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Defiance

Defiance is a podcast which looks at some of the most critical issues of our time, from corruption and greed to human rights and freedom. Brought to you by Peter McCormack, Defiance is a combination of in-depth interviews and multi-part deep dives into the issues which affect all of us.

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The Dark Side of Silicon Valley | Jamie Bartlett

“Our elections are changing, and they’re no longer the model of how democracy should work, an election should work... our rules don’t fit this anymore.”— Jamie BartlettLocation: LondonDate: Monday, November 11th 2019Role: HostThe Cambridge Analytica scandal regarding the misuse of millions of people’s Facebook data to influence elections shocked the world. The story prompted international outrage, and Mark Zuckerberg was hauled in front of Congress to face serious questions about what the company was aware of.While Cambridge Analytica’s use of data to manipulate voting in elections was considered by most as immoral, it wasn’t strictly illegal, and they are certainly not the only company to misuse our data.As a society, we give away vast amounts of personal information and continue to allow corporations to collect valuable and influential data. Every day we sign up and give away information to access content online. We send it to companies via our smartwatches or fitness trackers, through social media, our phone GPS, our credit card purchases, and so much more.So where does this data go, and how is it being used? Were the Trump and Brexit campaigns the beginning of a shift in voter manipulation or has it always been this way and technology has just weaponised propaganda?In this interview, I talk to Jamie Bartlett, the presenter of The Secrets of Silicon Valley documentary. We discuss the collection and misuse of our data, ways to limit the data we provide, and if this could cause a divide in society.- - - - -Show notes and transcription:https://www.defiance.news/podcast/the-dark-side-of-silicon-valley-jamie-bartlett- - - - -Timestamps:- 00:00:00 - Show Intro- 00:01:55 - Welcoming Jamie to the show- 00:03:55 - Jamie’s work on Secrets of Silicon Valley- 00:11:16 - Cambridge Analytica, Brittany Kaiser & The Great Hack- 00:22:22 - Data misuse & targeted advertising- 00:28:49 - Obfuscation- 00:33:53 - Propaganda and misinformation making people apathetic- 00:40:54 - Peoples decreasing attention span- 00:45:54 - The dark side of Silicon Valley- 00:51:42 - Jamie’s conclusion after making The Secrets of Silicon Valley- 00:55:43 - Self-driving vehicles- 01:05:14 - Jamie’s future plans- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

1hr 11mins

28 Nov 2019

Rank #1

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From Alcoholic to Ultra-Athlete | Rich Roll

“None of us get out of life in one piece; we all have something that we are struggling with or going through.”— Rich RollLocation: Los AngelesDate: Saturday, 20th July 2019 Company: Rich Roll Podcast & richroll.com Role: Author & PodcasterRich Roll is a vegan ultra-endurance athlete, wellness advocate and public speaker. Featured by CNN, The New York Times, the Huffington Post, Rich was named by Men’s Fitness Magazine as one of the “25 Fittest Men in the World.”Life hasn’t always been this way for Rich. At 31, he checked himself into rehab to deal with his alcohol addiction which had seen him spend time in jail and very nearly cost him his career as an entertainment lawyer.After spending 100 days in rehab, Rich returned to his successful career, but while he had his alcoholism under control, his health was still taking a back seat. He was 50lbs overweight, struggling with everyday tasks and approaching his 40th birthday he decided to do something about it. Rich adopted a vegan diet, took up running and started swimming again, a sport he had excelled in while studying at Stanford University.Since then Rich has gone on to compete in numerous triathlons and ultra-triathlons and in 2008 competed in his first Ultraman, an invitation-only 320-mile endurance race held over three days on the Big Island, Hawaii. In 2009 he returned to the same event and managed a phenomenal 6th place finish.In this interview, I speak to Rich and find out the challenges he has faced overcoming alcoholism and becoming a successful vegan ultra-endurance athlete.- - - - -Show notes and transcription: https://www.defiance.news/podcast/from-alcoholic-to-ultra-athlete-rich-roll- - - - -Timestamps:Coming soon…- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

1hr 16mins

20 Jan 2020

Rank #2

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The Psychology of Online Trolls | Ginger Gorman

There is a troll in all of us. I think no one is able to be absolved of that.— Ginger GormanLocation: SkypeDate: Friday, December 20th 2019Company: gingergorman.comRole: Journalist & AuthorSince the early internet, there have been internet trolls; ranging from those who throw casual insults and correct grammar to those who will attack a person's livelihood. The most severe, however, is the predatory troll, someone who indulges in harassment, stalking and may even encourage a person to harm themselves or others.Predatory trolling can have a devastating impact on people's lives. In some of the most shocking cases, victims have committed suicide.When picturing an internet troll most imagine a young, single man in their a dark basement, however, the truth is very different, and many trolls coordinate their efforts.Brenton Tarrant carried out the Christchurch mosque shooting after posting a white nationalist rant, and a link to his Facebook live feed on 8chan, a far-right message board that has become notorious for trolls and hate speech.In 2013, Ginger Gorman became subject of online abuse and trolling from hateful tweets to messages threatening her and her families lives. Following this abuse, Ginger started researching the world of trolling, and by speaking to psychologists, victims of online trolling and trolls, gained unparalleled insight into the psychology of those who engage in trolling and the impact on the victims.In this interview, I speak to Ginger Gorman to discuss the psychology behind internet trolling; it's real-life impact and free speech.- - - - -Timestamps:Coming soon…- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

