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Drop III Inches

The Apple /// podcast

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Episode 13: Wendell Sander

This month, Paul’s Apple /// has trouble connecting with the world outside, so he speculates on possibilities for WiFi connectivity, and Mike’s Apple /// has trouble connecting with any worlds at all. So, we turn our attention to literature, including the full Apple /// patent, a survey of Apple II users, an early interview with Trip Hawkins, and books on the Apple ///. Paul’s gotten himself a Cursor /// and some late-era PFS software, and unexpectedly managed to get a CMC Quick-20 drive working, Mike’s gotten an Axlon 320 RAMdrive. And Charles Mangin has created a miniature Apple ///. The second half of the episode is an interview Mike conducted over the phone with Wendell Sander, designer of the Apple ///, from a couple of years ago, covering things like the Apple-internal interactions between departments, problems and solutions to initial reliability issues, the RAM design and peripherals. Recorded from a speaker through the air for added retro sound quality, but very interesting indeed! Apple /// full patent Nishida Radio’s Unisdisk Air FlashAir W-02 Charles Mangin’s miniature Apple /// (Raspberry Pi case) Charles Mangin’s video of designing the miniature Apple /// Apple magazine v1n2 (sufficient, scan could be better) Cursor /// box scan Cursor /// manual scan CMC Quick-20 disks Axlon RAMDISK 320 disks (PDF scan) Eddie Adamis: BASIC Keywords for the Apple III Eddie Adamis: Business BASIC for the Apple III AppleLogic: What really killed the Apple ///

1hr 41mins

31 Oct 2015

Rank #1

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Episode 11: Fort Stanford, b/w Phase III: Dr. Melvin Astrahan

We’re back for Episode 11. This time, we talk about really very small advances in booting a /// from a flash drive, the Cursor /// joystick and the history of The Keyboard Company, and a visit to the Stanford archives of Apple materials to get the real scoop on EMI/RFI emissions and the timeline of the /// plus. After that, another talk from the 1987 Phase III conference, this one by Dr. Melvin Astrahan, author of Draw On /// and the Mr. Sandman game, talking about the graphical abilities of the Apple ///. The trip to the Stanford archives yielded two interesting Apple ///-related documents. More about these on apple2scans.net (link will be retroactively inserted here when it’s ready over there), but here are the documents themselves: Apple /// plus beta testing (Nov 15, 1982) Preliminary RFI testing on Apple III computer (Jun 24, 1980) Links of Interest: Michael Muller’s History of The Keyboard Company, on Wendell Sander’s apple1notes site Mike Willegal’s page on early Apple keyboards SDFloppy II RetroConnector cable for connecting /// and SDFloppy II RetroConnector keyboard interface for Apple //e Archive guide to the Stanford Apple collection Draw On ///

1hr 33mins

27 Jun 2015

Rank #2

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Episode 4: WAPster Diving

This month, Paul performs Pascal programming and plays games, while Mike mines the WAP DVD and finds hidden treasure.  We discuss the latest MESS emulator developments as they apply to the Apple /// core, music and sound, driver and much more. Join us, won’t you? YouTube: Apple: The Most Personal Computer (1982) Resource Guide for Apple /// and Apple /// Plus Hardware and Software Will Someone Please Tell Me What an Apple /// Can Do? A Guide to Apple /// Software 68kmla.org: Captain Magneto discussion Washington Apple Pi Disk Images: Games Washington Apple Pi Disk Images: Pascal Apple /// Pascal Manuals PDF: Apple /// Standard Device Drivers Manual PDF: Article by Dave Ottalini: “I Love Apple /// Music” (WAP Journal, December 1987, page 40) Archive.org: WAP Apple /// DVD Download Sourceforge: CiderPress apple3rtr v1.9 MESS-based emulator VisiCorp’s Visi On German Apple /// ad PDF: Apple /// SOS Source Code MESS Source Code Computer Chronicles, Computer Bowl III Part 2


16 Sep 2014

Rank #3

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Episode 9: Phase III: The Future of the Apple III Hardware and SOS

