Cover image of Rotary Wing Show - Interviews from the Helicopter Industry
(42)

Rank #19 in Aviation category

Leisure
Aviation

Rotary Wing Show - Interviews from the Helicopter Industry

Updated 5 days ago

Rank #19 in Aviation category

Leisure
Aviation
Read more

Capturing stories of helicopter pilots and crew from around the world. Find out about different helicopter career paths, pick up some tips and learn more about what life as helicopter aircrew has to offer.

Read more

Capturing stories of helicopter pilots and crew from around the world. Find out about different helicopter career paths, pick up some tips and learn more about what life as helicopter aircrew has to offer.

iTunes Ratings

42 Ratings
Average Ratings
39
2
1
0
0

Great stuff

By straightuphelicopters - Jan 20 2019
Read more
I gotta say I have been following Rotary Wing show for several years now and have learned many valuable lessons. ~Thanks Mick

Great source for information and passion

By James_SEL - Oct 28 2018
Read more
This podcast is an awesome resource for anyone looking for thoughtfully selected and quality information on helicopter operations and rotary wing flying in gereral. The creator has a passion for avaition and it comes through on the podcast and really makes the epidoses enjoyable. As a fixed wing pilot and current helicopter pilot student, the topics are in-depth enough to be useful but no so much to be inaccessable to those outside aviation. The wide range of topics are also a big plus. From mental health, to old war flying stories, to current day ops. If you're looking to fulfill your curiosity on helicopters or looking for quality technical information, I can't recommend this show enough. Well done.

iTunes Ratings

42 Ratings
Average Ratings
39
2
1
0
0

Great stuff

By straightuphelicopters - Jan 20 2019
Read more
I gotta say I have been following Rotary Wing show for several years now and have learned many valuable lessons. ~Thanks Mick

Great source for information and passion

By James_SEL - Oct 28 2018
Read more
This podcast is an awesome resource for anyone looking for thoughtfully selected and quality information on helicopter operations and rotary wing flying in gereral. The creator has a passion for avaition and it comes through on the podcast and really makes the epidoses enjoyable. As a fixed wing pilot and current helicopter pilot student, the topics are in-depth enough to be useful but no so much to be inaccessable to those outside aviation. The wide range of topics are also a big plus. From mental health, to old war flying stories, to current day ops. If you're looking to fulfill your curiosity on helicopters or looking for quality technical information, I can't recommend this show enough. Well done.
Cover image of Rotary Wing Show - Interviews from the Helicopter Industry

Rotary Wing Show - Interviews from the Helicopter Industry

Updated 5 days ago

Read more

Capturing stories of helicopter pilots and crew from around the world. Find out about different helicopter career paths, pick up some tips and learn more about what life as helicopter aircrew has to offer.

Rank #1: RWS 34 – Special Operations Aviation with Mike Durant

Podcast cover
Read more

Flying long range assault missions at extremely low altitudes on NVGs with a cabin full of special forces soldiers is all in a days work for the men and women of the 160th Special Operations Regiment. Mike Durant was a Blackhawk element flight lead with the ‘Night Stalkers’ and in this interview talks about his flying career.

Mike Durant is the only surviving crew member of Super Six Four, a special operations blackhawk shot down by RPG fire in Mogadishu, Somalia in 1993. He was severely injured in the crash and then captured and held hostage for 11 days.

The events of the mission were later captured in the book and movie ‘Blackhawk Down’. Prior to 1993 the 160th organisation was almost completely unknown even within US Army Aviation circles.

MH-60 of the 160th SOAR (A) with a variety of mission equipment fitted.

You might not know that Mike returned to flying duties with the 160th after recovering from his injuries and continued to fly in the unit for a number of years after that.

His career leading up to joining the Night Stalkers and prior to 1993 is also fascinating stuff and an insight into the skills and attitudes that it takes to get right to the top of the rotary wing pecking order. He took part in the US invasion of Panama in 1989 and was the first helicopter to shoot at a SCUD missile launcher in Iraq. Mike was also instrumental in the development process of the Direct Action Penetrator armed Blackhawk.

These are an amazing group of aviators and their support teams.

Some of the currencies they need to keep up: Instrument flying, NVGs, Formation, Aerial gunnery, Rappelling, HALO, Suspended extraction, Air-to-air refueling, Deck landings, HUET + more

Mike recovered from his injuries to return to active service with the 160th SOAR (A) and served out several more years. He now heads up Pinnacle Solutions as the company CEO.

Books co-authored by Mike Durant about his experiences and those of the 160th SOAR

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

In this week’s episode:

01:10 Back from Rockhampton and flight in 212 Single
01:50 World Helicopter Day update – now added Tanzania and Panama
02:33 Mike Durant intro
04:08 1993 Operations in Somalia – part of life that happened a long time ago
06:50 First introduction to flying
08:45 Soloing through Army flight school at 7 hours mark
11:41 Medivac posting in Korea – Hueys and Blackhawks
14:39 101st Aviation Regiment – multi-ship, NVGs, sling loads, tactical operations, air assault
16:25 Instructor Pilot course and formation lead
17:10 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment assessment – green platoon, physical requirements, ground nav, air nav without GPS -+30sec, terrain following radars, aerial refueling, IF
21:00 SERE training and stories from the book ‘In The Company of Heroes’
22:10 Progression to Flight Lead
23:15 What it feels like to strap in
24:30 Operational experience prior to Somalia
29:10 Chip light in middle of mission
31:17 Direct Action Penetrator Blackhawks – Hellfire, 30mm cannons, rockets and miniguns, air-to-air missiles
36:35 Pet hate of the Blackhawk
38:55 Flight profiles in Somalia – 15-20 ship formations over the roof tops, 50/50 Day vs Night
43:45 Mission on the day of being shot down
48:56 Looking down at full left pedal but yawing right
51:12 Hit the ground still spinning
55:25 Ground battle and actions leading to posthumous Congressional Medal of Honor for Randy Shughart and Gary Gordon, Mike is only survivor and carried away by mob
59:45 Other aviation stories from the mission
1:06:30 Piracy in modern day Somalia
1:09:45 Transition back into civilian life
1:11:50 Pinnacle Solutions – Mike’s company pinnaclesolutionsinc.com/
1:14:30 Flying advice to pass on
1:18:10 Episode Sponsors trainmorepilots.com

Links from this week’s episode:
Mike is now CEO of pinnaclesolutionsinc.com/
Warrior Foundation/
In The Company of Heroes – Mike’s own look at the events of his capture and career
The Night Stalkers: Top Secret Missions of the U.S. Army’s Special Operations Aviation Regiment
World Helicopter Day

This is a recording of a talk that Mike gave to the US Army War College about the military background and lessons learnt from the operations in Somalia. They had requested a tank as the Search and Rescue vehicle but had been denied.
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_55C96CF7436EC").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"55C96CF7436EC","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Mike Durant talks to Army War College","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"p30dV6IEMO8"}");

00:25 into this video you can see the Littlebirds making an approach to the roads in Mogadishu and the dust being through up.

DAP Blackhawk Firepower Demonstration

If you’ve been inspired by Mike’s career or have a question about the episode then keep the conversation going in the comments below.

The post RWS 34 – Special Operations Aviation with Mike Durant appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Aug 11 2015

1hr 20mins

Play

Rank #2: RWS 8 – Helicopter EMS in Alaska with Lorena Knapp

Podcast cover
Read more

Lorena Knapp on EMS flying in Alaska

Alaska is still largely wilderness and remote communities rely heavily on helicopter operations. Air Ambulance services like the one that today’s guest Lorena Knapp flies for can drastically reduce the time needed to get a patient to primary care given the terrain and ground conditions.

Find out about flying conditions in Alaska and get an insight into helicopter Emergency Medical Service (EMS) operations. Along the way we follow Lorena’s career progression to find out how she got her start and worked her way up to her current challenging position.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

01:12 Meet Lorena Knapp
02:30 Current role with Air Methods and location
04:30 Early flying experience with her dad
06:10 Helicopter training and getting licence
08:22 Hillsboro Aviation training and instructing
09:00 Oil and Gas in Gulf of Mexico
11:10 Tours – Juneau and Denali, Alaska
13:40 Moving into EMS
14:50 Air Methods organisation and history
18:00 EMS operations – Air Ambulance, VFR, NVGs, shifts
20:20 Medical crews and carrying patients, memorable calls
25:10 Really making a difference
26:20 Flying in Alaska
28:10 Terrain and heights
28:50 Day length changes, NVGs
30:45 Impact of weather
34:05 Cold weather ops
38:25 Sectional charts, GPS and navigation
39:55 Anchorage airspace classes
42:20 Helicopter industry operators
44:00 Getting a job in Alaska
44:50 Alaska highlights off hours
47:20 Helping people achieve dreams
49:45 Ninety-nines and other women aviation groups
52:53 Trainmorepilots.com
53:20 Best helicopter novels – send in your nominations

View from the cockpit flying in Alaska in an Astar – no steam driven gauges here

In the episode we talk about the size of Alaska. This graphic shows the size comparison with the rest of the United States.