1hr 25mins

23 Dec 2019

Rank #3

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Chinese Political Influence Over Coronavirus News | William Yang

“When the doctors can’t even handle the living cases, how can we expect that they have someone dedicated to record every single death?”— William YangLocation: SkypeDate: Sunday, 2nd January 2020 Company: DW NewsRole: East Asia CorrespondentIn early December 2019, the Chinese city of Wuhan became the epicentre of a deadly coronavirus outbreak. As of today (3rd Feb, 2020), the virus has now spread to at least 26 countries, infecting over 17,000 people with more than 360 deaths.It is suspected that the outbreak originated from Hunan Seafood Market, a 'wet market' in Wuhan. These markets are known for selling a range of live wildlife from typical western meats through to live venomous snakes, cats, marmots, turtles, cicadas, guinea pigs, rats, badgers, hedgehogs and other wild animals.The first recorded case of the virus was on 1st Dec 2019, but it wasn't until 31st Dec that the World Health Organisation (WHO) was made aware of the developing situation. By this time, 27 people were known to have been infected. On 9th Jan 2020, the first death was recorded in Wuhan, a 61-year-old man who regularly visited the Hunan Seafood Market. On 2nd Feb 2020, the first recorded death outside of China was recorded in the Philippines, a 44-year-old Chinese man from Wuhan.There are confirmed infections in at least 26 countries; the WHO has declared a global public health emergency, and most major nations are urging people not to travel to China and have started to evacuate citizens.To combat the virus in Wuhan, China began works on two new hospitals, with over 1,000 beds, specifically designed to treat patients who have contracted the virus. Remarkably, authorities aim to have these facilities up and running within two weeks.As further information is gathered on the epidemic, there are concerns about the accuracy of the number of deaths reported by the Chinese government. Chinese language media outlet Initium News has claimed that people working at local crematoriums in Wuhan have reported that many dead bodies are being transferred directly from hospitals to the crematoriums without identification of the patients. If this were true, it would mean that the reported death toll from China has been significantly underestimated.In this interview, I talk to William Yang, East Asia Correspondent for DW News who has been reporting extensively on the coronavirus outbreak. We discussed the origins and spread of the disease and allegations that China is withholding crucial information.- - - - -Show notes and transcription: https://www.defiance.news/podcast/chinese-political-influence-over-coronavirus-news-william-yang- - - - -Timestamps:Coming soon…- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

57mins

3 Feb 2020

Rank #4

Most Popular Podcasts

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The Real Science of Climate Change | Prof. Katharine Hayhoe

“A thermometer is not Liberal or Conservative; it doesn’t give you a different answer depending on how you vote. The solutions are but we have to begin from a place of shared understanding that climate is changing. Humans really are responsible, we’ve checked, the impacts are serious, and we do need to act.”— Prof. Katharine HayhoeLocation: Lubbock, Texas Date: Monday, 17th February 2020 Company: Texas Tech UniversityRole: Atmospheric Scientist and Professor of Political ScienceWhile the media continues to report on the threat of climate change and the habits of humans which are accelerating it, there is still considerable disagreement with the science.Even with this global consensus amongst climate scientists, there is a very vocal minority who state that human-caused climate change is a myth. They make claims such as 'all we are experiencing is a natural climate cycle', 'the models are unreliable' and even that 'Antarctica is gaining ice'. These arguments are backed by misinformation and often come from those who stand to benefit most from uncertainty around climate change such as oil and gas companies.2019 was a record-breaking year; oceans hit record temperatures. Australia experienced the worst wildfires on record, and the Greenland ice sheet continues to melt at an alarming rate.To discuss the facts around climate change and how humans contribute, I am joined by Katharine Hayhoe, an Atmospheric Scientist and Professor of Political Science at Texas Tech University. We also discuss the denialist mindset and how scientists have underestimated the severity of the problem.- - - - -Show notes and transcription: https://www.defiance.news/podcast/the-science-of-climate-change-prof-katharine-hayhoe- - - - -Timestamps:Coming soon…- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

1hr 43mins

24 Feb 2020

Rank #5

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China’s Surveillance State | Christopher Balding

