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Norton's Spanish Basics: Audio Podcast

Señor Norton has taught Spanish at the college and high school level. These audio podcast episodes are typically 10-15 minutes long and will give a brief tutorial of some of the grammar points discussed in his classes (Spanish 1 and 2). These episodes are not designed for full instruction but as a refresher or clarifier to supplement what you have learned in the classroom.- - -

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Verbs: Reflexive Verbs

In Spanish, much like English or any language, we often do things to ourselves: I bathe myself. I wake myself up. She hurts herself. He cut himself. We dress ourselves. We call these actions (verbs) “reflexive”. Reflexive verbs must be used with a reflexive pronoun in order to indicate that the subject is performing the action of the verb upon itself. Reflexive verbs exist in English, but they are much more common in Spanish. Reflexive verbs usually have to do with parts of the body, clothing, or one's state of mind. You can recognize reflexive verbs by the "se" tacked on to the infinitive. Here are some common reflexive verbs: aburrirse to get bored acostarse to go to bed afeitarse to shave (oneself) animarse to cheer (oneself) up arreglarse to get (oneself) ready bañarse to bathe (oneself) calmarse to calm (oneself) down caerse to fall (down) cansarse to get tired cepillarse to brush (hair, teeth) cortarse to cut (hair, nails) despedirse to say goodbye to despertarse to wake up divertirse to have a good time (enjoy oneself) dormirse to fall asleep ducharse to shower (onself) enfermarse to get sick enojarse to get angry lastimarse to hurt oneself lavarse to wash oneself levantarse to get oneself up maquillarse to put makeup on (oneself) peinarse to comb (hair) pintarse to put on makeup, paint oneself ponerse to put on (clothes) probarse to try on quedarse to stay, remain quemarse to burn (oneself, one's body) quitarse to take off (clothes) sentarse to sit oneself down vestirse to get dressed There are two separate tasks when conjugating reflexive verbs. First, take off the reflexive pronoun se, change it to agree with the subject of the verb, and place it directly in front of the verb. Then, as with all verbs, you must conjugate the infinitive according to whether it's an -ar, -er, -ir, stem-changing, or irregular verb. THE REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS: ME TE SE NOS (OS) SE Yo me ducho. I'm taking a shower. Marco se pone una camisa. Marco is putting a shirt on. Tú te lavas la cara. You're washing your face. Nosotros nos quedamos aquí. We're staying here. Quick ReviewReflexive Verbs - Choose the correct translation. Is it reflexive or not? 1)      I wash the car.                Is it reflexive?  (circle) YES  NO a)      Lavo el auto. b)      Me lavo el auto. 2)      I take a bath.                Is it reflexive?  (circle) YES  NO a)      Me baño. b)      Yo baño. 3)      Juan goes to bed at ten in the evening.                Is it reflexive?  (circle) YES  NO a)      Juan se acuesta a las diez de la noche. b)      Juan acuesta a las diez de la noche. 4)      Maria puts the baby to bed at seven in the evening.              Is it reflexive?  (circle) YES  NO a)      María se acuesta al bebé a las siete de la noche. b)      María acuesta al bebé a las siete de la noche. 5)      I wake up at six in the morning.                Is it reflexive?  (circle) YES  NO a)      Me despierto a las seis de la mañana. b)      Despierto a las seis de la mañana. 6)      She wakes her child at nine in the morning.                Is it reflexive?  (circle) YES  NO a)      Ella se despierta a su niño a las nueve de la mañana. b)       Ella despierta a su niño a las nueve de la mañana. B. Choose the appropriate reflexive pronoun. 7.      You take a shower: Tú _ duchas. 8.      Maria washes her hair: María _lava el pelo. 9.      You-all wake up:  Ustedes __ despiertan. 10.  We brush our teeth:  Nosotros _ cepillamos los dientes. 11.  She gets dressed:  Ella ___ viste. 12.  They sit down:  Ellos _sientan. 13.  I worry about you:  (Yo) __preocupo por ti. C. Write the correct form of the verb. 14.  Maria washes her hair. (lavarse)  María se ___ el pelo. 15.  We take a shower. (ducharse)    Nosotros nos __.  16.  They brush their teeth. (cepillarse)    Ellos se _los dientes. 17.  I shave my legs. (afeitarse)   Yo me ___ las piernas. 18.  The boys fall asleep. (dormirse o:ue)   Los niños se __. 19.  The young ladies get dressed. (vestirse e:i)    Las señoritas se ___. 20.  We sit down. (sentarse e:ie)    Nosotros nos ___. D. How would you say (and include the subject pronoun!): 21.  I prepare myself. ____ 22.  She paints her nails. _____ 23.  We dress ourselves with new clothes. _____ 24.  They shower in the morning.______ 25.  I wake up at 6 in the morning. ________ Credits: Reggaeton.wav beat from freesound.org Artist: djpuppy's breaksfile: duppyReaagetomSoca01-114.wav Trumpet loops from freesound.org Artist: Trumpet Loops 'n' Hitsfile: TrumpetLoop02.aif

