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The China History Podcast

Updated about 1 month ago

Society & Culture
History
Places & Travel
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Since 2010, The China History Podcast, presented by Laszlo Montgomery presents over two hundred episodes of curated topics from China's antiquity to modern times.

Read more

Since 2010, The China History Podcast, presented by Laszlo Montgomery presents over two hundred episodes of curated topics from China's antiquity to modern times.

iTunes Ratings

749 Ratings
Average Ratings
676
42
12
11
8

One of my top listens!

By Jayboy20122007 - Oct 22 2019
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Great content, well presented with a great voice. Deeply enjoyable.

Very very informative

By plinianput - Sep 30 2019
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How to judge a “China expert”? Their Chinese pronunciation. Mr. Montgomery’s is impeccable...

iTunes Ratings

749 Ratings
Average Ratings
676
42
12
11
8

One of my top listens!

By Jayboy20122007 - Oct 22 2019
Read more
Great content, well presented with a great voice. Deeply enjoyable.

Very very informative

By plinianput - Sep 30 2019
Read more
How to judge a “China expert”? Their Chinese pronunciation. Mr. Montgomery’s is impeccable...
Cover image of The China History Podcast

The China History Podcast

Latest release on Jul 13, 2020

Read more

Since 2010, The China History Podcast, presented by Laszlo Montgomery presents over two hundred episodes of curated topics from China's antiquity to modern times.

Rank #1: CHP-244-The History of Xinjiang Part 1

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In this CHP episode we start a new multi-part series that looks at the history of the land known today as Xinjiang. This series will cover about 4000 years of history starting in this episode with the Tarim Mummies.

Mar 23 2020

32mins

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Rank #2: CHP-140-The History of Tea Part 1

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Laszlo is back with a new ten-part CHP series covering the history of tea from its mythical discovery clear through to the 20th century.  

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Sanhuang Wudi 三皇五帝 The Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors

Wang Xufeng  王旭烽  One of China’s great writers and Tea Ambassadors

Mao Dun Prize  茅盾将  China’s answer to the Booker or Pulitzer Prizer

Charen Sanbu Qu  茶人三部曲 Trilogies of the Teamen, written by Wang Xufeng

Wang Laoshi  王老师  Respectful salutation, “Teacher Wang”

Yipian Shuye de Gushi  一片树叶的故事   The Story of a Leaf

Yuantou 源头 fountainhead, source

Li Yuan  李渊 Tang founder Tang Gaozu

Li Shimin  李世民 Son of Li Yuan and co-founder of the dynasty

Emperor Xuan  宣帝 Han Emperor Xuan

Wang Bao   王褒 Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant

Wuyang  武阳  City on the Jiangxi-Fujian border, home of an ancient tea market

Jiangxi   江西 Province in eastern China

Nanchang  南昌 Capital of Jiangxi Province

Cha  茶  Tea

Jia  槚 a former character for tea

Tu   荼  ancient name for tea

Chuan   荈  a former character for tea

She   蔎  a former character for tea                

Ming  茗  a former character for tea

Lu Yu  陆羽  The tea saint, writer of the Cha Jing

Cha Jing  茶经   The Classic of Tea

Cha Sheng  茶圣  The Tea Saint, Lu Yu

Shen Nong  神农  The Divine Farmer, Shennong

Wugu Xiandi  五谷先帝The Emperor of the Five Grains, another nickname of Shen Nong

Shen Nong Bencao Jing  神农本草经  Shen Nong’s Materia Medica or Herbal

Baicha   白茶  White tea or plain boiled water

Cha Lin  茶林  Village in Hunan where Shen Nong died

Zhangjiajie   张家界  Beautiful scenic area in northwest Hunan

Ren   人  person

Liang Shiqiu   梁实秋   One of China's greatest lexicograpers of the 20th century. His 新實用漢英辭典 was my first and favorite dictionary going back to 1979.

Kucai   苦菜  Bitter vegetable

Shijing   诗经  The Book of Songs

Liji  礼记  The Book of Rites

Fujian  福建  Fujian province

Guangdong    广东  Guangdong province

Guangzhou   广州  Guangzhou, a.k.a Canton

Xiamen  厦门   Xiamen in Fujian

Fuzhou   福州  Fuzhou or Foochow as it was once called

Quanzhou  泉州  Coastal port city in Fujian

Shuowen Jiezi  说文解字  Han Dynasty Dictionary 

Cun 村 Village

Chan Buddhism  禪  Zen Buddhism

Zhou Xin 紂辛  Di Xin, 帝辛, Infamous last king of the Shang Dynasty                 

Jiuchi Roulin   酒池肉林  The Wine Pool and Meat Forest.

Chengdu   成都  Capital of Sichuan

Gan Lu Cha  甘露茶  Sweet Dew Tea, the famous tea of Mengding Shan.

Wu Lizhen  吴里真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan.

Mengding Shan  蒙顶山 Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China

Xian Cha   仙茶  The Tea of the Immortals, a.k.a. Gan Lu Tea from the seven original trees

Ya’an  雅安  City outside Chengdu famous for tea

Qionglai  邛崃   City outside Chengdu famous for tea

Sanguo Zhi  三国志  Record of the Three Kingdoms

Sun Hao  孙浩  Eastern Wu king known for his drunkeness

Wei Yao   Loyal official to Sun Hao

Sima Yan  司马炎   (also known as 晋武帝) Jin Dynasty founder

Jin  晋朝  The Jin Dynasty

Shang-Zhou-Han   商周汉  The three dynasties of Shang-Zhou Han

Luoyang  洛阳   One of China’s ancient capitals

Chang’an  长安  One of China’s ancient capitals  (present day Xian)

Qin Shihuang  秦始皇  Qin dynasty founder

Er Ya  尔雅  The first dictionary in China

Guangya   广雅  An updated version of the Er Ya

Longjing  龙井  Village outside Hangzhou famous for Longjing, Dragon Well tea

Shu Guo  蜀国  The kingdom of Shu, present day Sichuan

Sanxingdui  三星堆  Neolithic ruins discovered outside Chengdu

Ba Shu   巴蜀  Ancient state from the Shu Kingdom

Zhou King Wu    周武王  Brother of the Duke of Zhou, conquering king.

