #1: Overcoming the Threats of Our Strategic Competitors.
David Ochmanek discusses challenges posed to U.S. force planning by China, Russia, North Korea, Iran, and Salafist-Jihadi groups; and weapon systems and posture enhancements that could potentially overcome those challenges.
Rank #2: Congressional Options and Their Likely Consequences for a Nuclear Deal with Iran.
In this December 2014 Congressional Briefing, Larry Hanauer identifies and assesses eight potential courses of action that Congress could take that might either facilitate, hinder, or block implementation of a nuclear deal with Iran.
With experts on economic policy and finance, business and trade, development, energy, and technology, CSIS offers a 360-degree perspective on economic trends in an interconnected world. Our research and programs examine the role of economics as an influence on foreign policy and the use of diplomacy as a means to improve economic outcomes. CSIS’s work in this realm is spearheaded by: Simon Chair in Political Economy Scholl Chair in International Business Find the latest research from our scholars and CSIS events on this topic below.
Rank #1: Trade Guys on the Road: The State International Trade Development Organization Edition.
In this episode, Andrew and the Trade Guys head to the Hill for a live recording in front of audiences attending the State International Trade Development Organization (SIDO)'s 2019 Washington Forum. Joining the Trade Guys were Gabrielle Gerbaud, the executive director of the Minnesota Trade Office, and Wade Merritt, the president of Maine's International Trade Center and a former SIDO president. They discuss the USMCA, the US-China deal, and Section 232 tariffs. Download full transcript here.
Rank #2: Transatlantic Choices: Cooperation or Conflict?.
The CSIS Scholl Chair is honored to be hosting Dr. Sabine Weyand, the new Director General of Trade for the European Commission on her first official trip to Washington, DC in her new role. The trading relationship between the United States and the European Union forms a key part of the backbone of the transatlantic alliance. Join us as we discuss with Dr. Weyand this relationship, her vision of trade in the 21st century, and the role of the U.S. and the EU in constructing and maintaining a multilateral global trading system. This event is made possible by general support to CSIS.
Interviews with Economists about their New Books
Rank #1: Caitlin C. Rosenthal, “Accounting for Slavery: Masters and Management” (Harvard UP, 2018).
The familiar narrative of American business development begins in the industrial North, where paternalistic factory owners, committed to a kind of Protestant ethic, scaled up their operations into ‘total institutions’—an effort to forestall labor turnover by providing housing and fulfilling community needs. Many of these firms were, of course, dependent on the availability of cotton from the South where, as Caitlin C. Rosenthal argues, modern management practices were expanded and refined through experimentation with enslaved workers. Accounting for Slavery: Masters and Management (Harvard University Press, 2018) resituates the development of scientific record-keeping and labor optimization practices within the Atlantic slave trade. The book pays close attention to how sophisticated reporting practices, emerging from the standard record books that circulated throughout the Atlantic world, allowed planters to rate and categorize enslaved people in a generalizable way. The book is an invitation to rethink the genealogy of business management, to disabuse professionals of a claim to moral distance from a time when unfettered legal control over a labor force—as capital—created hitherto unknown opportunities for knowledge production and experimentation with efficiency. Mikey McGovern is a PhD candidate in Princeton University’s Program in the History of Science. He works on computing, quantification, communication, and governance in modern America. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Rank #2: Jonathan Swarts, “Constructing Neoliberalism: Economic Transformation in Anglo-American Democracies” (University of Toronto Press, 2013).
The new book, Constructing Neoliberalism: Economic Transformation in Anglo-American Democracies (University of Toronto Press, 2013) shows how political elites in Britain, New Zealand, Australia and Canada successfully introduced radically new economic policies in the 1980s. While opinion polls have consistently showed that neoliberal policies are not popular, governments in all four countries have continued implementing an agenda that includes government spending cuts, the privatization of state-owned enterprises and free trade. The book’s author, Jonathan Swarts, Associate Professor of Political Science at Purdue University North Central in northwestern Indiana, says he finds it fascinating how governments of all political stripes in the four Anglo-American democracies have adopted neoliberalism, which he calls a new “political-economic imaginary.” In this interview with the New Books Network, Professor Swarts discusses how political leaders in the four Anglo-American democracies brought about the neoliberal economic transformation using a combination of persuasion and coercion. Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
The world's top leaders and thinkers come to CSIS to discuss pressing global challenges. Each week, “Curated Conversations” culls the most critical of these discussions. For more on CSIS events, visit csis.org/events.
