Lesson 03: Tú vs Vos - the big difference.
Hi, welcome to the third episode of Hey que tal? Free spanish lessons. My name is Pablo Apiolazza and today we´re going to overview one of the main differences between the regular spanish and the argentinian spanish.In order to do this, we´ll have to make a quick stop on grammar, but don´t panic, we´ll try to stay out of it for now.As you know, when we conjugate a verb we use person to determine who or what are we speaking to or about, in other words, to determine the subject of a sentence. There are three persons for the singular form and three for the plural.In the original form of spanish, the persons are the following:I is YOYou is TÚHe is ELWe is NOSOTROSYou is VOSOTROSThey is ELLOSIt is ESO, and she is ELLA, but aside from that, let´s concentrate on the second person in both plural and singular ways.An easy way to remember tú, is to think about the ancient english "thou". And that is because amazingly it´s a shared root.But in latin america, since the language bent and mixed with other languages including the indigenous dialects, a new version of the second person was born: VOS.Vos is a version that changes the conjugation of the verb. That means that it is not enough to put vos in front of a verb conjugated with tú to do it properly.Let´s see this on examples, and in the meantime, learn the main irregular verbs.First one is to be:Yo soyTu eresEl esNosotros somosVosotros soisEllos sonIn argentina, instead of tú eres we say VOS SOS.Vos is an informal form of the second person. Another important thing is that VOS doesn´t have a plural version, but we neither use the VOSOTROS form. Instead of that, we use the formal version for both formal and informal, and is USTEDES.USTEDES is conjugated in the same way as ELLOS, the third person of the plural.For instance: USTEDES SON grandes. (You are big)In other words, we made it complicated for the singular, but easier for the plural.In terms of culture, "vos" is pretty much a trademark of the argentinian language, together with our pronunciation and the famous "lunfardo" slang, which is the old tango days´ slang. Argentinians are always using the informal form to speak. Generally it is not disrespectful to use it with coworkers, members of the family, or strangers, but it is a good rule to start talking in the formal form, and then we´ll probably get a very common phrase that allows us to use the vos and it sounds like this:Por favor, podés tutearme.orSi querés, tuteame.The main thing we must hear is the verb "tutear" that yeah, funny enough, literally means "to use the tú form", but in Argentina means to use the vos form. We do have a verb that means "to use the vos form", which is "vosear", but nobody ever uses it. Don´t ask me why, hehe.So once we have the permit granted, we can use the "vos" as much as we want.Since we´re in subject, we´ll give a little grammar spoiler, so the advaced students can have fun with the vos form. Since the origin of vos comes from vosotros, a good rule to build the vos conjugation for the regular verbs is to remove the letter "i" from the vosotros conjugation. I.e.: Vosotros tenéis - Vos tenés.As any other language, there´s no rule for the irregular verbs, so it´s up to you to learn them. During the upcoming episodes we will see most of them anyways, so be patient.As for the formal version, as I mentioned before we use the form "usted". Even if usted means you, it is conjugated as the third person. In the case of to be, it is "Usted es".So this is pretty much our little trip thru the "vos" land.Don´t forget to rate, share and review the podcast either on itunes, your favourite feed reader, or the website, heyquetal.blogspot.comMy name is Pablo Apiolazza and this is Hey Que tal? Free spanish lessons.Stay tuned and goodbye!
12 Mar 2010
Lesson 05: Qué hacemos hoy? Days and months.
