OwlTail

Cover image of General Philosophy

General Philosophy

A series of lectures delivered by Peter Millican to first-year philosophy students at the University of Oxford. The lectures comprise of the 8-week General Philosophy course, delivered to first year undergraduates. These lectures aim to provide a thorough introduction to many philosophical topics and to get students and others interested in thinking about key areas of philosophy. Taking a chronological view of the history of philosophy, each lecture is split into 3 or 4 sections which outline a particular philosophical problem and how different philosophers have attempted to resolve the issue. Individuals interested in the 'big' questions about life such as how we perceive the world, who we are in the world and whether we are free to act will find this series informative, comprehensive and accessible.

Popular episodes

All episodes

The best episodes ranked using user listens.

Podcast cover

2.7 Overview: Kant and Modern Science

Part 2.7. Concludes a historical survey of philosophy with Immanuel Kant, who thought Hume was wrong in his idea of human nature and how we gain knowledge of the world.

17mins

8 Apr 2010

Rank #1

Podcast cover

7.1 Free Will, Determinism and Choice

Part 7.1. Explores the problem of free will and the ideas of moral responsibility, determinism and choice; the need for a concept of freedom to allow free choice, the problems associated with this and asking whether we really have freedom of choice.

18mins

1 Dec 2010

Rank #2

Similar Podcasts

Podcast cover

2.6 David Hume

Part 2.6. Introduces 18th Century Scottish philosopher David Hume, 'The Great Infidel', including his life, works and a brief look at his philosophical thoughts.

12mins

16 Mar 2010

Rank #3

Podcast cover

7.3 Hume on Liberty and Necessity

Part 7.3. Looks at Hume's views on liberty and its relationship to causal necessity; that we have free will but it is causally determined.

10mins

1 Dec 2010

Rank #4

Most Popular Podcasts

Podcast cover

3.1 Hume's Argument Concerning Induction

Part 3.1. Briefly introduces the problem of induction: that is, the problem that it is difficult to justify claims to knowledge of the world through pure reason, i.e. without experience.

12mins

8 Apr 2010

Rank #5

Podcast cover

4.3 Cartesian Dualism

Part 4.3. Introduces Descartes' idea of dualism, that there is a separation between the mind and the body, as well as some of the philosophical issues surrounding this idea.

14mins

8 Apr 2010

Rank #6

Podcast cover

5.1 Introduction to Knowledge

Part 5.1. Looks at the problem of knowledge; how can we know what we know, three types of knowledge and A J Ayer's two conditions for knowledge.

10mins

29 Nov 2010

Rank #7

Podcast cover

4.1 Scepticism about the External World

Part 4.1. Introduces the problem of how do we have knowledge of the world, how do we know what we perceive is in fact what is there?

9mins

8 Apr 2010

Rank #8

Podcast cover

3.2 Responses to Hume's Famous Argument

Part 3.2. Responses to and justifications of Hume's argument concerning the problem of induction.

9mins

8 Apr 2010

Rank #9

Podcast cover

6.4 Making Sense of Perception

Part 6.4. A brief overview of contemporary accounts of perception; including phenomenalism (that objects are logical constructions from sense data) and direct realism (that we perceive objects and the external world directly).

16mins

30 Nov 2010

Rank #10

Podcast cover

4.2 Possible Answers to External World Scepticism

Part 4.2. Investigates some of the possible solutions to Descartes' sceptical problem of the external world, looking at G.E Moore's response, among others, to the problem.

9mins

8 Apr 2010

Rank #11

Podcast cover

5.4 Scepticism, Externalism and the Ethics of Belief

Part 5.4. Looks at the role the concept of knowledge plays in life, the different levels of knowledge we require in certain contexts and the return of scepticism over knowledge.

12mins

29 Nov 2010

Rank #12

Podcast cover

5.3 Gettier and Other Complications

Part 5.3. The difference between internalist and externalist accounts of knowledge; whether we need external factors to justify knowledge or whether internal accounts are sufficient, and the Gettier cases.

14mins

29 Nov 2010

Rank #13

Podcast cover

5.2 The Traditional Analysis of Knowledge

Part 5.2. Explores the idea of conscious and unconscious knowledge (should a person know that they know something or does it not matter?) and the theory of justification of propositions and beliefs.

16mins

29 Nov 2010

Rank #14

Podcast cover

6.3 Abstraction and Idealism

Part 6.3. Criticisms of the resemblance theory of perception and an introduction to idealism - that perceptions of the external world are all within the mind as ideas.

10mins

30 Nov 2010

Rank #15