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A History of Europe, Key Battles

A podcast on European conflicts from the perspective of each side to provide an alternative to the traditional national narratives. Going chronologically from the Ancient Greeks onwards I will describe to some extent how each battle was won or lost by particular decisions, tactics, technology or fortune. But the aim of each main narrative will be to place each battle in the context of the overall history of Europe. See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

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Warning: This podcast is a series podcast

This means episodes are recommended to be heard in order from the very start. Here's the 10 best episodes of the series anyway though!

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09.1 The Battle of Tours 732 AD

The Franks of Charles Martel vs Islamic Umayyad Caliphate.From the mid seventh century the Muslim armies conquered lands from Spain to Persia forming a powerful new world empire. In 732 AD a large Muslim raiding party in southern France was confronted by the leader of the Franks, a Germanic people who over the previous couple of centuries had take control of the area of modern day France. This is the story of the great battle that ensued.More details at www.historyeurope.net See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

38mins

20 Jul 2014

Rank #1

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02.1 The Battle of Marathon 490 BC, Part 1

In 490 BC the Ancient Greeks of Athens fought for their very survival and for their way of life against the Persian Empire. It is important because the Greeks were to help build the foundations of European civilisation See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

19mins

12 Jan 2014

Rank #2

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49.2 The Dutch Revolt Begins

Origins of the Dutch Revolt (1568–1648). Philip II of Spain inherits the Netherlands, the Kingdom of Naples and the newly discovered Americas as well as the Iberian Peninsula. Unrest breaks out in the Netherlands, and resistance grows against Philip's rule. Meanwhile, Anglo-Spanish relations are further strained by the discovery of a Spanish plot to kill Queen Elizabeth, the Ridolfi plotPictured: Philip of Spain and William of Orange, leader of the revolt See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

18mins

5 Jul 2019

Rank #3

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30.1 Hundred Years War Introduction Part 1

Background to The Hundred Years War (1337-1453). Thirteenth century France thrives; King Philip IV the Fair of France; Avignon Papacy begins See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

30mins

23 Dec 2016

Rank #4

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03.1 The Battle of Gaugamela 331 BC, Part 1

Part 1 of 2 on the Battle of Gaugamela, 331 BC. Describes the build up to the invasion of the Persian Empire by Alexander the Great, with an army of Greeks and Macedonians See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

14mins

2 Feb 2014

Rank #5

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40.1 Italy in 1400's

Overview of Italy in the 1400's in the lead-up to the Renaissance and Italian Wars. The 5 main powers were The Papacy, Milan, Florence, Naples and Venice, each with very different characteristics. The Maritime Republic of Venice, its overseas territories threatened by the Ottomans, attempts to expand on the mainland. Also, the turbulent history of Naples in 1300's and 1400's See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

30mins

27 Oct 2017

Rank #6

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23.1 Early Muslim Medieval Spain

Before 1085 in Spain there was little question that it was the Muslims who had the upper hand in the balance of power. But after King Alfonso VI captured the city of Toledo in 1085, the Christians became much more confident and threatened to rapidly take over the whole peninsula. Why this didn’t happen can be explained for two reasons – firstly, the infighting between Christian rulers, and secondly, the influx of Muslim peoples from north Africa, firstly the Almoravids See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

35mins

16 Jan 2016

Rank #7

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27.3 Slavs, Their Origins and Early History

The origins of the Slavs are shrouded in uncertainty. We rely on scraps of contemporary writings and later writings such as The Primary Chronicle of Kievan Rus. They tell us of the unification by Vikings of scattered tribes in the region of the Baltic - Black Sea waterways See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

21mins

4 Jun 2016

Rank #8

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14.1 The Battle of Hastings 1066, Part 1

The most famous battle on English soil in 1066, between the Normans and Anglo-Saxons. Part 1 gives a summary of English and Norman history leading up to that fateful yearwww.historyeurope.net See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

21mins

22 Feb 2015

Rank #9

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47.1 Martin Luther, the Reformation and the Printing Press

