170: Jim Rogers on Investing in 2019 and the US Debt Problem
Jim Rogers is an American businessman and financial commentator based in Singapore. He is the Chairman of Rogers Holdings and Beeland Interests, Inc. In 1973, Jim co-founded of the Quantum Fund with George Soros and having retired at the age of 37, Jim spent some of his time traveling on a motorcycle around the world - a Guinness World Record and one which is documented in Investment Biker, a international bestselling book. He has been a guest professor of finance at the Columbia Business School. In 1998 he created the Rogers International Commodities Index (RICI) and has been an outspoken advocate of agriculture investments. Between 1999 and 2002, Jim and his wife did another Guinness World Record journey travelling 116 countries in a custom-made Mercedes. He wrote Adventure Capitalist following this around-the-world adventure. In 2007, Jim moved to Singapore due to the investment growth potential in Asia. In this episode Jim shares some excellent advice about how you should approach investing and what the next 10 to 20 years could turn out for the global economy. He suggests that North Korea, Russia and agriculture are contrarian bets that will have positive payoffs for those of us willing to go against the crowd. Also, I ask him about his views on cryptos and blockchain and whether he as any advice for you if you feel stuck in your job or if you’re undecided about what you should do if starting out on your career path. Check out the books and links mentioned in this episode at www.economicrockstar.com/jimrogers Support the podcast for as little as $1 per month at www.patreon.com/economicrockstar
23 Dec 2018
050: Dan Ariely on Irrational Behavior and the Importance of Our Environment When Making Decisions
Dan Ariely is Professor of Psychology & Behavioral Economics at Duke University in North Carolina. Dan’s interests span a wide range of behaviors, and his sometimes unusual experiments are consistently interesting, amusing and informative, demonstrating profound ideas that fly in the face of common wisdom. Dan is the author of the New York Times bestsellers Predictably Irrational, The Upside of Irrationality, and The Honest Truth About Dishonesty and his latest book Irrationally Yours is now available. Dan received a B.A in Psychology from Tel Aviv University, an M.A and PhD in Cognitive Psychology from University of North Carolina and another PhD in Business Administration from Duke University. In this episode you will learn: about Dan Ariely’s traumatic experience resulting in severe burns. how Dan found his love for psychology and behavioral economics. why Dan will not be teaching his Irrational Behavior course on Coursera. the problems with MOOCs like Coursera and why it is making the wrong choice regarding its open platform system. why Dan was turned down for his first book - a cookbook and what advice he was given by a publisher. why we as humans make very costly mistakes and what we can do about it. how people eat more than they realise and how experiments in economics have shown this. why we are bad at doing things that makes us happy. the most common mistake companies make when making decisions or processing information. if anger is a good or bad emotion. the most surprising finding from Dan Ariely’s research. the most surprising question put to Dan in his Ask Ariely column. how your environment matters when making decisions. and much more. Check out the shownotes and the links to resources and books mentioned in this podcast at www.economicrockstar.com/danariely Subscribe on iTunes and never miss an episode.
17 Sep 2015
002: Jason Stapleton on Trading Psychology and Why You Shouldn't Listen to Financial News
In the second part of this interview, Jason Stapleton shares with us: his thoughts on Richard Dennis' Turtle Trader Program why you shouldn’t trade and instead give your money to somebody else. why you shouldn’t listen to financial news and what you can do instead to gain a competitive edge. why the markets are not fundamentally driven and what drives the markets instead. why he believes that there is an inherent beauty in price patterns. how being in the Marine Corp provided the discipline required to survive in the markets. You can check out the shownotes page at: http://www.economicrockstar.com/jasonstapleton2 to find links to the books and resources mentioned by Jason, as well as the links to where you can find him. Jason Stapleton is one of the founders of Trade Empowered and a managing partner of Harborsite Capital. Jason hosts the podcast The Live Show. Jason’s heavy focus on trader psychology, along with his in-depth knowledge of advanced technical analysis, gives him the unique opportunity to work with traders of all skills and levels, helping them to achieve a higher level of success and understanding in the foreign exchange market.
