Audio recordings of Peterson Perspectives interviews with Peterson Institute for International Economics research staff, analyzing current economic and political events.
Audio recordings of Peterson Perspectives interviews with Peterson Institute for International Economics research staff, analyzing current economic and political events.
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#32 Earning Your Stripes with Patrick Collison. On this episode of the Knowledge Project Podcast, I chat with Patrick Collison, co-founder and CEO of the leading online payment processing company, Stripe. If you’ve purchased anything online recently, there’s a good chance that Stripe facilitated the transaction. What is now an organization with over a thousand employees and handling tens of billions of dollars of online purchases every year, began as a small side experiment while Patrick and his brother John were going to college. During our conversation, Patrick shares the details of their unlikely journey and some of the hard-earned wisdom he picked up along the way. I hope you have something handy to write with because the nuggets per minute in this episode are off the charts. Patrick was so open and generous with his responses that I’m really excited for you to hear what he has to say. Here are just a few of the things we cover: The biggest (and most valuable) mistakes Patrick made in the early days of Stripe and how they helped him get better The characteristics that Patrick looks for in a new hire to fit and contribute to the Stripe company culture What compelled he and his brother to move forward with the early concept of Stripe, even though on paper it was doomed to fail from the start The gaps Patrick saw in the market that dozens of other processing companies were missing — and how he capitalized on them The lessons Patrick learned from scaling Stripe from two employees (he and his brother) to nearly 1,000 today How he evaluates the upsides and potential dangers of speculative positions within the company How his Irish upbringing influenced his ability to argue and disagree without taking offense (and how we can all be a little more “Irish”) The power of finding the right peer group in your social and professional circles and how impactful and influential it can be in determining where you end up. The 4 ways Patrick has modified his decision making process over the last 5 years and how it’s helped him develop as a person and as a business leader (this part alone is worth the listen) Patrick’s unique approach to books and how he chooses what he’s going to spend his time reading ...life in Silicon Valley, Baumol’s cost disease, and so, so much more. Patrick truly is one of the most warm, humble and down to earth people I’ve had the pleasure to speak with and I thoroughly enjoyed our conversation together. I hope you will too! *** For comprehensive show notes on this episode, including a full edited transcript, go to https://www.fs.blog/podcast/ My free weekly Brain Food digest helps you upgrade your thinking. Don't miss out, sign up at https://www.fs.blog/newsletter/ Follow Shane on Twitter (https://twitter.com/farnamstreet)
Airbnb's Brian Chesky in Handcrafted. If you want your company to truly scale, you first have to do things that don't scale. Handcraft the core experience. Get your hands dirty. Serve your customers one-by-one. And don't stop until you know exactly what they want. That's what Brian Chesky did. As CEO of Airbnb, Brian’s early work was more akin to a traveling salesman. He takes us back to his lean years – when he went door-to-door, meeting Airbnb hosts in person – and shares the imaginative route to crafting what he calls an "11-star experience.”
Rahul Moodgal - Master Fund Raiser (Capital Allocators, EP.87). Rahul Moodgal has spent 20 years as a fund raiser across long only strategies, hedge funds, fund of funds, customized solutions, start-ups, and non-profits. Collectively, Rahul has raised and helped raise $60 billion for firms since 2005. He started his career in the industry at powerhouse TT International, and later joined The Children’s Investment Fund (TCI) where he led the marketing effort that raised $20 billion in just 3½ years. Within TCI’s affiliate model, Rahul also was responsible for the largest India fund raise in history ($1 billion for TCI New Horizon Fund), and the largest sector fund launch in history ($1.1 billion for Algebris Investments). Our conversation covers capital raising lessons learned from teaching, the value of transparency, the gold rush before 2008, the lean times afterwards, modern fee structures, the three key points to effective marketing, the three traits that will kill you, the two biggest issues start-up funds face, the best questions asked by leading allocators, and some of the worst horror stories in attempted capital raising. We close comparing by fund raising for charities and investment firms. Learn More Discuss show and Read the Transcript Join Ted's mailing list at CapitalAllocatorsPodcast.com Join the Capital Allocators Forum Write a review on iTunes Follow Ted on twitter at @tseides For more episodes go to CapitalAllocatorsPodcast.com/Podcast
Vanguard's Joe Davis Discusses Global Economics (Podcast). Bloomberg Opinion columnist Barry Ritholtz interviews Joseph H. Davis, global chief economist at The Vanguard Group. Davis is also head of Vanguard's investment strategy group and a member of the senior portfolio management team for Vanguard's fixed income group, which oversees more than $500 billion in assets under management. He earned his doctorate in macroeconomics and finance at Duke University.