“The surveillance state and what’s going on in Xinjiang and all of the things that Huawei and related companies are doing. It really just puts the fear of God in you, not just for how that impacts China, but how that is spilling over and impacting values around the world.”— Christopher BaldingLocation: New YorkDate: Wednesday, Oct 23rd 2019Role: ProfessorThe CCP's ever-expanding surveillance state is eroding the limited freedom left in China. Tactics such as facial recognition, social credit system and information warfare are used to intimidate and control the population.Censorship is rife, and The Great Firewall of China blocks sites and content, including references to the Tiananmen Square massacre, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Google, Wikipedia and even Winnie the Pooh.Many Chinese 'replica' sites operate in a similar space to these; however, there is a distinct difference; they are highly censored and closely monitored. If you search for or try and send a message using Weibo or WeChat and it contains 'Tank Man', 'Tiananmen Square Massacre', 'Free Tibet' or anything else that is on the Chinese Government block list, your message never arrives.The Chinese Communist Party has a tight hold on the data you consume and share. So, why are other countries so keen to allow China to build their national infrastructure and telecoms networks?The Belt and Road is a global development initiative in which the Chinese Government build rail and road links across much of the world, in essence, a 'New Silk Road'. These projects are especially prevalent in Asia, Africa and parts of South and Central America. The Chinese Government call this "a bid to enhance regional connectivity and embrace a brighter future" but others see this as a way of China using 'debt-trap diplomacy'. By building expensive infrastructure countries are left indebted to China, perhaps indefinitely, handing leverage to China on future trade deals and negotiations.While countries like the US are sceptical about this Chinese initiative, other western countries seem to be embracing it. Recently the UK's finance minister Phillip Hammond called the project 'a vision'.Similarly to the Belt and Road, the Huawei 5G network is spreading throughout the world. The US has again taken a firm stance against it based on fears of spying and citing Huawei's gaping security holes. However, many other countries are still considering allowing the Chinese company to build their 5G networks.In this interview, I speak to Christopher Balding, a Professor at the Fulbright University in Vietnam. We discuss the Chinese surveillance state, free speech, the Belt and Road and the persecution of the Uygurs.- - - - -Show notes and transcription:https://www.defiance.news/podcast/chinas-surveillance-state-christopher-balding- - - - -Timestamps:- 00:00 - Show Intro- 02:26 - Welcoming Christopher to the show- 04:23 - Christopher’s background- 08:13 - Christopher no longer welcome in China- 15:27 - The 4 T’s- 17:28 - The consequences of speaking out in China- 19:30 - The Belt and Road Initiative- 24:02 - The exportation of Chinese surveillance- 24:19 - Huawei exporting 5G networks- 27:01 - Huawei security flaws- 34:41 - Why are western governments accepting the security and surveillance risks- 36:23 - Bending the knee to China- 39:49 - The persecution of the Uyghurs- 45:05 - What happens next in China- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

50mins

14 Nov 2019

Rank #6

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Political Crisis in Bolivia | Jhanisse Vaca Daza

“I would say when the police sided with the people and they decided they were not going to shoot at us, that was the moment where I thought ‘oh my god, maybe we are going to make it’.” — Jhanisse Vaca DazaLocation: Santa Cruz, BoliviaDate: Wednesday, December 18th 2019Company: Standing RiversRole: Co-FounderEvo Morales was the first Indigenous President of Bolivia. He came from a family of coca leaf growers and became a prominent figure in the resistance of the attempted eradication of coca leaf farming by Bolivian and US authorities.In 2005, Morales was elected President of Bolivia and quickly implemented a raft of socialist policies, and during his first term, Morales drafted and introduced a new constitution. One key principle of the constitution prescribed that a president could not serve more than two consecutive presidential terms.Morales won his second presidential campaign in 2009, and in 2013 he went to the Supreme Tribunal of Justice and fought to be eligible to stand in the 2014 election. The court ruled that Morales' first term did not count towards the term limit because it had taken place before the ratification of the 2009 constitution. Morales then stood for re-election in 2014 and won, and he dedicated this election win to Hugo Chavez and Fidel Castro.Following his win, Morales stated that he would not attempt to amend the constitution to allow a fourth term, however, in 2016 a referendum was held that would mean a president could serve three consecutive terms, allowing Morales to run in the 2019 election. This referendum was narrowly defeated.Despite losing the referendum and going against the new constitution which he introduced, Morales was announced by his party (MAS) as their candidate for the 2019 election. In September 2017, MAS asked the Supreme Tribunal of Justice to remove the limit on presidential terms. The term limit was rescinded one month later.Morales won the 2019 election but was immediately met with calls of ballot fixing and vote-rigging. The accusations were later confirmed by the Organization of American States' report on the election. This led to widespread protest and calls for Morales to resign.Military calls for his resignation forced Morales to step down and seek political asylum in Mexico. Since then, the report by the OAS has been questioned for authenticity with two clear sides forming. There is a group which believe that Evo is abusing power and another which feels that he followed a legal process and should have remained president. This has resulted in mass unrest in Bolivia with many protestors killed on the streets.In this interview, I talk to Jhanisse Vaca Daza. a Bolivian human rights activist and co-founder of Standing Rivers, a movement which respects Indigenous rights and values environmental sustainability. We discuss the current political crisis in Bolivia regarding ex-President, Evo Morales.- - - - -Timestamps:Coming soon…- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

1hr 40mins

6 Jan 2020

Rank #7

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The Poisoning of Sergei Skripal | Aric Toler