Lorena’s TEDx Talk Video
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_5415358564A54").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"5415358564A54","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Helicopter EMS Flying in Alaska with Lorena Knapp Rotary Wing Show","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"wqbKcPjWjv0"}");

Links from this week’s episode:
Lorenaknapp.com – Lorena’s website
AirMethods
The Ninety-Nines, Inc., International Organization of Women Pilots
Whirly Girls

If we were not there, that guy would not now be alive #helicopters
Click To Tweet

Can sometimes log more night flying on the day shift than the night crews
Click To Tweet

The hydraulic fluid starts to get jelly-like at these temps #alaska
Click To Tweet

Got a comment or question about today’s show? Use the area below to leave your thoughts.

The post RWS 8 – Helicopter EMS in Alaska with Lorena Knapp appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Sep 14 2014

55mins

Play

Rank #3: RWS 41 – ‘Cyclic Back’ in an Autorotation Entry with Pete Gillies

Podcast cover
Read more

Pete Gillies is a legendary, 18,000-hour helicopter pilot who has previously been honored as the Helicopter Association International’s instructor of the year.

The difference between an expensive falling brick and a helicopter is rotor RPM. Pete Gillies talks about the importance of aft cyclic in autorotation entry to conserve rotor RPM in this episode.

Depending on where you did your training this might come across as ‘yeah, of course, doesn’t everyone do this’. If that’s you then fantastic and this interview will give you an in depth refresher on the ‘why’ behind it. If you’ve been out of regular autorotation practice for a while or didn’t have this emphasied then you’ll walk away with a new understanding to take on your next flight. There are a number of links further down the page that go on to show that this knowledge may not be as widely spread as it should be.

As with any flying advice you should discuss it with an instructor that you trust if unsure and apply some sense in how to use it – Pete is obviously not trying to say that aft cyclic must be used religiously for example in a hover engine failure.

A bad ending of an autorotation is usually survivable, but a bad beginning is usually not
Click To Tweet

“The Best Kept Secret in the helicopter industry is how critical it is to immediately apply aft cyclic the moment a loss of power to the rotor system is detected. I have been doing my best to spread this word since analyzing the cause of two law-enforcement helicopter accidents that occurred four months apart in 2002. I call it Cyclic Back.

Very few helicopter pilots realize that if, with a total engine failure, the rotor rpm is allowed to fall more than about 5% below low green, the flight is over. OVER. There is no recovery possible regardless of what actions the pilot may take or how high the helicopter is above ground. This fact is not mentioned in the sales literature for helicopters nor in the approved rotorcraft flight manuals. It is not mentioned in any of our FAA publications having to do with how helicopters fly and how to fly them. It is treated as a deep dark secret, unfortunately.

When power is lost to the rotor system, THE MOST IMPORTANT FLIGHT CONTROL IN THE COCKPIT IS THE CYCLIC! It must immediately be brought aft so that the flow of air is upwards through the rotor system. Bottoming the collective does only one thing: It reduces the rate that the rotor rpm is falling. That’s all! It NEVER stops the fall of rotor rpm.

Once the rotor rpm has dropped below the critical point, recovery is not possible. The helicopter continues to descend as the rotor rpm falls towards zero and may, in the case of free-turbine engines as used in the EC135, be seen to turn backwards. The rotor blades will show little if any damage when the wreckage is examined.

And as the rotor rpm slows towards zero during the descent, retreating blade stall enters the picture. The normal Vne chart does not mention rotor rpm; it is assumed it is normal for the standard mode of flight. But when rotor rpm falls, Vne falls with it, so Vne is very possible at airspeeds much below those computed via the chart.

This in turn means that as the rotor rpm is falling during the autorotation, the helicopter will roll in the direction of the retreating blades, or to the left in the case of the EC135. Any attempt by the pilot to correct this with opposite cyclic simply adds additional pitch to the blades that are already stalling, thereby increasing the amount of roll.
When a helicopter pilot is faced with a sudden unannounced engine or drive-line failure, here is what must be done:
1. Cyclic back and pitch down, simultaneously or in that order.
2. Pick a place to land.
3. MAKE THAT SPOT!

What about indicated airspeed. At the beginning of the autorotation, the ONLY speed that matters is that over the wings, meaning, of course, the rotor blades, and this is a function of rotor rpm. Pitot tube airspeed (indicated airspeed) is not important at that time, but yes, once the rotor rpm is solidly in the green, indicated airspeed can be helpful in extending the glide or reducing the rate of descent.
Finally, this: During a normal power-off autorotation, the helicopter will respond to all flight-control movements the same way it would if the helicopter is in a flat-pitch descent with the engine running. The only thing it won’t do is a sustained climb. But it will stop, back up, turn in any direction, etc. So when I say MAKE THAT SPOT, I’m saying use the maneuverability of the helicopter just as you would if the engine was running. There is more to life than straight-ins, 90s and 180s!”
– extract from a post that Pete made on PPRuNe in 2013 (with a typically PPRuNe spirited debate that runs to 28 pages)

As for in Pete’s earlier interview back in Episode 39 we have Douglas Williams to thank for capturing this audio.

The pilots had not applied aft cyclic at the time the engine quit, they had gone for airspeed – Pete Gillies
Click To Tweet

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

In the episode:
02:04 Competition for a custom aviation drawing
03:00 Listener comment Andy, 28 SQN OCU
04:20 B206 engine start clip last episode
05:50 Old Bell Helicopters magazine article, 1975 – ‘Keep the rotor in the green’ – redundant?
09:20 Studying accident reports – LAPD Astar overrunning clutch failure
11:15 MD500D ran out of fuel then crash wreckage
15:40 1992 MD500E engine failure on takeoff with crash onto busy road
20:55 Sherif MD600 steep 180 turn following engine failure
25:10 Law enforcement recurrency training using crash photos – lightbulb moment!
28:40 “Immediately put the collective down and immediately nosed over to get airspeed”
30:20 The aircraft were turning left due to below green rotor RPM – retreating blade stall
33:00 Impact on Vne of low rotor RPM
35:00 Emphasis at the time on airspeed in RFM
36:30 Fixed wing comparison
38:45 Reaction time and immediate actions
41:00 Overrunning clutch – engine overspeed but rotor blades slowing
42:00 ‘Aft Cyclic’
44:10 Autorotation training changes
48:15 Completely consumed with the mission and not thinking about engine failure
50:10 The helicopter is happiest in autorotation
51:30 Multiengine helicopters and applicability of ‘Cyclic Back’
53:20 Engine off vs engine idling training autorotations
1:00:20 ‘Aft cyclic’ to be in print, training programs and RFM
1:02:30 Advice on a real world engine failure from Pete
1:08:50 Thanks to Doug Williams

Links from this week’s episode:
Western Helicopters
Marc Philipp Veenendaal’s Instagram account with aviation drawings
Episode Sponsors trainmorepilots.com

Video – Pete Gillies talking to impromptu group about autorotations
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_56C9A0F1E2306").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"56C9A0F1E2306","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"cyclic back autorotation pete gillies","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"gsM7wCpjsU0"}");

One wing falling off in flight – equivalent to a too low RRPM #helicopter
Click To Tweet

In a real autorotation there is no upper red line on RRPM. Just worry about the bottom one.
Click To Tweet

You can also find more reading on ‘cyclic back’ online: AStar Accident Shines Light On Autorotation Training, AIN Online 2013 , ‘Failure to Enter’,VerticalMag 2013 , Rotorcraft Safety: No Margin for Error, Aviation Week 2014 , Enough skill to kill yourself, 2015

Chapter 43 ‘Autorotation Concerns’ of Helicopter Aerodynamics Volume II by Ray Prouty also cites Pete Gillies when talking about the need to instigate airflow into the disc during autorotation entry in forward flight.

The following is an analogy penned by Randy Rowles, 2013 HAI Instructor of the Year, that provides another approach to discussing the application of aft cyclic in an autorotation entry.
“First, I would like to add to Mr. Pete Gillie’s (Chief Pilot, Western Helicopters) comments regarding the importance of applying aft cyclic when entering an autorotation. As a longtime flight instructor, I couldn’t agree more with Pete as I’m sure most experienced instructors within the helicopter industry would as well. The key to getting the point across on such subjects is providing an example that is relevant to the topic.

I would suggest we provide an example taken from a baseball analogy. Applying aft cyclic when entering an autorotation is a key consideration because you want to present the rotor system to the changing relative wind. This is very similar to explaining HOW to catch a ball in a glove. In simple terms, you MUST present the open glove to the ball for the glove to function.

To properly catch a ball, the glove must be open and presented so that the ball will hit the glove in the pocket. If the glove is face down, the ball will hit the glove and be driven to the ground. If the glove is held upside down, the ball may roll up the glove and hit the person in the mouth, both non-desirable outcomes.

So you see…an analogy of catching a ball in a glove presents the reader with a basic fundamental principle of the interaction of the ball in flight, and how to properly engage the design of a glove to catch the ball. The rotor system works exactly the same way. No matter what the speed of the aircraft, the rotor system MUST immediately be presented to the airflow through the use of aft cyclic during all autorotative entries.”