13 Nov 2014
003: Erin Lowry on Millennials, College Debt and Asking for the Order
Erin Lowry is a double major in journalism and theatre and writes on finance and money related matters for the millennial generation. She lives in New York and is founder of brokemillennial.com where she is on a mission to explain financial concepts and money saving tips to her fellow Millennials using a little humor along the way. Erin is also a freelance writer for both Daily Finance and US News and World Report. Erin has deservedly been recognized for her astounding contribution to the finance and money industry, being voted ‘Top Finance Blog’ and winner of the ‘Best Personal Finance Blog for Young Adults’. Erin has also been featured on Forbes and Reuters, as well making appearances on TV, radio and other podcasts for her advice. In this interview, Erin mentions and discusses: millennials, Generation Y, student loan debt, credit card debt, savings, habits, business startups, money, returns, net profit, incentives and perfect competition. Find out: how a Krispee Kreme gave Erin her biggest lesson in understanding finance, money and net profit at the tender age of seven. how living in Japan and China during her childhood developed a different money mindset to her fellow consumer-led American peers. how Erin left college debt-free. who are millennials, if you are one and, if so, are you narcissistic and lazy? about the massive student loan and credit card debt taken on by this generation and what you can do about it. the money-saving tips that you can use in college or at work. how saving a little, even $2, from a paycheck now will develop into a powerful life habit. and much more. You can find the show notes to this interview at http://www.economicrockstar.com/erinlowry
13 Nov 2014
Most Popular Podcasts
121: Doug McKee and Edward O'Neill on Teach Better and Using Technology in the Classroom
Douglas McKee is a senior lecturer at the Department of Economics at Cornell University. Dr McKee teaches Econometrics, Probability and Statistics and has previously taught at Yale. Doug’s research interests include Development Economics, Labor Economics, Health Economics and Structural Estimation Edward O’Neill consults and serves to solve teaching & learning problems for professors, and supports academic and other projects with learning design and technology services. Both Doug and Edward cohost the ‘Teach Better’ podcast focusing on expert-level university teaching & pedagogy. You can check out the podcast over at teachbetter.co and on iTunes where there are currently 45 amazing episodes on teaching in the classroom and the education system. Check out the resources, books and links mentioned by Doug and Edward at www.economicrockstar.com/dougandedward
30 Jan 2017
068: Daron Acemoglu on Why Nations Fail and Why Inequality Exists Between Countries
Daron Acemoglu is the Elizabeth and James Killian Professor of Economics at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Boston. Daron’s principal interests are political economy, development economics, economic growth, technology, income and wage inequality, human capital and training, and labour economics. Daron received his M.Sc. in Econometrics and Mathematical Economics and his Ph.D. from the London School of Economics. Daron is co-author of ‘Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty’ which can be found at whynationsfail.com In this episode you will learn: why nations fail and others prosper. why Daron despises the term capitalism refereeing it as ‘and ugly term’. why macro variables are second order to the type of institution when explaining the prosperity of a country. why we should study political systems in an economics course. how economic decisions get made. if democracy is good for economic growth. if the political economy or the type of institution of a country explain inequality. and much more. Check out the show notes page at www.economicrockstar.com/daron. Become a PATRON of the Economic Rockstar podcast: www.patreon.com/EcoomicRockstar
14 Jan 2016
058: Morten Jerven on Poor Numbers and Why Economists Get It Wrong With Africa
Morton Jerven is Professor of Economic History and Development at the School for International Studies at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada. In 2014, Morton was appointed Associate Professor in Global Change and International Relations at Noragrica at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences. Morton has published widely on African economic development, and particularly on patterns of economic growth and on economic development statistics. Upon the release of his book, Poor Numbers: How We Are Misled by African Development Statistics and What to Do about It, Morton caused uproar across Africa and had been expelled from two conferences. His latest book Africa: Why Economists Get It Wrong is now available on Amazon. Morton is an economic historian, with an MSc and PhD from the London School of Economics. In this episode, you will learn: why Morten was expelled from two conferences in Africa about the knowledge problem that exists in economic statistical data. whether economic data from African countries is intentionally misleading or if it’s a methodology and availability problem. what is GDP and why is it used. the problems with measuring GDP. why the production approach is really the only valid method to measuring GDP. whether we should allow Google and other companies that store big data to provide economic data. whether cooperation or conflict between big data and official statistics will emerge. how observing the brightness of countries from space is now being used to measure economic growth. what the IMF does to missing data, such as GDP. and much more. Subscribe to the Economic Rockstar podcast on iTunes and never miss an episode. To access the shownotes and links mentioned in this episode, visit www.economicrockstar.com/morten-jerven