“Putin’s government doesn’t murder Russian journalists, but he will kill you if you’re a former spy.”— Aric TolerLocation: New YorkDate: Wednesday, Oct 23rd 2019Role: Researcher & TrainerIn the 1990s Sergei Skripal was an officer for Russia's Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU). He operated as a double agent for the UK's Secret Intelligence Service between 1995 and 2004. In 2006, Sergei was convicted of high treason in Russia and thanks to a 'spy swap' settled in Salisbury, England in 2010.In March 2018 his daughter Yulia visited from Russia. The day after she arrived the pair were found unconscious on a bench in the centre of the town. Witnesses describe seeing Yulia "foaming at the mouth with her eyes wide open but completely white". The pair had been poisoned with a nerve agent called A-234, leaving them hospitalised for weeks.There is evidence that these attacks were carried out by two Russians, going under the names Alexander Petrov and Ruslan Boshirov, following orders from the government. Russia denies these allegations and the state-run media channel RT claimed that the pair were holidaymakers and in Sailsbury to visit the famous cathedral.Aric Toler is a researcher and trainer for Bellingcat an internet research organisation who have been instrumental in helping uncover Russia's involvement in Ukraine, the downing of MH17 and their work finding the real identity of the agents behind the Salisbury poisoning.A man going by the name of Ruslan Boshirov, who claimed to be a nutritional supplement salesman is actually believed to be Anatoliy Chepiga. Chepiga is a GRU Colonel and a special forces veteran who has served in Chechnya and Ukraine and was awarded Russia's highest military honour in 2014.The agent who operated under the name Alexander Petrov is in fact believed to be Dr Alexander Mishkin, also of the GRU and a trained military doctor. These discoveries have confirmed suspicions around the Kremlin's version of events.In this interview, Aric explains his work at Bellingcat, the downing of flight MH17 and how he helped discover the true identity of Chepiga and Mishkin the Russian agents.- - - - -Show notes and transcription:https://www.defiance.news/podcast/the-poisoning-of-sergei-skripal-aric-toler- - - - -Timestamps:- 00:00 - Show intro- 01:54 - Welcoming Aric to the show- 02:00 - Working at Bellingcat- 07:06 - The state of the Ukraine conflict- 11:36 - The downing of MH17- 27:29 - Why would Putin fear democratic elections?- 30:28 - Human rights in Russia- 32:57 - Journalist’s murdered in Russia- 34:39 - The poisoning of Sergei Skripal- 39:21 - Finding the real identity of the Russian agents- 49:27 - Russia’s alignment with Assad- 51:05 - What Aric is working on next- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

18 Nov 2019

Rank #8

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Homeless, Addiction and Sex Worker Support in El Salvador | Jon & Danielle Snyder

“When we came in we thought we were going to change the world, we thought we were going to change El Salvador, and you know what? That doesn’t happen; El Salvador changed us.”— Jon SnyderLocation: San Salvador, El Salvador Date: Thursday, December 21st 2019Company: Mission To El SalvadorRole: Co-FoundersEl Salvador is a country with many challenges. Following a brutal 12-year civil war, the country has struggled to break free from corruption, crime and the control that the gangs have over the country.There are few places on earth more dangerous than El Salvador, but in 2009 Danielle and Jon Snyder decided to up roots and move themselves and their two children to the capital San Salvador. They have since dedicated their lives to helping vulnerable members of the community through their organisation Mission to El Salvador.What started as Danielle and Jon spending their evenings out on the streets, looking for people to help, has now grown into an organisation with a full team of Salvadoran professionals looking to support:- Individuals and families confronting homelessness and extreme poverty- Individuals struggling with substance abuse issues- Individuals who have recently returned from the U.S- Women that have been victims of human trafficking and/or commercial sexual exploitationThey are working to change the lives of these people through several programmes:- The Lighthouse Resource Center: connecting vulnerable members of their community with resources that help them to grow.- New Dawn Residential Programme: a holistic residential treatment program designed to specifically meet the unique needs of children between the ages of 10 and 17 who struggle with addiction.- Community Outreach: a weekly food outreach to identify those who are vulnerable to exploitation and addiction issues.- Substance Abuse Prevention: therapists and addiction specialists dedicated to preventing addiction among El Salvador's youth.In this interview, I spoke with Jon and Danielle to hear how they were drawn to move their two young children to one of the world's most violent countries and found Mission to El Salvador.- - - - -Timestamps:Coming soon…- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

1hr 2mins

30 Dec 2019

Rank #9

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The Depths of Addiction | Dominic

“I knew at some point somethings going to give, and then it did give. I woke up in hospital two months later, coming out of a coma.”— DominicLocation: Bogota, ColombiaDate: Wednesday, 12th February 2020Company: N/ARole: N/AToday I have a very emotional and personal interview with my friend Dominic. I have known Dom for over 25 years, we went to school together and shared a love of heavy metal, and attended many gigs and festivals together.After school, we lost touch but have come back into each other's lives a couple of times. Dominic moved to Colombia over a decade ago but returned with his daughter after struggling with drug and alcohol addiction. We hung out with our children for around a year before we lost touch again, and then three years ago, I bumped into Dominic after he had spent a night smoking crack cocaine. In recovery myself, I recognised the signs, but before we spoke again, he had moved back to Colombia.Just over a year ago, I was made aware that Dominic was in a Coma in Colombia. Dominic survived this incident and is now in recovery for both drug and alcohol addiction. While I was in Bogota, Colombia recently, I met up with Dominic and asked him if I could interview him and allow him to tell his story.- - - - -Show notes and transcription: https://www.defiance.news/podcast/the-depth-of-addiction-dominic- - - - -Timestamps:Coming soon…- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