Custom drawing competition – Final hours

Your chance to win a custom aviation drawing my Marc Veenendaal is almost gone. Leave a comment on Episode 39 about your first helicopter experience to go into the draw.

A photo posted by Marc Philipp Veenendaal (@marc_mpv) on Jan 14, 2016 at 5:54am PST

Do you have an opinion on ‘Cyclic Back’ or additional information to share? Perhaps you’ve had an engine failure and can share how it turned out. Join in the conversation below in the comments

The post RWS 41 – ‘Cyclic Back’ in an Autorotation Entry with Pete Gillies appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Feb 21 2016

1hr 10mins

Play

Rank #4: RWS 72 – AW609 Tiltrotor with Dan Wells

Podcast cover
Read more

Dan Wells is an experimental test pilot at Leonardo who has been on the AW609 program since 2011.

Tiltrotor technology aims to push the envelope on helicopter top speeds while retaining the ability to land and take-off vertically. The Leonardo AW609 will be the first civilian tiltrotor design to undergo FAA certification and brings with it some unique mission profiles.

Dan Wells started his flying career on the AH-1 Cobra before transitioning to being a US Army fixed pilot flying the twin turboprop Grumman OV-1 Mohawk. After test pilot’s course Dan began to rack up experience on a number of programs – both rotary and fixed wing. They included UH1 Huey, MH-47G Chinook, S-70 Blackhawk, C-130 Hercules and Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey amongst others. Dan was also involved in the X-48 research project flying a blended wing remote piloted aircraft which he flew using the video feed from a camera in the scaled down cockpit.

In 2011 a test flying job for AgustaWestland was posted through the Society of Experimental Test Pilots looking for a tiltrotor test pilot. Dan got the job and has been test flying on the AW609 ever since.

In hover mode the AW609 flight computers provide helicopter-like control responses for the pilot.

In terms of the main numbers posted for the AW609 you are looking at 275kt VNE, 25,000ft ceiling (currently an engine limitation that may be extended) and range of 750NM. The AW609 is powered by two PT6C-67A engines with a whopping 1,940shp rating giving it flyaway performance at MAUW on one engine.

The biggest difference over other tiltrotors in service and currently being developed is the pressurised cabin allowing for a much higher operating altitude and the ability to fly above many areas of bad weather. There are also advantages in the EMS world that a pressurised cabin allows for patient care.

One of the more interesting test flight schedules that Dan was involved with on the AW609 called for the proving of the ability to transition the aircraft from a forward glide where the prop-rotors are windmilling due to forward incoming air, through to a stable autorotational state when the engine nacelles are rotated to the vertical position and the airflow drives the prop-rotors from rate of descent airflow.

For their work on this testing, Dan and his colleagues Pietro Venanzi and Paul Edwards were recognised in 2014 with the Society of Experimental Test Pilots’ Iven C. Kincheloe Award. This is an award that they share with the Apollo 11 astronauts, Mercury astronauts, B-1B, B-2, NOTAR and Concord test pilot amongsts many other amazing programs.

The AW609 will be the first civilian tiltrotor with an expected FAA certification in late 2019. Dan Wells was made a Fellow of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots in Sep 2018 in recognition of his contributions over this career and on the AW609 program.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon
List of Iven C. Kincheloe Award recipients recognising outstanding professional accomplishment in the conduct of flight testing
Perlan Project – unpowered, pressurised glider test flight program surfing mountain waves to 90,000ft
Australian Army Aviation Corps 50th
CancelSARWatch podcast episode – story of WW1 Australian Army pilot Frank McNamara being awarded the Victoria Cross
Aeromedical Innovation Australasia – multidisciplinary medical organisation in Australia pushing for the AW609 for rural medical retrievals.
AoA Simulations – developers of the V-22 model for X-Plane flight simulator and who are also working on an AW609 model.

This documentary recounts the story of Matt Gane, a helicopter pilot in the Northern Territory, Australia who required an airlift to hospital following a mustering crash. The film was produced by Aeromedical Innovation Australasia as part of their efforts to lobby for the AW609 as an EMS platform in Australia.

Have a question about the AW609 for Dan or insight into how it will fit into the current aviation market mix? Be part of the conversation around this episode by posting a comment below.

The post RWS 72 – AW609 Tiltrotor with Dan Wells appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Oct 22 2018

1hr 8mins

Play

Rank #5: RWS 59 – Himalayan Rescue Ops with Andrew Gutsell

Podcast cover
Read more

Andrew Gutsell is a New Zealander who is part of the Alpine Rescue Service in the Everest region.

The elevation of the Himalayan mountains puts them at the extreme of human and helicopter performance. For climbers it can be a 2 week trek out or a 30 min helicopter flight to safety if they find themselves in trouble.

Andrew Gutsell is part of the Alpine Rescue Service run by Air Dynasty that services the region around Mt Everest. The team bases out of Lukla Airport (9,300ft) in order to maintain high altitude acclimatization and consists of a handful of aircrew, doctors, paramedics or nurses at any time. From here the service uses AS350B3 (H125) helicopters to reach Basecamp, the small camps higher up on Mt Everest and villages in the area.

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_59D185A1AE77C").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"59D185A1AE77C","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Air Dynasty Nepal","description":"Air Dynasty Nepal","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":50,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"skip this step"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"pfv8RT85dk4"}");

Supplementary oxygen is standard mission equipment with flights right up to the 23,000ft legal limit for the aircraft. For some patient pickups the avaliable performance limits the number of people on board to just the pilot to allow for the weight of the climber. For rescues above this height a team of sherpas will have to recover the patient and bring them down to lower altitudes.

These are big boy mountains! #helicopter #nepal #rescue
Click To Tweet

At the higher camps the helicopters are always kept running rather than shutdown and risk any complications starting in the thin air. Any helicopter that gets stuck up there is unlikely to ever be recovered as there is nothing with the lift capacity at those altitudes to recover it.

Highest KFC? Helicopter Safety Briefing at Everest Base Camp 17000

Weather is also a significant constraint on operations. Flights are mainly done in the morning when the katabatic or downslope winds are smoother. Flying after 2pm is avoided to reduce the chance of being stuck in the mountains with fading light.

Andrew is a New Zealand pilot that started out flying in the mountains of New Zealand and operating to the south island glaciers. He is one of a handful of ex-pat pilots flying in Nepal. In this episode Andrew talks about the environment that you can expect to find in the Everest region and the challenges to operating a helicopter rescue service there.

Andrew and two other New Zealand Alpine Rescue Service team members, Andrew Roy (Paramedic) and Alyssa Lowe (Nurse) have just been awarded the Royal Humane Society (of NZ) Silver Medal for Rescue Services after their actions as first responders at a May 2017 aircraft crash at Lukla airstrip (video at the bottom of this page). The pilot died on impact, the co-pilot later that night and the hostess was flown out to Kathmandu in the morning when the weather cleared. The New Zealand Governor-General will present the awards at Government House, Wellington some time in mid 2018.

The Air Dynasty team and Andrew are featured in the TV series Everest Air.

Kongde Everest Mountain Flight breakfast location. View of Everest, Lhotse, Ama Dablam.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the show on Patreon
Air Dynasty website
Everest Air TV Show

Bright light and blowing snow. Camp 2 Mt Everest.

Andrew and Phunaru Sherpa of International Mountain Guides acclimatising pre Rescue Season. Solokhumbu region.

Oxygen system & looking like Heli Stig.

Injured climber rescue at 17000′

Some of the Air Dynasty Lukla team. Ashish Sundash (ops), Cpt Andrew Gutsell, Padma Lama (Lukla Ops Manager), Paramedic Andrew Roy and Nurse Alyssa Lowe. Proudly flying the NZ flag to represent the historical relationship between NZ and Nepal.

Flat light on Rescue ops at 22500″pa. Note Reference markers.

Lukla Airport, Nepal. One way airstrip! Photo credit: coldfeetadventure.com

Google Street View of Lukla Airport


2017 Aircraft crash at Lukla airfield where Andrew and co-workers were involved in first response.

Do you have a question for Andrew about flying ops in Nepal or about something mentioned in the episode that you want to ask? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 59 – Himalayan Rescue Ops with Andrew Gutsell appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Oct 02 2017

Play

Rank #6: RWS 73 – Pete Gillies Talks About Teaching Autorotations

Podcast cover
Read more

Pete Gillies is a legendary, 18,000-hour helicopter pilot who has previously been honored as the Helicopter Association International’s instructor of the year.

In this interview Doug Williams captures a conversation at his house with Pete Gillies about teaching autorotations. Pete shares a story that highlights the differences, especially in turbine helicopters, between touchdown autorotations with the engine idling and with an engine completely off.

Have you ever flown an auto with the engine completely off – be that on purpose in training or as a real emergency? What differences did you experience? Be part of the discussion below.