12 Nov 2015
043: Herbert Gintis on Game Theory and the Multidisciplinary Approach to Understanding Human Behavior
Herbert Gintis is Emeritus Professor of Economics at University of Massachusetts and visiting Professor at Central European University. He is known for his theoretical contributions to sociobiology, especially altruism, cooperation, epistemic game theory and gene-culture co-evolution. Herbert has a B.A and M.A in Mathematics but switched his PhD program at Harvard from mathematics to economics. Professor Gintis was part of a group of economists who developed their ideas on a new economics which encompassed issues of alienation of labor, racism, sexism, and imperialism. Herbert has worked extensively with economist Samuel Bowles, writing their landmark book, Schooling in Capitalist America. One of Herbert’s latest books The Bounds of Reason emphasises the unification of economic theory with sociobiology and other behavioral sciences which, in the words of Nobel Prize-winning economist, Vernon L. Smith, “is firmly in the revolutionary tradition of David Hume (Convention) and Adam Smith (Sympathy)”.In the episode you will learn: about the importance of trans-disciplinary research and collaboration. why economics is not the only social science that explains human behavior. how biology, economics and sociology explain the behaviour of humans in different ways and which discipline is correct? about the Ultimatum Game and how it shows the cooperative and non-cooperative behaviour of humans. about the morality of humans and how we reciprocate kindness with kindness and unkindness with unkindness. why reciprocity makes humans so successful as a species. why some species have a symbiotic relationship with other species, which is not the same as reciprocity. how we can fit all the human feelings together to form a multi-disciplinary approach to understanding human behavior. why we always need a system to punish free-riders and non-cooperators. how the future structure of the University can be seen at Arizona State University today. why we need a new generation of thinkers and research centres who are trans-disciplinary. what projects Professor Herbert Gintis is working on right now. why morality controls politics and your vote will not make a difference. how Herbert gets things done in terms of writing books and journal articles. about Herbert’s disagreement with Nassim Nicholas Taleb. why Herbert believes that macroeconomics is wrong and is in agreement with Taleb on that issue. and much much more.Links mentioned in this episode: economicrockstar.com/herbertgintis economicrockstar.com/bluehost audiobooks.com/rockstarSubscribe now on iTunes and get access to the complete list of Economic Rockstar episodes.
30 Jul 2015
055: David Skarbek on the Economics of Prison Gangs and The Social Order of the Underworld
Dr David Skarbek is a Senior Lecturer in Political Economy and Undergraduate Exam Board Chair in the Department of Political Economy at Kings College, London. David’s research interest is to understand how people define and enforce property rights in the absence of strong, effective governments. His work has examined incarceration, gangs, and crime in the United States. David received a BS in Economics from San Jose State University and a MA and PhD in Economics from George Mason University. He previously taught in the political science department at Duke University. David’s teaching include 'Research Methods for Politics’, 'Economics of Crime’ and 'Political Economy of Organized Crime’ David's new book is The Social Order of the Underworld: How Prison Gangs Govern the American Penal System (Oxford University Press). It examines how inmates create self-governance institutions to promote economic and social interactions behind bars.In this episode you will learn: what makes states stable. how prisoners trade in a black market economy. why gang-based governance in prisons looks very different today than 100 years ago. why big prison systems have serious prison gang problems compared to small prison systems. how women prisons are better controlled as they are governed in a decentralised way. about the control that prisoners in adult correctional facilities have control over minors in juvenile correctional facilities. whether private prisons result in a larger prison population. diminishing returns to prison years. and much more. Subscribe to the Economic Rockstar podcast on iTunes and get access to all previous episodes. Visit www.economicrockstar.com/david-skarbek for the show notes to this episode, as well as the links to books and papers mentioned.