1hr 5mins

27 Feb 2020

Rank #10

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An Ex-Gang Member on UK Knife Crime | Sheldon Thomas

“When you look at the kids that are involved, every kid, whether they be rich or poor, black or white, you will notice one thing; they are not loved at home.”— Sheldon ThomasLocation: BedfordDate: Monday, 20th January 2020 Company: GangslineRole: FounderIncidents of knife crime in the UK are on the increase. In the 12 months ending March 2019, there were over 43,000 knife crime offences, marking an 80% increase on the same period in 2014. Of the 44 police forces throughout the UK, all but one recorded an increase in this kind of crime.While London has the highest number of knives on the street, this issue is not confined to the capital. Cities like Birmingham, Liverpool, Manchester and Nottingham are also seeing a marked increase.The reason for this increase in is unclear, and while there likely isn’t a single answer, the blame has been laid on county lines drug dealing, lack of father figures, falling government funding for youth services and even social media.Observations have also been made that while knife crime has increased, the police force has shrunk, with 20,000 fewer police officers than in 2010. Despite this decline, former Prime Minister, Theresa May claimed “no direct-correlation” to the increase in knife crime.In this interview, I speak with Sheldon Thomas, an ex-gang member and founder of Gangsline, a non-profit organisation that provides help and support to young people involved in gang culture. We discuss the growing knife crime problem in the UK and Sheldon’s observations from the frontline of this growing epidemic.- - - - -Show notes and transcription: https://www.defiance.news/podcast/an-ex-gang-member-on-uk-knife-crime-sheldon-thomas- - - - -Timestamps:Coming soon…- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

1hr 46mins

23 Jan 2020

Rank #11

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The Origins of Climate Denialism | Nathaniel Rich

“It takes a lot of work to get people to understand the reality after they have been poisoned by this propaganda for decades.”— Nathaniel RichLocation: SkypeDate: Friday, 24th January 2020 Company: nathanielrich.comRole: AuthorIn 1979, the global consensus from the scientific community, politicians and even the oil and gas industry regarding climate change was in agreement: increasing levels of C02 in the atmosphere was warming the planet, and this could lead to severe consequences.Losing Earth by Nathaniel Rich is a narrative from 1979-1989, telling the story of the scientists who risked their careers to convince the world to act before it was too late, the birth of denialism and the role of the oil and gas industry.Earth’s climate is warming rapidly, and the scientific community is mostly consistent as to the causes. The doomsday clock has now reached 100 seconds to midnight (the closest to midnight it has ever been), with climate change sighted as a key contributor.According to the UK Met Office, the past decade (2010 to 2019) has been the hottest on record and five of the top 10 warmest single years have all occurred since 2015. In 2019, oceans hit record temperatures. Australia experienced the worst wildfires on record, and the Greenland ice sheet is melting at an alarming rate.Even with the vast majority of the scientific community agreeing on climate change and tangible evidence that this is a real phenomenon, there is a loud opposition, fueled by misinformation.In this interview, I talk to Nathaniel Rich. We discuss the early scientific consensus on climate change and the oil and gas industry’s effort to thwart policy change.- - - - -Show notes and transcription: https://www.defiance.news/podcast/the-origins-of-climate-denialism-nathaniel-rich- - - - -Timestamps:Coming soon…- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

1hr 39mins

27 Jan 2020

Rank #12

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How Scotland Reduced Violent Crime | John Carnochan

“I don’t mind these fellas being in gangs, it’s what the gangs do that is the issue for me. If the gangs are playing football or rugby that’s fine. If they are playing chess, if they are crocheting I really don’t care. It’s when they are out on a Friday night stabbing each other, that becomes an issue for me.”— John CarnochanLocation: Glasgow Date: Tuesday, 22nd January 2020 Company: Scottish Violence Reduction UnitRole: Former Detective Chief SuperintendentWhen John Carnochan joined Strathclyde Police as deputy head of CID in 2002, Glasgow, in particular, was experiencing extreme levels of violent crime. Scotland had become the murder capital of Europe and had five times the murder rate of London.The methods used by the police were mostly ineffective, so John took a radical approach, launching the Violence Reduction Unit (VRU) and the Community Initiative to Reduce Violence. This initiative offered education, health services, careers advice, social services and diversionary projects to the most vulnerable gang members.The VRU was a massive success. In 2004/05 there were 137 homicides in Scotland. By 2016/17 this number had dropped to 62, attempted murders dropped from 828 to 317, and serious assaults fell by almost half.In this interview, I talk to John Carnochan, former Detective Chief Superintendent. His Violence Reduction Unit and Community Initiative to Reduce Violence program helped significantly reduce violent crime and homicide rates in Scotland- - - - -Show notes and transcription: https://www.defiance.news/podcast/how-scotland-reduced-violent-crime-john-carnochan- - - - -Timestamps:Coming soon…- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

1hr 19mins

13 Feb 2020

Rank #13

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FIFA’s Qatar World Cup Slave Labour Shame | Pete Pattisson