The post RWS 73 – Pete Gillies Talks About Teaching Autorotations appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Apr 21 2019

21mins

Play

Rank #7: RWS 53 – Huey Gunships with Jack Lynch

Podcast cover
Read more

Wing Commander(Ret.) Jack Lynch flew Iroquois Gunships with 9 SQN RAAF in Vietnam

Jack Lynch was a ‘Bushranger’ pilot in Vietnam for the Royal Australian Air Force. These were Iroquois UH-1H helicopters fitted out as aerial gunships which provided close air support to Australian troops.

A pair of low flying Sabre jets over Jack Lynch’s childhood property was the seed for a 50+ year career in and around aviation.

After graduating from RAAF pilots course and being posted to helicopters, Jack found himself in Vietnam as one of the early pilots in the Australian version of an armed UH-1H gunship.

The configuration consisted of 2 x twin M-60 machine guns for the door gunners, 14 M158 rockets and 2 XM-21 fixed forward firing mini guns capable of 4000 rounds a minute. Armoured seats were scrounged and procured to provide some level of protection for the pilots.

Aiming of the rockets and mini-guns was conducted through an aiming reticle that could be swiveled down in front of either pilot. It was then up to the pilot to fly the helicopter to place the aiming point on the target. ‘Danger Close’ is the term used when aircraft are firing close to the line of friendly troops. Experienced crews would be able to lay down fire to within 25 metres and sometimes closer to ground troops in contact requiring incredibly precise flying skills.

The concept of operations was for 2 helicopters to conduct a racetrack pattern such that one helicopter was always on its target run. As the first aircraft broke away the door gunners would open up to suppress the target and at the same time the second aircraft would start its run. The first aircraft would then race at speed back to the start of the pattern ready to start its run as soon as the second aircraft commenced it’s break.

9 SQN RAAF conducted 237,424 missions with 16 Hueys (4 were converted to the Bushranger configuration).

Vietnam. An RAAF crewman fires his M60 at enemy positions whilst expended bullet casings pour from the minigun of RAAF Iroquois helicopter gunship (Bushranger) A2-773 as it sweeps into action.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the show on Patreon

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_585288").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"585288D15FFA9","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Huey helicopter gunships australia","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"doItDh5FicM"}");
The 9 SQN Iroquois were eventually transferred to the Australian Army which maintained the Bushranger capability almost unchanged right up until 2004.

Painted blades to help the overhead command and control aircraft to guide treetop helicopters on to landing areas.

9 SQN ‘Bushranger’ Huey with armament

Do you have a question about the Bushrangers or something mentioned in the episode that you want to ask? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 53 – Huey Gunships with Jack Lynch appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Dec 16 2016

36mins

Play

Rank #8: RWS 19 – Height Velocity Diagram with Shawn Coyle

Podcast cover
Read more

Shawn Coyle is an experienced helicopter test pilot with a passion for helping other pilots learn more about their profession.

Whether you walk away from a landing after an helicopter engine failure or not depends on many things but one good predictor is the Height Velocity(H/V) diagram.

The H/V diagram (also known as H/V curve and dead man’s curve) represents combinations of airspeeds and altitudes that have been determined for that helicopter type where it will be difficult or impossible to safely land the helicopter.

But how is the diagram or chart arrived at?

What are the conditions it is tested under?

In this episode of the Rotary Wing Show test pilot Shawn Coyle takes us in great detail through the diagram and the machinations that go into building one. Shawn’s experience ranges from civil and military operational flying to certification flight testing and training experimental test pilots.

An author of several well know helicopter books Shawn also on occasion acts as an expert witness and on crash investigations.

After listening to this episode you will have a much greater understanding of how the H/V diagram is derived, what it means for your flying operations and probably a reluctance to let your hover height drift upwards.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

In this week’s episode:
01:20 Weather extremes on social media streams
01:48 Listener voicemail
03:25 Hello to our Croatian listener!
04:00 Height velocity diagram
05:50 Guest Shawn Coyle bio
06:06 Early start to flying in Air Cadets
06:47 Jet training then sent to helicopters
08:16 Freedom of action as a helicopter pilot
09:20 Test pilot school
11:42 Flying with the Brits
15:10 Writing books on helicopters
18:14 Automatic flight control systems
27:05 What is a height velocity diagram
27:50 Conditions used to record results
29:35 Where do you go to perform tests?
30:45 Other names for the curve and misnomers – ‘dead man’s curve’
32:41 Background of the diagram
33:28 Engine failure rates and lack of data
35:10 3 engine failures for Shawn
36:50 Delayed pilot response built into the height velocity diagram
41:03 Low hover point test technique
42:43 Impact of aging aircraft on curve
44:06 Number of data points required to construct the diagram
45:20 Verification process by certification authority
45:50 Paved level surface for touchdown, no zero touchdown requirement
47:10 What happens if you test on grass….
48:45 The scariest point to test and amount of nose down
50:34 Insurance impact of the height velocity diagram and limitation vs performance consideration
52:20 Low altitude, high speed section of the diagram
53:30 Best advice when you have to operate in shaded area
54:45 Applicability for approaches and arrivals
55:55 Ray Prouty dinner story
57:18 Piece of advice that you would pass on
59:20 2015 plans and travel
1:00:30 Little Book of Autorotations by Shawn Coyle
1:01:50 Sponsors trainmorepilots.com
1:02:10 WorldHelicopterDay.com

Links from this week’s episode:
Shawn’s company Eagle Eye Solutions

Shawn speaks at the CHC 2013 Safety Conference about the certification process
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_54B62D3BA13F5").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"54B62D3BA13F5","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"CHC safety talk shawn coyle","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"fkHzRMOBR9k"}");

“Measuring with a micrometer, marking with a chalk line and cutting with a chainsaw”
Click To Tweet

“Know exactly what the symptoms are and exactly what you are going to do”
Click To Tweet

“Never seen a helicopter say beat me, I love it!! (more than Blackhawk)”
Click To Tweet

Have a question for Shawn or topics that you would like him to cover? Let us know in the comments.

The post RWS 19 – Height Velocity Diagram with Shawn Coyle appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Jan 15 2015

1hr 2mins

Play

Rank #9: RWS 54 – Huey Gunships with Jack Lynch Part 2

Podcast cover
Read more

Wing Commander(Ret.) Jack Lynch flew Iroquois Gunships with 9 SQN RAAF in Vietnam

Jack Lynch was a ‘Bushranger’ pilot in Vietnam for the Royal Australian Air Force. These were Iroquois UH-1H helicopters fitted out as aerial gunships which provided close air support to Australian troops.

Listen to Part 1 of the interview here

A pair of low flying Sabre jets over Jack Lynch’s childhood property was the seed for a 50+ year career in and around aviation.

After graduating from RAAF pilots course and being posted to helicopters, Jack found himself in Vietnam as one of the early pilots in the Australian version of an armed UH-1H gunship.

The configuration consisted of 2 x twin M-60 machine guns for the door gunners, 14 M158 rockets and 2 XM-21 fixed forward firing mini guns capable of 4000 rounds a minute. Armoured seats were scrounged and procured to provide some level of protection for the pilots.

Aiming of the rockets and mini-guns was conducted through an aiming reticle that could be swiveled down in front of either pilot. It was then up to the pilot to fly the helicopter to place the aiming point on the target. ‘Danger Close’ is the term used when aircraft are firing close to the line of friendly troops. Experienced crews would be able to lay down fire to within 25 metres and sometimes closer to ground troops in contact requiring incredibly precise flying skills.

The concept of operations was for 2 helicopters to conduct a racetrack pattern such that one helicopter was always on its target run. As the first aircraft broke away the door gunners would open up to suppress the target and at the same time the second aircraft would start its run. The first aircraft would then race at speed back to the start of the pattern ready to start its run as soon as the second aircraft commenced it’s break.

9 SQN RAAF conducted 237,424 missions with 16 Hueys (4 were converted to the Bushranger configuration).

Vietnam. An RAAF crewman fires his M60 at enemy positions whilst expended bullet casings pour from the minigun of RAAF Iroquois helicopter gunship (Bushranger) A2-773 as it sweeps into action.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the show on Patreon

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_585288D15FFA9").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"585288D15FFA9","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Huey helicopter gunships australia","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"doItDh5FicM"}");
The 9 SQN Iroquois were eventually transferred to the Australian Army which maintained the Bushranger capability almost unchanged right up until 2004.

Painted blades to help the overhead command and control aircraft to guide treetop helicopters on to landing areas.

9 SQN ‘Bushranger’ Huey with armament

Do you have a question about the Bushrangers or something mentioned in the episode that you want to ask? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 54 – Huey Gunships with Jack Lynch Part 2 appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Dec 22 2016

41mins

Play

Rank #10: RWS 48 – The Case For Full Down Autos with Glen White

Podcast cover
Read more

Glen White from Eurosafety talks about continuation training and emergency handling

Glen White has been providing recurrency and initial training to helicopter pilots around the world through his company Eurosafety since 2004. He is a strong proponent of the benefit of full touchdown autorotations in training.

Glen first learnt to fly in France in a Bell 47 before picking up roles in flight training, tours based in the Virgin Islands, ship operations, emergency services and as a factory pilot.