Haojing   镐京   Western Zhou Capital

Ying Zheng  嬴政  The future Qin Shihuang

Han Wudi  汉武帝  The great martial emperor of the Western Han

Liu Song   刘宋  1st dynasty in the south during the Nanbei Chao, 420-479

Wucheng  婺城 District of Jinhua in Zhejiang, Province.

Nanbei Chao  南北朝  The Northern and Southern Dynasties

Zhuge Liang  诸葛亮  Great strategist and statesman of the 3 Kingdoms period

Yang Jian  杨暕 Second Sui emperor and grandson of founder Wendi.

Sui Wendi  隋文帝  Founder of the Sui Dynasty

Taishan   台山  City in southern Guangdong, southwest of Jiangmen.

THE ANTHILL

SHANGHAI HOMES by JIE LI

Link to CCTV Documentary THE STORY OF A LEAF

Nov 21 2014

48mins

Play

Rank #3: CHP-231-The Warlord Era Part 1

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After years of requests to cover this topic Laszlo finally gets around to the history of China's Warlord Era that lasted from 1916 to 1928 and into the Nanjing Decade. In this Part 1 episode Laszlo gives some background into the historical developments that led to the rise of, who some call, the first warlord, Yuan Shikai.

Sep 23 2019

28mins

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Rank #4: CHP-119-The Chinese Civil War Part 1

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  In this week’s episode we begin a multi-part series covering the Chinese Civil War from 1945 to 1949.  In China this is known as the War of Liberation.  In this Part 1 we will look at the background leading up to the war as well as failed attempts by the Americans in 1945-1946 to continue reading >>

Jun 10 2013

45mins

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Rank #5: CHP-083-The Cultural Revolution Part 1

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By popular demand Laszlo begins to trace the history of the Cultural Revolution.  This week’s episode looks at the events leading up to the moment in 1966 when Mao called for the people to Bombard the Headquarters and to tear down the government. Terms used in this episode: Dazibao 大字报 Big Character Poster Paoda Silingbu continue reading >>

May 13 2012

35mins

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Rank #6: CHP-004 The Great Leap Forward

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The Great Leap Forward ( 大跃进) from 1958-1960 caused death and suffering to dozens of millions of people. It sounded like a workable idea but it didn’t turn out like Chairman Mao hoped. When looking back on the life of Mao Zedong, the Great Leap Forward is always viewed as a black mark against his legacy. I welcome you to listen to the podcast and learn all about what happens when central planning goes awry.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Dàyùejìn   大跃进 The Great Leap Forward

Rénmín Gōngshè   人民公社 People's Communes

Nánníng   南宁 Capital city of Guangxi Province

Guǎngxī province 广西    Southern province in China

Chéngdū 成都 Capital of Sichuan province

Xiàn 县 county

Liú Shàoqí 刘少奇    High-ranking government/Party leader, Mao's chief target during Cultural Revolution

Tián Jiāyīng 田家英 Secretary to Chairman Mao

Dèng Xiǎopíng 邓小平  Great Chinese leader

Zhōu Ēnlái 周恩来 Premier of China 1949-1976

Chén Yūn   陈云 Chinese leader mainly in charge of the economy

Chén Yì 陈毅 Chinese military leader and former Shanghai mayor and foreign minister

Duō liànhǎo gāng, jiāsù Shèhuìzhûyì jiànshè! 多临钢加速社会主义建设 Make more steel, increase the speed of building Socialism!

Shēngchǎn duì 生产队 Production Team

Shēngchǎn dàduì   生产大队 Production Brigade

nóngmín   农民 peasantry

Sānnián dà jīhuǎng   三年大饥荒   Three Year Big Famine

Sānnián zìrán zāi hài   三年自然灾害 Three Years of Natural Disasters.

Yáng Jìshéng 楊繼繩 Chinese author of the book on the Great Leap "Tombstone"

Lúshān Conference 庐山会议 Conference held in July 1959 to discuss the Great Leap

Péng Déhuái   彭德怀    Civil War hero and first defense minister

Sháoshān   韶山 Birthplace of Mao Zedong

Jiāngxī province 江西  Province in the southeast

Xiāngtán   湘潭   Large city in Hunan

Jǐnggāngshān 井冈山   Mountainous area in Jiangxi where Mao set up his first base of operations in the 1930's

Tā gǎn shuō huà   他敢说话 he dared to speak up

Lín Biāo   林彪 Defense minister after Peng Dehuai

Jun 30 2010

34mins

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Rank #7: CHP-197-The History of China-Vietnam Relations Part 1

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In this first of a multipart series, Laszlo explores the ancient relationship between China and Vietnam. In this episode, the earliest days going back to Zhao Tuo and the Nanyue Kingdom are discussed. A thousand apologies for the poor editing job splicing the Vietnamese pronunciation. I'm hoping for an A for effort at least. The remaining episodes will go off more smoothly. Thank you for your understanding.

Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Mar 20 2018

39mins

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Rank #8: CHP-101-The History of Hong Kong Part 1

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Laszlo is back after another long delay.  In this shorter than usual episode, The China History Podcast presents Part 1 of a multi-part series that will explore the history of Hong Kong. In this introductory episode, Laszlo starts at the very beginning and traces Hong Kong from the Devonian Period all the way up the continue reading >>

Oct 13 2012

25mins

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Rank #9: CHP-161-Zhou Enlai Part 1

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In today's Part 1 episode Laszlo explores the early life of Zhou Enlai, growing up in a traditional scholar-official's family that had seen better days. Zhou gets passed from relative to relative. But each step of the way there were mentors and breaks that he was able to make the most of. We can see through his early years and into his teens how Zhou was perfectly trained and tested for the larger job that lay ahead.