Hola, y bienvenidos a Hey Que tal? Lecciones de español gratuitas. Mi nombre es Pablo Apiolazza y dado que el podcast cumple un mes, hoy vamos a aprender los días y los meses.Hi, and welcome to Hey Que tal? Free spanish lessons. My name is Pablo Apiolazza and since the podcast has been online for a month already, today we're going to learn the days and the months.Before starting, I want to thank the many people that have been listening for the podcast in the last month. During this few emissions we've had visitors from more than 40 different countries, some of them really far away from Argentina, like Russia, Thailand or the Phillipines, which is awesome. Thank you very much to all the people who's been listening, and once again, I encourage you to leave comments or suggestions, this space is for you, so don't be shy, enjoy it and make use of it.Ok, on the last lesson we've been into a bar, but since we don't want to go alone there, we need to be able to make plans with people. That's what we're going to learn today.First of all, let's ask "what to we do today? do you have plans?" That's done like thisQué hacemos hoy? Tenés planes?If he or she doesn't have any plans, they will tell youNo, no tengo planes, hoy estoy libre.Which means "No, I have no plans today, I'm free".If not, they will say something likeSi, ya tengo planes, estoy ocupado/a.You can see that if a boy is answering, the word will be ocupado, and if a girl is answering, it will be ocupada. Both words mean busy. That's a sneak peak of the gender issue in spanish. The whole sentence means "Yeah, I have plans already, I'm busy".So now let's see how to make plans for the week! For that we will assume that the person's occupied today, and we will ask about tomorrow. So let's pick up from the start.A: Qué hacemos hoy? Tenés planes?B: Si, ya tengo planes, estoy ocupado.A: Ah que lastima, y mañana?That means, "what a pity, what about tomorrow?"B: Mañana estoy libre.That is tomorrow I´m free.A: Buenísimo, querés ir al cine?Great! Do you want to go to the movies?The positive answer could beB: Dale, me encantaría.Yeah, I´d love to!Now we should arrange a time of the day. A day can be splitted in three parts:Mañana, which is morningTarde, which is afternoonand Noche, which is nightSo if we want to ask if he or she can go out at night, the cuestion would be:A: Podés a la noche?If the answer is Sí (yes) then we can set an hour, since we already know the numbers. For that we must remember that instead of saying AM and PM argentinians say de la mañana for early hours, let´s say till noon, de la tarde for afternoon hours, usually until 7.00 PM. and de la noche for the remaining hours.So let´s build an example. "Then let´s meet at 8 PM" would beA: Entonces nos encontramos a las 8 de la nocheIf we want to set a place, it´s as easy as adding the word en and the name of the meeting point.Entonces nos encontramos a las 8 de la noche en PalermoSo we now know how to make plans. Let´s move to the boring part, which is to remember the vocabulary. As said before, we were going to learn the days and the months, so let´s start with the days.The spanish for week is semana and starts atMonday, LunesTuesday is MartesWednesday is MiércolesThursday is JuevesFriday is Viernesand then we reached to the weekend, el fin de semana, which argies colloquially call finde.Saturday is Sábadoand Sunday is DomingoSo now that we know the days, we can learn the months.January is EneroFebruary is FebreroMarch is MarzoApril is AbrilMay is MayoJune is JunioJuly is JulioAugust is AgostoSeptember is SeptiembreOctober is OctubreNovember is NoviembreDecember is DiciembreOk, last but not least we have to know how to call the days before and after today.The day before yesterday is called anteayerYesterday is ayerToday is HoyTomorrow is mañanaand the day after tomorrow is pasado mañanaSo we´re ready to make plans with people! Let´s put the whole dialogue together. A: Qué hacemos hoy? Tenés planes?B: Si, ya tengo planes, estoy ocupado.A: Ah que lastima, y mañana?B: Mañana estoy libre.A: Buenísimo, querés ir al cine?B: Dale, me encantaría.A: Podés a la noche?B: SíA: Entonces nos encontramos a las 8 de la noche en Palermo.B: Dale.Like we said on the previous podcast, Buenos Aires is a place where every single day there´s something to do, no matter the hour. On the upcoming episodes we´ll see more about making plans with further detail, but this should be enough now. Ok, we reached the end of this lesson, I hope you enjoyed it, my name is Pablo Apiolazza and this is Hey Que tal? Free spanish lessons. Remember to visit the website: heyquetal.blogspot.com, to suscribe to the rss feed or to itunes to get the weekly updates, or to our tweeter, heyquetal. Have a nice week, stay tuned and goodbye!