Rank #1: 53: Deep Focus: Energy transition in the next EU institutional cycle. When the dust settles after the recent European elections, and as the new Commission takes office, the problem of climate change - and its accompanying policy challenges - will remain one of the EU's chief agenda items.One significant facet is the transition of Europe's energy generation to more renewable sources. The EU has to find a way to decarbonise particular sectors much more quickly than has been managed so far, while allowing for and managing the distributional consequences of such policies for the continent's population.Simone Tagliapietra has co-written a research paper on energy transition with his Bruegel colleague Georg Zachmann, as well as Jean-Michel Glachant, director of the Florence School of Regulation; Pedro Linares, professor at Universidad Pontificia Comillas; Andreas Loeschel, professor at the University of Muenster; and Ottmar Edenhofer, director and chief economist at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research.If you would like to read more on this topic, we suggest Simone Tagliapietra's article the geopolitical implications of the global energy transition. Equally, we recommend an episode of our Backstage podcast series, where the same scholar hosts a discussion on the next decade of energy transition in Europe with Sir Philip Lowe, former director general at the European Commission, DG ENER, and Alberto Pototschnig, director at the European Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER).
Rank #2: 46: Backstage: Ukraine's economic and political outlook. The keyword in Ukraine right now is ‘uncertainty’, as the country prepares to elect a new parliament in July only a few months after electing a new president. Not only will the new government have a role in stabilising and growing the economy following the 2014-15 economic crisis, but they will face the challenge of a large debt repayment during their term while dealing with an aggressive Russia. In a political climate that is known for being corrupt and not respecting the rule of law, there are opportunities to change the country beyond economic policy. In this episode of the Backstage podcast series, Giuseppe Porcaro, head of communications and events at Bruegel, hosts non-resident fellow Marek Dabrowski and Hlib Vyshlinsky, executive director at the Centre for Economic Strategy (CES) to discuss the opportunities for the new government and the best recipe of reforms. For further reading, we recommend this blog post written by Marek Dabrowski about Ukraine’s struggle for reform, as well as this policy contribution on Ukraine’s unfinished reform agenda.
Rank #1: Growing Pains: Malawi’s Struggle with Hunger, Climate Change. Extreme weather has hit Malawi’s economy hard over the last two years. Severe flooding followed by a drought—the worst in its history—caused widespread crop failure and placed 6.7 million people at risk of starvation. But a remarkable humanitarian effort helped reduce the impact of the drought on the most vulnerable segment of the population. An increase by the IMF to the amount of resources it provides to Malawi, as well as sizable contributions from Malawi’s development partners like the World Food Program and the World Bank, enabled the country to address the worst humanitarian crisis in its history. In this feature podcast, we hear from the small-scale farmers beset by the effects of climate change, beneficiaries of food aid including school children, and key players within the various agencies who were faced with making tough decisions in the throes of a major food crisis. Contributors: Oral Williams: IMF Mission Chief for Malawi Jack Ree: IMF Resident Representative in Malawi Goodall Gondwe: Malawi’s Finance Minister Ben Botolo: Malawi’s Secretary to the Treasury Coco Ushiyama: World Food Program Representative for Malawi Roisin DeBurca: Unicef’s Deputy Director for Malawi Laura Kullenberg: Country Manager for the World Bank in Malawi Richard Record: Senior Country Economist for the World Bank in Malawi
Rank #2: Electronic Invoicing Reform in Peru Paying Off . The use of digital technologies is transforming how tax administrations operate, helping to improve efficiency and service delivery. A striking example has been Peru's adoption of electronic invoicing, which allows the automatic transfer of billing information between firms and the tax authority. Drawn by its potential to strengthen tax compliance and reduce costs, Peru is among more than 50 countries around the world to have implemented e-invoicing and many others are preparing to follow suit. IMF economists Salma Khalid and Matthieu Bellon have been studying the impact of Peru's mandatory e-invoicing reform that started back in 2014. Their research paper will be published this fall. Salma Khalid is an economist in the Western Hemisphere Department and Matthieu Bellon is an economist in the Fiscal Affairs Department at the IMF.