22 Oct 2015
034: David Simon on Meatonomics and How the Meat and Dairy Industry Impose Substantial Negative Externalities on Society
David Robinson Simon is a lawyer and advocate for sustainable consumption. David works as general counsel for a healthcare company and serves on the board of the Animal Protection and Rescue League Fund, a non-profit dedicated to protecting animals. David runs a website that keeps us up-to-date on matters arising from the farm animal industry as well as informing us of other animal-related causes. David received his B.A. from U.C. Berkeley and his J.D. from the University of Southern California. He is the author of two books: New Millennium Law Dictionary, a full-length legal dictionary and Meatonomics. He lives in Southern California with his partner, artist Tania Marie, and their rabbit, tortoise, and two cats.Find Out: why David, a lawyer, turned to economics to explain how the meat industry is a cost to society. about the lack of rights that exist for farm animals. how the farming community set the standards on how farm animals are treated. how the Customary Farming Extension was introduced to legally treat farm animals inhumanely. about the environmental costs associated with producing animal products. how to control or even reverse climate change by reducing meat consumption. how taking shorter showers is not going to alleviate the drought in California. what the true external cost to society is when someone consumes an animal product. how deferring climate change measures today will impose greater costs on society in the future. what David, who is a vegan, had for breakfast this morning. the ingredients to David’s ‘power smoothie’ - a refreshing and nutrient dense meal in a glass! how companies are being subsidised by government to lower the retail price of meat. about the heavy subsidies being paid out to the meat industry. how artificially-low meat and dairy prices are fuelled by out-of-whack farm subsidies. about Ireland’s removal of milk quotas and what it means for market prices. and much, much more. Check out the shownotes page to this episode at www.economicrockstar.com/davidsimon Subscribe on iTunes and never miss an episode.
28 May 2015
022: Josh Angrist on Taking the Con Out of Econometrics - Kung Fu Style
Master Joshway, better known as Josh Angrist, is the Ford Professor of Economics at MIT and a Research Associate in the NBER's programs on Children, Education, and Labor Studies. Josh received his B.A. from Oberlin College, spent time as an undergraduate studying at the London School of Economics and as a Masters student at Hebrew University. He completed his Ph.D. in Economics at Princeton. Angrist's research interests include the effects of school inputs and school organization on student achievement; the impact of education and social programs on the labor market; the effects of immigration, labor market regulation and institutions; and econometric methods for program and policy evaluation. Josh is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, The Econometric Society, and has served on many editorial boards and as a Co-editor of the Journal of Labor Economics. Josh is the author (with Steve Pischke) of Mostly Harmless Economics as well as Mastering 'Metrics. Find out in this episode how Josh went from High School drop-out to Professor of Economics at MIT.Find out: about Master Joshway and Master Steveway - the Kung Fu Economists. how Josh went from working in a mental hospital to working in MIT. where the names Master Joshway and Master SteveFu came from. why Josh is a critic of macroeconomics. the difference between traditional applied micro and applied micro today. Josh’s views on using assumptions in microeconomics. how to design an microeconomics experiment using randomized trials. why Freakonomics is a must read for students or potential students of economics. why being born later in the year is good for your educational attainment. about Josh’s lucky breaks in life. why Josh dropped out of school at 16 and about his army sergeant stripes. about Josh’s hyper Jim Kramer-like teaching style. about an amazing list of economists that have personally influenced Josh. what helps Josh clear his head and keep in shape. and much much more. Visit www.economicrockstar.com/joshangrist to read the shownotes page and to find all the images and links mentioned in this episode.