“It’s not called the World Cup, it's called the FIFA World Cup. So of all the actors who have been involved in this issue, concerned about workers rights, my feeling is that they have been the least active, the least effective.”- Pete Pattisson- - - - -Location: SkypeDate: Thursday, Nov 7th 2019Role: JournalistWith Qatar's successful 2022 World Cup bid there were allegations of corruption and bribery during the bidding process. There were also concerns as to whether the Gulf state was a good fit for the world's largest sporting competition due to its stance on the LGBTQ+ community, the lack of infrastructure and playing conditions as summer temperatures often exceed 50°C.Concerns regarding the temperature were so severe that FIFA took the unprecedented step to move the date of the competition to the winter. Sepp Blatter, who was president at the time of the successful bid, has since publicly stated that choosing Qatar as the host was a 'mistake'.At the time of the bid, Qatar did not have the infrastructure required to host the competition. As the wealthiest country in the world in terms of GDP per capita, Qatar planned to build 12 brand new stadiums (this number has since dropped to 8) as well as undertaking a significant infrastructure programme; developing the airport, hotels, roads and hospitals.With such a massive project and a relatively small population, Qatar relies on a large migrant workforce. Most workers are from Nepal, India, Bangladesh or the Philippines, and they are known to pay up to $5000 to 'agents' in their home country to secure jobs. Once they arrive in the country, abuse is rife. In many cases, they have their passports taken, offered inhumane living conditions, paid below the minimum wage (roughly $200/month) and regularly paid late, if at all.Workers face long days in sweltering temperatures, and there is a high death rate. The Qatari government has taken steps to reduce outside work during the hottest hours of the day, yet the number of people dying from heat stress is believed to be in the hundreds each year. Accurate statistics are hard to find as in Qatar these deaths are often attributed to 'natural causes' by the government, but some suggest that the number of deaths by 2022 could reach as many as 4000.Why is this an acceptable human cost for hosting a World Cup?In this interview, I talk to freelance journalist Pete Pattisson about his investigation into modern-day slavery and the World Cup. We discuss the abuse of migrant workers, working conditions, death rates, and what action FIFA should be taking.- - - - -Show notes and transcription:https://www.defiance.news/podcast/fifas-qatar-world-cup-slave-labour-shame-pete-pattisson- - - - -Timestamps:- 00:00 - Show Intro- 01:51 - Welcoming Pete to the show- 04:02 - Why countries in the Gulf rely on migrant workers- 05:01 - Minimum wages for migrant workers in Qatar- 09:56 - Who is regulating/monitoring this?- 10:51 - The steps the migrant workers take to get to Qatar- 16:24 - How many migrant workers have died for the World Cup to be delivered?- 21:27 - What is life like for a normal Qatari resident- 25:59 - What progress has been made?- 34:18 - A fair minimum wage- 40:03 - Could there be up to 4000 deaths in the buildup to the World Cup?- 44:45 - What should FIFA be doing?- 50:03 - Liverpool FC reject The Marsa Malaz Kempinski Hotel over human rights concerns- 53:58 - The death of Rupchandra Rumba- 57:19 - Is this state-sponsored slavery- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

59mins

11 Nov 2019

Rank #14

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Why We Need Bitcoin | Andreas M. Antonopoulos

“I don’t think that we should wish for a crisis so that we can see how good the lifeboat is.”— Andreas M. AntonopoulosLocation: SkypeDate: Monday 11th NovRole: Author & Public SpeakerBitcoin is multifaceted. Some treat Bitcoin as a speculative tool for growing wealth, others as a way of avoiding financial censorship from traditional payment channels, and some use it as a way of claiming their monetary sovereignty and removing power from the banks and state.The real reason Bitcoin is essential is for all of these reasons and more.On 3rd January 2009, Bitcoin was introduced to the world by its pseudonymous creator (or creators), going by the name of Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin brought with it an alternative to the banking system, a way of truly controlling your finances and to 'be your own bank'.Being your own bank is incredibly powerful but is often a confusing and misused term. There are currently 1.7 billion people across the world who do not have access to proper banking services. Bitcoin can fix this by allowing users to hold, send and receive value.Cross-border payments are expensive and complicated using traditional banking and financial systems, and that's assuming the recipient has the means to receive payment. Bitcoin fixes this.Governments have a history of putting pressure on payment systems to stop allowing payments to recipients that they deem unfit. In 2010 Visa, Mastercard and PayPal all stopped allowing payments to WikiLeaks. Bitcoin fixed this.Bitcoin's power is in its decentralised, censorship-resistant, neutral, permissionless network that allows you to transact globally without any intermediary or third party and with whoever you want for whatever reason you want. Bitcoin doesn't care.We will soon be living in a cashless society, government-issued 'fiat' currency will become entirely digital, and we will wave goodbye to any remaining shreds of financial privacy that still exist. Some governments will look to create a cryptocurrency alternative; providing the perfect tool for increased financial surveillance and oppression and represents the antithesis of Bitcoin.So, maybe we will have to choose whether its Bitcoin or a state-run digital currency. Should we choose Bitcoin?In this interview, I talk to Andreas M. Antonopoulos to find out. Andreas is a speaker and the best selling author of Mastering Bitcoin and The Internet of Money and is unrivalled in evangelising Bitcoin. Andreas explains why the current monetary and financial system is no longer fit for purpose and why Bitcoin may be the answer.- - - - -Show notes and transcription:https://www.defiance.news/podcast/why-we-need-bitcoin-andreas-m-antonopoulos- - - - -Timestamps:- 00:00 - Show intro- 02:02 - Welcoming Andreas to the show- 02:19 - Why we need Bitcoin- 06:00 - How to encouraged people to take Bitcoin more seriously- 07:57 - Financial privacy and why it’s important- 13:42 - Financial surveillance- 22:29 - WikiLeaks and financial censorship- 31:44 - Central banks and monetary policy- 39:22 - Will Bitcoin be a ‘safe-haven’ asset in global recession- 44:27 - Hyperbitcoinisation- 49:34 - Why people should care about Bitcoin- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