One of the things that struck him throughout his career was the lack of high quality post graduation check and training avaliable to many of the small to medium operators in the industry. Hence the idea for Eurosafety was born.

“I get to fly with the best pilots in the industry. It’s a privilege.” – Glen gets to conduct recurrency and initial training with pilots from law enforcement, EMS, utility and charter companies in a number of companies.

In this interview we chat about Glen’s early career, the case for full touchdown autorotations, tips for handling a range of emergencies and what you can do to improve your skills as a helicopter pilot.

AS350B3E helicopter is a monster, nothing better for utility work
Click To Tweet

On the way down for another autorotation

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

In this week’s episode:
3:50 Timothy and Tabitha
5:20 Getting a start in aviation in France in a Bell 47
6:50 Flying tours in the Virgin Islands
8:40 Landing on Navy ships in support of the Aegis radar program
9:50 FlightSafety and Eurocopter factory pilot
11:20 EMS S-76 Children’s Hospital Dallas and Tri-state Careflight AS350B3 and BK119
11:50 Mountain rescue incident
14:00 Gap in market for post-graduation check and training
16:00 Overseas training locations and culture
19:00 Types of training and helicopters covered
20:40 Trained reaction to engine failure
21:50 Switching between clockwise / anti-clockwise rotor systems
24:30 Autorotational training – touchdowns vs power recoveries
32:00 Training to runway rather than grass, carbide skid shoes
33:50 Damage to runway surface from run-ons – none
35:50 A typical recurrency day format
38:30 AS350, H130, AS355, EC120, BO105CBS, BO105LS, EC135 Augusta 109E,C,F Bell 260L/F, Bell 205 Types covered (2016)
42:40 Prevalence of engine failures in statistics vs focus spent on in training
46:50 1000s of autos in a year, a very mild event
49:00 Auto method in the AS350 – 100’ flare height
50:00 Common errors during autos
53:20 Hydraulic failure and impact into highrise
54:20 Stuck pedals
58:10 How to be a good pilot and constantly get better
1:01:30 iSafety app for emergency training
59:45 Episode Sponsors trainmorepilots.com

Links from this week’s episode:
Eurosafety Website
Eurosafety Facebook
Eurosafety YouTube
Eurosafety Instagram
World Helicopter Day

No better helicopter to teach an auto. My mum could do an auto in a Bell 47
Click To Tweet

Glen talks through an autorotation touchdown in a AS350
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_5742E4C049FBC").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"5742E4C049FBC","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"AS350 autorotations","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"vLtOO7zqX2k"}");

HAI Video – Autorotations: Reality Exposed
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_5742E475E5987").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"5742E475E5987","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"autorotarions reality exposed","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"YOl2YEH6wFU"}");

Class in session for a AS350 ground theory day

Know your machines systems – graphics and training aids can greatly improve recall

Glen teaching on an AS350B2 initial course

Australian Defence Force Testing of Squirrel Autorotation Flare Height

What’s your take on full down autos in training? Be part of the conversation about this interview by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 48 – The Case For Full Down Autos with Glen White appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

May 26 2016

1hr 1min

Play

Rank #11: RWS 39 – Pete Gillies Talks About Learning to Fly Helicopters

Podcast cover
Read more

Pete Gillies is a legendary, 18,000-hour helicopter pilot who has previously been honored as the Helicopter Association International’s instructor of the year.

Imagine the flying experience, tips and tricks that you would pick up in a helicopter career spanning 5 decades. Pete Gillies has just retired from full time work in the industry and in this episode he talks about his first experiences of learning to fly a helicopter in the 1960s and passing his commercial helicopter flight test.

Pete Gillies has been a long time Chief Pilot at Western Helicopters in California, USA. He is also a regular contributor to the industry’s leading helicopter publications and a distinguished speaker at events for airborne law enforcers, professional helicopter pilots and the industry at large. He is sought after as an expert witness and for challenging wire pulling, external load and mountain flying operations.

A big thank you to Douglas Williams for recording the audio that you hear in this episode and helping with the setup and photos you see here. Doug trained at Western Helicopters and obtained his PPL/Rotorcraft-Helicopter certificate in December of 2013. Western pushed him to also complete the certificate for Advanced Ground Instructor. Douglas is a past president of EAA Chapter 845 in Redlands, CA where he continues to serve as ground instructor for the Young Eagles events. Douglas is also currently building a Rotorway Jet Exec (turbine conversion) experimental helicopter, and hopes to be flying the skies soon!

Despite his Dad being the Vice-President of Flight Test Engineering at Grumman Aircraft and his Mother being a WASP[Women Airforce Service Pilots], Pete was more interested in a career in electronics initially. He did pick up fixed wing licences but it was 15 years as a technician before Pete showed any interest in helicopters.

The interview in this episode is the story that Pete tells of his first helicopter flight and the start of a distinguished career in the rotary wing world.

Doug Williams and Pete Gilies standing in front of a Sikorsky S-58T helicopter

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Western Helicopters
Marc Philipp Veenendaal’s Instagram account with aviation drawings
Diploma in Leadership and Management

Video – Pete Gillies in an MD500 conducting a longline hookup
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_56B7ED21BFA20").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"56B7ED21BFA20","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Pete Gilies MD500 Helicopter Longline Pickup","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"VakBEvNh-y8"}");

You can also find some more interview articles with Pete here(JustHelicopters) and here(VerticalMag).

Pete on the tarmac with some MD500s

Pete speaking at the 50th anniversary celebration of Western Helicopters at Angel City Air’s hangar, KWHP

Pete Gillies with Bob Spencer(Chief Instructor, Western Helicopters) and a Whirly-Girl scholarship winner

Fuel stop at KHMT during a flight that Doug did with Pete

In this episode we also mention the hobby Instagram account of aviation artist Marc Veenendaal. It is well worth checking out his drawings on his account. Leave a comment on this blog post to go into the random draw to win for your own custom image from Marc.

A photo posted by Marc Philipp Veenendaal (@marc_mpv) on Jan 14, 2016 at 5:54am PST

Do you know Pete or have flown with him? Use the comments below to leave a public tribute or thank you to Pete Gillies. Also don’t forget our competition for this week – leave a short story or comment about *your* first helicopter experience to win a custom drawing by Marc Veenendaal.

Competition closes Tuesday 23 Feb 2016 0000UTC

The post RWS 39 – Pete Gillies Talks About Learning to Fly Helicopters appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Feb 08 2016

44mins

Play

Rank #12: RWS 20 – Aerial Firefighting with Gordy Cox

Podcast cover
Read more

Gordy Cox is the Director of Operations at Redding Air Service and knows a thing or two about helicopter firefighting.

A great example of the utility of helicopters is their use in firefighting support. There is more to it than meets the eye though.

[Warning: This is a longer episode, approx 85mins, so you might want to download the file and play locally]

Using underslung buckets or bellytanks helicopters are able to provide water right where it is needed to aid in the fire management of bush and wilderness fires. The ability to use natural water sources close to the area of operations, even if that is a small waterhole or a backyard pool, results in quick turnarounds.

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_54CEBA4AC393F").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"54CEBA4AC393F","width":600,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Inside the king fire","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"NvZipC5LPi8"}");

Helicopters are able to move equipment and people around the fire area quickly and to areas with no other infrastructure. Its this ability to work so closely with ground firefighters that makes them so effective.

Firefighter first, pilot 2nd. The flying has to be second nature. Head is outside 90% of the time.
Click To Tweet

A big part of managing a large fire is the removal of combustible fuel in the path of the fire or around areas that need to be protected such as buildings. Ground techniques such as fire breaks and back burning can be complemented by helicopter carried heli-torches and other incendiaries.

On the flying side it requires a bunch of skill and experience. To deliver as much water as possible the aircraft are operating at high all up weights, often in mountainous terrain, poor visibility and hot conditions. Significant co-ordination is needed between other aircraft, ground personnel and the ability to maintain situational awareness of how things are developing. Being able to talk and listen on several radios at once is a bonus.