5 Mar 2015
104: Russ Roberts on How Adam Smith Can Change Your Life and the Theory of Moral Sentiments
Russ Roberts is Associate Editor, founder and host of the popular and much loved podcast EconTalk, and founding advisory board member of the Library of Economics and Liberty. Russ is the John and Jean De Nault Research Fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution. His two rap videos on the ideas of John Maynard Keynes and F.A. Hayek, created with filmmaker John Papola, have had more than eight million views on YouTube. Russ’ latest book How Adam Smith Can Change Your Life: An Unexpected Guide to Human Nature and Happiness takes the lessons from Adam Smith’s The Theory of Moral Sentiments and applies them to modern life. Russ is also the author of three economic novels teaching economic lessons and ideas through fiction. The Price of Everything: A Parable of Possibility and Prosperity, The Invisible Heart: An Economic Romance and The Choice: A Fable of Free Trade and Protectionism. Russ blogs at CafeHayek.com and archives his work at russroberts.info. Check out the links, books and resources mentioned by Russ at www.economicrockstar.com/russroberts
22 Sep 2016
150: Chris Blattman on Crime, Cocaine, Chicago Gangs and the Colombia Mafia
Chris Blattman is the Ramalee E. Pearson Professor of Global Conflict Studies at The University of Chicago’s Pearson Institute and Harris Public Policy. He is an economist and political scientist who studies poverty, violence and crime in developing countries. Chris has designed and evaluated strategies for tackling poverty, including cash transfers to the poorest. Much of his work is with the victims and perpetrators of crime and violence, testing the link between poverty and violence. His recent work looks at other sources of and solutions to violence. These solutions range from behavioral therapy to social norm change and local-level state building. He has worked mainly in Colombia, Liberia, Uganda, Ethiopia, and Chicago’s South Side. Dr. Blattman was previously a faculty member at Columbia and Yale Universities, and holds a PhD in Economics from UC Berkeley and a Master’s in Public Administration and International Development from the Harvard Kennedy School. He chairs the Peace & Recovery sector at Innovations for Poverty Action and the Crime, Violence and Conflict initiative at MIT’s Poverty Action Lab. Check out the show notes page for all the links, books and resources mentioned in this episode over at www.economicrockstar.com/chrisblattman Support the podcast for as little as $1 per month over at Patreon: www.patreon.com/economicrockstar
28 Jul 2018
085: Michael Roberts on Understanding Karl Marx and His Thinking on Capitalism
Michael Roberts has worked as an economist for over 30 years in the City of London. Michael is a Marxist economist and he has written on the causes of the recession of 2008 from a Marxist perspective. He is the author of The Great Recession: Profit cycles, economic crisis A Marxist view and The Long Depression: Marxism and the Global Crisis of Capitalism. You can view all the links mentioned in this episode at www.economicrockstar.com/michaelroberts
12 May 2016
017: Marina Adshade on Understanding Economics the Sexy and 'Hard' Way
Dr. Marina Adshade engages in original economic research in the area of women in the economy. She has a Ph.D. from Queen’s University in Ontario Canada and currently teaches economics at the Vancouver School of Economics at the University of British Columbia. In 2008, Marina developed a unique specialization in the economics of sex and love and launched an undergraduate course titled ‘Economics of Sex and Love’, which invited her students to approach questions of sex and love through an economist’s lens. The class was an immediate hit with students and, by the time the first term started, had generated international media attention. This culminated in the publication of her first book in 2013, ‘Dollars and Sex: How Economics Influences Sex and Love’. Marina converts economic theory into a sexy science by applying the principles of supply and demand and other market forces to matters of love, courtship, sex, intimacy, and marriage. Find out: why we should use sex and love in economics. why Dr. Adshade decided to use the topic of sex in teaching economics. why international media attention from Korea and Russia brought a spotlight to Marina's Module. why Malthus called economics a dismal science. how sci-fi novels are better at predicting new technologies more so than social change. about the future of sex with androids. how the male contraceptive can increase the bargaining of power of men over women. how economic growth results in liberal attitudes. if there is a causal relationship between economic growth and gay marriage. who makes a better saver: men or women? how Orgasms can be used to explain Game Theory. how the market for sex and love is like a barter economy. the similarities between Economics and Biology. if you met somebody that had a variety of qualities that you valued but didn’t love, would you still marry that person? about the Big Mac Index and the Blow Job Index. For shownotes and links to all books and resources mentioned in this episode visit: www.economicrockstar.com/marinaadshade
29 Jan 2015
115: Edward Conard on the Upside of Inequality: How Good Intentions Undermine the Middle Class
Edward Conard is the author of the New York Times top-ten bestselling book, Unintended Consequences: Why Everything You’ve Been Told About the Economy Is Wrong (2012), and his recent book The Upside of Inequality: How Good Intentions Undermine the Middle Class which reached #7 on the New York Times Bestsellers list and is #1 on the New York Times business book list month. He is a visiting scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. and former Bain Capital partner. Ed Conard has debated economists, policymakers and journalists on topics related to inequality, the 2008 mortgage crisis, and the U.S. budget. He has appeared on television over 150 times, most notably when he debated Jon Stewart in one of the longest interviews in the Daily Show’s history. Ed has also written opinion pieces for the Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, Foreign Affairs and many other respected publications. Check out all the links, books and resources mentioned by ed conard at www.economicrockstar.com/edwardconard.