CHP-161-Zhou Enlai Part 1 Terms

Zhou Enlai 周恩来 1898-1976

Jung Chang 张荣 British Chinese author famous for her critical biography of Mao Zedong and her book Wild Swans

Zhou zongli 周总理 Premier Zhou

Liu Shaoqi 刘少奇 One-time top Chinese leader, hounded to death during the Cultural Revolution

Lin Biao 林彪 Great military leader, later Mao's successor but not for long.

Wang Hongwen 王洪文 One of the Gang of Four and Mao's appointed successor but not for long.

Hua Guofeng 华国锋   Succeeded Mao in 1976 as Chairman of the Party

Deng Xiaoping 邓小平   Featured in CHP episodes 63-70

Huái'ān 淮安   City in northern Jiangsu province

Jiangsu 江苏   Province just north of Zhejiang

Shaoxing 绍兴   Historic city in Zhejiang, just west of Shanghai

Tianjin 天津 City in the north, just east of Beijing

Song Meiling 宋美龄   Madame Chiang Kai-shek

Zhou Panlong   周攀龙 Zhou Enlai's paternal grandfather

Zhou Yineng 周貽能 Zhou Enlai's father

Wan Dong'er 万冬儿 Zhou Enlai's natural mother

Lady Chen 陈氏 Zhou's 养母 or adoptive mother

Jiang Zhou's nurse who took care of him

Zhou Yigan 周贻淦 Zhou's uncle (younger brother of father)

shushu 叔叔 Uncle (younger brother of father)

didi 弟弟   Younger brother

muqin 母亲   Mother

ganma 干妈   Adoptive mother

waigong 外公   grandfather (father of one's mother)

Zhou Yiqian 周贻谦 Zhou's uncle (elder brother of father)

bofu 伯父   Uncle (elder brother of father)

Zhou Yigeng Uncle of Zhou Enlai who got led him to Tianjin

Zou Rong   邹容 Early revolutionary writer

Gemingjun 革命军 Revolutionary Army, Zou Rong's great work.

Kang Youwei 康有为   Reformer in the late 19th century

Liang Qichao 梁启超   Student of Kang Youwei who participated in the 100 Days of Reform

Nankai Middle School 天津南开中学

Yan Xiu 严修 Co-founder of Nankai Middle School

Zhang Boling 張伯苓 co-founder and president of Nankai

Jing Ye 敬业   Respect Work, Zhou Enlai's first journal

Xiao Feng 校风 School Wind School newspaper of Nankai

Chen Duxiu   陈独秀 Communist Party co-founder and writer

Xin Qingnian   新青年 Chen Duxiu's New Youth Magazine

Tianjin Xuesheng Lianhe Huibao 天津学生联合会包  Tianjin Student Union

Juewushe 觉悟社 Awakening Society

Deng Yingchao 邓颖超 Among other accomplishments, wife of Zhou Enlai

Yang Zhen Deng Yingchao's mother

Liu Qingyang 刘清扬 Early Communist Party member

Zhang Shenfu 张申府 Married to Liu Qingyang, another early Party operative

Li Dazhao 李大钊   CCP co-founder and librarian at Peking U

Guomintang 国民党 The KMT or Kuomintang

Li Fuchun 李富春 Longtime party leader, chairman of State Planning Commission

Nie Rongzhen 聂荣臻   Great military leader and called Father of China's Atomic Bomb

Zhu De 朱德   Red Army founder, great military leader

Chi Guang 赤光 Red Light, the journal printed in France

Guofu   国父 The Father of the Country (Sun Yat-sen)

Whampoa Military Academy 陆军官校 Funded and established by Soviets to train Chinese officers

Ye Jianying 叶剑英   Great military man and CCP stalwart

Chen Jiongming   陈炯明 Landlord in Guangdong, the target of the Eastern Campaign

Taiping Guan 太平馆 Restaurant in Guangzhou where Zhou and Deng Yingchao had a wedding reception.

Beijing Lu 北京路   Beijing Road

Zhongshan Gunboat Incident 中山舰事件 March 20, 1926, an incident that provoked a crackdown by Chiang Kai-shek against left leaning elements in the KMT as all Communists.

Go check out:

Nina Xiang's China Money Podcast

The Anthill - A Writer's Colony

The Sinica Podcast, a classic

Nov 05 2015

46mins

Play

Rank #10: CHP-153-The History of Opium in China

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In this episode Laszlo examines remarks made by distinguished UCLA Professor of Public Policy Mark Kleiman who had commented on Britain's participation in the Opium War.  The main point was that the cause of the Opium War was due more to protecting imperial tax revenues and the domestic market than trying to stamp out the opium problem. Opium's history in China began centuries before, at least during the Tang and maybe as far back as the Eastern Jin.  The focus of this episode is on opium's history in China prior to the Opium War.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

lao pengyou  老朋友   Old friends.

Xia Dynasty  夏朝

Shang Dynasty  商朝

Eastern Zhou  东周

Eastern Jin   东晋

Nanfang Caomu Zhuang  南方草木装  Western Jin Scholar Ji Han (嵇含)

A Fu Rong 阿芙蓉  Ancient name for opium

A Fei Rong 阿肥蓉   Another name for opium

He Fu Rong 合甫融  Another name for opium

Yapian   鸦片Opium from the Arabic / Persian work afyun

Jiu Tang Shu  旧唐书  The Old Book of Tang

Chen Cangqi’s Bencao Shiyi  陈藏器,本草拾遗   the Supplement to the Materia Medica

Tang Xuanzong  唐玄宗  Tang emperor on duty when the dynasty peaked a second time.