In this episode veteran helicopter firefighter Gordy Cox takes us inside the world of aerial firefighting to get an understanding of what is involved.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

In this week’s episode:
01:50 Gordy Cox, Director of Operations Redding Air Service
02:11 Based in Salt Lake City, Utah
02:50 Parents in the RAF, Born in Ghana
03:30 1982 RAF in backseat of Nimrods chasing Russian submarines
04:10 Helicopter Adventures for helicopter training and then CFI
05:15 First forestry work dropping hay bales in Robinson R22
06:10 Bunch of hours in Hawaii
07:05 Chief Pilot at Redding Air Services
07:45 Flying in bare feet Hawaii – control touch
09:15 History of helicopter use on fires
10:30 Smoke jumpers
13:30 Standard exclusive use contract daily routine – ‘fire station standby’
17:20 Smoke report actions on and initial attack
20:01 Tools of the trade
22:24 Finding a water source, portable tanks and ‘pumpkins’
25:00 Handling a spot fire
28:20 Campaign fires and helibases
30:30 AirAttack and HelCo, locating dip sites, gates, burnouts
35:50 Helibase accommodation arrangements
38:02 Operations and aviation briefings at the start of the day
39:55 Wrapping building with silver foil, resupply and flying in sprinklers
41:10 Aerial fire starting – plastic sphere device (PSD) and heli-torch
46:10 Fire bucket characteristics and operation, typical bucket weight/machine combos
50:34 Drop methods for different fuel types
52:10 Belly Tanks
54:10 Retardants, gels and foams
59:30 Flying conditions near fires
1:04:30 Getting a start with flying on fires
1:07:45 Aerial highrise fire fighting
1:08:55 Night vision devices and fire fighting at night
1:10:07 Drone use on fires and future applications
1:14:11 Traveling gnomes Timothy and Tabitha in Gordy’s photos
1:18:00 Chris Hadfield’s approach to life
1:19:03 ‘Gordy’ on PPRuNe, Redding Air Service, happy to answer any questions
1:23:06 Sponsors trainmorepilots.com – marketing tip, using the tool snip.ly

Links from this week’s episode:
Gordy is Director of Operations at Redding Air Service
The King Fire in 2014 was one mentioned in the interview.
Chicken Wings Comics Forum
Twitter account for the Gnomes

Gordy Cox flying on a fire in Idaho, 2008

Plastic Sphere Device – Incendiary balls

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_54CEBAE6D9C2A").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"54CEBAE6D9C2A","width":600,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Fire Helicopter Pumpkin dip","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"ZiGuz5OakEc"}");

Gordy’s two gnomes Timothy and Tabitha on an adventure to the Pacific for a satellite launch

We got to fly the other day… @Sea_Launch @Eutelsat_SA pic.twitter.com/Nm0fnFRbUk

— Timothy & Tabitha (@Timothy_Tabitha) May 24, 2014

Video footage of the Twin Falls Helitack crews 2013 fire season. Credits: David Frey
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_54CCB0EF9D2A8").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"54CCB0EF9D2A8","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Helicopter Firefighting","description":"Helicopter Firefighting Twin Falls video Helitack","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"jdZrfGlO86w"}");

Heli-torch operations for backburning – like napalm!
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_54CCB26D88E57").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"54CCB26D88E57","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Helicopter Fire lighting - Helitorch","description":"Helicopter Fire lighting - Helitorch - starting backburning fires from the air","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"VMkppjltStc"}");

Its almost impossible to put a fire out, what we do is manage it.
Click To Tweet

You get to know everyone on the crew. It really is like a family. Work hard, play hard.
Click To Tweet

Redding Air Service bucket trials in 1957

Picking up ground crew – beats walking out

Many thanks to Gordy ‘G-man’ Cox for sharing his fire fighting experience with us.

Have a question for Gordy or tips on firefighting with helicopters? Was this episode too long, should it have been two parts? Let us know in the comments.

The post RWS 20 – Aerial Firefighting with Gordy Cox appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Feb 01 2015

1hr 25mins

Play

Rank #13: RWS 9 – Never Work a Day in your Life with John Eacott

Podcast cover
Read more

John Eacott is heavily involved in aviation in and out of the cockpit

John Eacott’s aviation career has spanned 49 years and he’s still adding time on top of that today as an active commercial pilot.

He has spent a huge amount of time flying over oceans as an ex-Royal Navy pilot and multiple stints in the oil industry.

He is also the first nuclear qualified helicopter pilot I’ve ever spoken to and we cover that in the interview.

John has worked for several of the larger companies as well as owned his own helicopter company.

Police, firefighting, aerial photography, banner towing, charter, heli-skiiing, traffic reporting, longlining and film flying – you name it – including flying in antarctica. – John has done it.

He is also heavily involved in the industry outside the cockpit being a long time member and office holder in The Honourable Company of Air Pilots and is a frequent contributor to online forums.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

00:50 49 years in aviation
01:53 Meet John Eacott
02:25 6 yrs old and wanted to be a pilot
03:40 Into the Royal Navy
04:40 Flying training and Wings
06:10 Wessex helicopter on Anti-submarine operations
08:30 Sea King trials unit and introduction to service
10:20 Travelling the globe
10:50 Nuclear depth charges
12:00 SAR
13:08 Nigeria time on oil and gas with Alouettes and floats
15:04 North Sea flying 212s living on the rigs
17:10 1979 working out of Derby and Broome (Australia)
19:30 OMEGA navigation system
21:40 Navigating off a plotting board
23:53 Okanagan Helicopters Australia and S-61
26:02 Bombay and getting engaged
27:55 S-76s in Bass Strait and IFR helicopter operations
29:22 Victorian Police Air Wing (Dauphin)
30:58 TV stations and National Safety Council
31:45 Bob Jane T-Marts and V8 Super Cars
32:40 Low level filming accident
35:05 NSW Fire Fighting
37:05 Trained reactions in emergency
38:30 Twin engine emergencies
39:50 Airmanship
43:42 Guild of Air Pilots
44:40 Pilot-less helicopters
46:30 Aviator – not a systems operator
47:45 Flag flying with BK117
49:55 Antartica helicopter operations
53:50 Iceberg breaking off
56:20 Freedom of the City and Guild Livery, Master Air Pilot No. 1144
57:25 Tips for new pilots
1:02:20 Leave a comment on the blog
1:02:48 Pilot recruiting interview – send in your questions to feedback@rotarywingshow.com
1:03:50 Sponsors trainmorepilots.com

John on his trip in Antarctica

Links from this week’s episode:
John’s Aerial Photo Gallery
The Honorable Company of Air Pilots

I’ve never worked a day in my life. I’ve just flown for a living. Its not a job, its a vocation.
Click To Tweet

The controls would actually go the opposite way of what you wanted, which was character building.
Click To Tweet

A calm day in the North Sea is 20kts. #helicopters
Click To Tweet

Royal Navy Wessex similar to what John flew

A BK117 of John’s in the Victorian Ski Fields

As usual, please feel free to continue the conversation in the comments.

The post RWS 9 – Never Work a Day in your Life with John Eacott appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Sep 22 2014

1hr 4mins

Play

Rank #14: RWS 16 – Helicopter Instructing Tips with Philip Greenspun

Podcast cover
Read more

Philip Greenspun is a helicopter instructor in Boston, USA Photo Credit:Ellis Vener
Educating or instructing can be it’s own skill set regardless of the actual content taught. Philip Greenspun is a MIT lecturer and a flight instructor and shares his own approach to flying training.

If you are a helicopter instructor or in a check & training role then brush up your thought processes as we chat to Philip about his experiences and about flying training.

If you are currently a student going through training then you will have a chance to think a little bit more about what you are being taught and what it all actually means when it comes to the application in the air.

Philip has written some great articles about flying, instructing, aircraft type reviews and cross country touring that are worth a read.

You’ll find links to resources and sites mentioned in the show further down the page.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

00:50 G20 conference
02:10 Movember
02:45 Instructor renewal and study tool ANKI
03:50 Philip Greenspun intro
06:00 How to teach people to hover
10:10 Putting the helicopter at risk
10:50 East Coast Aeroclub – Boston
12:30 Teaching autorotations
15:10 Aircraft attitude
17:00 How much a student can cope with
18:30 Blending lecturing and engineering methodology into flight instruction
23:20 Teaching philosophy – Paul Cantrell, Mike Rhodes
25:30 The point of teaching something – autorotation flare speed, mast bumping, low RRPM examples
28:30 Learning a checklist
31:00 Briefing format
31:40 Flight school software
33:30 Favourite aviation experiences
36:00 Where has flying taken you around the world/US
38:30 Feedback from people about flying articles
40:30 philip.greenspun.com website
43:30 How to get more website visitors
45:30 Angel flights
49:30 Tips that you wished you knew earlier
50:30 Instrument flying focus on the AI
53:20 Sponsors trainmorepilots.com
53:50 Get involved – Rotary Wing show on social media
54:30 Question of the day

Links from this week’s episode:
Philip’s website
East Coast Aero Club
Movember charity sponsor page
Anki Flashcard Tool

Philip gives a walk through of the East Coast Aero Club:

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_546AA20F61D74").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"546AA20F61D74","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Philip Greenspun East Coast Aero Club","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"e77tSRaOKso"}");



Be part of the conversation around this episode by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 16 – Helicopter Instructing Tips with Philip Greenspun appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Nov 18 2014

55mins

Play

Rank #15: RWS 60 – 20 Crew Resource Management Diamonds with Randy Mains

Podcast cover
Read more

Randy Mains has operated across many parts of the helicopter industry (military, mustering, instructing, EMS, VIP and more). He has a special interest in helicopter crew resource management.

As helicopter systems, engineering and processes continue to get safer, the human component becomes the focus to further improvements in accident rates. Randy Mains shares his 20 CRM Diamonds in this interview.

Randy Mains was 22 years old when he deployed to Vietnam to fly UH-1H Hueys. On return to the US with over 1000 combat flight hours and a Distinguished Flying Cross (Randy shares the story of this in the interview) he found the US helicopter market flooded with other returned aircrew.

A night with a friend over a shared case of Australian beer resulted with Randy flying in Australia on remote outback cattle stations before a stint in PNG.