Back from a long hiatus, Mike and Paul discuss the newly-available cornucopia of games for the Apple ///, and then introduce the next bit of audio from the 1987 Phase III conference. The conference presentation was a panel discussion of the future of Apple III hardware and SOS, with Bob Consorti of On Three and Rob Turner of Apple (but formerly of On Three) as the panelists. Discussion topics include the meaning of “obsolete,” the feasibility of a SCSI card, the problems with creating a slot expander, the availability and support of the /// vs. the IIGS and marketing. There is a fair amount of audience participation in the panel, and the questions and monologues from the audience are not always very easy to hear. There also seemed to be a dance party going on next door. Games discussed: Mr. Sandman (Dr. Mel Astrahan, On Three) Tic-Tac-Toe (John Lomartire) Apple Chomp (Dan A. Kunesh) Atomic Defense (Andy Hertzfeld) Disk images: a3games.zip Three-part column in Softalk: Hot Rod III (George Oetzel, July-September 1983). Part two is about how to use an Apple III joystick in Apple II emulation mode, which isn’t quite what we claimed it was about in the episode. We also claimed there would be a link about Woz’s tic-tac-toe algorithm, it might appear here in a little while.

2hr 1min

24 Feb 2015

Rank #4

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Episode 3: Dream machines, with Egan Ford (apple3rtr)

In this episode, we talk about some introductory and demo materials, consider some Apple /// “dream systems” and talk with Egan Ford about the work he has done preparing the Apple /// “Ready-to-Run” quick start package for the MESS apple3 emulator. System Utilities… an Introduction manual System Utilities sample files (disk) Apple /// Getting Organized (System Utility Simulation) (disks) Apple /// Getting Organized (System Utility Simulation) (video) Using the Apple /// System Utilities (On Three) Apple /// Professional Solution (Rolling Demo) (disks) Apple /// Professional Solution (Rolling Demo) (video) The Apple /// DVD Archives (Washington Apple Pi) For the New /// Owner (“What You Need”) (Rod Whitten, ATUNC v3n4 1986) Apple /// Ready-to-Run BOS user’s guide (at apple3.org) Apple 1984 promotional kiosk laserdisc (source of promotional sound bites)

1hr 3mins

23 Aug 2014

Rank #5

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Episode 5: Dave Ottalini

In this episode, Mike and Paul had the opportunity to speak with Dave Ottalini, co-founder of the Apple /// Special Interest Group of the Washington Apple Pi user group. The entire episode is devoted to this conversation. And stay to the very end for an extremely interesting announcement! A couple of related links: Washington Apple Pi Apple /// resource page @neko_no_ko’s photo of the actual WAP disks Apple III Facebook group Paul’s photo of the /// carrying case (next to the one for the II) MacRecycleClinic (Silver Spring, MD) The DigiBarn computer museum On Three magazine issues scanned at apple2scans.net


25 Sep 2014

Rank #6

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Episode 7: Colette Askeland

This episode consists of a telephone interview with Colette Askeland, the board layout designer who did all of the layout work on the Apple /// motherboard. We learn about the incredible challenges and accomplishments that went into creating this layout, and about the process, the community, and the environment at Apple at the time. Lots of things have been said about the Apple /// board, but mostly those things have been the same couple of critiques repeated over and over again. This interview leaves quite a different impression, one of a major accomplishment and no shortage of innovation and hard work, with a result that was truly impressive. If only. If only. A couple of notes on what she talks about (spoilers!): The Apple /// motherboard was the last at Apple to be designed by hand, rather than with computer layout tools. The computer layout tools were at the time unable to do a board as dense as the Apple /// without adding layers. Wendell Sander, Colette Askeland, and Daniel Kottke worked as a team in the design and prototyping phase of the Apple ///, with Wendell getting all the communication from outside on specifications and doing the design work, then working with Daniel to breadboard it, and then passing it on to Colette to lay out the traces and components. Colette was the only one at Apple doing printed circuit board layout, and quite early in her career as well. The process first involved creating a layout and routing traces on a drafting vellum, which involved a great deal of pencil work with component templates and electric erasing. By the time the project was done, the vellum for the Apple /// was in fairly sorry shape. After that, mylar versions were created by laying the mylar over the vellum and running miles of tape for traces and stickers for components. Then the mylar is sent to photography, and the photographs sent to the board producers. The vellum and mylar stages are all at double scale, so quite large. Colette had the vellum framed and donated it to the Computer History Museum. She has photographs from when it was appraised, which we will post here when we get them. Colette reinforced what we’ve heard before: the Apple /// board was incredibly dense for the time, with everything so crowded together that they had to use new experimental components and do a fair amount of “thinking outside the box” to get the thing to fit inside the box, at the expense of some fairly tricky manufacturing processes. And plenty of stories about working there at Apple back in the very early days.