25 Mar 2010
Lesson 04: San Patricio - drinks, and numbers
Hi! And welcome to the fourth lesson of Hey que tal? Free spanish lessons. My name is Pablo Apiolazza and today we´ll push the edge a little bit.Hola y bienvenidos a la cuarta lección de Hey que tal? Lecciones de español gratuitas. Mi nombre es Pablo Apiolazza y hoy vamos a ir un poco más al límite.Since Saint Patrick´s Day is this wednesday we´ll take this chance to learn in this lesson how to order a drink, and pay for it. So we´ll learn the numbers as well.Dado que el día de San Patricio es este miércoles vamos a aprovechar esta oportunidad para aprender en esta lección cómo pedir un trago, y pagar por él. Así que también vamos a aprender los números.The first thing you want to ask when you get to a bar is a table, if the place is crowded. So to ask for a table we say de following:Una mesa para dos, por favor?orTendrás una mesa para dos, por favor?Which means Would you have a table for two, please?If the place is not crowded, we just sit and wait. In terms of service, Buenos Aires and Argentina in general is very uneven regarding of the quality of the attention. Some places have perfect attention and manners, and some others don´t pay attention to customers at all. Sadly, sometimes that lack of attention is equalized with excelent food or drinks, so good that you bare the bad service. Many of us are used to that, so if you can take it, and you see that the waiter isn´t coming, you can call him raising your hand and saying like this:Mozo!Once the waiter´s here, we can ask for the menu or just for a beer. Let´s see how to ask for the menu.Me traerías una carta, por favor?And that is: Would you bring me a menu, please?Once we get the menu we can say "Gracias", and take our pick. Now let´s see how to ask for a beer. There are many different ways but we´ll see three today:Puede ser una cerveza, por favor?Which lit. means "Can it be a beer please?"The second isMe traerías una cerveza, por favor?Would you bring me a beer please?And the third, most used and easiest:Una cerveza, por favorA beer please.Of course, on seldom occasions we drink alone in bars, so let´s learn the numbers from zero to twenty. We will assume that if we have more than twenty people on the table one of them will know how to speak spanish if you need to ask for more, hehe.So zero is CEROOne is UNOTwo is DOSThree is TRESFour is CUATROFive is CINCOSix is SEISSeven is SIETEEight is OCHONine is NUEVETen is DIEZEleven is ONCETwelve is DOCEThirteen is TRECEFourteen is CATORCEFifteen is QUINCESixteen is DIECISÉISSeventeen is DIECISIETEEighteen is DIECIOCHONineteen is DIECINUEVEand Twenty is VEINTE.As you might noticed, from sixteen on we have a little resemblance on the first half, every word starts with ten, and then the other number, sort of like ten and six.If you´re really anxious to know the rest of the numbers, you should know that this same formula will be the one to make the rest of the numbers until a hundred. But we´ll see that on the next episode.Let´s go back to the bar and our beer.Let´s say some friends came later and we ordered our beer, if we want two more we can say it like this.Dos cervezas más, por favor?Two more beers, please?Once we had enough, we can order for the check like this.La cuenta, por favor.orMe traés la cuenta, por favor?Now they will tell us the number, and probably they will ask cash or credit, so the waiter answer will be something like this:Son 18 pesos. Efectivo o tarjeta?Which meansIt´s 18 pesos, cash or credit card?If you´re in Argentina, you shouldn´t be so confident that they will have credit card payment in every single bar, so just in case always bring some cash with you.So once you have the money or the card, you can say thisAca tenés, gracias.There you go, thank you.Once we get our change, we can leave the tip, that is called propina, and usually is around 10% of what we had. Most of waiters will be more than happy with 10 % or more than 10 %. Some bars and restaurants already take the tip out of the bill, but most of them don´t.Well, this was our bar night at Saint Patrick´s Day, culturally speaking celebrating Saint Patrick´s Day is something brand new for us, we´ve been doing it for the last ten years, it´s not as big as in Scotland or Boston maybe, but in some neighbourhoods like downtown some streets close so people can gather up on the street and drink outside, so it´s pretty fun. Argentinians are known for being pretty outgoing, and Buenos Aires is a city where every single day there´s something to do or somewhere to go.So this is the end of the lesson, I hope you liked it, if you have any doubt or comment you can leave it on the website, www.heyquetal.blogspot.comThere´s also a twitter account if you want to follow the podcast, look for heyquetal on twitter and follow it for updates.My name is Pablo Apiolazza and this is Hey que tal? Free spanish lessons.Stay tuned and goodbye!
16 Mar 2010
Lesson 01: Hey! Que tal?
