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CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny (Video)

Updated 10 days ago

Education
Science
Natural Sciences
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Multidisciplinary researchers explore the origins of humanity and the many facets of what makes us human.

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Multidisciplinary researchers explore the origins of humanity and the many facets of what makes us human.

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Rules and constraints of artistic creation

By mono estevez - Apr 03 2011
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La sabiduría y claridad de la exposición de tan complejo tema, realizado por el Prof. JP Changeaux constituye uno más de sus notables aportes a la neurobiología contemporánea. Gracias Profesor por sus conocimientos y enseñanzas. Edmundo ESTEVEZ M. Universidad Central del Ecuador

iTunes Ratings

5 Ratings
Average Ratings
4
0
1
0
0

Rules and constraints of artistic creation

By mono estevez - Apr 03 2011
Read more
La sabiduría y claridad de la exposición de tan complejo tema, realizado por el Prof. JP Changeaux constituye uno más de sus notables aportes a la neurobiología contemporánea. Gracias Profesor por sus conocimientos y enseñanzas. Edmundo ESTEVEZ M. Universidad Central del Ecuador
Cover image of CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny (Video)

CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny (Video)

Latest release on Jun 12, 2020

The Best Episodes Ranked Using User Listens

Updated by OwlTail 10 days ago

Rank #1: CARTA: Imagination and Human Origins: Polly Wiessner - Imagining Society: The Art of Firelight Stories

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This symposium explores the evolutionary origins of human imagination, its impact on the sciences and arts, the consequences of imagination impairment, and the fundamental genetic and neurological basis of human imagination. Pauline Wiessner, Arizona State University, compares day and night conversations and activities of the Kalahari Bushmen to better understand what transpires at during firelit hours and how the atmosphere of the night around hearths draws people into the domain of the imagination Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 33813]

Jul 25 2018

16mins

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Rank #2: CARTA- Birth to Grandmotherhood: Childrearing in Human Evolution – Sharing Childcare and Knowledge in Infancy Grandmothers and the Extended Family and Human Fathers

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From the moment of birth, human infants require an inordinate amount of care and, unlike our nearest living relatives, remain dependent on a variety of caretakers during an unusually long maturation period followed by extraordinary adult longevity. How did such a distinctive pattern of development evolve and what other human features are linked to it? Barry Hewlett (Washington State Univ, Vancouver) begins with a discussion on Sharing Childcare and Knowledge in Infancy, followed by Kristen Hawkes (Univ of Utah) on Grandmothers and the Extended Family, and Hillard Kaplan (Univ of New Mexico) on Human Fathers. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Humanities] [Science] [Show ID: 28018]

Apr 28 2014

58mins

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Rank #3: CARTA: The Role of Hunting in Anthropogeny - Margaret Schoeninger Alyssa Crittenden Richard Wrangham

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Hunting is considered a key human adaptation and is thought to have influenced our anatomy, physiology and behavior over time. This symposium explores the evidence pertaining to the origins of hominin hunting. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 33566]

May 16 2018

56mins

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Rank #4: CARTA: Domestication and Human Evolution - Tecumseh Fitch: The Domestication Syndrome and Neural Crest Cells: A Unifying Hypothesis

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The neural crest is a transitory embryonic tissue that, early in development, gives rise to a very diverse set of tissues and organs including pigment cells (melanocytes), bones, muscles and connective tissues in the head, and the adrenal gland. Tecumseh Fitch (Univ of Vienna) hypothesizes that the selection for tameness during early stages of domestication led to delayed maturation and reduced output of the adrenal component of the “fight or flight” response, via reduced neural crest input. This led, as an unselected byproduct, to other neural crest-derived tissues also being reduced, resulting in short snouts, smaller teeth, floppy ears, and changes in pigmentation (e.g. white spots). Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 28900]

Jan 05 2015

20mins

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Rank #5: CARTA: Mind Reading: Human Origins and Theory of Mind – What Makes Humans Different? Brain Imaging Studies and Mirror Neurons and More

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This CARTA series explores the evolution of “Theory of Mind” (ToM), the ability to impute mental states such as beliefs, desires, and intentions to oneself and others, and how ToM makes us uniquely human. Elizabeth Spelke (Harvard Univ) begins with a discussion about What Makes Humans Different?, followed by Jason Mitchell (Harvard Univ) on Brain Imaging Studies, and Michael Arbib (Univ of Southern California) on Mirror Neurons and More. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 25936]

Dec 18 2013

57mins

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Rank #6: CARTA: Mind Reading: Human Origins and Theory of Mind:Tetsuro Matsuzawa: Mind Reading in Chimpanzees

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For many years, Tetsuro Matsuzawa (Kyoto Univ) has studied chimpanzees both in the laboratory and in the wild. In this talk he presents several examples of “mind reading” in chimpanzees based on his research in the lab and observations in the field. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 26076]

Dec 20 2013

20mins

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Rank #7: CARTA: Domestication and Human Evolution – Terrence Deacon: The Domesticated Brain

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In this talk Terrence Deacon (UC Berkeley) describes how the signature pattern of specific brain structure changes can provide evidence to distinguish between the processes associated with domestication. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 28898]

Dec 15 2014

21mins

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Rank #8: CARTA: The Evolution of Human Nutrition – Steven Leigh: Diets and Microbes in Primates

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Steven Leigh (Univ of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) explores the nature of the primate microbiome with the goal of understanding the impacts of microbiomes on human evolution. His results point to important contributions of microbial ecosystems to the evolution of human diet. He also sees implications for human brain evolution through energy and micronutrients that are produced by microbial taxa. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Health and Medicine] [Science] [Show ID: 24836]

