Rank #1: Not by Bread Alone: The Power of Fasting
Enhance your prayer life, enhance your spiritual growth, develop self-discipline, and improve your health, all at the same time! This teaching about fasting gears us up for the Forty Days of Repentance. Based on a text in parashat Ekev, we take a look at fasting not only as a spiritual discipline but also at as a source of physical benefits for health and longevity. Here are some useful links about the health benfits of Intermittent Fasting and OMAD (One Meal a Day). Time Magazine: What Is Intermittent Fasting And Is It Actually Good For You? Healthline: Intermittent Fasting 101 The Beginner’s Guide to Intermittent Fasting One Meal a Day Diet Delay, Don’t Deny
Rank #2: Enslaved to the Gods
Does Paul rebuke Gentiles for observing the biblical calendar? If not, how do we understand Galatians 4:9-10? "How can you turn back again to the weak and worthless elementary principles of the world, whose slaves you want to be once more? You observe days and months and seasons and years!" (Galatians 4:9).
Rank #3: Abba! Father!
The Spirit of Messiah cries out from within the inner being of the believer, "Abba! Father!" Both Jewish and Gentile believers have received the adoption as sons, not just sons of Abraham, but as the sons of God. In this teaching from Galatians, Paul warns the God-fearers not to be enslaved again by the pagan elementary principles of the world thorugh observing days, months, season, and years.
Rank #4: Save Yourself from this Generation
"Every generation in which the Temple is not rebuilt, is considered guilty of its destruction." Our Master knew that baseless hatred was the sin which was going to cause his generation to forfeit the redemption and go into exile. Therefore he called upon his generation to repent, and by repent, he meant, "Love God," and "Love one another." Love is at the center of his Gospel message. Why was the second Temple destroyed at a time when people occupied themselves with the study of Torah, the observance of the commandments, and the practice of charity? Because baseless hatred prevailed within them. (b.Yoma 9b)
Rank #5: Neither Jew nor Greek
In Messiah, "there is neither Jew nor Greek," so that makes us all the same? Wrong! When Paul declares that there is no difference between Jew and Gentile in Messiah, he does not mean to imply that Jews and Gentiles forfeit their unique roles and identities. This important teaching compares "One New Man Theology" and "One Law Theology," revealing them to be two sides of the same coin of replacement theology. One Law is the end of Jewish identity for Jewish believers. In its place comes a new pseudo-Jewish/Gentile identity in which differentiation between the two vanishes.
Rank #6: Passover the Seed of Abraham
How long were the children of Israel in Egypt? Was it 430years? If so, how do we account for 430 years over only three generations? In Galatians 3, Paul employs a rabbinic tradition about the duration of Israel's sojourn in Egypt, interprets the "seed of Abraham" as a reference to Messiah, and compares the Torah to a competing inheritance document.
Rank #7: The Pedagogue
"We were held captive under the law ... imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed ... but now that faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian" (Galatians 3:23-26). This difficult saying is understood to mean, "The Torah was only a guardian until faith in Messiah came, but now that the Messiah is here, we are no longer under the Torah's authority, therefore the Torah has been done away with." This teaching takes a look at Paul's analogy in which the Torah and Jewish status is compared to a paidagogos, a guardian-slave entrusted with the care and supervision of a child.
Rank #8: Humility
Humility is one of the primary qualities of the soul emphasized by our Master Yeshua. The mussar teachers say that humility is the root of divine service, and a necessary foundation for acquiring any other good traits. While humility is often discussed, it is not always well understood. Learn how true humility leads to joy, courage, and inner dignity.
Rank #9: Talui: The Hanged One
What does it mean that Messiah has become a curse? Paul says, "Messiah redeemed us from the curse of the Torah by becoming a curse for us" (Galatians 3:13). Paul reinvents a popular anti-Yeshua taunt derived from Deuteronomy 21:22-23 to argue that the Messiah's suffering and death releases those who rely upon him from the cruse of the Torah.
Rank #10: The Torah is not of Faith
Paul says, "The Torah is not faith." This seems to imply that, if you want to be a person of faith, the one thing you chould not do is observe the Torah. Does this make sense? In Galatians 3:11-12, Paul quotes Leviticus 18:5 and Habakkuk 2:4 in a manner consistent with rabbinic interpretation to establish that it is not the hearers of the Torah who will be declared righteous but the doers of the Torah.