Southern Song  南宋 

Ying Su 罂粟poppy

Su Dongpo    苏东坡  a.k.a. Su Shi  苏轼

Xu Boling  徐伯龄 Wrote in 1483 about opium’s use in China as an aphrodisiac

Siku Quanshu  四库全书  The Complete Library of the Four Treasures

Qianlong 乾隆帝  The long reigning Qianlong emperor

Yongle Emperor   永乐大典  Yongle Encyclopedia

Xie Zhaozhe  谢肇淛 lived in late 16th – early 17th century Ming Dynasty China was a prolific writer of books

Ming Chenghua  明成化  Ming emperor

chunyao  春药  aphrodisiac

Li Shízhēn 李時珍 Compendium of Materia Medica, the Bencao Gangmu 本草纲目 - 1578

Tainan  台南  City on south coast of Taiwan

Madak  玛达克  Mixture of opium and tobacco

Ming Chongzhen  明崇祯  Final Ming emperor, committed suicide when the dynasty fell

Wan Li Emperor 明万历  Ming emperor

Shisan Ling   十三陵  the Thirteen Ming Tombs just north of Beijing

Dingling  定陵  The Wanli Emperor's Tomb, excavated in 1956

Lady Zheng  郑贵妃  Wanli Emperor’s favorite consort

Kangxi emperor  康熙  Great and long reigning Qing emperor

Yongzheng Emperor   雍正  Successor to the Kangxi emperor

Jiajing Emperor  嘉靖  Qing emperor who followed the Qianlong emperor

Daoguang emperor  道光   Qing emperor who was on duty when the roof caved in on China

da Tu   大土  Patna opium (big soil)

xiao tu   小土  Malwa opium (马尔瓦鸦片) (small soil)

gong tu   公土   Another name for Malwa opium common soil.

Lin Zexu  林则徐  Chinese hero who stood up to Britain

Zhang Changjia  张昌甲 wrote a book in 1878 called “Opium Talk”, Yan Hua. 

Pu Yi  溥仪  The last Qing emperor

Empress Wanrong  婉容皇后  Empress of China’s last emperor Pu Yi

Chen Chong  陈冲  Joan Chen

Du Yuesheng   杜月笙  Big-Ears Tu

Yapian Guan   鸦片馆  An opium house

Yan Guan   烟馆  An opium house

Ying chou   迎抽 A welcome smoke offered a gues upon arriving at your house

Shen Nong  神农  

Lu Yu   陆羽  

ChineseSkill: Find it at http://www.chinese-skill.com/cs.html

Download the free APP and start learning to speak Mandarin like the Pro's!

For more on opium and eroticism in Chinese literature:

Keith McMahon http://kmcmahon.faculty.ku.edu//

Professor, Chinese Language and Literature East Asian Languages and Cultures University of Kansas 

Peter Lee's Opium Culture amazon link

Narcotic Culture - A History of Drugs in China

Apr 27 2015

40mins

Play

Rank #11: CHP-218-The History of Tang Poetry Part 1

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In this first of a series introducing the history of the development of Chinese poetry, Laszlo focuses on the two most important works from Pre-Qin China.  These were the Classic of Poetry and the Songs of Chu. Though we will not get to the Tang Dynasty in this episode, we'll look at what came prior and how each new style impacted newer emerging styles of poetry. The life of Qu Yuan and Chu Kingdom will also be introduced.

Mar 24 2019

25mins

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Rank #12: CHP-128-The History of American Chinese Cuisine

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After a record-breaking pause in the action Laszlo is back with one last episode to finish off 2013.  This time we look at the interesting and amusing history of Chinese cuisine in America, an oft requested topic here at the China History Podcast.  This is a history that goes hand in hand with the earliest Chinese immigration to the US.  If you’re interested to learn more on the subject check out Andrew Coe and Jennifer 8 Lee’s books.  The links to amazon are below:

Andrew Coe – “Chop Suey”  http://amzn.to/1h99KCp

Jennifer 8. Lee – “The Fortune Cookie Chronicles”  http://amzn.to/1elXxph

Dec 30 2013

45mins

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Rank #13: CHP-203-The History of Chinese Martial Arts, Wing Chun and Ip Man Part 1

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Don't be fooled by the title. Wing Chin and Ip Man will be covered next episode. Today's the first in a two part series that offers up a survey of the development of martial arts in China from the mythical times of the Yellow Emperor to the present day. Let's look at the China history timeline once more, with feeling, and see how these martial arts embraced by millions and millions around the world slowly developed through the centuries. This will serve as the setup to next episode when we zero in on one particular style of martial arts and one of its best known masters.

Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices

Jun 16 2018

55mins

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Rank #14: CHP-184-The History of Chinese Philosophy Part 1

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After the longest break in the action since 2001, The CHP is back with this pleasant little 9-Part overview covering the history of Chinese philosophy. The series will run from pre-Confucian times clear through to Wang Yangming in the mid Ming Dynasty, a period stretching for more than two thousand years. And don't forget to download the free Infographic that will accompany the series. I predict it will do wonders in keeping all the names, dates, philosophies and texts straight. Thanks for your patience! I hope you enjoy the series.

Nov 10 2017

39mins

Play

Rank #15: CHP-127-The Birth of US-China Relations

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In this episode we take a look at the circumstances and times when the brand spanking new nation of the USA came a calling to China for the very first time.  The so-called “Most Important Relationship in the World” had very humble origins indeed.  When representatives of the United States first arrived in Canton in August 1783 they really had a lot of explaining to do about who they were and where they came from.  Repeatedly they had to explain to the Chinese who interacted with them that they weren’t British.