9 Dec 2016
125: Eugene Fama on the Efficient Market Hypothesis, the Federal Funds Rate, Bitcoin and Daily Routines
Eugene F. Fama is Professor of Finance at the University of Chicago Booth School of Business. Professor Fama was awarded the 2013 Nobel laureate in economic sciences and is widely recognized as the "father of modern finance." Professor Fama's research is well known in both the academic and investment communities. He is strongly identified with research on markets, particularly the efficient markets hypothesis. He focuses much of his research on the relation between risk and expected return and its implications for portfolio management. His work has transformed the way finance is viewed and conducted. Check out the show notes page at www.economicrockstar.com/eugenefama Support the Economic Rockstar podcast on Patreon: www.patreon.com/economicrockstar
25 Jan 2018
111: Greg Mankiw on Writing, Carbon Tax, Health Care and Education at the Economics Teaching Conference in Florida 2016
Greg Mankiw is the Robert M. Beren Professor of Economics at Harvard University. His research includes work on price adjustment, consumer behavior, financial markets, monetary and fiscal policy, and economic growth. He has written two popular textbooks—the intermediate-level textbook Macroeconomics and the introductory textbook Principles of Economics. Principles of Economics has sold over two million copies and has been translated into twenty languages. In addition to his teaching, research, and writing, Professor Mankiw has been a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, an adviser to the Congressional Budget Office and the Federal Reserve Banks of Boston and New York, and a member of the ETS test development committee for the advanced placement exam in economics. From 2003 to 2005 he served as Chairman of the President's Council of Economic Advisers. Check out all the links, resources and books mentioned by Professor Mankiw at www.economicrockstar.com/gregmankiw
10 Nov 2016
094: Daniel Crosby on Stock Market Investment Errors and the Price Earnings Ratio
Dr. Daniel Crosby is a psychologist, behavioral finance expert and asset manager who applies his study of market psychology to everything from financial product design to security selection. Daniel is author of 2 books - The Laws of Wealth: Psychology and the secret to investing success and You’re not that Great. He is co-author of the New York Times bestseller Personal Benchmark: Integrating Behavioral Finance and Investment Management. Dr. Crosby is founder of Nocturne Capital. His ideas have appeared in the Huffington Post and Risk Management Magazine, as well as his monthly columns for WealthManagement.com and Investment News. Daniel was named one of the "12 Thinkers to Watch" by Monster.com, a "Financial Blogger You Should Be Reading" by AARP and in the "Top 40 Under 40" by Investment News. Daniel was educated at Brigham Young and Emory Universities. You can check out the show notes for all the links, books and resources mentioned in this episode at www.economicrockstar.com/danielcrosby
14 Jul 2016
114: Deirdre McCloskey on Equality and Greed and How To Be a Very Good Economist
Deirdre McCloskey taught at the University of Illinois at Chicago and was a Distinguished Professor of Economics, History, English, and Communication. She was also adjunct professor of Philosophy and Classics there, and for five years was a visiting Professor of philosophy at Erasmus University in Rotterdam. Since October 2007 Deirdre has received six honorary doctorates. In 2013, she received the Julian L. Simon Memorial Award from the Competitive Enterprise Institute for her work examining factors in history that led to advancement in human achievement and prosperity. Deirdre’s main research interests include the origins of the modern world, the misuse of statistical significance in economics and other sciences, and the study of capitalism, among many others. Deirdre has written 17 books and around 400 scholarly pieces on topics ranging from technical economics and statistical theory to transgender advocacy and the ethics of the bourgeois virtues. Her latest book, Bourgeois Equality: How Ideas, Not Capital or Institutions, Enriched the World is part of the Bourgeois Era trilogy described as an "apology" for capitalism. Deirdre describes herself as a "post-modern, quantitative, free-market, feminist, Episcopalian, Midwestern, gender-crossing, literary woman”. Deirdre’s website deirdremccloskey.org contains information and links to her books, articles, interviews and much more. Check out the show notes page at www.economicrockstar.com/deirdremccloskey for all the books, links and resources mentioned by Deirdre in this episode.
1 Dec 2016