27 Oct 2014

Rank #7

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Episode 6: Don Williams at Phase III

The Phase III conference was organized by the Third Apple User Group in Chicago, held October 2-4, 1987. Dave Ottalini located and digitized his audio recordings of some of the sessions at that conference, and provided them to us. We have been cleaning them up as best we can, and will release them here on the podcast feed. Don Williams had a long history at Apple, which he describes a bit in this talk. He is the author of Desktop/Plan, later sold on to VisiCorp, and was the founder of the APDA (Apple Program Developers Association). He worked at Apple doing software design from about September 1979 until early 1982, and then returned in early 1983 for another year, as National Accounts Sales Manager. The talk here is actually the second talk he gave, a more impromptu reminiscing about the marketing and sales of the Apple ///. Earlier in the conference, Don had a scheduled talk, also about the history of the Apple ///. The audio of that talk will require more work, so it will be posted to the feed later on. As it turned out, Don was not aware of the Phase III conference until he ran into his neighbor, Rupert (Robert) Lissner (author of 3 E-Z Pieces), who was very concerned about what he was going to talk about at the conference. In the end, Lissner did not attend the conference, and Williams went instead, with about two days’ notice. But we are all glad he did, even if it would have also have been nice to have heard from Lissner. Transcript of Don Williams’ talk from the Washington Apple Pi DVD. Reactions to Phase III conference from the messages on the Compuserve forum MAUG (Micronetworked Apple Users Group), collected on the Washington Apple Pi DVD.


2 Oct 2014

Rank #8

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Episode 14: Daniel Kottke, Diving into SOS.DRIVER, Misc., and Etc.

We begin 2016 discussing the “Driv3rs” python script with its author, Mike Whalen, some miscellaneous topics, and a phone interview with Daniel Kottke, from some years ago. Mike Whalen’s Driv3rs script will take an SOS.DRIVER file and extract information about all of the drivers contained within, and we talk about using the script, finding drivers, the format of drivers within the SOS.DRIVER file, and other related things. Other miscellaneous topics include recapping power supplies, Apple /// prototyping boards, being foiled by copy protection, Monitor /// designs, the TRS-80 Models II and 4P, and probably other things. Daniel Kottke is surely well known to anyone listening to this podcast, but he was an Apple technician in the very early days, working on the Apple /// project up until about when it shipped (then moving over to the Mac team). Daniel speaks with Mike in a phone interview from several years ago about various interesting features of the Apple /// and its development, and the general atmosphere within Apple before its launch. Within the episode, various links were promised for the show notes, and they are as follows: Driv3rs python script on github Ivan Drucker’s cppo script to extract files from disk images. In python, supports DOS 3.3, ProDOS, SOS, DOS-ordered and ProDOS-ordered images, and can extract one file or all of them to the local filesystem. Apple /// SOS Device Driver Writer’s Guide Apple /// power supply recapping and repair video InfoWorld April 2, 1984 Keystroke Database and Report Generator reviews InfoWorld May 28, 1984 response to Keystroke review from a reader (not actually from Brock itself) Videx Ultraterm Apple /// support notice On Three v7n11-12, including ad for Draw On /// with Graphics Tablet support. (On page 5, $20 extra at the end of 1990.) Titan /// + //e users guide. Mentions using 65C02 in conjunction with Titan cards on page 4-7. Dave Ottalini reports notes from Bob Consorti about using the 65802 in the Apple /// in The Best of Ottalini #8.

1hr 55mins

9 Jan 2016

Rank #9

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Episode 8: Bob Consorti

In this episode, we talk with Bob Consorti, who was president of On Three. Among the notable achievements of On Three were the long-running On Three magazine, Desktop Manager, BOS (Bob’s Operating System), a 512K RAM expansion card, device drivers, and many other things. Topics include the founding of On Three, the development of the 512K card, On Three’s internal development environment, emulation, and much more! On Three magazine scans On Three 512K Memory Board UniDisk ///.5 Driver BOS (disk images at apple3.org) BOS User’s Guide (PDF at apple3.org)

1hr 8mins

15 Dec 2014

Rank #10