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE 

Qianlong 乾隆  The Qing emperor who reigned 1735-1796

Guangzhou 广州  Canton

Wujing 五经  The Five Classics

Sishu  四书 The Four Books

Zhong-Mei guanxi 中美关系  China – US Relations

Lao Mei 老美 a term for America or Americans…not particularly a polite way to say it

Lao Zhong 老中 I never heard this used before…but the counterpart of Lao Mei

Jin Sha 金沙 Cumshaw. A bribe given in the form of a gift (means gold sand or gold dust)

Wuyi Cha 武夷茶  Bohea Tea  A popular type of tea export back in the day

Xichun Cha 熙春茶  Hyson Tea Another popular type of tea export back in the day.

Bupingdeng tiaoyue  不平等条约 Unequal Treaty

Qiying  耆英 Known as “Keying”, a Manchu noble who signed many Unequal Treaties

Wangxia Tiaoyue  望夏条约  The Treaty of Wangxia July 3, 1844

Guanyin Tang  观音堂  The Temple in Macao where the Treaty of Wangxia was signed

Puji Chanyuan  普及禅院  The former name of this temple

Da-Qing  大清  The name of the Qing Empire…means Great Qing

Jean Baptiste Du Halde, writer of the The General History of China http://www.archive.org/stream/generalhistoryof01duha#page/n0/mode/2up

Nov 27 2013

1hr

Play

Rank #16: CHP-157-The Rise and Fall of the Qin Part 1

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In this first of two episodes Laszlo gives Qin Shihuang, the subject of the first ever China History Podcast episode, a total makeover.  

The Historic Teas of China: Check it out right here:  http://www.teasenz.com/historic-teas-china-gift-box

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Qin Shi Huang  秦始皇 The first emperor of China, Qin Dynasty founder

Y.K. Pao  包玉刚  Featured in CHP-124, HK tycoon and philanthropist

Zhongguo ren   中国人  A Chinese

Zhao  赵国  Zhao State  in the Yellow River Valley

Qi   齐国  Qi State  near Shandong

Chu   楚国  Chu State  near Hubei

Yue   越国  Yue State  near Zhejiang

Ba   巴国  Ba State near Chongqing

Shu  蜀国  Shu State near Chengdu

Zhou   周朝  The Zhou Dynasty

Yan   燕国  Yan State near Beijing

Xia   夏朝  The Xia Dynasty, mythical they say it was...

Shang   商朝  The Shang Dynasty

Sima Qian   司马迁  China's Herodotus

Shiji   史记  The Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian

Song dynasty   宋朝  The Song Dynasty

Lintong, Shaanxi   陕西临潼  Town outside Xian where the terra cotta warriors were found

Puyi   溥仪  China's Last Emperor

Ying   嬴  The surname of the Qin Kings and Dukes

Ying Zheng   嬴政  Qin Shihuang's name

Ying Zhuangxiang   秦庄襄王  Qin Shihuang's father

Wei River  渭河  One of the major tributaries of the Yellow River

Xian   西安  Capital of Shaanxi, one of China's most ancient cities.

Gansu   甘肃  Western Province in China

Tianshui   天水  Gansu's second largest city after Lanzhou

Rong    戎  "Barbarian" people to the west and north of the core China

Si Yi    四夷  The "Four Barbarians"

Dongyi   东夷 One of the four "barbarians"

Beidi   北狄  One of the four "barbarians"

Nanman  南蛮  One of the four "barbarians"

Duke Xiang   秦襄公Qin leader 777-766 BCE

Ji Family   姬家族  The Zhou Dynasty ruling family

Luoyang   洛阳  Eastern capital of the Zhou Dynasty

Chengzhou   成周  Ancient name of Luoyang

Zhou King Ping   周平王 Zhou King 770-720

Duke Wen   秦文公   Qin ruler 765-716 BCE

Shaanxi and Shanxi   陕西/山西Neighboring provinces that almost sound the same

Hubei  湖北  Central China province

Henan   河南  Central China province

Hebei   河北  North-central China province

Shandong   山东  North eastern province of China

Anhui   安徽  Central China province

Yu the Great   大禹  Xia Dynasty Founder

Huaxia  华夏  Ancient core China early name

Qin Mu Gong   秦穆公  Qin Ruler 659-621

Bawang  霸王  A hegemon

Wu State   吴国  State around Suzhou-Wuxi area

King Helü   阖闾  King of Wu  514-496 BCE

The Battle of Jìnyáng  金阳之战  Battle of Jinyang 455-453 BCE

Taiyuan   太原  Capital of Shanxi

Zhi state  智国  The Zhi state, annihilated at the Battle of Jinyang

San Jia Fen Jìn   三家分晋   the Partition of Jin between 434 and 403 BCE.

Qi Xiong   七雄  The final seven warring states

Linzi  临淄   just east of modern day Zibo

Shang Yang  商鞅  Great Qin statesman, helped make the Qin. 390-338 BCE

Pi  錍  A kind of ancient weapon similar to a dagger on a long stick

Ren duo hao ban shi  人多好办事  When you have a lot of people to do the job, it's much easier.

Shi   士  knight, scholar

Zaixiang  宰相  chancellor or chief minister

Duke Xiao  秦孝公  Qin Xiao Gong He lived 381 to 338 BCE

chelie   车裂  death by being pulled apart by 5 chariots

zhulian jiuzu   株连九族 a.k.a. the zuzhu  族诛  That meant when Shang Yang went down, so did his whole family: parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren, siblings, uncles and uncle's spouses...they all had to go.

Xiang Yu   项羽  The hegemon of Chu State, fought Liu Bang and lost.  Featured in CHP episode 91

Liu Bang   刘邦  Han Dynasty founder

Shang Jun Shu商君书or just the Shangzi  商子  credited to Shang Yu, the blueprint fort Legalism and how to run the Qin State.