57mins

21 Nov 2019

Rank #15

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Social Sex Revolution | Cindy Gallop

“Every one of our videos is an object lesson in consent, communication, good sexual values and good sexual behaviour. We are literally education through demonstration.”— Cindy GallopLocation: New YorkDate: Friday, November 15th 2019Company: Make Love Not PornRole: Founder & CEOCindy Gallop is an ad agency executive who is spearheading a social sex revolution through Make Love Not Porn, a website that is 'pro-sex, pro-porn, pro-knowing the difference'.Like YouTube, Make Love Not Porn's aim is to be a social website where users upload their content in a revenue-sharing model. However, the platform has encountered significant hurdles that have inhibited its scalability.While all startups encounter difficulties, Make Love Not Porn has had more than their fair share. Despite being an entirely legal industry, running a business that falls under 'the adult industry', leads to complications such as acquiring banking services. The company also struggles to find investors willing to step outside of their comfort zone and help scale a thriving business within the multi-billion-dollar adult industry.In this interview, I talk to Cindy Gallop, the founder of Make Love Not Porn, a website dedicated to spearheading the social sex revolution. We discuss what drove Cindy to develop the platform and the challenges of getting investment and banking.- - - - -Timestamps:Coming soon…- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

1hr 4mins

16 Jan 2020

Rank #16

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Raising a Child with Down Syndrome | Josh & Katie McGruff

“Katie and I are both pro-choice, but at the end of the day we still wanted to have our child... regardless of what condition she had.”— Josh McGruffLocation: OhioDate: Sunday, November 17th 2019Down syndrome occurs in around 1 in 1000 births worldwide and affects an estimated 250,000 families in the US. The disease is caused when a person is born with an extra partial or full chromosome.There are still many misconceptions about living with Down syndrome, and some adults with the disorder are able to live and work independently.There are significant health care requirements for a child with Down syndrome with regular check-ups with doctors, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and counselling normally required. In the US, where there are is no national health system, this can be extremely expensive.In this interview, I talk to Josh & Katie McGruff about raising a child with Down Syndrome. We discuss the challenges and rewards, the financial struggle, drug companies and the US healthcare system.- - - - -Timestamps:Coming soon…- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

55mins

9 Dec 2019

Rank #17

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A Surgeon's Experience of Knife Injuries | Rudy Crawford

“It’s not always a medical solution that’s required, it’s more a social and political solution that’s required.”— Rudy CrawfordLocation: SkypeDate: Wednesday, 22nd January 2020 Company: Former Surgeon at Glasgow Royal Infirmary Role: SurgeonThroughout the 90s and early 2000s, Scotland was suffering from an epidemic of knife crime. Glasgow had become the murder capital of Europe and Scotland was the most dangerous developed nation in the world.In 2005, Strathclyde Police created a Violence Reduction Unit (VRU). The VRU built a strategy to reduce violence by taking a public health approach to violent behaviour and bringing together all agencies in health, education and social work.In 2006 Scottish police recorded 10,110 incidents of handling an offensive weapon, however, by 2015-16 this number had dropped to 3,111 marking a 69% decrease in a decade.During this period, Rudy Crawford was a Surgeon at Glasgow Royal Infirmary and witnessed the escalating problem of knife crime in Glasgow, and across Scotland. In this interview, we discuss the prevalence of knife crime in Glasgow, the treatment of knife and gun injuries and the broader psychological impact on victims and their families.- - - - -Show notes and transcription: https://www.defiance.news/podcast/a-surgeons-experience-of-knife-injuries-rudy-crawford- - - - -Timestamps:Coming soon…- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

1hr 43mins

30 Jan 2020

Rank #18

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Ross Ulbricht and the Silk Road | Lyn Ulbricht