Later, souring of Iranian international relationships saw Randy leaving a Bell instructor trainer position on the last civil flight out of Iran. Taking up an emergency medical services (EMS) pilot role in Texas then became the start of Randy’s long and continued focus in this part of the industry. It is where much of the focus of his books and CRM training efforts are focused.

In the US the EMS sector seems to have a high proportion of single engine, single pilot VFR/IFR operations compared with twin engine, two pilot IFR operations in other countries. He has had a number of close calls himself including inadvertent IMC (flying into cloud) and approaching to night flare lit sites with overhead wires.

Randy’s later experiences flying in the middle east and simulator check and training with pilots from around the world gave him the chance to see how EMS is done in other countries.

Since then Randy has returned to the US with a focus on reducing the EMS accident rate and with in the helicopter industry in general. Randy is a regular columnist with Rotorcraft Pro magazine, a speaker at medical and helicopter events, author and runs a Crew Resource Management Instructor course focused on helicopters.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the show on Patreon
Crew Resource Management Instructor Course
Randy Main’s Website

“Antennas Up” – a visual prompt to remaining vigilant and looking for a link in the error chain forming

Do you have a question for Randy about helicopter crew resource management or about something mentioned in the episode that you want to ask? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 60 – 20 Crew Resource Management Diamonds with Randy Mains appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Oct 17 2017

Play

Rank #16: RWS 67 – Falklands War from a Wessex Cockpit with Harry Benson

Podcast cover
Read more

As a 21 yr old Harry Benson experienced the Falklands War from the cockpit of a Wessex helicopter. Years later he has caught up with squadron mates to bring together an amazing collection of stories from the helicopter side of the war.

6834 nautical miles south west of London in the South Atlantic some amazing helicopter stories were being lived out during the Falklands War. Many of these were even unknown to the other aircrew flying in the same operational area.

Harry Benson was there as a 21 yr old pilot and many years later has interviewed 45 of his fellow aircrew and pieced together the story of the helicopter side of that conflict. You can read the result in the book Scram!: The Gripping First-Hand Account of the Helicopter War in the Falklands.

Scram was the radio codeword for inbound Argentine jets and the ‘actions on’ for helicopter crews was to find a depression and land the helicopter as quickly as they could to minimise the chance of being sighted.

Logistically getting the UK forces down to the Falklands was an amazing feat as everything had to go by sea or be dropped into the ocean from the air. Helicopters were crammed onto vessels wherever they could fit. A requisitioned Cunard container ship ‘Atlantic Conveyor’ carried a cargo of six Wessex helicopters from 848 Naval Air Squadron and RAF Chinook HC.1s from No. 18 Squadron RAF. At Ascension Island, the halfway point, she picked up eight Fleet Air Arm Sea Harriers (809 Squadron) and six RAF Harrier GR.3 jump jets.

Atlantic Conveyor underway to Falklands with a Wessex on Spot 1.The Atlantic Conveyor was sunk by two Exocet missiles with the loss of 3 Chinooks, 6 Wessex and a Lynx. This had a big impact on the course of events as it only left 15 troop-carrying helicopters available for the ground force breakout from the landing area – 10 Seakings, 5 Wessex and a single 1 Chinook. The Chinook remained the only one in theatre for the rest of the war can could forward position 4 fuel blivets/’bollocks’ vs the Seaking’s one.

The harsh South Atlantic weather proved one of the biggest challenges for aircrew rather than enemy action. Harry tells the story of his port engine shutting down due to heavy snow blocking the intake. At times aircraft had to hover taxi next to cliffs above the waves due to poor visibility in fog.

Unloading a Wessex on a bleak Falkland hillside.

Just some of the stories in the book:

    • Going head to head with fast jets
    • Sneak single aircraft mission with missile strike on Argentine high command
    • Rescues of sailors off burning ships
    • One way Seaking flight to Argentina mainland to assault airbase
    • Radalts going from 30′ to 200′ flying over glaciers
    • SAS missions in 60kt winds
    • Getting low on fuel and shutting down one engine
    • Night unaided casualty evacuations from front line

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon
World Helicopter Day – Register Your Event
Scram!: The Gripping First-Hand Account of the Helicopter War in the Falklands
Junglie – Seaking pilot fiction novel by Harry Benson
Special Forces Pilot: A Flying Memoir of the Falkland War – Story of the Seaking raid on Argentina
Historic Helicopters – UK helicopter event

HMS Fearless in San Carlos, during the Falklands War. Typical of the ships that the helicopter fleet was flying to and the barren terrain of the islands in the background.HMS Hermes was due to be decommissioned in 1982 after a 1981 defence review (that would have made the Royal Navy considerably smaller) by the British government, but when the Falklands War broke out, she was made the flagship of the British forces, setting sail for the South Atlantic just three days after the Argentine invasion of the Falkland Islands. She sailed for the Falklands with an airgroup of 12 Sea Harrier FRS1 attack aircraft of the Royal Navy’s Fleet Air Arm, and 18 Sea King helicopters.

Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 67 – Falklands War from a Wessex Cockpit with Harry Benson appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Jul 26 2018

1hr 14mins

Play

Rank #17: RWS 62 – Snohomish County Helicopter Rescue Team

Podcast cover
Read more

HRT’s UH-1 helicopter at 8,000 feet and litter with patient on the wire after a 500ft fall on mountain side.

Nestled in the north west corner of the US, just north of Seattle is Snohomish County and the operating base of their Helicopter Rescue Team. The HRT conducts approximately 80 rescues a year, predominantly mountain rescues of hikers. Two of their team, Chris Moriarty and Bill Quistorf, took the time out for a chat about their setup, the operating area and its challenges and the skill sets within the organisation.

The Snohomish County Helicopter Rescue Team operates 2 helicopters.

SnoHawk 10 is a highly modified Vietnam era Bell UH-1H – Fast Fin and tailboom strake kit, Bell 205 tail boom, Bell 212 Tail rotor/gearboxes, more powerful Lycoming T53-L703, Garmin G500H’s, NVG-compatible cockpit – which is the main workhorse for rescue missions and training. It is a beautiful looking ship. A typical mission would include 5 crew and a range of role equipment operating up to 9000′ elevation. Depending on the nature of the site and casualties the crew may have to offload people and equipment and/or burn fuel for sufficient power margin.

Chris Moriarty is a Rescue Technician (or Tech) with HRT. And Bill Quistorf is the organisation Chief Pilot.

SnoHawk 1 is a Hughes 500-P (military NOH-6P) which flew in Vietnam with Alpha Troop, 3/17 Air Cavalry. It was a specially modified machine for covert CIA/Air America style missions with 4 bladed tail-rotor, an extra main rotor blade and (now removed) oversized engine exhaust muffler. SnoHawk 1 can provide law enforcement and missing persons support. It was used to fly more regular police patrols but budget reductions have curtailed the flying hours possible.

The HRT team itself is unusual in that it consists of only a few full time salaried members and then a pool of approximately 30 volunteers who man a roster. Skill sets of the volunteers include rescue technicians, flight medics, crew chiefs, pilots, and ground support personnel. These people have their own separate day jobs and interests that then come together to form the capability. On any particular day when the HRT is activated the rostered on team members will meet at the ‘Taylor’s Landing’ base and assess the callout mission.

Team training is conducted twice a week. A number of other agencies also use the base facility for training and there is a tower mounted Huey frame avaliable for rappelling drills.

Mountain rescue makes up most of the HRT callouts. Note the cloud ceiling on the hills in background.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon
Snohomish HRT Website
Snohomish HRT Facebook

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_5A8E65D6C0C56").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"5A8E65D6C0C56","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Snohawk10 Walk Around with Bill Quistorf","description":"Snohawk10 Walk Around with Bill Quistorf","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"Ygmzs9DUKGo"}");

Chief Pilot Bill Quistorf with Dr. Drew Scheele who flew the HRT’s Hughes 500-P (military NOH-6P) in Vietnam with Alpha Troop, 3/17 Air Cavalry.

Do you have a question about Snohomish County Helicopter Rescue Team’s operations? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 62 – Snohomish County Helicopter Rescue Team appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Feb 22 2018

Play

Rank #18: RWS 22 – Kiowa Warrior in Iraq with Robert Mills

Podcast cover
Read more

CWO2 Robert Mills did two deployments to Iraq flying the Kiowa Warrior.

Blackdeath 23 was Robert Mill’s callsign in an Air Cavalry Unit operating the Kiowa Warrior in Iraq. Robert has published his journal as a book of the same name covering his two tours in Iraq and the daily challenges of operating a scout helicopter in that environment.

The Bell OH-58D Kiowa Warrior is a light scout helicopter operated by the US Army and based on the Bell 407 Jetranger – but with a heap of extras bolted on.

  • 2 seats, 2 crew
  • 4 bladed main rotor
  • rear cabin occupied by electronics and power boxes
  • rockets, hellfire missile, stinger air-to-air missile, 50Cal gun external load points
  • mast mounted sight

Robert deployed to Iraq the first time fresh out of flight school and learnt on-the-job. In the book you get an immersion into the routine of combat flying ops and what it was like for aircrew in this particular theatre.