Rank #1: 95: Is China a Currency Manipulator?. Keynes and Bown discuss the Trump administration’s decision to name China a currency manipulator. They are joined by former IMF Chief Economist Maury Obstfeld (PIIE, Berkeley), Joseph Gagnon (PIIE), and Alice Fulwood (The Economist), who help explain what affects the value of the US dollar, the history of Chinese currency manipulation, the challenge of identifying a country as a currency manipulator, and the implications of the Trump administration’s actions today. Read more… Soumaya Keynes. The Trump administration labels China a currency manipulator. The complaint is more than a bit muddled. The Economist, August 6, 2019.Alan Beattie. Donald Trump sets a toothless dog loose on China. Making the ‘currency manipulator’ designation now is logically incomprehensible. Financial Times. August 6, 2019.C. Fred Bergsten and Joseph E. Gagnon. Currency Conflict and Trade Policy: A New Strategy for the United States. Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2017.
Rank #2: 94: The Fed and the Trade War, with Adam Posen. Adam Posen (Peterson Institute for International Economics) joins Keynes and Bown to discuss the US Federal Reserve’s decision to cut interest rates for the first time in 10 years. They describe the uncertainty facing central bankers, the impact of the global economy on their decision-making, and whether there is a relationship between their actions and President Trump’s tariffs. Read more… Adam Posen. 2019. Trump’s New Tariff Actions: A Wakeup Call to Global Markets. PIIE Trade and Investment Policy Watch. Olivier Blanchard and Christopher G. Collins. 2019. Markets Don’t Believe Trump’s Trade War Is Zero-Sum. PIIE Trade and Investment Policy Watch.Soumaya Keynes. 2019. The Fed cuts rates for the first time in over a decade. The Economist, August 1. Soumaya Keynes. 2019. More American tariffs on Chinese imports are coming. The Economist, August 2.
Rank #1: Cybersecurity and Elections, a conversation with Jane Holl Lute. What are the short and long-term issues and potential fixes to election cybersecurity issues? Can paper ballots help restore faith in electronic voting? And how important is federal and state cooperation in cybersecurity policy formation? In this episode, Jane Holl Lute, Atlantic Council board director and president and CEO of SICPA North America, and Anni Piiparinen, associate director of the Cyber Statecraft Initiative, discuss critical issues surrounding election cybersecurity in the lead-up to the 2018 mid-term election and beyond.
Rank #2: Press Call: Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s US Visit. Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is in the United States this week, following recent visits to Egypt and the United Kingdom. One year after his first meeting with President Trump, Mohammed bin Salman continues to advance dramatic social and economic change in the Kingdom. Under the Crown Prince, Saudi Arabia has loosened some restrictions on the guardianship code and sidelined the religious police, imposed a 5% VAT and increased prices of fuel and electricity, hosted concerts and reopened cinemas, and announced that women will be permitted to seek drivers’ licenses this summer. All of these issues are likely to be on the agenda for Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s meetings in the United States. One day after the Crown Prince meets with President Trump, Atlantic Council experts will assess the immediate results and forecast the expected outcomes for the duration of the US visit. What are the key priorities for the various parties? What are the dynamics at play, particularly amidst a transition of US national security leadership? On Wednesday, Nabeel Khoury, Dov Zakheim, and Rachel Brandenburg will discuss the top issues for the US-Saudi relationship, to include the war in Yemen, regional stability and GCC relations, and Saudi Vision 2030.
Rank #1: Economic geography bites back. On March 25, the Global Economy and Development program at Brookings hosted an event on the 10th anniversary of the 2009 World Development Report, “Reshaping Economic Geography,” which pointed to agglomeration, migration, and specialization as the forces that carved out the pathways to prosperity for people everywhere. Subscribe to Brookings Events on iTunes, send feedback email to firstname.lastname@example.org, and follow us and tweet us at @policypodcasts on Twitter. To learn more about upcoming events, visit our website. Brookings Events is part of the Brookings Podcast Network.
Rank #2: Conflict scenarios with Russia and China. On June 3, Brookings hosted a panel discussion exploring possible conflict scenarios with Russia and China, what tools the United States will need to offset Russian and Chinese strategy and capabilities, and how worried policymakers should be about America’s ability to stand by its vital alliance commitments. Subscribe to Brookings Events on iTunes, send feedback email to email@example.com, and follow us and tweet us at @policypodcasts on Twitter. To learn more about upcoming events, visit our website. Brookings Events is part of the Brookings Podcast Network.