Rank #1: How to Deal with Venezuela's Mafia State post-January 10th.
Please listen CSIS Americas for an armchair discussion about the international community’s policy options in responding to Venezuela's mafia state. Despite nearly 50 countries challenging the results of the Venezuelan presidential elections held in 2018, given that the elections were widely considered to be unfree and unfair, Nicolas Maduro is set to be sworn in. This leaves open the possibility to challenge Maduro’s right to represent the Venezuelan government and its people by these countries beginning on January 10, 2019 -- the date the new presidential period begins.
Rank #2: Yemen’s Crisis.
Many observers describe the situation in Yemen as the world’s worst humanitarian crisis. Nearly 80 percent of the country’s 28 million residents require assistance, and more than 7 million people are at risk of famine. Providing humanitarian assistance presents many challenges, as fighting and blockades frequently impede humanitarian access, and combatants divert aid supplies for political and financial gain. This discussion will examine how the dynamics of Yemen’s conflict help shape the country’s humanitarian situation, and participants will explore potential avenues to address issues of aid access.
Fighting poverty with passion and professionalism for lasting results. http://www.worldbank.org/The World Bank is one of the world's largest sources of development assistance. Our mission is to fight poverty with passion and professionalism for lasting results.We are not a bank in the common sense; we aim to help people help themselves and their environment by sharing knowledge and providing financial and technical assistance. Conceived in 1944 to reconstruct war-torn Europe, we work in more than 100 developing countries.
Rank #1: Spotlight: Improving Sustainable Forest Management in Brazil and Mozambique.
Brazil and Mozambique are both countries under the Forest Investment Program. They share similar types of forests – the Miombo in Mozambique and the Cerrado in Brazil – and a common challenge: how to ensure forests contribute to rural livelihoods. Specialists from both countries met to exchange knowledge, ideas and best practices in sustainable forest management and to learn how to empower forest communities in the Cerrado and Miombo forests.
Rank #2: South Africa: Using Fiscal Policy to Address Economic Inequality.
The end of Apartheid in South Africa has led to many positive changes in the country. But the division of wealth and income remains inadequate to address Apartheid’s crippling economic legacy. Like many growing countries, South Africa faces the difficult challenge of redistributing its wealth. However, unlike other countries, South Africa is facing the challenge head on. CATRIONA PURFIELD, World Bank Senior Economist We look at the top ten percent. They are earning incomes that are a thousand times bigger than those in the bottom ten percent in South Africa. They are only earning ZAR 200 a year before fiscal policy takes effect. However, once we look at fiscal policy, we say that it takes taxes to the rich, and gives it to the poor in the form of fiscal benefits. And as a result of that, that gap narrows from a thousand times bigger, to sixty six times bigger. In South Africa, the government provides benefits in the form of cash payments such as child and old age grants to the poorest people. It also provides free education and free healthcare. As a rule, the poorest people receive more in cash benefits than they are required to pay in taxes. The most recent South Africa Economic Update finds that this is a level of redistribution unsurpassed by other countries. GABRIELA INCHAUSTE / World Bank Senior Economist And what we find is that in terms of fiscal policy’s ability to reduce inequality and to reduce poverty, South Africa stands out. It stands out both in its ability to redistribute, but also in its ability to actually produce impacts on reducing poverty. South Africa’s cash transfers are cutting the poverty rate for those living on less than $2.50 per day by about 7 percentage points.The money brings meals to the dinner tables of families who otherwise would have no reliable income. 66 year old Eunice Ngcobo lives in the township of Alexandra in Gauteng Province. She’s Raised her four grandchildren after they were orphaned. EUNICE NGCOBO/Social Security Grant Recipient If I wasn’t getting the old age and child support grants, life would be very difficult for me. I am not working, and I have high blood pressure, so I would be in and out asking for food for my kids as well. Despite the benefit of such a progressive fiscal policy for South Africa’s poor, the country is grappling with slowing growth, high fiscal deficits and a debt burden that has grown to 40 percent of GDP, leaving little room for expanded social spending . Ending the legacy of inequality in South Africa and ensuring a bright future for all of its citizens will require a greater emphasis on the quality of education and health spending.It also calls for higher growth that creates jobs, especially for the poor, so that all South Africans can increase their earning potential.