In this episode we cover some of the background to the stories and incidents in the book from an aviation viewpoint. The interview also acts as introduction to the flying conditions you might encounter should you find yourself in Iraq one day.

Want a power management pilot? Get an OH58 guy. When you pick it up, you are in the yellow all the time.
Click To Tweet

At the time of recording the Kiowa is being retired from US service with the possibility of airframes being sold overseas. That will leave the US Army fleets as an all multi-engine fleet. The Kiowa’s role will be picked up by a mix of Apache and UAVs amid considerable commentary whether this is a good idea or not.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

In this week’s episode:

01:25 Professionalism quote
01:50 New CASA licence
02:30 World Helicopter Day – get involved
03:30 Flying Kiowa in Iraq with Robert Mills author of Blackdeath23
04:50 Joining up as a military pilot
06:40 Why choose Kiowa
08:20 Kiowa aircraft intro and walkaround
11:15 What’s in the rear cabin area?
12:25 Officers vs Warrant Officer pilot streams
14:10 85 flight hours on arrival into Iraq
17:30 Country brief for flying conditions – its hot… its cold
20:20 Best solution for drinking water in the cockpit – the sock method
22:40 Terrain and elevations
24:05 Retrans station resupply
25:31 Flying low over the built up areas
27:06 Kite hazard
28:10 Dust storms
29:48 Impact on the machines
31:30 Preparing aircraft for quarantine exit clearance
33:40 A typical daily routine in theatre
37:30 Equipment that would take in aircraft
39:40 M4 rifle on the glareshield and armour
44:35 Escalation of force and range training
46:42 Soccer balls and crayons
48:45 Night flying on the Syrian border
50:30 Dust landings in Kuwait
52:25 American Sniper movie/book
53:15 Returning after doing the ultimate mission – challenges
56:06 EMS flying – from taking lives to saving lives
57:20 Get the book
58:36 Sponsors trainmorepilots.com

Links from this week’s episode:
Blackdeath23 Book Website – see more about the book
World Helicopter Day

A compilation of Kiowa Warrior videos
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_54E434970D610").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"54E434970D610","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Kiowa Warrior clips","description":"Video of Kiowa Warrior helicopter on close air support","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"srWW1xf_5FY"}");

Physical conditioning is important. 135deg, its hot. You go through a lot of water!
Click To Tweet

Robert in front of his daily ride

Urban flight ops in Iraq – watch out for the kites…

Look at all the stuff hanging off it! Not your standard Bell Jetranger.

Might find the kite string wrapped around your PCLs or swashplate
Click To Tweet

Completely dusted out. It’s in your cockpit, it’s in your nose, it’s everywhere. Like sandpaper in your eyes while keeping a/c stable.
Click To Tweet

Questions / comments? Be part of the conversation in the comments section below.

The post RWS 22 – Kiowa Warrior in Iraq with Robert Mills appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Feb 18 2015

59mins

Play

Rank #19: RWS 13 – Helicopter Longlining with Andre Hutchings

Podcast cover
Read more

Andre Hutchings is an experienced helicopter longline pilot and instructor Photo:LA Helicopters

Do you remember how humbling it felt first learning to hover? If you ever want to experience that feeling again then give longlining a go.

The ability for helicopters to move equipment and loads to remote or hard to reach locations makes them incredibly useful machines. Helicopter longlining notches that capability up several levels of awesomeness.

There are utility helicopter pilots the world over that earn their living through this challenging skillset and today we get to find out a bit more about what is involved.

Andre Hutchings is an experienced longline pilot and instructor. We catch Andre between trips to Afghanistan where he is introducing longline work to the military forces there and resupplying outposts. Where you hear in this interview is a super condensed ‘how-to’ longline lesson so get ready to take some notes.

You’ll find links to resources and sites mentioned in the show further down the page.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

00:55 Listener feedback – Brett from Melbourne, Australia
02:07 Leave a review here
02:20 Movember charity event for men’s health – sponsor Mick here
03:25 Future project – if you want to promote helicopters worldwide get in touch
04:02 Quote of the week
04:56 Welcome Andre Hutchings – longing and vertical reference
05:30 Longline work in Afghanistan with US military
06:58 First flying experience – L.A. , instructing, L.A. police department, Columbia Helicopters, MD500, Vertol, Chinooks, country manager in Afghanistan
08:10 Compressed longlining course into an interview
08:30 Volomission longline training company
09:25 Vertical reference vs longline
12:35 Some of the more interesting external loads
13:49 What makes a good longline machine
15:11 Human factors, seating position, fatigue, single pilot
17:34 Preflight planning, load weights, load order, distance, fuel
18:50 Weight and balance, load flight characteristics
20:28 Equipment – hook check, lines, nets, briefings
23:29 Line materials – steel vs synthetic, jacket, electrical line
26:34 Taglines
27:29 Groundcrew and signals
29:44 Aircraft pickup, taking up the slack, lifting the hook clear
33:09 Hooking up the load / transition
37:28 Loads in flight – turns, rolling in and out, spinning loads
39:22 Approach, judging height, speeds
41:40 Correcting a swing
43:25 Cocking off for wind and sight picture
45:06 Christmas trees
46:56 Releasing the load and rigging
51:09 Flight emergencies
53:08 Where people go wrong with longlining
56:23 Remoted instruments
57:34 Volomission longlining course structure
1:01:40 info@volomission.com / volomission.com
1:03:46 Show sponsors trainmorepilots.com

Links from this week’s episode:
Volomission – Longline training courses
Movemeber charity sponsor page

LA Helicopters Longline Course (rebranding as Volomission)

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_544DABC4483A9").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"544DABC4483A9","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Helicopter Longline Training Course","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"Ybq0d0G0zM0"}");

Dont’ try this at home! This is the Christmas tree video we talk about in the episode.

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_544DAC4C59B0B").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"544DAC4C59B0B","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Helicopter Christmas Trees","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"08K_aEajzNA"}");

Be part of the conversation around this episode by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 13 – Helicopter Longlining with Andre Hutchings appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Oct 27 2014

1hr 4mins

Play

Rank #20: RWS 65 – Night Aerial Firefighting with Richard Butterworth

Podcast cover
Read more

Richard Butterworth spent time in the military, instructing and EMS before taking up a role at Kestrel Aviation in support of a night firefighting capability.

Helicopters are amazing assets to have working in a bush firefighting role. Every year around the world they contribute to lives saved and property damage avoided. Now for the first time in Australia we are starting to see the move into night time firebombing operations.

Richard Butterworth is head of training at Kestrel Aviation based in Mangalore, Victoria. It is about 1 1/2 hours drive north of Melbourne. Kestrel has been developing a night aerial firefighting capability and has put a significant amount of private investment behind Richard, their other staff and equipment to become the first Australian operator to gain CASA approval.

Don’t forget to check out past episodes on Helicopter NVG flying and Aerial Fire Fighting

Dropping water on a fire during trials – part of final approval from CASA to commence live, night-time aerial firefighting.

Internationally night firefighting with helicopters goes back a surprisingly long way.

“On June 16, 1974, the first night water drops were made on a wildfire on the Angeles National Forest with Los Angeles County Fire Department’s Bell 204B helicopter, equipped with a fixed tank”

“In 1977, an L.A. County Fire helicopter and the USFS Rose Valley helicopter collided while inbound to a heliport on the Angeles National Forest”

After this collision, night firefighting was essentially canned until 2005 when it again became an operational capability in the US. The quotes above have come from this article which gives a pretty good run down on the history. There is a ‘Part 2’ of the article too.

Dropping water low level at night on fires while flying on NVGs at first glance looks like ‘risky’ business. As you’ll hear from Richard in the interview they have taken a very slow step by step process to building the capability up and have done so using existing frameworks and procedures already in place that govern night flight and aerial firefighting. They have then just incorporated them together.

It is not an activity that just any company can turn around do. Aside from procedures and regulator legal instruments you also first need experienced NVD crews with extensive day firefighting time, access to goggles, NVG compatible aircraft modifications, an aerial platform with waterdrop equipment and supporting ground crews. So don’t expect this to come cheap for fire agencies and governments.

The benefits on a fire scene range from not just the extended hours avaliable (Richard also talks about the daylight hours lost on current fires due to morning briefing requirements) but also the generally calmer conditions and colder temperatures reducing the intensity and speed of fires. This ‘quietening’ of the fireground provides more of a chance to affect the outcome with water drops.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon
World Helicopter Day – Register Your Event
Kestrel Aviation Website
Jocko Podcast

Ground filling of water tanks for night firefighting – provides aircrew a chance to catch a break.

Trials moved onto proving hover fill capability at night too.

Another shot inbound on fire at night for trials.

Richard Butterworth is one of the Kestrel Aviation pilots instrumental to the development of the night capability – here in front of the Bell 412 used during the trials.

(Photos supplied)

Do you have a question for Richard and the Kestrel crews about night firefighting? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 65 – Night Aerial Firefighting with Richard Butterworth appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Jun 07 2018

Play