Han Feizi   韩非子lived from 280 to 236 BCE The man who made Legalism famous

Fan Sui  范睢  died 255 BCE, gave his king the strategy of yuanjiao jingong.  

yuan jiao jin gong   远交近攻   Make allies of those far away in order to focus on defeating those who are nearby.

King Zhaoxiang  昭襄王   Qin leader, reined 306-251 BCE

Battle of Changping   长平之战The bloody battle where the Qin demolished the Zhao 262-260 BCE

Aug 02 2015

42mins

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Rank #17: CHP-006 The Opium War

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In this week’s episode we give an overview of the First Opium War, one of the most humiliating events in Modern Chinese history.  From this event that culminated in the first of many unequal treaties in 1842, China began a steady downhill slide and suffered a multitude of setbacks and insults from foreign powers eager continue reading >>

Jul 14 2010

31mins

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Rank #18: CHP-208-The History of the Jewish Refugees in China Part 1

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Laszlo is back with a new series that looks at the history of the Jewish refugees who came to China during the first part of the twentieth century. In this episode, after a long drawn out intro that examines a bit of background on Jewish history, Laszlo explains how many Jews made their way to China to escape hard times back home. In the next episode the story will continue with more from Harbin, Tianjin and Shanghai. All Yiddish and Jewish terms from this episode can be found in the usual list of terms that accompanies each episode.

Oct 22 2018

43mins

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Rank #19: CHP-169-The Mongol Yuan Dynasty Part 1

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In this long overdue episode with a deceiving title we don't actually get around to the Yuan Dynasty.  However a nice handy and confusing overview tracing the rise of the Mongol nation is presented which includes a bio on Genghis Khan.  We'll get to rise of Kublai Khan this time and look at the Yuan Dynasty next episode.  

Terms from this Episode

numero ciento sesenta y nueve Number 169

Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 Qin Dynasty founder

Da Yuanchao 大元朝 The Great Mongol Dynasty

Parthians 帕提亚  Iranian nomadic people

Scythians   斯基泰人 Iranian nomadic people

Yuezhi 月氏 Originally from Xinjiang and Gansu, defeated by the Xiongnu

Goths 哥特 West central Asian power, the scourge of the Roman Empire

Magyars   马扎儿人 West central Asian power. Today they are known as Hungarians.

Huns 匈奴 More from the western part of the steppe, often confused with Xiongnu

Xiongnu 匈奴 Often called Huns, they were an early northern tribe who kept invading China

Slavs   斯拉夫人 People from central Europe and the West Asian steppe

Xianbei 鲜卑   So-called "proto-Mongols" who lived around the Qin and Han dynasties and founded the Northern Wei.

Shatuo Turks  沙陀突厥  Power in north China late 9th and 10th century. Founded several short-lived dynasties in the north of China.

Khitans 契丹 The people who founded the Liao Dynasty 907-1125

Tatars 鞑靼人 Mongol tribe defeated by Genghis Khan who later moved westward towards Russia and Europe

Kazakhs   哈萨克人 North-Central Asian people, Turkic, found mostly in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan

Kyrgyz  吉尔吉斯  Central Asian people, Turkic, found mostly in Kyrgyzstan

Uighurs   维吾尔人   Turkic people who today mostly live in Xinjiang

The Hakkas 客家人 The Hakka People

Fujian 福建   Province on the east coast of China

Huizong   徽宗 Last emperor of the Northern Song

Aguda 阿骨打 Also known as Emperor Taizu of Jin, founder of the Jin Dynasty

Wuqimai 吴乞买 Aguda's brother, second emperor of the Jin

Kaifeng 开封 Capital of the Northern Song Dynasty

Jin Dynasty  金朝 Jürchen Dynasty 1115-1234, founded by Aguda

Zhao Gou   赵构 Escaped Zhao royal family member, launched Southern Song

Gaozong 高宗 First emperor of the Southern Song Dynasty

Lin'an 临安 Southern Song capital, present day Hangzhou

Merkits  蔑儿乞人 One of many tribes of the Mongols

Keraits  怯烈亦 One of many tribes of the Mongols

Ongüts  汪古部 One of many tribes of the Mongols

Ongirats  One of many tribes of the Mongols

Naimans 乃蛮 One of many tribes of the Mongols

Temüjin 铁木真 Genghis Khan's name

Dobun Known as Dobun the Clever, married to Alan the Fair, early ancestors of Temujin

Ah-Lan the Fair married to Dobun, early ancestors of Temujin

Khaidu 海都 c. 1040-1100 Great-grandfather of Khabul Khan

Khabul Khan  合不勒  Early great khan and great -grandfather of Genghis Khan

Yesugei the Brave 孛儿只斤Ÿ也速该 Father of Genghis Khan

Yuanchao Mi Shi 元朝秘史 The Secret History of the Mongols

Börte 孛儿帖 Wife of Temüjin and later Grand Empress of the Mongol Empire

Ulaan Bator 乌兰巴托 Capital of Mongolia

Jochi 术赤 Oldest son of Börte and maybe Genghis Khan

Golden Horde 金帐汗国  Originally the northwest portion of the Mongol Empire. Also known as the Kipchak Khanate. Lasted till 1502.

Xinjiang   新疆 Northwest autonomous region in China

Mongol Yasa (Jasagh)   A Mongol Codified law introduced by Genghis Khan

Khuriltai 忽里勒台   A Mongol congress of all elders and leaders

Kara Khitai 喀喇契丹 Also known as the Western Liao 1124-1218

Xixia  西夏 The Western Xia, an empire established by the Tanguts

Khwarizmian Empire 花剌子模王国 Lasted 1077-1231. Khwarazmia covered All of Iran and parts of Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan.