24 Sep 2010

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Subject Pronouns

Subject pronouns are the pronouns that take the place of a noun and is used as a subject in a sentence. Did that send your mind into a grammatical spin? In this podcast we will be reviewing the subject pronouns in Spanish.I          YoWeNosotrosYou (familiar)TúYou-all (familiar)*VosotrosHeÉlThey (male or co-ed)EllosSheEllaThey (all female)EllasYou (formal)Usted (Ud.)You-all (formal)*Ustedes (Uds.)Reggaeton.wav beat from freesound.org Artist: djpuppy's breaksfile: duppyReaagetomSoca01-114.wavTrumpet loops from freesound.org Artist: Trumpet Loops 'n' Hitsfile: TrumpetLoop02.aif

17 Sep 2010

Rank #2

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Verbs: The Future With IR (going to)

Show Notes: Hola y bienvenidos a Norton’s Spanish Basic. One of the verbs we learn early on in Spanish is ir. Even people that claim to not know any Spanish often know the words vamos and vámonos – both forms of the verb Ir. The Spanish verb ir  means to go. Many first year students will hesitate on how to conjugate this verb because the conjugations don’t look anything like the infinitive. However, we can use the forms of ir to talk not only about going places but also about future happenings. By the end of this lesson you should be able to write sentences to describe events or actions that will take place in the future. We have more than one way to discuss future events in English. That means that there is more than one way to do future conjugations. Take a look at these two examples: I will study today.I am going to study today. You can see that their meanings are similar and vary just slightly. The first example is a future tense that we call the simple future. It is typically studied in Spanish 3 or the end of Spanish 2. We’re going to be looking at the second one, “I am going to study today”. Going, of course, comes from the English infinitive verb to got. This is where we start using that ir that was mentioned earlier. Before we start doing these structures with ir, let’s do a quick review of how ir conjugates: VERB: IR – To goYoVOYNosotrosVAMOSTúVASVosotrosVÁISÉlVAEllosVANEllaVAEllasVANUsted (Ud.)VAUstedes (Uds.)VANSo to say “Yo voy” you would be saying “I go”. Now let’s consider that applied to our English sentence above:  I am going to study tonight.I am going = Yo voy, to study = estudiar,  today = hoy. Now that’s almost all we need. The only thing missing is the letter a. When we connect voy with estudiar, we do so with the letter a. The structure of ir + a + infinitive  is what we use when we are going to talk about events or actions that are going to take place. Yo voy a estudiar hoy. Read the following sentences out loud one time in Spanish. Then listen to the sentence one time. Continue reading the sentence aloud until you can read it comfortably (no jerky hesitations). Once you are comfortable with reading it, go through the sentence in English and make sure that you understand what you are saying. Once you are sure of the meaning, read it one more time in Spanish. This will help your mind to make the connection between Spanish and the meaning of the sentence.

22 Oct 2010

Rank #3

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Accents: Why do we have them and when do we write them?

Very Brief Rules for Stress (Accents)In Spanish, words are spelled just like they sound. In order to take advantage of this simple and nearly perfect system of spelling, one must first know the rules for stress - that is, how to know which syllable is pronounced the loudest.1.     Words ending in a vowel, -n, or -s are stressed on the next to the last (penultimate) syllable: nadana - dalimonadali - mo - na - dazapatosza - pa - tosmanzanasman – za - nascomprocom - proestaes - taestases- tas escuelaes – cue - la2.     Words ending in any consonant except -n or -s are stressed on the last syllable: doctor                          comer                           ciudaddoc - tor                       co – mer                       ciu - dad3.     When rules #1 and #2 above are not followed, a written accent is used. The written accent could be thought of as a mark over the syllable that is “misbehaving”: compró                                     estás                            lápizcom - pró                     es – tás                        lá - piz4.     Written accents are also used to differentiate between words that are pronounced the same but have different meanings (el acento diacrítico): si - ifsí - yesmi - mymí - meel - theél - hetu - yourtú - you  Reggaeton.wav beat from freesound.org Artist: djpuppy's breaksfile: duppyReaagetomSoca01-114.wavTrumpet loops from freesound.org Artist: Trumpet Loops 'n' Hitsfile: TrumpetLoop02.aif

17 Sep 2010

Rank #4

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Quizlet... What is it? (¿Qué es?)

Learning Spanish takes some work! Many students use flashcards to help them learn Spanish (or other things). But who wants to take the time preparing to study instead of actually studying?! In this episode, Señor Norton discusses his use of Quizlet.com for digital flashcards. He has already prepared flashcards for you so you can just go online, or use a portable device, and get learning! To find the flashcards that he has already prepared, visit http://www.quizlet.com/senornorton This podcast uses the following sound file from The Freesound Project:Remix 3 of Freesound 116385__cunningGnome__20_Tang_II_Base.flac from Owdeo; licensed under a Creative Commons Sampling Plus 1.0 License.

20 Jul 2011

Rank #5