“I believe we are at the tipping point in history, we are at a crossroads, and we can either go towards more innovation, freedom and free choice or we’re going to have to take the crossroad of surveillance state, government control and suppression… It’s time to decide.”— Lyn UlbrichtLocation: TucsonDate: Tuesday, November 26th 2019Company: Free Ross UlbrichtRole: CEOAs a passionate libertarian with a belief in the free market, voluntary association and trade, Ross Ulbricht created an environment for this. The Silk Road was an online marketplace which allowed for the free trade of items which did not cause harm to others, providing anonymity to both buyers and sellers.Known as a darknet marketplace, the Silk Road was the first of its kind and proved hugely popular. Made possible using Tor to protect browsing and Bitcoin to allow for exchange, the Silk Road grew at a rate which any silicon valley VC would have been desperate to inject capital into. But as the Silk Road allowed for the trade of items which the states deem harmful, the site came under the scrutiny of the FBI.Ross went to great lengths to remain anonymous, operating under the name Dread Pirate Roberts and became a main target for a number of law enforcement agencies. In October 2013 Ross was arrested at the Glen Park branch of the San Francisco Public Library, at which point the site had facilitated over 1 million transactions.Ross was charged with money laundering, computer hacking, and conspiracy to traffic narcotics and was eventually found guilty on all counts. For these crimes, he was sentenced to double life imprisonment plus forty years with no chance of parole.Ross has appealed his sentence but each appeal has been rejected and now his only chance of freedom is a presidential pardon.The case divides people. There are those who believe Ross facilitated crime and thus deserves to be in prison and others who see how Ross created something which led to harm reduction in against the backdrop of a failed war on drugs:- Reducing violent crime associated with drug gangs- Reducing the danger of street drug sales- The rating system that was developed to increase trust in the product- Forums which helped with addiction and safe consumptionRoss’ mother Lyn has campaigned tirelessly for his freedom which has taken her on a journey beyond the injustice of his punishment. Lyn also now campaigns for prison reform and the removal of non-violent criminals from the prison system.In this interview with Lyn we discuss the #FreeRoss campaign, the Silk Road, Ross’ case and the broken US correctional system.- - - - -Timestamps:- 02:09 - Lyn’s introduction- 03:01 - Welcoming Lyn to the show- 04:10 - An update on Ross- 07:37 - The dramatisation of the reporting on the Silk Road- 09:01 - The backstory- 14:22 - The legalisation and medicinal use of drugs- 16:46 - The war on drugs- 17:57 - Ross’ trial- 21:25 - The false accusation of muder-for-hire- 24:26 - The need for reform in the judicial system- 28:12 - The appeals- 32:50 - Rogue agents- 35:05 - What options remain for Ross- 40:20 - Moving from prison to prison- 46:39 - Ross’ mental state and remaining positive- 49:30 - The toll on the family- 51:27 - Dealing with people who are not empathetic to Ross's situation- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

57mins

12 Dec 2019

Rank #19

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The Reformation of an 18th Street Hitman | Valentina Pereda & Wilfredo Gómez

“I saw the gang as a refuge, as protection, acceptance, belonging. As a way to fit into American society.”— Wilfredo GómezLocation: San Salvador, El Salvador Date: Friday, 14th February 2020 Company: N/ARole: Freelance Journalist & Ex-Gang MemberEl Salvador is one of the most dangerous countries in the world. Gangs are prolific, with nationwide membership as high as 10%, most joining either MS-13 or 18th Street.Violence, murder and extortion are not new to El Salvador. Following the brutal civil war, from 1979 to 1992, some speculate that this desensitised the population and is a contributing factor to the extreme gang culture, the level of violence and high murder rate. In 2015-16 the murder rate in El Salvador was more than 100 per 100,000 making it, by far, the murder capital of the world.Like much of Central and South America, political and economic migration has long been popular with the majority choosing the United States as their destination. Following the end of the civil war in 1992, the US has clamped down on El Salvadorian criminals, and between 2014 and 2018, the deported an estimated 111,000 people back to El Salvador.Human Rights Watch has flagged this as a potential breach as many deportees have no ties to El Salvador with some never having set foot in the country before being deported. This can lead to exploitation, with HRW reporting that at least 138 of those deported from the United States in recent years were subsequently killed.In this interview, I talk to Valentina Pereda, a journalist and filmmaker in El Salvador and Wilfredo Gómez, an ex-18th Street gang hitman who turned his back on the gang lifestyle after being imprisoned in the US and deported to El Salvador. We discuss gang culture in El Salvador, how Will became involved with 18th Street in LA, his role in the gangs before he was arrested and deported, and how he left the gang lifestyle behind.- - - - -Show notes and transcription: https://www.defiance.news/podcast/the-reformation-of-an-18th-street-hitman-valentina-pereda-wilfredo-gmez- - - - -Timestamps:Coming soon…- - - - -The success of Defiance will be largely down to the support of you, the listener. Below are a number of ways you can help:- Subscribe to the show on your favourite app so you never miss an episode:iTunesSpotifyDeezerStitcherSoundCloudYouTubeTuneIn- Leave a review of the show on iTunes (5* really helps, if you think the show deserves it).- Share the show and episodes out with your friends and family on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn.- Follow Defiance on social media:TwitterFacebookInstagramYouTube- Subscribe to the Defiance mailing list.- Donate Bitcoin here: bc1qd3anlc8lh0cl9ulqah03dmg3r2uxm5r657zr5pIf you have any questions then please email Defiance.- - - - -

1hr 15mins

9 Mar 2020

Rank #20