Batu 拔都 Founder of Golden Horde, son of Jochi, grandson of Genghis Khan

Chaghadai 蔡合台 Second son of Genghis Khan, founder of Khanate of Chaghadai

Khanate of Chaghadai 蔡合台汗国 Covered most of Central Asia

Ogedai Khan 窝阔台 or 斡歌歹 Third son of Genghis Khan, second Khan of the Mongol Empire

Tolui 拖雷 Fourth Son of Genghis Khan, father of Kublai Khan

Möngke 蒙哥 Eldest son of Tolui, elder brother to Kublai Khan

Kublai 忽必烈 1215-1294, Great Khan and founder of the Yuan Dynasty. Reigned 1271-1294.

Hulagu 旭烈兀 grandson of Genghis Khan, son of Tolui

Arigh Boke 阿里不哥 Youngest son of Tolui, fought civil war with Kublai

Subotei 速不台 Genghis Khan's number one guy (and Ogedai's too!). Great Mongol general.

Dzungaria 准噶尔 Northern half of Xinjiang with Tianshan Mountains south and the Altai north.

Karakorum 喀喇昆仑 Mongol capital 1235-1260

Guyuk 贵由 Eldest son of Ogedai Khan, reigned only two years as the 3rd Great Khan

Mamluks 马木留克 Originally slave soldiers, they were a powerful "caste" of warriors who operated from the 9th to 19th centuries. Not to be messed with.

Il-khanate 伊儿汗国  The southwestern portion of the Mongol Empire. Ruled by Hülagü's branch of the family - centered around Iran

Dali Kingdom 大理国 Kingdom that lasted 937-1253. Mostly located in Yunnan.

Owen Lattimore 欧文Ÿ拉铁摩尔 American scholar and Central Asian specialist

Isaac Meyer:  “History of Japan Podcast”

https://historyofjapan.wordpress.com/

Nina Xiang: "China Money Network"

http://www.chinamoneynetwork.com/

May 23 2016

45mins

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Rank #20: CHP-050 Daoism Part 1

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In this week’s episode Laszlo tackles Daoism, a philosophy, a religion and way of life that everyone has heard about but not everyone learned the backstory.  This time we look at the history and the times that spawned this most fertile of philosophies. In later episodes we’ll dig a little deeper and look more at continue reading >>

Jul 20 2011

32mins

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CHP-252-The History of Xinjiang Part 9

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This episode we'll look at the 13th to 17th centuries, Yuan to Qing. After the final end of the Chagatai Khanate it's going to be non-stop wars, alliances and betrayals in this portion of Central Asia. The Zunghars will emerge as a new power in Xinjiang that posed a threat to the new Qing Dynasty. That will lead to all kinds of trouble that we'll look at next episode.

Jul 13 2020

34mins

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CHP-251-The History of Xinjiang Part 8

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After inserting that 10-Year Anniversary special 7-Part program in between last episode (Part 7) and this one, we're back with more Xinjiang in Part 8.  Lots of action happening during the 9th to 13th centuries.  We start off with the great Uyghur diaspora that followed after the fall of the Uyghur Khaganate in 840.  In this episode we'll see what happened to them after they arrived in Gansu and Xinjiang.  We'll also skim the surface to review the Kara-Khanid and Kara-Khitai Khanates who both had such a profound influence on shaping the future development of Central Asia and the spread of Islam. 

Jul 02 2020

35mins

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CHP 10-Year Special Series: US-China Relations 1969-1972-Part 7

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In this episode we finish off the 1972 visit of Richard Nixon to the PRC.  The series finale looks at the exciting meeting between the two leaders, Nixon and Mao and relive "the week that changed the world." 

Jun 29 2020

33mins

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CHP 10-Year Special Series: US-China Relations 1969-1972-Part 6

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In Part 6 of this CHP 10-Year Anniversary Program looking back at the visit to China in 1972 of Richard Nixon, we're still in October 1971.  Kissinger is deftly trying to get Zhou Enlai to back off on few points. Because the communique could not be finalized General Al Haig was sent back in January to nail down final details for the visit of Nixon in February 1972.  And then the moment happens.  Nixon lands in Beijing and has that magic moment with Zhou Enlai at the steps of Air Force One.  Next episode we'll conclude with the actual visit of Nixon and his historic meetings with Mao and Zhou.

Jun 28 2020

23mins

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CHP 10-Year Special Series: US-China Relations 1969-1972-Part 5

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The drama continues in this Part 5 episode....Kissinger is briefing Nixon on his secret visit in July 1971.  Not everything was nailed down in this one single visit.  It would take another trip in October to almost but not quite get all the negotiations and preparations taken care of. Nixon announced this breakthrough to the American people in prime time.  The secret was out.  The problem of how to handle Taiwan was still not settled and a lot remained to be discussed.  Lots of action going on...including an attempted coup by Lin Biao.

Jun 26 2020

25mins

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CHP 10-Year Special Series: US-China Relations 1969-1972-Part 4

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Welcome back to the CHP 10-Year special bonus episodes that review US-China relations from 1969 to 1972.  This time in Part 4 we see how the talks in Beijing went between two very smooth operators: Zhou Enlai and Henry A. Kissinger.  We'll close out the episode with Kissinger back in the States giving his boss, the president, the whole skinny on the July 9-11, 1971 visit and the discussions.

Jun 23 2020

25mins

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CHP 10-Year Special Series: US-China Relations 1969-1972-Part 3

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Things are really heating up as we start Part 3 of this special 10-Year Anniversary special program.  In this episode we re-live the drama of ping-pong diplomacy and breakthrough in the talks.  Zhou Enlai agrees to meet with Henry Kissinger.  The dates of July 9-11, 1971 are agreed upon.  And we close this episode with the secret visit to Beijing by Kissinger and the face to face meetings with Zhou Enlai.