Beginnings of the Reformation, triggered in 1517 by Martin Luther, whose ideas spread quickly thanks to the recent invention of the printing press. Also the economy of France flourishes during the reign of Francis I (1515-1547) See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

23mins

29 Mar 2019

Rank #10

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35.2 Teutonic Knights and Medieval Poland

Struggle for Pomerania and Danzig/Gdansk between the native population, Teutonic knights and Kingdom of Poland. Teutonic knights move base to Marienberg. King Casimir the Great of Poland. Dynastic union of Poland and Lithuania in 1390's. Includes quotes from Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. Picture: Marienburg/Malbork fortress (visitmalbork.pl) See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

29mins

20 Apr 2017

Rank #11

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13.1 The Battle of Civitate 1053 AD, Part 1

During the next four podcasts I will tell the history of Italy from between the fall of Rome up until 1053, the year of an important battle between Pope Leo IX and Norman invaders of Italy. These centuries witnessed a long struggle for power between various sides, with many shifts of fortune. The Battle of Civitate marks the point at which the Normans firmly established themselves in Italy and so reshaped the politics of the peninsula.www.historyeurope.net See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

22mins

30 Dec 2014

Rank #12

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42.1 Portuguese Voyages of Discovery

Portugal, having established its position in Iberia, begins to make conquests in Morocco. At the same time the Portuguese prince Henry the Navigator (pictured) sponsors the beginning of a series of discoveries along the west coast of Africa. In 1487-88 Europeans, led by Bartolomeu Dias , circumnavigate the southern tip of Africa for the first time, and reach the Indian Ocean  See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

26mins

26 Jan 2018

Rank #13

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40.2 Renaissance Florence & Medici

Rise of the Medici dynasty in Florence. Renaissance Italy sees a remarkable flourishing of art and literature, with such writers as Dante, Bocaccio and Petrarch, the architects Brunelleschi and Michelozzo, and the artists Giotto and Pisano. Florence creates a republican system of government, although imperfect, democratic for its time. Cosimo de Medici, a skilled diplomat, rises to power in Florence and helps organise the Peace of Lodi, which brings a period of relative peace and stability to the Italian peninsula See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

26mins

4 Nov 2017

Rank #14

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38.1 Early History of Bohemia (Czech Republic)

Early History of Bohemia (approx modern day Czech Republic). The Golden Age of Prague (pictured) under Emperor Charles IV, and execution of Jan Hus for alleged heresy, which triggered the Hussite Wars See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

28mins

11 Aug 2017

Rank #15

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36.2 Battle of Agincourt 1415

Agincourt 1415 - the most famous battle of The Hundred Years War. An army led by King Henry V of England achieves a resounding victory over the French See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

20mins

26 May 2017

Rank #16

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16.1 Fall of Toledo 1085, Part 1, Medieval Spain

The History of early medieval Spain from the Islamic conquest in 711 to the establishment of the magnificent Caliphate of Cordoba, and the first successful Christian resistance which will ultimately lead to the reconquest, or Reconquista, of the Iberian peninsula www.historyeurope.net See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

38mins

2 May 2015

Rank #17

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45.5 Battle of Lepanto 1571

The Battle of Lepanto - the largest naval battle in Western history since classical antiquity. A clash for supremacy of the Mediterranean between the Ottomans and a Christian Holy League See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

22mins

4 Jan 2019

Rank #18

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17.1 Siege of Jerusalem 1099, First Crusade, Part 1

Build-up to the First Crusade. The Investiture Controversy between Emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII, plus the growing influence of the Normans under Robert Guiscard, and the reasons behind the call to crusade by Pope Urban IIwww.historyeurope.net See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

26mins

13 Jun 2015

Rank #19

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35.1 Baltic Region in 13th Century

Baltic Region in the 13th Century. Origins of the Teutonic Knights. Expansion of the Duchy of Lithuania as far south as the Black Sea at the expense of the declining Mongol Empire See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.

29mins

14 Apr 2017

Rank #20