Rank #1: Back from the Road: The Politics of Trade. The Trade Guys close out their September recording tour at home with a live audience of Customs and International Trade Bar Association lawyers and the public. The guys began with a conversation on the politics of trade ahead of the midterm elections. They also discussed China, NAFTA…and memes. Hosted by H. Andrew Schwartz and produced by Yumi Araki at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington. Download full transcript here.
Rank #2: Trade Guys on the Road: Georgetown University Edition. In this episode, the Trade Guys and Andrew hit the road to record in front of a live audience at Georgetown University. On the agenda was the status of the US-China talks and what the president means by a US-Japan deal. Students of CSIS Korea Chair Victor Cha’s Modern Asia class asked questions that the Trade Guys answered throughout the show. Hosted by H. Andrew Schwartz and produced by Yumi Araki and Jack Caporal at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington. Download full transcript here.
Rank #1: The Future of ISIS. In an exclusive conversation with RANDNext, RAND terrorism expert Brian Michael Jenkins shares his thoughts about the future of ISIS and other insurgent groups.
Rank #2: What's the Fair Price of a Drug?. In this Events @ RAND podcast, Ezekiel J. Emanuel, chair of the Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy at the University of Pennsylvania, delivers the 2018 Albert P. Williams Lecture on Health Policy. A former special advisor for health policy to the director of the White House Office of Management and Budget, Emanuel explains why drug prices are so high and proposes a policy solution.
Rank #1: Boris Means Brexit | Bill Emmott. More than three years after the United Kingdom voted by a razor-thin margin to leave the European Union, the same question remains: How? Now, with a deadline to exit looming at the end of October, can the UK’s new prime minister, leading “Leave” campaigner Boris Johnson, deliver Brexit?
Rank #2: Ten Years After the Crisis: An Economic Parley. Ten years ago, asset prices were in free fall, credit markets had seized up, and millions of people were losing their homes, jobs, and livelihoods. In this extended episode, we talk to economists Jeffrey Sachs, Teresa Ghilarducci, Angus Deaton, Robert Shiller, and Stephen Roach about what we’ve learned – or should have learned – from the Great Recession.
Rank #1: Principal Pipelines: A Feasible, Affordable, and Effective Way to Improve Schools. A recent RAND report found that implementing "principal pipelines"—a strategic approach to the hiring, preparation, evaluation, and support of school leaders—can improve schools. In this congressional briefing, Susan Gates discusses the feasibility, effectiveness, and affordability of principal pipelines.
Rank #2: How Do We Prevent the Next Homegrown Terrorist?. Brian Jackson provides an overview of an May 3rd congressional briefing. He discusses terrorism prevention strategies for the federal government, the nature of the homeland terrorist threat, past and current terrorism prevention policies, and gives recommendations for policymakers.
Rank #1: Discussion Section with Kevin Murphy and Chad Syverson. In this episode, Murphy gets concrete with Chad Syverson, the J. Baum Harris Professor of Economics at Chicago Booth, about how his engineering background influences his approach to economics, understanding the drivers of productivity, how it is measured, and what can be gleaned from past growth trends in predicting what may come.
Rank #2: Discussion Section with Kevin Murphy and Erik Hurst. In this episode, Murphy talks with Erik Hurst, V. Duane Rath Professor of Economics and the John E. Jeuck Faculty Fellow at Chicago Booth, to explore Hurst's perspective on the possible common ground between macro- and micro- economic perspectives and to evaluate labor market trends from the early 2000s leading up to today on the employee side of the manufacturing and housing industries.
Rank #1: China's Ballistic Missile Submarines and Strategic Stability. Carnegie's Tong Zhao, Fellow based at the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy, discusses the growth of China's nuclear ballistic missile submarine program and its implications for US-China strategic stability.