Jun 20 2020

22mins

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CHP 10-Year Special Series: US-China Relations 1969-1972-Part 2

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Thanks for coming back to Part 2 of this special CHP 10-Year Special Series.  The focus is in 1969-1970 with the US and PRC sending signals through their mutual Pakistani, French and Romanian friends. China is still dealing with a border war with the Soviets. The Vietnam War was not letting up.  Finally Zhou Enlai sends written word that a presidential envoy is welcome to visit and discuss the subject of Taiwan and other matters of mutual concern. 

Jun 18 2020

23mins

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CHP 10-Year Special Series: US-China Relations 1969-1972-Part 1

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Back in November 2010 when I started the China History Podcast I presented a two-part series on the visit to China in 1972 of Richard Nixon.  Those were the old episodes CHP-008 and 009.  I retired those from the back catalog and would like to present this total makeover version instead.  Here is Part 1 of a seven part series that will come your way over the next 2 weeks. The reason I chose this topic over so many others is this. Looking at the seemingly hopeless state of US-China relations at this time in 2020, it's important to remember we were in similar circumstances before and still found a way to hold our noses and get along with each other all these years.  The US and China are racing  along a dangerous path right now and maybe there's something we can learn in looking back at those years between 1969-1972. Admittedly these are vastly different times compared to then.  We can work it out. In Part 1 this time we'll get an overview of just how bad US and PRC relations were between 1949 to 1969.

Jun 16 2020

21mins

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CHP-250-The History of Xinjiang Part 7

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In this arguably milestone 250th episode we finally get around to the Uyghurs. Their ancient history is discussed and how they rose from one of several tribes in a Turkic confederation to their own Khaganate. The Tang Dynasty is finished off and a new religion (not Manichaeism, Nestorian Church, Buddhism, or Zoroastrianism) will start knocking on China's door.

Jun 15 2020

29mins

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CHP-249-The History of Xinjiang Part 6

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We finally make it to the Tang Dynasty and their Protectorate to Pacify the West.  Their adventures out in Xinjiang lasted off and on for about a hundred and fifty years.  In this episode I'll try and sort out the major events and players who made up this high point in Silk Road trade.  The history in Xinjiang was dominated by Tang China, various Turkic tribes and a very powerful and warlike Tibetan Empire.

May 29 2020

38mins

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CHP-248-The History of Xinjiang Part 5

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The saga continues, and how exciting it's becoming! The Göktürks, the Sui Dynasty, Buddhism galore and lots of historic times to all starting to happen. In this Part 5 episode the plot thickens and Xinjiang is getting a facelift. In a few hundred years you will hardly recognize it.  

May 17 2020

31mins

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CHP-247-The History of Xinjiang Part 4

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This episode we bid farewell to the Han Dynasty and hello to a long period of a disunited China. The states and kingdoms of the basins of Xinjiang catch a bit of a break. We take a quick look at a few of the kingdoms of the southern Tarim Basin as well as Turpan. And what episode would be complete without some nomadic bad guys causing the Chinese so much stress? We also look at the Rouran and the Hephthalites.

May 02 2020

34mins

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CHP-246-The History of Xinjiang Part 3

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More Han Dynasty for you in this Part 3 episode with a special focus on the great diplomat and general Ban Chao.   Back in those Han Dynasty days Xinjiang was still considered very far away and not so easy to hold onto.  From the Han till the Tang, as Silk Road riches continue to grow along the trade routes, China will be in and out of the Western regions and face all kinds of competition for the great wealth contained within the Tarim and Turpan basins.

Apr 20 2020

34mins

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CHP-245-The History of Xinjiang Part 2

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In this Part 2 episode we leave pre-history behind and look at Xinjiang's importance during the Qin and Han dynasties. Here is where the Han Chinese interaction with these lands far to the west began. Though a good portion of today's episode doesn't actually take place in Xinjiang, the story of the Yuezhi, Xiongnu, Zhang Qian and rise of Han Dynasty China is central to everything that follows later. 

Apr 06 2020

32mins

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CHP-244-The History of Xinjiang Part 1

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In this CHP episode we start a new multi-part series that looks at the history of the land known today as Xinjiang. This series will cover about 4000 years of history starting in this episode with the Tarim Mummies.

Mar 23 2020

32mins

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CHP-243-Kawashima Yoshiko Part 3

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In this final installment introducing the life and death of Kawashima Yoshiko we look at the last decade and a half of her strange and tragic life.  Last episode her star was on the rise.  But after 1933 it's one long slow steady decline into madness and despair. 

Mar 08 2020

32mins

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CHP-242-Kawashima Yoshiko Part 2

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We continue on with Part 2 of the strange life of the Manchu Princess, Kawashima Yoshiko.  Now she's on her own, in China, without any "adult supervision" and in full sartorial splendor.  The early years of the 1930's are presenting a few opportunities for Yoshiko after making all kinds of new "friends" in Shanghai.    

Feb 24 2020

29mins

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CHP-241-Kawashima Yoshiko Part 1

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We leave the warlords behind but not the time period. This time, in this first of a three part series, we examine the strange and tragic life of Kawashima Yoshiko. Born a princess in the Manchu Qing royal family, she went on to have quite an extraordinary life. In this Part 1 episode we'll look at her early days and rehash some old Qing Dynasty history from the 17th century

Feb 10 2020

28mins

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CHP-240-The Warlord Era Part 10

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In this concluding episode we close the book on this China Warlord Era overview that began in 1916 and lingered on and on until 1930.  By the time it was over Japan was on the cusp on their invasion of Manchuria plunging China into another national crisis.  In Part Ten we'll look at Zhang Zongchang's Warlord Rebellion in Northeast Shandong and a special focus on Liu Zhennian, the Red Spears and the Central Plains War.

Jan 27 2020

41mins

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One of my top listens!

By Jayboy20122007 - Oct 22 2019
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Great content, well presented with a great voice. Deeply enjoyable.

Very very informative

By plinianput - Sep 30 2019
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How to judge a “China expert”? Their Chinese pronunciation. Mr. Montgomery’s is impeccable...