Hi! Welcome to the first episode of Hey Qué tal?, the series of free podcasts aimed to teach you spanish. My name is Pablo Apiolazza and here we're going to learn spanish from argentina, a very unique kind of spanish. Nevertheless, it's very similar to the original one, except some pronunciation, so even if you want to learn other type of spanish this podcasts will be helpfull for you too.Besides the language itself, we're going to learn some important aspects of the culture of Argentina, and particularly Buenos Aires, such as music, localisms, traditions, foods, and all sort of things useful for the traveller or the Argentina lover.So taking all this into consideration, lets begin with the first lesson.Today we're going to watch the basics: how to say hello.Everytime we meet someone we're in the need to say hello, and immediately ask "how are you?", so lets see how to say this in spanish.Hello, how are you?"Hola, cómo estas?"The first time we meet someone, this is quite well, but as we already know someone we can use some other ways to say this more coloquial, and this is when the title of this podcast becomes useful.To say (again) "Hey, how are you?" we can now sayHey! Qué tal?Now lets see what responses we can have to this. As you can imagine 90% of the times we will get positive answers like "great" or "fine" or "good", and then the same question back at us. So lets see them in spanishFor great we can use "Bárbaro". So the answer would be "Bárbaro, y vos?" (and you?)For fine or good we can use "Bien". "Bien, y vos?" A quick tip is that if we say "Muy bien", then it means VERY good. So they (or us) can answer that.If they ask us "y vos?" we should answer them back, so obviously we can use the same phrases, but instead of answering "and you?" over and over we can say a polite thank you. This is done by using a very important word: "Gracias".So to summarize, we'll see the whole situation together.A:-Hola, qué tal? B:-Bien, y vos? A:-Bien, gracias!Finally, some people (or maybe we) are not felling so great sometimes, so maybe they don't feel like saying that. To answer "not so good" we can say "Más o menos" (lit.: more or less).In very rare situations, we can even hear a "Mal" (bad). Or even a "Pésimo". Awful. But if we say or hear something like this we're probably getting ready to have a long talk, and we're not quite ready to do that yet.But don't worry, we will eventually while we keep listening the "Hey que tal?" podcasts.So this is pretty much it for today, I hope you enjoyed it, my name is Pablo Apiolazza and this is Hey Qué tal? Free spanish lessons.Don't forget to visit our blog: heyquetal.blogspot.comStay tuned and goodbye!Mp3 file
22 May 2013
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Lesson 09: En mi cuarto. Parts of a house
Hola, y bienvenidos a una nueva lección de Hey Que tal? Lecciones de español gratuitas. Mi nombre es Pablo Apiolazza y hoy estamos un poco vagos asi que nos vamos a quedar en casa.Hi, and welcome to a new lesson of Hey Que tal? Free spanish lessons. My name is Pablo Apiolazza and today we´re a little bit lazy so we´re going to stay home.On this episode we´re going to learn the parts of a house or an appartment. The term home is translated as hogar, but when we go home, in Argentina we always say vamos a casa, either we live on a house or a building.The first thing we do when we get home is to open the door. Door is puerta.We open the door isAbrimos la puerta.If we live on a building (edificio) then we have to take the stairs or the elevator.To go up the stairs is subir las escaleras.To go up with the elevator is subir con el ascensor.Once we get to our floor, in spanish piso, we walk thru a corridor, pasillo, to get to our appartment, departamento.Once inside, we might go to the kitchen, cocina. to make ourselves a coffe, café. Then maybe we go to the living room, which in spanish is also living, and we watch some tv. But first, a quick shower in the bathroom (baño).When dinner´s ready, we eat at the dining room, comedor. And when it´s time for bed, we go to our bedroom, cuarto. Maybe if we have a balcony (balcón) we can watch the stars for a while.Let´s say everything together in spanish, assuming that we live on an appartment.Cuando llego a casa abro la puerta.Adentro, tomo el ascensor hasta el quinto piso. Cuando bajo del ascensor, camino por el pasillo hasta mi departamento. Allí voy a la cocina y me hago un café. Después voy al living, y miro un rato la televisión, pero antes me doy una ducha en el baño.Cuando la cena esta lista, como en el comedor. Y cuando es hora de dormir, voy a mi cuarto, y desde el balcón miro las estrellas, antes de irme a dormir.When I get home I open the door, Once inside, I take the elevator to the 5th floor. When I get off the elevator, I walk thru the corridor until my appartment. There I go to the kitchen and I make myself a coffee. After that I go to the living, and I watch some tv, but before I take a shower at the bathroom. When the dinner´s ready, I eat at the dining room. And when it´s time to sleep, I go to my room, and from the balcony I watch the stars before I go to sleep.All the rooms in the house are called cuartos, besides the bedroom. Cuarto is the same as room. To say bedroom, we can also say dormitorio, as in dorm, but we don´t really use that word, but plain room, or my room.Well, this is pretty much all for today. Don´t forget to watch, rate and comment on the website, heyquetal.blogspot.com, our twitter account, heyquetal, our facebook group Hey Que tal? or at the email: firstname.lastname@example.orgMy name is Pablo Apiolazza and this is Hey Que tal? Free spanish lessons.Have a nice week, stay tuned and goodbye!
8 May 2010