Feb 17 2016

17mins

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Rank #9: CARTA: Mind Reading: Human Origins and Theory of Mind: Sarah-Jayne Blakemore: The Social Brain in Adolescence

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Sarah-Jayne Blakemore (Univ College London) discusses how the social brain, that is, the network of brain regions involved in understanding others, develops during adolescence. Adolescence is a time characterized by change – hormonally, physically, psychologically and socially. Yet until fairly recently, this period of life was neglected by neuroscience. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 26078]

Dec 20 2013

21mins

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Rank #10: CARTA: Extraordinary Variations of the Human Mind: Lessons for Anthropogeny: Darold Treffert: The Incredible Savant Syndrome

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Darold Treffert shares the fascinating story of Leslie Lemke, a musical savant, to provide a look at the characteristics of savantism. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 32447]

Mar 14 2019

16mins

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Rank #11: CARTA: Unique Features of Human Skin – The Genetics of Skin Pigmentation; Naked Colorful Skin and Its Role in Human Social Interactions; The Skin and Ultraviolet Radiation: Effects on DNA and Carcinogenesis

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This symposium brings together scientists representing evolutionary biology, genetics, dermatology, anthropology, and physiology to share their knowledge and questions about human skin in an explicitly evolutionary framework. Mark Shriver begins with a discussion about The Genetics of Skin Pigmentation, followed by Nina Jablonski on Naked, Colorful Skin and Its Role in Human Social Interactions, and James Cleaver on The Skin and Ultraviolet Radiation: Effects on DNA and Carcinogenesis Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 30205]

Dec 21 2015

57mins

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Rank #12: CARTA: Tool Use and Technology: Dorothy Fragaszy - Tool Use by Non-Human Primates

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This symposium addresses the interactive gene-culture co-evolution of the human brain with tool use and technology - ranging from simple stone tools millions of years ago to computers today. Dorothy Fragaszy, University of Georgia, compares tool use in nonhuman primates and humans which leads to ideas about the attributes of humans that have led us to differ so dramatically from other primates in technical prowess and technical traditions. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 34190]

Dec 05 2018

16mins

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Rank #13: CARTA: Tool Use and Technology: Dietrich Stout - Early Hominin Stone Tools

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This symposium addresses the interactive gene-culture co-evolution of the human brain with tool use and technology - ranging from simple stone tools millions of years ago to computers today. The simple fact of tool-making no longer provides a sharp dividing line between “Man the Tool-Maker” and the rest of the animal world. Dietrich Stout, Emory University. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 34191]

Dec 05 2018

19mins

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Rank #14: CARTA: Human and Non-Human Cultures – Donald Brown

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In this presentation from CARTA’s Human and Non-Human Culture Symposium, Donald Brown (UC Santa Barbara) discusses “Human Cultural Universals: How and Where They Differ.” Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Humanities] [Science] [Show ID: 17821]

Aug 16 2013

19mins

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Rank #15: CARTA: Tool Use and Technology: Leah Krubitzer - The Combinatorial Creature: Cortical Phenotypes Within and Across Lifetimes

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This symposium addresses the interactive gene-culture co-evolution of the human brain with tool use and technology - ranging from simple stone tools millions of years ago to computers today. The combination of genetic and activity dependent mechanisms that create a given cortical phenotype allows the mammalian neocortex to rapidly and flexibly adjust to different body and environmental contexts, and in humans permits culture to impact brain construction. Leah Krubitzer, UC Davis. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 34192]

Dec 05 2018

14mins

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Rank #16: CARTA: Domestication and Human Evolution - Richard Wrangham: Did Homo Sapiens Self-Domesticate?

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In this talk Richard Wrangham (Harvard Univ) puts forth the theory that Homo sapiens are, in fact, a self-domesticated species. He defines “self-domestication” as the evolution of a reduced propensity for reactive aggression (compared to an immediate ancestor), without the active involvement of another species. He then shows that communal sanctions practiced by hunter-gatherers, which depend on proactive aggression, provide a leading candidate mechanism selecting against high levels of reactive aggression. He therefore proposes that human self-domestication is an ironic consequence of a particularly well-developed facility for proactive aggression, and concludes that humans did indeed self-domesticate, providing a critical underpinning for inter-individual tolerance and cooperation.
Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 28902]

Dec 12 2014

21mins

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Rank #17: CARTA: Imagination and Human Origins - Polly Wiessner Adrie and Alfons Kennis Alysson Muotri

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This symposium explores the evolutionary origins of human imagination, its impact on the sciences and arts, the consequences of imagination impairment, and the fundamental genetic and neurological basis of human imagination. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 33805]

Jul 19 2018

56mins

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Rank #18: CARTA: Awareness of Death and Personal Mortality: Implications for Anthropogeny:Children's Understanding of Death and Mortality

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Paul Harris explores what and how children think about death, dying and mortality. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 32051]

Dec 24 2018

20mins

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Rank #19: CARTA: Imagination and Human Origins - Lyn Wadley Maurice Bloch Lera Boroditsky

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This symposium explores the evolutionary origins of human imagination, its impact on the sciences and arts, the consequences of imagination impairment, and the fundamental genetic and neurological basis of human imagination. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Science] [Show ID: 33804]

Jul 19 2018

49mins

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Rank #20: CARTA: Human and Non-Human Cultures – Margaret Schoeninger and James Moore: Introduction

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Margaret Schoeninger (CARTA Co-Director, UC San Diego) and James Moore (Symposium Chair, UC San Diego) provide some introductory remarks to the CARTA symposium on “Human and Non-Human Cultures” held on October 2, 2009. Series: "CARTA - Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny" [Humanities] [Science] [Show ID: 17820]

Aug 16 2013

11mins

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