Rank #2: Preventing Escalation in the Baltics: A NATO Playbook. Preventing Escalation in the Baltics: A NATO Playbook by Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Rank #1: 123 – Adam Posen on Trade, Inflation Targeting, and Central Bank Independence. Adam Posen is the president of the Peterson Institute for International Economics and was formerly senior fellow at the Bank of England, helping set monetary policy between 2009 and 2012. Adam has also worked at the New York Federal Reserve, has advised many central banks and governments, and is an accomplished scholar in the field of macroeconomics. He joins the show today to discuss some of his research as well as the work of the Peterson Institute. David and Adam also discuss central bank independence, trade policy under the Trump regime, and the differences between the Federal Reserve and the Bank of England. Adam’s Twitter: @AdamPosen Adam’s Peterson Institute profile: https://piie.com/experts/senior-research-staff/adam-s-posen Related Links: *Inflation Targeting: Lessons from the International Experience* by Ben Bernanke, Thomas Laubach, Frederic Mishkin, & Adam Posen https://press.princeton.edu/titles/6380.html *The Post-American World Economy: Globalization in the Trump Era* by Adam Posen https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/2018-02-13/post-american-world-economy David’s blog: macromarketmusings.blogspot.com David’s Twitter: @DavidBeckworth
Rank #2: 01 - Scott Sumner on *The Midas Paradox*, the Fed, and More. Welcome to Macro Musings, a new podcast exploring the important macroeconomic issues of the past, present, and future. In the inaugural episode, Scott Sumner joins host David Beckworth to talk about Scott's new book *The Midas Paradox*, which advances a bold new explanation of what caused the Great Depression. They also discuss Scott's path into macro and monetary economics as well as what the Fed got wrong in 2008. David's blog: http://macromarketmusings.blogspot.com Scott's blog: http://www.themoneyillusion.com/ Links from today's conversation: http://www.amazon.com/The-Midas-Paradox-Government-Depression/dp/1598131508 http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/27/opinion/subprime-reasoning-on-housing.html?_r=0
Rank #1: Eurozone agreement: a mini revolution? | 8 July 2019. Eurozone finance ministers have announced after their June meeting a newly-proposed Eurozone budget. One product of the negotiations is the Budgetary Instrument for Convergence and Competitiveness (BICC), designed to act as a tool for the budget and to be implemented by 2021. However, the ministers were unable to decide on details like the budget's funding and uses. Many have criticised the resulting proposal as a diluted and diminished version of the original proposal for a budget by French President Emmanuel Macron.Bruegel was honoured to welcome French Minister of the Economy and Finance Bruno Le Maire, who has described the budget as a "mini revolution", to elaborate on the ongoing discussion concerning the practicality of the agreement and the success of the negotiations.
Rank #2: Spitzenkandidaten series: Frans Timmermans. For the sixth, and final, event of the joint Bruegel-FT Spitzenkandidaten series we were joined by Frans Timmermans, the lead candidate for the European elections of the Party of European Socialists (PES). We expect a passionate debate about the economic programme of this lead candidate.This event is a part of a series of talks and debates with Europe's Spitzenkandidaten and political leaders. Journalists from the FT, along with a Bruegel Director or a senior scholar, will explore and challenge the main political parties' policies for the future of the continent in front of an invited audience. The events will be livestreamed on the Bruegel website. For more events, see here: http://bruegel.org/europe2019/
Rank #1: Caitlin C. Rosenthal, “Accounting for Slavery: Masters and Management” (Harvard UP, 2018). The familiar narrative of American business development begins in the industrial North, where paternalistic factory owners, committed to a kind of Protestant ethic, scaled up their operations into ‘total institutions’—an effort to forestall labor turnover by providing housing and fulfilling community needs. Many of these firms were, of course, dependent on the availability of cotton from the South where, as Caitlin C. Rosenthal argues, modern management practices were expanded and refined through experimentation with enslaved workers. Accounting for Slavery: Masters and Management (Harvard University Press, 2018) resituates the development of scientific record-keeping and labor optimization practices within the Atlantic slave trade. The book pays close attention to how sophisticated reporting practices, emerging from the standard record books that circulated throughout the Atlantic world, allowed planters to rate and categorize enslaved people in a generalizable way. The book is an invitation to rethink the genealogy of business management, to disabuse professionals of a claim to moral distance from a time when unfettered legal control over a labor force—as capital—created hitherto unknown opportunities for knowledge production and experimentation with efficiency. Mikey McGovern is a PhD candidate in Princeton University’s Program in the History of Science. He works on computing, quantification, communication, and governance in modern America.Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices
Rank #2: Stephen C. Yeazell, “Lawsuits in a Market Economy: The Evolution of Civil Litigation” (U Chicago Press, 2018). Stephen C. Yeazell‘s Lawsuits in a Market Economy: The Evolution of Civil Litigation (University of Chicago Press, 2018) is an in-depth look at the development and current situation of civil litigation. It beings with the question of why civil lawsuits have become such a political question and uses that to explore our world of settlements, arbitration, trials and insurance adjusting. It gives an expert, informed and even-handed look at what can be a contentious topic and is accessible to the layperson and edifying even to the professional. It portrays our environment of civil litigation as an evolving one where real people solve real problems, often for society’s benefit.Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices