Cover image of Rotary Wing Show - Interviews from the Helicopter Industry
(43)

Rank #28 in Aviation category

Leisure
Aviation

Rotary Wing Show - Interviews from the Helicopter Industry

Updated 4 days ago

Rank #28 in Aviation category

Leisure
Aviation
Read more

Capturing stories of helicopter pilots and crew from around the world. Find out about different helicopter career paths, pick up some tips and learn more about what life as helicopter aircrew has to offer.

Read more

Capturing stories of helicopter pilots and crew from around the world. Find out about different helicopter career paths, pick up some tips and learn more about what life as helicopter aircrew has to offer.

iTunes Ratings

43 Ratings
Average Ratings
40
2
1
0
0

Great stuff

By straightuphelicopters - Jan 20 2019
Read more
I gotta say I have been following Rotary Wing show for several years now and have learned many valuable lessons. ~Thanks Mick

Great source for information and passion

By James_SEL - Oct 28 2018
Read more
This podcast is an awesome resource for anyone looking for thoughtfully selected and quality information on helicopter operations and rotary wing flying in gereral. The creator has a passion for avaition and it comes through on the podcast and really makes the epidoses enjoyable. As a fixed wing pilot and current helicopter pilot student, the topics are in-depth enough to be useful but no so much to be inaccessable to those outside aviation. The wide range of topics are also a big plus. From mental health, to old war flying stories, to current day ops. If you're looking to fulfill your curiosity on helicopters or looking for quality technical information, I can't recommend this show enough. Well done.

iTunes Ratings

43 Ratings
Average Ratings
40
2
1
0
0

Great stuff

By straightuphelicopters - Jan 20 2019
Read more
I gotta say I have been following Rotary Wing show for several years now and have learned many valuable lessons. ~Thanks Mick

Great source for information and passion

By James_SEL - Oct 28 2018
Read more
This podcast is an awesome resource for anyone looking for thoughtfully selected and quality information on helicopter operations and rotary wing flying in gereral. The creator has a passion for avaition and it comes through on the podcast and really makes the epidoses enjoyable. As a fixed wing pilot and current helicopter pilot student, the topics are in-depth enough to be useful but no so much to be inaccessable to those outside aviation. The wide range of topics are also a big plus. From mental health, to old war flying stories, to current day ops. If you're looking to fulfill your curiosity on helicopters or looking for quality technical information, I can't recommend this show enough. Well done.

Listen to:

Cover image of Rotary Wing Show - Interviews from the Helicopter Industry

Rotary Wing Show - Interviews from the Helicopter Industry

Updated 4 days ago

Read more

Capturing stories of helicopter pilots and crew from around the world. Find out about different helicopter career paths, pick up some tips and learn more about what life as helicopter aircrew has to offer.

RWS 8 – Helicopter EMS in Alaska with Lorena Knapp

Podcast cover
Read more

Lorena Knapp on EMS flying in Alaska

Alaska is still largely wilderness and remote communities rely heavily on helicopter operations. Air Ambulance services like the one that today’s guest Lorena Knapp flies for can drastically reduce the time needed to get a patient to primary care given the terrain and ground conditions.

Find out about flying conditions in Alaska and get an insight into helicopter Emergency Medical Service (EMS) operations. Along the way we follow Lorena’s career progression to find out how she got her start and worked her way up to her current challenging position.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

01:12 Meet Lorena Knapp
02:30 Current role with Air Methods and location
04:30 Early flying experience with her dad
06:10 Helicopter training and getting licence
08:22 Hillsboro Aviation training and instructing
09:00 Oil and Gas in Gulf of Mexico
11:10 Tours – Juneau and Denali, Alaska
13:40 Moving into EMS
14:50 Air Methods organisation and history
18:00 EMS operations – Air Ambulance, VFR, NVGs, shifts
20:20 Medical crews and carrying patients, memorable calls
25:10 Really making a difference
26:20 Flying in Alaska
28:10 Terrain and heights
28:50 Day length changes, NVGs
30:45 Impact of weather
34:05 Cold weather ops
38:25 Sectional charts, GPS and navigation
39:55 Anchorage airspace classes
42:20 Helicopter industry operators
44:00 Getting a job in Alaska
44:50 Alaska highlights off hours
47:20 Helping people achieve dreams
49:45 Ninety-nines and other women aviation groups
52:53 Trainmorepilots.com
53:20 Best helicopter novels – send in your nominations

View from the cockpit flying in Alaska in an Astar – no steam driven gauges here

In the episode we talk about the size of Alaska. This graphic shows the size comparison with the rest of the United States.

Lorena’s TEDx Talk Video
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_5415358564A54").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"5415358564A54","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Helicopter EMS Flying in Alaska with Lorena Knapp Rotary Wing Show","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"wqbKcPjWjv0"}");

Links from this week’s episode:
Lorenaknapp.com – Lorena’s website
AirMethods
The Ninety-Nines, Inc., International Organization of Women Pilots
Whirly Girls

If we were not there, that guy would not now be alive #helicopters
Click To Tweet

Can sometimes log more night flying on the day shift than the night crews
Click To Tweet

The hydraulic fluid starts to get jelly-like at these temps #alaska
Click To Tweet

Got a comment or question about today’s show? Use the area below to leave your thoughts.

The post RWS 8 – Helicopter EMS in Alaska with Lorena Knapp appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Sep 14 2014

55mins

Play

RWS 46 – Chickenhawk with Robert Mason

Podcast cover
Read more

The Vietnam war has been called the helicopter war. They were used as troop carriers, gunships, medevac, heavy lift, observation and aerial trucks. Chickenhawk author Robert Mason shares some of his memories of flying the Huey in this episode.

They fundamentally changed the way that war was fought. Probably nothing is more iconic from that period than the Bell UH-1 Huey. The Huey was the first turbine helicopter to enter production for the US military and brought a significant boost to capabilities over existing machines.

The first flight of the UH-1 was back in 1956 – October this year(2016) will mark 60 years of Huey models flying. So someone is going to have to organise a big party for that one!

If there is one book that people associate with helicopters in Vietnam and especially the Huey then it would most likely be ChickenHawk by Robert Mason. In fact it is probably one of the most recommended books on helicopters in general. If you look around the web wherever someone has asked for helicopter book recommendations then there is a high chance that Chickenhawk is mentioned.

A typical flight formation on the way back from an assault. Photo Credit: R.Mason

The helicopter bible – Chickenhawk by Robert Mason
Click To Tweet

It has 471 reviews just on Amazon with 85% of those being 5 star. And obviously amazon is a fairly recent invention given the book was published in 1983.

The author Bob Mason deployed to Vietnam with 1st Cavalry Division and their 450 Hueys at the opening of the Vietnam war.

In Chickenhawk he covers his helicopter training and his 12 month tour of Vietnam as a ‘slick’ pilot on Hueys where he flew over 1,000 air assault missions.

A big thanks to show listener Lee Rilea for prodding me for a long time now to track Bob down.

It is my very great honor to be able to introduce you to Bob Mason and to find out a bit more about his experiences.

22yrs old, aircraft captain of a Huey in Vietnam, flying into hot LZs and saved a bunch of people
Click To Tweet

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

In this week’s episode:
01:05 Vietnam the helicopter war and the Huey
03:50 Chickenhawk book reviews
05:35 Bob Mason interview
07:30 First time saw a helicopter hovering when doing fixed wing flying
10:30 Humans predestined to fly – no logical survival basis
11:45 Training helicopters – Hiller 12C, H-19
14:10 Vertol H-21 ‘Banana’ 21 seats but would never be able to carry that many
15:10 Hueys in 1st Cav Division
17:50 Never see that many helicopters flying again
18:30 A typical air mobile mission
22:31 30-45 min flights to get to assault locations
24:00 Chest protection wasn’t available for first months
25:20 Formation stories – lead ship had lost radio comms
28:05 9 SQN RAAF
28:35 Missed approach formation lead
31:10 Taking out a IVSI gauge with a pistol
32:25 Huey blades vs tree branches
34:15 Bullet holes
36:30 Jinking around to dodge bullets
38:00 Flying rate of effort and hours in a day
40:33 Casualty rates – WW2 vs Vietnam
43:30 Night flying – formation via cockpit lights, 4 ship formations, no moon
47:20 Overloaded departure with low RRPM downhill
49:10 CBS news clip – medevac of CBS president
50:20 Tail rotor impact on landing in dust cloud
55:10 Battle of Ia Drang
56:20 Advice with regards PSTD and dealing with stress reactions
59:35 TH-55A trainer and tuck under in autorotation crashes
1:02:30 Medals DFC
1:03:40 Getting back into a Huey after 47 years
1:12:15 Video of Jerry Towler talk to historical association
1:13:00 Reviews on iTune – thank you!
1:13:35 Episode Sponsors trainmorepilots.com

Links from this week’s episode:
Robert Mason’s Website
Helicopter loss numbers – Vietnam Helicopter Pilots Association
Chickenhawk Book on Amazon

To have your copy of Chickenhawk signed:
“To mail me a copy to sign, send a book with a prepaid return shipper envelope, to:
Robert Mason
P.O. Box 1517
High Springs, FL 32655”

For a bigger mission we might take 80 – 100 helicopters
Click To Tweet

Bong Son Valley, February 1966. Preacher Yellow flight is on final during an air assault in the valley. It’s exciting when you know you’re going to be landing where that smoke is. This was taken from the left cockpit seat of Yellow Two. Photo Credit: R.Mason

A forward base somewhere in the middle of no where. We’ve just dropped off a load of everyone’s favorite treat, good old C-rations. Photo Credit: R.Mason

Yankee Air Museum Historic Presentation Night Presents Jerry Towler

Bob Mason flying the Mosquito XET 2008

I can’t walk past a helicopter without acknowledging them – they are kind of magical.
Click To Tweet

Be part of the conversation on this interview by leaving a comment below. Let others know what you think of the book Chickenhawk.

The post RWS 46 – Chickenhawk with Robert Mason appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

May 07 2016

1hr 14mins

Play

RWS 34 – Special Operations Aviation with Mike Durant

Podcast cover
Read more

Flying long range assault missions at extremely low altitudes on NVGs with a cabin full of special forces soldiers is all in a days work for the men and women of the 160th Special Operations Regiment. Mike Durant was a Blackhawk element flight lead with the ‘Night Stalkers’ and in this interview talks about his flying career.

Mike Durant is the only surviving crew member of Super Six Four, a special operations blackhawk shot down by RPG fire in Mogadishu, Somalia in 1993. He was severely injured in the crash and then captured and held hostage for 11 days.

The events of the mission were later captured in the book and movie ‘Blackhawk Down’. Prior to 1993 the 160th organisation was almost completely unknown even within US Army Aviation circles.

MH-60 of the 160th SOAR (A) with a variety of mission equipment fitted.

You might not know that Mike returned to flying duties with the 160th after recovering from his injuries and continued to fly in the unit for a number of years after that.

His career leading up to joining the Night Stalkers and prior to 1993 is also fascinating stuff and an insight into the skills and attitudes that it takes to get right to the top of the rotary wing pecking order. He took part in the US invasion of Panama in 1989 and was the first helicopter to shoot at a SCUD missile launcher in Iraq. Mike was also instrumental in the development process of the Direct Action Penetrator armed Blackhawk.

These are an amazing group of aviators and their support teams.

Some of the currencies they need to keep up: Instrument flying, NVGs, Formation, Aerial gunnery, Rappelling, HALO, Suspended extraction, Air-to-air refueling, Deck landings, HUET + more

Mike recovered from his injuries to return to active service with the 160th SOAR (A) and served out several more years. He now heads up Pinnacle Solutions as the company CEO.

Books co-authored by Mike Durant about his experiences and those of the 160th SOAR

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

In this week’s episode:

01:10 Back from Rockhampton and flight in 212 Single
01:50 World Helicopter Day update – now added Tanzania and Panama
02:33 Mike Durant intro
04:08 1993 Operations in Somalia – part of life that happened a long time ago
06:50 First introduction to flying
08:45 Soloing through Army flight school at 7 hours mark
11:41 Medivac posting in Korea – Hueys and Blackhawks
14:39 101st Aviation Regiment – multi-ship, NVGs, sling loads, tactical operations, air assault
16:25 Instructor Pilot course and formation lead
17:10 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment assessment – green platoon, physical requirements, ground nav, air nav without GPS -+30sec, terrain following radars, aerial refueling, IF
21:00 SERE training and stories from the book ‘In The Company of Heroes’
22:10 Progression to Flight Lead
23:15 What it feels like to strap in
24:30 Operational experience prior to Somalia
29:10 Chip light in middle of mission
31:17 Direct Action Penetrator Blackhawks – Hellfire, 30mm cannons, rockets and miniguns, air-to-air missiles
36:35 Pet hate of the Blackhawk
38:55 Flight profiles in Somalia – 15-20 ship formations over the roof tops, 50/50 Day vs Night
43:45 Mission on the day of being shot down
48:56 Looking down at full left pedal but yawing right
51:12 Hit the ground still spinning
55:25 Ground battle and actions leading to posthumous Congressional Medal of Honor for Randy Shughart and Gary Gordon, Mike is only survivor and carried away by mob
59:45 Other aviation stories from the mission
1:06:30 Piracy in modern day Somalia
1:09:45 Transition back into civilian life
1:11:50 Pinnacle Solutions – Mike’s company pinnaclesolutionsinc.com/
1:14:30 Flying advice to pass on
1:18:10 Episode Sponsors trainmorepilots.com

Links from this week’s episode:
Mike is now CEO of pinnaclesolutionsinc.com/
Warrior Foundation/
In The Company of Heroes – Mike’s own look at the events of his capture and career
The Night Stalkers: Top Secret Missions of the U.S. Army’s Special Operations Aviation Regiment
World Helicopter Day

This is a recording of a talk that Mike gave to the US Army War College about the military background and lessons learnt from the operations in Somalia. They had requested a tank as the Search and Rescue vehicle but had been denied.
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_55C96CF7436EC").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"55C96CF7436EC","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Mike Durant talks to Army War College","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"p30dV6IEMO8"}");

00:25 into this video you can see the Littlebirds making an approach to the roads in Mogadishu and the dust being through up.

DAP Blackhawk Firepower Demonstration

If you’ve been inspired by Mike’s career or have a question about the episode then keep the conversation going in the comments below.

The post RWS 34 – Special Operations Aviation with Mike Durant appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Aug 11 2015

1hr 20mins

Play

RWS 55 – Close Calls and Funny Stories with Matthew Barker

Podcast cover
Read more

Matt Barker in front of an Australian Army Tiger which he helped develop the operating procedures for.

During 30 years of flying with the Australian Army Matt Barker has got to try his hand at a wide range of roles. He has picked up some tales of close calls and funny incidents along the way.

In the 1980’s the RAAF was directed to transfer its helicopters to the Australian Army. This brought about an urgent need for the Army to increase their pilot recruiting numbers. At that time it would take 18 months of officer training and then another 12-18 months of flight training to get a new pilot to an operational unit. That was a lag time the Army couldn’t afford and the Special Service Officer (SSO) scheme was started which saw new recruits put through a 10 week abridged officer training course (commonly called a Knife, Fork and Spoon course) then straight into flight training.

Matt Barker was on this first SSO course through and shares some of the cultural interplay between these new officers and the rest of the Army. Going into the training he already had his commercial licence flown on R22, Bell 47 G2 and G4 models.

30 years later and Matt has flow Kiowa, Blackhawk, AS350 Squirrel, Tiger and MRH. He is an instructor, has flown Special Operations and was the Standards Officer in charge of developing the operating procedures for Tiger in Australian service from a blank piece of paper.

He has spent time flying over many parts of Australia, PNG, Timor and done stints in the UK, France and the US.

Thanks to Craig Bowman for the introduction to Matt and for feeding me some starting info to tease out the stories from Matt.

SOURCE: Australian Aviation
The ARH Tiger takes off with the Kiowa following close behind.
Mid Caption: 1st Aviation Regiment, Northern Territory, bid a final farewell to the Kiowa on Monday 26 October 2009.
A formation of Kiowas, escorted by the ARH Tiger, conducted a fly-over of Darwin.
The farewell and flypast departed from 1st Aviation Regiment, Gaza Lines, Robertson Barracks. They flew to Lee Point and then followed the coast to Palmerston and then returned to Robertson Barracks.
The B206B-1 Kiowa departed the 1st Aviation Regiment and Darwin for the last time on the 27th October 2009. The aircraft has operated in the Northern Territory since the early 1970s and have been based in Darwin since November 1994.
The departure of the Kiowas from 1st Aviation Regiment is a significant milestone in the introduction of the ARH Tiger. 1st Aviation Regiment will now focus on the introduction into service of the ARH Tiger from its home base at Robertson Barracks.

05 Oct 1987 – Joined Australian Army on Number 1 SSO Pilot course (46 Army Pilot course)
Jan – Jun 1988 – Basic Pilot course on CT4 at No 1 Flying Training School at RAAF Base Point Cook
Jul – Dec 1988 – Rotary wing course at SAA Oakey on B206 Kiowa
Dec 88 – Jan 91- Posted to 161 Recce Sqn at Holsworthy as a pilot on B206 Kiowa
Jan 91 – Oct 91 – Posted to Instructor training with US Army at Fort Rucker on OH58 Kiowa
Oct 91 – Oct 94 – QFI at ADF Helicopter School on AS350 Squirrel
Oct 94 – Jan 95 – S70 Blackhawk conversion course at SAA
Feb 95 – Dec 97 – Pilot, troop commander and SQN QFI at A SQN, 5 Aviation Regiment at RAAF Townsville
Jan 98 – Jun 2000 – QFI and troop commander at ADF Helicopter School on AS350 Squirrel
Jul 00 – Dec 2002 – SQN QFI at 161 Recce SQN at RAAF Darwin. Two stints in East Timor as Troop Commander and Detachment Commander
Jan 03 – Dec 09 – ARH Tiger Flying Standards Officer, posted to Eurocopter Marignane France 2004/05 and AAVNTC Oakey
Jan 10 – Dec 11 – ARH Tiger Instructor Development Officer, Instructor Training Wing, AAVNTC Oakey
Jan 12 – Dec 12 – Flying Standards Officer for ARH Tiger at 1 Aviation Regiment Darwin
Jan 13 – Jul 14 – ARH Tiger QFI with KBR at SAA Oakey
31 Jan 2014 – Transferred from full time to active reserve in the Australian Army
Jul 14 – Present – MRH90 Taipan QFI with Airbus at SAA Oakey.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

In this episode:
Punching a nanna while on a joyflight
Deer hunting in NZ using MD500’s ‘coolest thing ever seen’ – was initial reason for wanting to fly helicopters
Special Service Officer (SSO) pilot course
First SSO pilot to SQN
Recruiting video for Royal Military College
Chip light over Sydney nude
Katherine Bachelors and Spinster’s Ball
Passing out on approach to RAAF base Tindal
Field promotion for maintainer
T-aid night approaches
Night flying training
Introduction of NVGs – black tape and cyalume sticks
Melbourne to Sydney Kiowa flight – IIMC, QANTAS jets, low fuel and lions

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the show on Patreon
HFI Scholarship Winners
HAI Heli-Expo 2017
World Helicopter Day

Matt Barker and Tiger HAP 004 – starting Tiger Conversion Course on the French HAP Tiger, Marignane France, Jan 2005

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_58BCBC7F475F7").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"58BCBC7F475F7","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Australian Army Tiger and MRH","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"XxgJdN2XK8Q"}");
[Video] Australian Army Tiger and MRH that Matt Barker flies.

The African Lion Safari was a zoo in the western suburbs of Sydney that closed in 1991. It was still operating when Matt landed there in a Kiowa with no doors on during bad weather.

Matt and the mighty Kiowa, Suai East Timor 2002 with 161 Recce SQN

“Saying happy birthday to my daughter while in East Timor 2002, using a RNZAF 3 Squadron Huey (that’s me in the door).” – Matt

Do you have a question for Matt or about something mentioned in the episode that you want to ask? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 55 – Close Calls and Funny Stories with Matthew Barker appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Mar 06 2017

1hr 12mins

Play

RWS 19 – Height Velocity Diagram with Shawn Coyle

Podcast cover
Read more

Shawn Coyle is an experienced helicopter test pilot with a passion for helping other pilots learn more about their profession.

Whether you walk away from a landing after an helicopter engine failure or not depends on many things but one good predictor is the Height Velocity(H/V) diagram.

The H/V diagram (also known as H/V curve and dead man’s curve) represents combinations of airspeeds and altitudes that have been determined for that helicopter type where it will be difficult or impossible to safely land the helicopter.

But how is the diagram or chart arrived at?

What are the conditions it is tested under?

In this episode of the Rotary Wing Show test pilot Shawn Coyle takes us in great detail through the diagram and the machinations that go into building one. Shawn’s experience ranges from civil and military operational flying to certification flight testing and training experimental test pilots.

An author of several well know helicopter books Shawn also on occasion acts as an expert witness and on crash investigations.

After listening to this episode you will have a much greater understanding of how the H/V diagram is derived, what it means for your flying operations and probably a reluctance to let your hover height drift upwards.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

In this week’s episode:
01:20 Weather extremes on social media streams
01:48 Listener voicemail
03:25 Hello to our Croatian listener!
04:00 Height velocity diagram
05:50 Guest Shawn Coyle bio
06:06 Early start to flying in Air Cadets
06:47 Jet training then sent to helicopters
08:16 Freedom of action as a helicopter pilot
09:20 Test pilot school
11:42 Flying with the Brits
15:10 Writing books on helicopters
18:14 Automatic flight control systems
27:05 What is a height velocity diagram
27:50 Conditions used to record results
29:35 Where do you go to perform tests?
30:45 Other names for the curve and misnomers – ‘dead man’s curve’
32:41 Background of the diagram
33:28 Engine failure rates and lack of data
35:10 3 engine failures for Shawn
36:50 Delayed pilot response built into the height velocity diagram
41:03 Low hover point test technique
42:43 Impact of aging aircraft on curve
44:06 Number of data points required to construct the diagram
45:20 Verification process by certification authority
45:50 Paved level surface for touchdown, no zero touchdown requirement
47:10 What happens if you test on grass….
48:45 The scariest point to test and amount of nose down
50:34 Insurance impact of the height velocity diagram and limitation vs performance consideration
52:20 Low altitude, high speed section of the diagram
53:30 Best advice when you have to operate in shaded area
54:45 Applicability for approaches and arrivals
55:55 Ray Prouty dinner story
57:18 Piece of advice that you would pass on
59:20 2015 plans and travel
1:00:30 Little Book of Autorotations by Shawn Coyle
1:01:50 Sponsors trainmorepilots.com
1:02:10 WorldHelicopterDay.com

Links from this week’s episode:
Shawn’s company Eagle Eye Solutions

Shawn speaks at the CHC 2013 Safety Conference about the certification process
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_54B62D3BA13F5").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"54B62D3BA13F5","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"CHC safety talk shawn coyle","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"fkHzRMOBR9k"}");

“Measuring with a micrometer, marking with a chalk line and cutting with a chainsaw”
Click To Tweet

“Know exactly what the symptoms are and exactly what you are going to do”
Click To Tweet

“Never seen a helicopter say beat me, I love it!! (more than Blackhawk)”
Click To Tweet

Have a question for Shawn or topics that you would like him to cover? Let us know in the comments.

The post RWS 19 – Height Velocity Diagram with Shawn Coyle appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Jan 15 2015

1hr 2mins

Play

RWS 41 – ‘Cyclic Back’ in an Autorotation Entry with Pete Gillies

Podcast cover
Read more

Pete Gillies is a legendary, 18,000-hour helicopter pilot who has previously been honored as the Helicopter Association International’s instructor of the year.

The difference between an expensive falling brick and a helicopter is rotor RPM. Pete Gillies talks about the importance of aft cyclic in autorotation entry to conserve rotor RPM in this episode.

Depending on where you did your training this might come across as ‘yeah, of course, doesn’t everyone do this’. If that’s you then fantastic and this interview will give you an in depth refresher on the ‘why’ behind it. If you’ve been out of regular autorotation practice for a while or didn’t have this emphasied then you’ll walk away with a new understanding to take on your next flight. There are a number of links further down the page that go on to show that this knowledge may not be as widely spread as it should be.

As with any flying advice you should discuss it with an instructor that you trust if unsure and apply some sense in how to use it – Pete is obviously not trying to say that aft cyclic must be used religiously for example in a hover engine failure.

A bad ending of an autorotation is usually survivable, but a bad beginning is usually not
Click To Tweet

“The Best Kept Secret in the helicopter industry is how critical it is to immediately apply aft cyclic the moment a loss of power to the rotor system is detected. I have been doing my best to spread this word since analyzing the cause of two law-enforcement helicopter accidents that occurred four months apart in 2002. I call it Cyclic Back.

Very few helicopter pilots realize that if, with a total engine failure, the rotor rpm is allowed to fall more than about 5% below low green, the flight is over. OVER. There is no recovery possible regardless of what actions the pilot may take or how high the helicopter is above ground. This fact is not mentioned in the sales literature for helicopters nor in the approved rotorcraft flight manuals. It is not mentioned in any of our FAA publications having to do with how helicopters fly and how to fly them. It is treated as a deep dark secret, unfortunately.

When power is lost to the rotor system, THE MOST IMPORTANT FLIGHT CONTROL IN THE COCKPIT IS THE CYCLIC! It must immediately be brought aft so that the flow of air is upwards through the rotor system. Bottoming the collective does only one thing: It reduces the rate that the rotor rpm is falling. That’s all! It NEVER stops the fall of rotor rpm.

Once the rotor rpm has dropped below the critical point, recovery is not possible. The helicopter continues to descend as the rotor rpm falls towards zero and may, in the case of free-turbine engines as used in the EC135, be seen to turn backwards. The rotor blades will show little if any damage when the wreckage is examined.

And as the rotor rpm slows towards zero during the descent, retreating blade stall enters the picture. The normal Vne chart does not mention rotor rpm; it is assumed it is normal for the standard mode of flight. But when rotor rpm falls, Vne falls with it, so Vne is very possible at airspeeds much below those computed via the chart.

This in turn means that as the rotor rpm is falling during the autorotation, the helicopter will roll in the direction of the retreating blades, or to the left in the case of the EC135. Any attempt by the pilot to correct this with opposite cyclic simply adds additional pitch to the blades that are already stalling, thereby increasing the amount of roll.
When a helicopter pilot is faced with a sudden unannounced engine or drive-line failure, here is what must be done:
1. Cyclic back and pitch down, simultaneously or in that order.
2. Pick a place to land.
3. MAKE THAT SPOT!

What about indicated airspeed. At the beginning of the autorotation, the ONLY speed that matters is that over the wings, meaning, of course, the rotor blades, and this is a function of rotor rpm. Pitot tube airspeed (indicated airspeed) is not important at that time, but yes, once the rotor rpm is solidly in the green, indicated airspeed can be helpful in extending the glide or reducing the rate of descent.
Finally, this: During a normal power-off autorotation, the helicopter will respond to all flight-control movements the same way it would if the helicopter is in a flat-pitch descent with the engine running. The only thing it won’t do is a sustained climb. But it will stop, back up, turn in any direction, etc. So when I say MAKE THAT SPOT, I’m saying use the maneuverability of the helicopter just as you would if the engine was running. There is more to life than straight-ins, 90s and 180s!”
– extract from a post that Pete made on PPRuNe in 2013 (with a typically PPRuNe spirited debate that runs to 28 pages)

As for in Pete’s earlier interview back in Episode 39 we have Douglas Williams to thank for capturing this audio.

The pilots had not applied aft cyclic at the time the engine quit, they had gone for airspeed – Pete Gillies
Click To Tweet

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

In the episode:
02:04 Competition for a custom aviation drawing
03:00 Listener comment Andy, 28 SQN OCU
04:20 B206 engine start clip last episode
05:50 Old Bell Helicopters magazine article, 1975 – ‘Keep the rotor in the green’ – redundant?
09:20 Studying accident reports – LAPD Astar overrunning clutch failure
11:15 MD500D ran out of fuel then crash wreckage
15:40 1992 MD500E engine failure on takeoff with crash onto busy road
20:55 Sherif MD600 steep 180 turn following engine failure
25:10 Law enforcement recurrency training using crash photos – lightbulb moment!
28:40 “Immediately put the collective down and immediately nosed over to get airspeed”
30:20 The aircraft were turning left due to below green rotor RPM – retreating blade stall
33:00 Impact on Vne of low rotor RPM
35:00 Emphasis at the time on airspeed in RFM
36:30 Fixed wing comparison
38:45 Reaction time and immediate actions
41:00 Overrunning clutch – engine overspeed but rotor blades slowing
42:00 ‘Aft Cyclic’
44:10 Autorotation training changes
48:15 Completely consumed with the mission and not thinking about engine failure
50:10 The helicopter is happiest in autorotation
51:30 Multiengine helicopters and applicability of ‘Cyclic Back’
53:20 Engine off vs engine idling training autorotations
1:00:20 ‘Aft cyclic’ to be in print, training programs and RFM
1:02:30 Advice on a real world engine failure from Pete
1:08:50 Thanks to Doug Williams

Links from this week’s episode:
Western Helicopters
Marc Philipp Veenendaal’s Instagram account with aviation drawings
Episode Sponsors trainmorepilots.com

Video – Pete Gillies talking to impromptu group about autorotations
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_56C9A0F1E2306").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"56C9A0F1E2306","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"cyclic back autorotation pete gillies","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"gsM7wCpjsU0"}");

One wing falling off in flight – equivalent to a too low RRPM #helicopter
Click To Tweet

In a real autorotation there is no upper red line on RRPM. Just worry about the bottom one.
Click To Tweet

You can also find more reading on ‘cyclic back’ online: AStar Accident Shines Light On Autorotation Training, AIN Online 2013 , ‘Failure to Enter’,VerticalMag 2013 , Rotorcraft Safety: No Margin for Error, Aviation Week 2014 , Enough skill to kill yourself, 2015

Chapter 43 ‘Autorotation Concerns’ of Helicopter Aerodynamics Volume II by Ray Prouty also cites Pete Gillies when talking about the need to instigate airflow into the disc during autorotation entry in forward flight.

The following is an analogy penned by Randy Rowles, 2013 HAI Instructor of the Year, that provides another approach to discussing the application of aft cyclic in an autorotation entry.
“First, I would like to add to Mr. Pete Gillie’s (Chief Pilot, Western Helicopters) comments regarding the importance of applying aft cyclic when entering an autorotation. As a longtime flight instructor, I couldn’t agree more with Pete as I’m sure most experienced instructors within the helicopter industry would as well. The key to getting the point across on such subjects is providing an example that is relevant to the topic.

I would suggest we provide an example taken from a baseball analogy. Applying aft cyclic when entering an autorotation is a key consideration because you want to present the rotor system to the changing relative wind. This is very similar to explaining HOW to catch a ball in a glove. In simple terms, you MUST present the open glove to the ball for the glove to function.

To properly catch a ball, the glove must be open and presented so that the ball will hit the glove in the pocket. If the glove is face down, the ball will hit the glove and be driven to the ground. If the glove is held upside down, the ball may roll up the glove and hit the person in the mouth, both non-desirable outcomes.

So you see…an analogy of catching a ball in a glove presents the reader with a basic fundamental principle of the interaction of the ball in flight, and how to properly engage the design of a glove to catch the ball. The rotor system works exactly the same way. No matter what the speed of the aircraft, the rotor system MUST immediately be presented to the airflow through the use of aft cyclic during all autorotative entries.”

Custom drawing competition – Final hours

Your chance to win a custom aviation drawing my Marc Veenendaal is almost gone. Leave a comment on Episode 39 about your first helicopter experience to go into the draw.

A photo posted by Marc Philipp Veenendaal (@marc_mpv) on Jan 14, 2016 at 5:54am PST

Do you have an opinion on ‘Cyclic Back’ or additional information to share? Perhaps you’ve had an engine failure and can share how it turned out. Join in the conversation below in the comments

The post RWS 41 – ‘Cyclic Back’ in an Autorotation Entry with Pete Gillies appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Feb 21 2016

1hr 10mins

Play

RWS 3 – Helicopter Night Vision Goggles with Richard Maas

Podcast cover
Read more

Dickie Maas wearing a set of NVGs

An interview with Richard(Dickie) Maas, a Night Vision Goggle(NVG) instructor and assessor.

Only a small percentage of helicopter crews have had the chance to fly with NVGs so far – that is slowly changing.

In this interview Dickie will take us through how NVGs work, how they impact on military, law enforcement and EMS work and some of the limitations that they do have.

NVGs are becoming the way of the future for aeromedical flying. http://rotarywingshow.com/rws-3-helicopter-night-vision-goggles-richard-maas/
Click To Tweet

ANVIS-9 Goggles are a common type of helicopter NVGs

Dickie taking a break in between jobs in front of a Bell 412 in Brisbane

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

This video gives a good idea of the difference NVGs make to night helicopter operations.

Got a good NVG story to tell? Consider sharing your story below in the comments so that the rest of us can learn from the event. If you have questions then ask them below too.

The post RWS 3 – Helicopter Night Vision Goggles with Richard Maas appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Aug 09 2014

44mins

Play

RWS 74 – Pete Gillies Talks About Tail Rotor Failures

Podcast cover
Read more

Pete Gillies is a legendary, 18,000-hour helicopter pilot who has previously been honored as the Helicopter Association International’s instructor of the year.

Pete’s MD500 is in hilly terrain when a passenger’s hoodie departs the cabin and goes straight through the tail rotor. Listen to what happens next in this recording captured by Doug Williams at his house with Pete Gillies. Extra puppy noises included

In a machine that by design generates significant torque – losing helicopter tail rotor thrust is one of the less desirable airborne situations to find yourself in. Have your say or share an experience in the discussion below.

The post RWS 74 – Pete Gillies Talks About Tail Rotor Failures appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Apr 21 2019

25mins

Play

RWS 59 – Himalayan Rescue Ops with Andrew Gutsell

Podcast cover
Read more

Andrew Gutsell is a New Zealander who is part of the Alpine Rescue Service in the Everest region.

The elevation of the Himalayan mountains puts them at the extreme of human and helicopter performance. For climbers it can be a 2 week trek out or a 30 min helicopter flight to safety if they find themselves in trouble.

Andrew Gutsell is part of the Alpine Rescue Service run by Air Dynasty that services the region around Mt Everest. The team bases out of Lukla Airport (9,300ft) in order to maintain high altitude acclimatization and consists of a handful of aircrew, doctors, paramedics or nurses at any time. From here the service uses AS350B3 (H125) helicopters to reach Basecamp, the small camps higher up on Mt Everest and villages in the area.

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_59D185A1AE77C").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"59D185A1AE77C","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Air Dynasty Nepal","description":"Air Dynasty Nepal","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":50,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"skip this step"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"pfv8RT85dk4"}");

Supplementary oxygen is standard mission equipment with flights right up to the 23,000ft legal limit for the aircraft. For some patient pickups the avaliable performance limits the number of people on board to just the pilot to allow for the weight of the climber. For rescues above this height a team of sherpas will have to recover the patient and bring them down to lower altitudes.

These are big boy mountains! #helicopter #nepal #rescue
Click To Tweet

At the higher camps the helicopters are always kept running rather than shutdown and risk any complications starting in the thin air. Any helicopter that gets stuck up there is unlikely to ever be recovered as there is nothing with the lift capacity at those altitudes to recover it.

Highest KFC? Helicopter Safety Briefing at Everest Base Camp 17000

Weather is also a significant constraint on operations. Flights are mainly done in the morning when the katabatic or downslope winds are smoother. Flying after 2pm is avoided to reduce the chance of being stuck in the mountains with fading light.

Andrew is a New Zealand pilot that started out flying in the mountains of New Zealand and operating to the south island glaciers. He is one of a handful of ex-pat pilots flying in Nepal. In this episode Andrew talks about the environment that you can expect to find in the Everest region and the challenges to operating a helicopter rescue service there.

Andrew and two other New Zealand Alpine Rescue Service team members, Andrew Roy (Paramedic) and Alyssa Lowe (Nurse) have just been awarded the Royal Humane Society (of NZ) Silver Medal for Rescue Services after their actions as first responders at a May 2017 aircraft crash at Lukla airstrip (video at the bottom of this page). The pilot died on impact, the co-pilot later that night and the hostess was flown out to Kathmandu in the morning when the weather cleared. The New Zealand Governor-General will present the awards at Government House, Wellington some time in mid 2018.

The Air Dynasty team and Andrew are featured in the TV series Everest Air.

Kongde Everest Mountain Flight breakfast location. View of Everest, Lhotse, Ama Dablam.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the show on Patreon
Air Dynasty website
Everest Air TV Show

Bright light and blowing snow. Camp 2 Mt Everest.

Andrew and Phunaru Sherpa of International Mountain Guides acclimatising pre Rescue Season. Solokhumbu region.

Oxygen system & looking like Heli Stig.

Injured climber rescue at 17000′

Some of the Air Dynasty Lukla team. Ashish Sundash (ops), Cpt Andrew Gutsell, Padma Lama (Lukla Ops Manager), Paramedic Andrew Roy and Nurse Alyssa Lowe. Proudly flying the NZ flag to represent the historical relationship between NZ and Nepal.

Flat light on Rescue ops at 22500″pa. Note Reference markers.

Lukla Airport, Nepal. One way airstrip! Photo credit: coldfeetadventure.com

Google Street View of Lukla Airport


2017 Aircraft crash at Lukla airfield where Andrew and co-workers were involved in first response.

Do you have a question for Andrew about flying ops in Nepal or about something mentioned in the episode that you want to ask? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 59 – Himalayan Rescue Ops with Andrew Gutsell appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Oct 02 2017

Play

RWS 13 – Helicopter Longlining with Andre Hutchings

Podcast cover
Read more

Andre Hutchings is an experienced helicopter longline pilot and instructor Photo:LA Helicopters

Do you remember how humbling it felt first learning to hover? If you ever want to experience that feeling again then give longlining a go.

The ability for helicopters to move equipment and loads to remote or hard to reach locations makes them incredibly useful machines. Helicopter longlining notches that capability up several levels of awesomeness.

There are utility helicopter pilots the world over that earn their living through this challenging skillset and today we get to find out a bit more about what is involved.

Andre Hutchings is an experienced longline pilot and instructor. We catch Andre between trips to Afghanistan where he is introducing longline work to the military forces there and resupplying outposts. Where you hear in this interview is a super condensed ‘how-to’ longline lesson so get ready to take some notes.

You’ll find links to resources and sites mentioned in the show further down the page.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

00:55 Listener feedback – Brett from Melbourne, Australia
02:07 Leave a review here
02:20 Movember charity event for men’s health – sponsor Mick here
03:25 Future project – if you want to promote helicopters worldwide get in touch
04:02 Quote of the week
04:56 Welcome Andre Hutchings – longing and vertical reference
05:30 Longline work in Afghanistan with US military
06:58 First flying experience – L.A. , instructing, L.A. police department, Columbia Helicopters, MD500, Vertol, Chinooks, country manager in Afghanistan
08:10 Compressed longlining course into an interview
08:30 Volomission longline training company
09:25 Vertical reference vs longline
12:35 Some of the more interesting external loads
13:49 What makes a good longline machine
15:11 Human factors, seating position, fatigue, single pilot
17:34 Preflight planning, load weights, load order, distance, fuel
18:50 Weight and balance, load flight characteristics
20:28 Equipment – hook check, lines, nets, briefings
23:29 Line materials – steel vs synthetic, jacket, electrical line
26:34 Taglines
27:29 Groundcrew and signals
29:44 Aircraft pickup, taking up the slack, lifting the hook clear
33:09 Hooking up the load / transition
37:28 Loads in flight – turns, rolling in and out, spinning loads
39:22 Approach, judging height, speeds
41:40 Correcting a swing
43:25 Cocking off for wind and sight picture
45:06 Christmas trees
46:56 Releasing the load and rigging
51:09 Flight emergencies
53:08 Where people go wrong with longlining
56:23 Remoted instruments
57:34 Volomission longlining course structure
1:01:40 info@volomission.com / volomission.com
1:03:46 Show sponsors trainmorepilots.com

Links from this week’s episode:
Volomission – Longline training courses
Movemeber charity sponsor page

LA Helicopters Longline Course (rebranding as Volomission)

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_544DABC4483A9").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"544DABC4483A9","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Helicopter Longline Training Course","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"Ybq0d0G0zM0"}");

Dont’ try this at home! This is the Christmas tree video we talk about in the episode.

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_544DAC4C59B0B").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"544DAC4C59B0B","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Helicopter Christmas Trees","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"08K_aEajzNA"}");

Be part of the conversation around this episode by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 13 – Helicopter Longlining with Andre Hutchings appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Oct 27 2014

1hr 4mins

Play

RWS 4 – Flying In China with Dan Heath

Podcast cover
Read more

Dan Heath in front of a EC135 in China

An interview with Dan Heath, a flying instructor and charter pilot flying in China.

Dan talks about the conditions on the ground in China, an insight into the Chinese helicopter industry and some of the challenges and opportunities for helicopter operators there.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

Oh, and Dan does tourism flights over the Great Wall of China – greatwallhelicoptertours.com

If you are keen to get in touch with Dan for information on flying or aviation business opportunities in China then he is happy to chat with you. You can reach Dan through the website link above.

More to follow when I get back from flying today!

The post RWS 4 – Flying In China with Dan Heath appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Aug 16 2014

37mins

Play

RWS 12 – NASA Rotary Wing Project with Susan Gorton

Podcast cover
Read more

Susan Gorton heads up the NASA Rotary Wing Project

NASA is not just space shuttles, Mars robots and moon landings! Susan Gorton has been leading the NASA Rotary Wing Project for the last 8 years helping to pave the way for faster, quieter, safer and more economical helicopter designs and operations.

You are in for a treat today as you get to hear about the latest work in helicopter research and learn a bit more about what goes into the design and engineering process along the way.

Before her 15 years at NASA, Susan spent another 15 years as a researcher at the US Army’s Aeroflightdynamics Directorate.

‘Man! I can’t believe they pay me to do this’ #helicopter research @NASAAmes
Click To Tweet

Armed with a Bachelor of Science in Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering from the University of Illinois and a Master of Science in Aeronautics from the George Washington University, Susan Gorton has authored or co-authored over 70 publications!

She is the recipient of numerous awards, including:

  • AHS International AgustaWestland International Fellowship Award
  • 2 x NASA Outstanding Leadership Medals
  • NASA Exceptional Achievement Medal
  • Army Civilian Service Medal, and
  • the Army Research and Development Award.

Ms. Gorton is an Associate Fellow of the AIAA, a member of the American Helicopter Society International Technical Council and former Technical Director of the AHS. She also holds a helicopter private pilot’s license.

You’ll find links to resources and sites mentioned in the show further down the page.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

01:10 Today’s quote
01:30 Brought to you by trainmorepilots.com
01:45 Instructor rating renewal and Australian Part 61 legislation
02:30 Susan Gorton – NASA Rotary Wing Project Lead
04:30 Early career and research – University and Army research
06:05 Love of helicopters – in your blood
06:58 Getting own helicopter licence
09:10 Working at NASA – Aeronautics and not just space
09:50 Pushing forward helicopters
10:40 Coming up with projects and budget
12:20 Rotary Wing Project research history
14:27 How do you get a job at NASA?
17:01 Lots of smart people in the same room
17:38 Equipment and facilities that are used in research (wind tunnels)
20:50 Flight ops vs ground based testing and partnerships
22:10 Ownership of test data and partnership agreements
24:02 Noise characteristics, impulse noise, supersonic flow and bladeslap
25:50 More blades, slower RPM, new blade shapes, operationally suitable
28:02 Tracing NASA research into operational designs
29:10 Apache Block 3 phase gearbox
31:30 5 Areas of research focus for Rotary Wing Project
32:58 Variable speed power turbines
35:10 Reynolds number
35:57 Variable speed gearboxes – 2 speed drive system
37:10 Active rotor concept – how to make a design do more than one thing
39:26 Fluid dynamics and computer modelling, 11th largest supercomputer
42:35 Rotorcraft integration into NextGen (FAA next airspace system)
45:51 Crash test – CH-46 Sea Knight structural drop testing using moon landing trainer
51:48 8000 1-inch dots randomly placed by hand on airframe
53:07 Current best description of how Lift is generated
55:28 Breakthroughs in top end speed and how fast will we get?
58:50 How can line pilots take this information to improve their skills/operations
59:40 Maximum noise situations and how to minimise noise impact
1:05:05 Top 10 helicopter books for helicopter aircrew
1:05:35 Quote reference – Sailor Davis

‘Helicopters have everything for aerodynamicists – don’t go supersonic but the blade tips do’
Click To Tweet

How to make helicopters quieter, faster, more economical, cost effective and still get performance
Click To Tweet

Links from this week’s episode:
NASA Rotary Wing Project
CH46 Drop Test
HAI Fly Neighborly Guide

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_543F3FB2995CD").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"543F3FB2995CD","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"NASA Helicopter Crash Testing","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"nMa2Txdvo_E"}");

Helicopter drop test gantry preparation by NASA using a CH46 airframe with 8000 black dots

Noise abatement profiles for a light helicopter – HAI Fly Neighborly Guide

Be part of the conversation around this episode by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 12 – NASA Rotary Wing Project with Susan Gorton appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Oct 16 2014

1hr 6mins

Play

RWS 26 – US Forest Service Helicopter Ops with John Harris

Podcast cover
Read more

John Harris is one of 12 helicopter inspector pilots employed by the US Forest Service

Helicopters are uniquely suited to the demands of the US Forest Service. John Harris is one of the Service’s inspector pilots and in this episode talks about his career and his current role.

Based in Missoula, Montana, John is responsible for checking and qualifying contractor pilots for the US Inter-agency Helicopter Pilot Qualification Card. This qualification allows them to work on US Forest Service contracts.

His area of responsibility covers Montana, Idaho, Wyoming and North and South Dakota. In between flight check duties you can find inspector pilots providing helicopter subject matter expert input into operational planning and Service policies.

John was instrumental in bringing into service a water based heli-torch training device that, as the name suggests, uses water rather than dripping burning napalm for check and training missions.

Before starting his current role, John has had a career flying ‘heavies’ in military, logging, longlining, construction and firefighting operations.

If you are sitting in a helicopter fat, dumb and happy… then you are missing something.
Click To Tweet

John also shares some wisdom about the characteristics and work ethic you need to show to have the best chance of moving up in the industry. He also talks to the idea of mentorship and the responsibility on aircraft captains to develop their co-pilots from the point of view that they become a reflection of you.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

In this week’s episode:

01:05 Helicopter landing officer course – Dave, Martin, Reggie
02:35 Question of the week – how long was your CPL ground and air test?
03:36 Top helicopter books list download
04:00 John Harris – US Forest Service Helicopter Inspector Pilot
04:57 Where is Montana?
08:10 Geology major at Uni to motor pool truck mechanic
09:40 Warrant Officer candidate school, flight school Fort Rucker
10:30 Hueys and then Chinooks(1990)
12:20 Columbia helicopters logging operations
16:20 Longlining experience
18:15 Overseas jungle compounds – PNG, Ecuador
20:20 Flew the National Christmas tree
22:05 Carson Helicopters (2006) – S61 helicopters, Chief Pilot
26:50 Erickson Helicopters – E and F model skycranes
29:10 Flying skycrane from San Diego to Peru – maps, agents, fuel, visas, bullet hole
33:50 Skycrane 105-115kts cruise
35:10 US Forest Service – Region 1, carding contractors, subject matter experts, national programs
37:50 Water torch as a training aid for heli-torch operations
40:10 Only 12 helicopter pilots employed direct by Forest Service – not an operational role
42:25 Using Bell Cobra’s for fire scouting
43:10 Minimum experience requirements to be Forest Service qualified
45:50 Helicopter percentage of Forest Service budget
48:30 Utility tasks – stream enhancement, animal surveys, radio tower repair/resupply
50:00 Typical contractor machines – 206s, Astars, Hueys, 205s/++, 212, KMAX, BK117, Chinook, skycranes, S61s
51:14 Advice for breaking into the Forest Service contactor flying as a junior pilot
54:10 Professional development
55:22 Things wish had learnt earlier – risk management, don’t be afraid to stop, don’t push your limits, be patient, enjoy it!
58:55 Episode Sponsors trainmorepilots.com
59:20 Leave an iTunes review or on Stitcher
59:35 World Helicopter Day

Links from this week’s episode:
US Forest Service Aviation Page
World Helicopter Day

Skycrane topping up with water from Blackfoot river to fight a forest fire at Bonner Montana – Aug 2011
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_55193BABEEEC6").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"55193BABEEEC6","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Skycrane firefighting fill montana","description":"Skycrane firefighting fill montana","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"c9_Qj1CCbOc"}");

Sometimes you lived in just camps with a generator. Was like a bunch of gypsies.
Click To Tweet

Of all the heavies to fly my favourite is the Chinook. Comfortable, fast, very smooth – John Harris
Click To Tweet

Have a good work ethic, clean the aircraft, clean the windows, help the mechanics out, always be willing to help out
Click To Tweet

If I had a bad co-pilot that is a direct reflection on me because I’m supposed to be his mentor.
Click To Tweet

Think the whole flight through before you even get in the cockpit.
Click To Tweet

Be part of the conversation and get involved in the comments section below. What questions do you have about the US Forest Service?

The post RWS 26 – US Forest Service Helicopter Ops with John Harris appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Apr 03 2015

1hr

Play

RWS 48 – The Case For Full Down Autos with Glen White

Podcast cover
Read more

Glen White from Eurosafety talks about continuation training and emergency handling

Glen White has been providing recurrency and initial training to helicopter pilots around the world through his company Eurosafety since 2004. He is a strong proponent of the benefit of full touchdown autorotations in training.

Glen first learnt to fly in France in a Bell 47 before picking up roles in flight training, tours based in the Virgin Islands, ship operations, emergency services and as a factory pilot.

One of the things that struck him throughout his career was the lack of high quality post graduation check and training avaliable to many of the small to medium operators in the industry. Hence the idea for Eurosafety was born.

“I get to fly with the best pilots in the industry. It’s a privilege.” – Glen gets to conduct recurrency and initial training with pilots from law enforcement, EMS, utility and charter companies in a number of companies.

In this interview we chat about Glen’s early career, the case for full touchdown autorotations, tips for handling a range of emergencies and what you can do to improve your skills as a helicopter pilot.

AS350B3E helicopter is a monster, nothing better for utility work
Click To Tweet

On the way down for another autorotation

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

In this week’s episode:
3:50 Timothy and Tabitha
5:20 Getting a start in aviation in France in a Bell 47
6:50 Flying tours in the Virgin Islands
8:40 Landing on Navy ships in support of the Aegis radar program
9:50 FlightSafety and Eurocopter factory pilot
11:20 EMS S-76 Children’s Hospital Dallas and Tri-state Careflight AS350B3 and BK119
11:50 Mountain rescue incident
14:00 Gap in market for post-graduation check and training
16:00 Overseas training locations and culture
19:00 Types of training and helicopters covered
20:40 Trained reaction to engine failure
21:50 Switching between clockwise / anti-clockwise rotor systems
24:30 Autorotational training – touchdowns vs power recoveries
32:00 Training to runway rather than grass, carbide skid shoes
33:50 Damage to runway surface from run-ons – none
35:50 A typical recurrency day format
38:30 AS350, H130, AS355, EC120, BO105CBS, BO105LS, EC135 Augusta 109E,C,F Bell 260L/F, Bell 205 Types covered (2016)
42:40 Prevalence of engine failures in statistics vs focus spent on in training
46:50 1000s of autos in a year, a very mild event
49:00 Auto method in the AS350 – 100’ flare height
50:00 Common errors during autos
53:20 Hydraulic failure and impact into highrise
54:20 Stuck pedals
58:10 How to be a good pilot and constantly get better
1:01:30 iSafety app for emergency training
59:45 Episode Sponsors trainmorepilots.com

Links from this week’s episode:
Eurosafety Website
Eurosafety Facebook
Eurosafety YouTube
Eurosafety Instagram
World Helicopter Day

No better helicopter to teach an auto. My mum could do an auto in a Bell 47
Click To Tweet

Glen talks through an autorotation touchdown in a AS350
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_5742E4C049FBC").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"5742E4C049FBC","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"AS350 autorotations","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"vLtOO7zqX2k"}");

HAI Video – Autorotations: Reality Exposed
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_5742E475E5987").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"5742E475E5987","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"autorotarions reality exposed","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"YOl2YEH6wFU"}");

Class in session for a AS350 ground theory day

Know your machines systems – graphics and training aids can greatly improve recall

Glen teaching on an AS350B2 initial course

Australian Defence Force Testing of Squirrel Autorotation Flare Height

What’s your take on full down autos in training? Be part of the conversation about this interview by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 48 – The Case For Full Down Autos with Glen White appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

May 26 2016

1hr 1min

Play

RWS 16 – Helicopter Instructing Tips with Philip Greenspun

Podcast cover
Read more

Philip Greenspun is a helicopter instructor in Boston, USA Photo Credit:Ellis Vener
Educating or instructing can be it’s own skill set regardless of the actual content taught. Philip Greenspun is a MIT lecturer and a flight instructor and shares his own approach to flying training.

If you are a helicopter instructor or in a check & training role then brush up your thought processes as we chat to Philip about his experiences and about flying training.

If you are currently a student going through training then you will have a chance to think a little bit more about what you are being taught and what it all actually means when it comes to the application in the air.

Philip has written some great articles about flying, instructing, aircraft type reviews and cross country touring that are worth a read.

You’ll find links to resources and sites mentioned in the show further down the page.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

00:50 G20 conference
02:10 Movember
02:45 Instructor renewal and study tool ANKI
03:50 Philip Greenspun intro
06:00 How to teach people to hover
10:10 Putting the helicopter at risk
10:50 East Coast Aeroclub – Boston
12:30 Teaching autorotations
15:10 Aircraft attitude
17:00 How much a student can cope with
18:30 Blending lecturing and engineering methodology into flight instruction
23:20 Teaching philosophy – Paul Cantrell, Mike Rhodes
25:30 The point of teaching something – autorotation flare speed, mast bumping, low RRPM examples
28:30 Learning a checklist
31:00 Briefing format
31:40 Flight school software
33:30 Favourite aviation experiences
36:00 Where has flying taken you around the world/US
38:30 Feedback from people about flying articles
40:30 philip.greenspun.com website
43:30 How to get more website visitors
45:30 Angel flights
49:30 Tips that you wished you knew earlier
50:30 Instrument flying focus on the AI
53:20 Sponsors trainmorepilots.com
53:50 Get involved – Rotary Wing show on social media
54:30 Question of the day

Links from this week’s episode:
Philip’s website
East Coast Aero Club
Movember charity sponsor page
Anki Flashcard Tool

Philip gives a walk through of the East Coast Aero Club:

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_546AA20F61D74").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"546AA20F61D74","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Philip Greenspun East Coast Aero Club","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"e77tSRaOKso"}");



Be part of the conversation around this episode by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 16 – Helicopter Instructing Tips with Philip Greenspun appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Nov 18 2014

55mins

Play

RWS 53 – Huey Gunships with Jack Lynch

Podcast cover
Read more

Wing Commander(Ret.) Jack Lynch flew Iroquois Gunships with 9 SQN RAAF in Vietnam

Jack Lynch was a ‘Bushranger’ pilot in Vietnam for the Royal Australian Air Force. These were Iroquois UH-1H helicopters fitted out as aerial gunships which provided close air support to Australian troops.

A pair of low flying Sabre jets over Jack Lynch’s childhood property was the seed for a 50+ year career in and around aviation.

After graduating from RAAF pilots course and being posted to helicopters, Jack found himself in Vietnam as one of the early pilots in the Australian version of an armed UH-1H gunship.

The configuration consisted of 2 x twin M-60 machine guns for the door gunners, 14 M158 rockets and 2 XM-21 fixed forward firing mini guns capable of 4000 rounds a minute. Armoured seats were scrounged and procured to provide some level of protection for the pilots.

Aiming of the rockets and mini-guns was conducted through an aiming reticle that could be swiveled down in front of either pilot. It was then up to the pilot to fly the helicopter to place the aiming point on the target. ‘Danger Close’ is the term used when aircraft are firing close to the line of friendly troops. Experienced crews would be able to lay down fire to within 25 metres and sometimes closer to ground troops in contact requiring incredibly precise flying skills.

The concept of operations was for 2 helicopters to conduct a racetrack pattern such that one helicopter was always on its target run. As the first aircraft broke away the door gunners would open up to suppress the target and at the same time the second aircraft would start its run. The first aircraft would then race at speed back to the start of the pattern ready to start its run as soon as the second aircraft commenced it’s break.

9 SQN RAAF conducted 237,424 missions with 16 Hueys (4 were converted to the Bushranger configuration).

Vietnam. An RAAF crewman fires his M60 at enemy positions whilst expended bullet casings pour from the minigun of RAAF Iroquois helicopter gunship (Bushranger) A2-773 as it sweeps into action.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the show on Patreon

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_585288").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"585288D15FFA9","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Huey helicopter gunships australia","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"doItDh5FicM"}");
The 9 SQN Iroquois were eventually transferred to the Australian Army which maintained the Bushranger capability almost unchanged right up until 2004.

Painted blades to help the overhead command and control aircraft to guide treetop helicopters on to landing areas.

9 SQN ‘Bushranger’ Huey with armament

Do you have a question about the Bushrangers or something mentioned in the episode that you want to ask? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 53 – Huey Gunships with Jack Lynch appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Dec 16 2016

36mins

Play

RWS 56 – The Chickenbone Story with Matthew Barker

Podcast cover
Read more

Matt Barker flew the ARH Tiger for 11 years and wrote many of the manuals and procedures for its use in the Australian Army.

During 30 years of flying with the Australian Army Matt Barker has got to try his hand at a wide range of roles. He has picked up some tales of close calls and funny incidents along the way.

Episode 55 contains the first half of this interview which is also well worth listening too

In the 1980’s the RAAF was directed to transfer its helicopters to the Australian Army. This brought about an urgent need for the Army to increase their pilot recruiting numbers. At that time it would take 18 months of officer training and then another 12-18 months of flight training to get a new pilot to an operational unit. That was a lag time the Army couldn’t afford and the Special Service Officer (SSO) scheme was started which saw new recruits put through a 10 week abridged officer training course (commonly called a Knife, Fork and Spoon course) then straight into flight training.

Matt Barker was on this first SSO course through and shares some of the cultural interplay between these new officers and the rest of the Army. Going into the training he already had his commercial licence flown on R22, Bell 47 G2 and G4 models.

30 years later and Matt has flow Kiowa, Blackhawk, AS350 Squirrel, Tiger and MRH. He is an instructor, has flown Special Operations and was the Standards Officer in charge of developing the operating procedures for Tiger in Australian service from a blank piece of paper.

Flying between buildings while displaying Tiger at the Gold Coast Indy car Race

He has spent time flying over many parts of Australia, PNG, Timor and done stints in the UK, France and the US.

Thanks to Craig Bowman for the introduction to Matt and for feeding me some starting info to tease out the stories from Matt.

Parade to mark the changing of the guard from light horse cavalry to the ARH Tiger.

05 Oct 1987 – Joined Australian Army on Number 1 SSO Pilot course (46 Army Pilot course)
Jan – Jun 1988 – Basic Pilot course on CT4 at No 1 Flying Training School at RAAF Base Point Cook
Jul – Dec 1988 – Rotary wing course at SAA Oakey on B206 Kiowa
Dec 88 – Jan 91- Posted to 161 Recce Sqn at Holsworthy as a pilot on B206 Kiowa
Jan 91 – Oct 91 – Posted to Instructor training with US Army at Fort Rucker on OH58 Kiowa
Oct 91 – Oct 94 – QFI at ADF Helicopter School on AS350 Squirrel
Oct 94 – Jan 95 – S70 Blackhawk conversion course at SAA
Feb 95 – Dec 97 – Pilot, troop commander and SQN QFI at A SQN, 5 Aviation Regiment at RAAF Townsville
Jan 98 – Jun 2000 – QFI and troop commander at ADF Helicopter School on AS350 Squirrel
Jul 00 – Dec 2002 – SQN QFI at 161 Recce SQN at RAAF Darwin. Two stints in East Timor as Troop Commander and Detachment Commander
Jan 03 – Dec 09 – ARH Tiger Flying Standards Officer, posted to Eurocopter Marignane France 2004/05 and AAVNTC Oakey
Jan 10 – Dec 11 – ARH Tiger Instructor Development Officer, Instructor Training Wing, AAVNTC Oakey
Jan 12 – Dec 12 – Flying Standards Officer for ARH Tiger at 1 Aviation Regiment Darwin
Jan 13 – Jul 14 – ARH Tiger QFI with KBR at SAA Oakey
31 Jan 2014 – Transferred from full time to active reserve in the Australian Army
Jul 14 – Present – MRH90 Taipan QFI with Airbus at SAA Oakey.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

In this episode:
Heli-Expo 2017 recap
The Chickenbone or Chicken Man story
1996 Blackhawk Crash – counterterrorism role
Dealing with the aftermath of the crash
Instructing
East Timor flying for Category D pilots
Tiger ARH introduction to Australian Army
Huey gunship introduction to armed role
Marine Weapons and Tactics Instructor Course – 160 Marines and 1 Aussie, 80 aircraft
UK Apache Sqn for several months
France to Airbus Tiger training school
Writing procedures for Tiger standards manual
Accidental jettison of 7-shot rocket launcher from Tiger
Introduction to Service parade – risk management plan for helicopters and horses

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the show on Patreon
HAI Heli-Expo 2017
World Helicopter Day

Matt Barker and Eurocopter Instructor – Fabrice Bonne, back in Australia, November 2005, finishing ARH Conversion course

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_58C5F3763C9AD").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"58C5F3763C9AD","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"US Marine Weapons Instructor course","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"AiZDKn2PS1o"}");
[Video] Marine Weapons and Tactics Instructor Course that Matt attended as preparation for writing the manuals for Tiger. He also spent some time in the UK with their Apache training school.

Site of the 1996 crash where two blackhawks collided on approach during counterterrorism training. 18 people were killed. Matt and his crew were directly behind the two aircraft when they hit.

Kiowas were used extensively to monitor the Indonesian – East Timor border. This photo was taken in 2002 of Matt while on a pairs reconnaissance mission.

“Last bush Trip – Leaving Woomera October 2012 on a RAAF Hercules”

Do you have a question for Matt or about something mentioned in the episode that you want to ask? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 56 – The Chickenbone Story with Matthew Barker appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Mar 17 2017

1hr 24mins

Play

RWS 73 – Pete Gillies Talks About Teaching Autorotations

Podcast cover
Read more

Pete Gillies is a legendary, 18,000-hour helicopter pilot who has previously been honored as the Helicopter Association International’s instructor of the year.

In this interview Doug Williams captures a conversation at his house with Pete Gillies about teaching autorotations. Pete shares a story that highlights the differences, especially in turbine helicopters, between touchdown autorotations with the engine idling and with an engine completely off.

Have you ever flown an auto with the engine completely off – be that on purpose in training or as a real emergency? What differences did you experience? Be part of the discussion below.

The post RWS 73 – Pete Gillies Talks About Teaching Autorotations appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Apr 21 2019

21mins

Play

RWS 20 – Aerial Firefighting with Gordy Cox

Podcast cover
Read more

Gordy Cox is the Director of Operations at Redding Air Service and knows a thing or two about helicopter firefighting.

A great example of the utility of helicopters is their use in firefighting support. There is more to it than meets the eye though.

[Warning: This is a longer episode, approx 85mins, so you might want to download the file and play locally]

Using underslung buckets or bellytanks helicopters are able to provide water right where it is needed to aid in the fire management of bush and wilderness fires. The ability to use natural water sources close to the area of operations, even if that is a small waterhole or a backyard pool, results in quick turnarounds.

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_54CEBA4AC393F").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"54CEBA4AC393F","width":600,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Inside the king fire","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"NvZipC5LPi8"}");

Helicopters are able to move equipment and people around the fire area quickly and to areas with no other infrastructure. Its this ability to work so closely with ground firefighters that makes them so effective.

Firefighter first, pilot 2nd. The flying has to be second nature. Head is outside 90% of the time.
Click To Tweet

A big part of managing a large fire is the removal of combustible fuel in the path of the fire or around areas that need to be protected such as buildings. Ground techniques such as fire breaks and back burning can be complemented by helicopter carried heli-torches and other incendiaries.

On the flying side it requires a bunch of skill and experience. To deliver as much water as possible the aircraft are operating at high all up weights, often in mountainous terrain, poor visibility and hot conditions. Significant co-ordination is needed between other aircraft, ground personnel and the ability to maintain situational awareness of how things are developing. Being able to talk and listen on several radios at once is a bonus.

In this episode veteran helicopter firefighter Gordy Cox takes us inside the world of aerial firefighting to get an understanding of what is involved.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunesPlay in new window | Download

In this week’s episode:
01:50 Gordy Cox, Director of Operations Redding Air Service
02:11 Based in Salt Lake City, Utah
02:50 Parents in the RAF, Born in Ghana
03:30 1982 RAF in backseat of Nimrods chasing Russian submarines
04:10 Helicopter Adventures for helicopter training and then CFI
05:15 First forestry work dropping hay bales in Robinson R22
06:10 Bunch of hours in Hawaii
07:05 Chief Pilot at Redding Air Services
07:45 Flying in bare feet Hawaii – control touch
09:15 History of helicopter use on fires
10:30 Smoke jumpers
13:30 Standard exclusive use contract daily routine – ‘fire station standby’
17:20 Smoke report actions on and initial attack
20:01 Tools of the trade
22:24 Finding a water source, portable tanks and ‘pumpkins’
25:00 Handling a spot fire
28:20 Campaign fires and helibases
30:30 AirAttack and HelCo, locating dip sites, gates, burnouts
35:50 Helibase accommodation arrangements
38:02 Operations and aviation briefings at the start of the day
39:55 Wrapping building with silver foil, resupply and flying in sprinklers
41:10 Aerial fire starting – plastic sphere device (PSD) and heli-torch
46:10 Fire bucket characteristics and operation, typical bucket weight/machine combos
50:34 Drop methods for different fuel types
52:10 Belly Tanks
54:10 Retardants, gels and foams
59:30 Flying conditions near fires
1:04:30 Getting a start with flying on fires
1:07:45 Aerial highrise fire fighting
1:08:55 Night vision devices and fire fighting at night
1:10:07 Drone use on fires and future applications
1:14:11 Traveling gnomes Timothy and Tabitha in Gordy’s photos
1:18:00 Chris Hadfield’s approach to life
1:19:03 ‘Gordy’ on PPRuNe, Redding Air Service, happy to answer any questions
1:23:06 Sponsors trainmorepilots.com – marketing tip, using the tool snip.ly

Links from this week’s episode:
Gordy is Director of Operations at Redding Air Service
The King Fire in 2014 was one mentioned in the interview.
Chicken Wings Comics Forum
Twitter account for the Gnomes

Gordy Cox flying on a fire in Idaho, 2008

Plastic Sphere Device – Incendiary balls

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_54CEBAE6D9C2A").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"54CEBAE6D9C2A","width":600,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Fire Helicopter Pumpkin dip","description":"","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"ZiGuz5OakEc"}");

Gordy’s two gnomes Timothy and Tabitha on an adventure to the Pacific for a satellite launch

We got to fly the other day… @Sea_Launch @Eutelsat_SA pic.twitter.com/Nm0fnFRbUk

— Timothy & Tabitha (@Timothy_Tabitha) May 24, 2014

Video footage of the Twin Falls Helitack crews 2013 fire season. Credits: David Frey
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_54CCB0EF9D2A8").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"54CCB0EF9D2A8","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Helicopter Firefighting","description":"Helicopter Firefighting Twin Falls video Helitack","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"jdZrfGlO86w"}");

Heli-torch operations for backburning – like napalm!
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_54CCB26D88E57").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"54CCB26D88E57","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Helicopter Fire lighting - Helitorch","description":"Helicopter Fire lighting - Helitorch - starting backburning fires from the air","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"VMkppjltStc"}");

Its almost impossible to put a fire out, what we do is manage it.
Click To Tweet

You get to know everyone on the crew. It really is like a family. Work hard, play hard.
Click To Tweet

Redding Air Service bucket trials in 1957

Picking up ground crew – beats walking out

Many thanks to Gordy ‘G-man’ Cox for sharing his fire fighting experience with us.

Have a question for Gordy or tips on firefighting with helicopters? Was this episode too long, should it have been two parts? Let us know in the comments.

The post RWS 20 – Aerial Firefighting with Gordy Cox appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Feb 01 2015

1hr 25mins

Play

RWS 64 – Lessons from an AH-64 Apache Refuel Fire with Skip Tackett

Podcast cover
Read more

Skip Tackett has almost 4 decades of military and civil experience across a diverse range of operations. He is President of Utility Aviation, Inc

Imagine you are sitting in an apache cockpit during a refueling operation. Suddenly the world outside, in every direction you look, is one giant fireball. You can feel the heat cooking through through the windshield. What do you do next?

That is the situation that today’s guest Boyd ‘Skip’ Tackett found himself in. He received second and third degree burns over 42% of his body in his escape and credits the fire resistant clothing he was wearing with his life. Skip has been sharing his story with aircrew for the last 2 decades to drive home the message of the importance of wearing the right gear and being prepared because you never know if your next flight could be one that puts you in a life threatening situation. He hopes to avoid other aircrew avoid the recovery process he went through where “there is not enough morphine in the world” to treat the pain of such extensive burns.

Skip Tackett in the rear seat of an Apache helicopter with the door open. This is approx 8 feet off the ground and the same position Skip had to escape through the fire from.

In 1994 Skip was the rear seater of an AH-64A Apache that had just landed at a field hot refuel point. As they started to take on fuel, a fault in the hose pressure nozzle caused fuel to spray up into the rotors, splash against the cabin and into the inlet of the right hand engine. The accompanying vaporisation of the fuel along with the hot engine exhaust immediately caused a fireball to engulf the aircraft and continue to burn. Skip and his co-pilot had to exit the aircraft through the flames or be cooked inside. Skip covers the incident and the steps involved in the escape in the interview.

His story provides a big wake up call for all aircrew to revisit the clothing and equipment you fly with and have on your person. In a situation like this there was no time to reach for or put on other equipment. It also emphasises regular evacuation rehearsal as both Skip and his co-pilot in the rush to exit and confusion failed to properly release their shoulder straps, wasting precious seconds.

The smoldering remains of Apache 235.

What you should wear:

* NOMEX or similar flame resistant material outer layer.
* Natural fiber (wool, cotton, silk) underwear covering as much of your body as practical.
* Alternatively a flame resistant material clothing under flight suit. Skip recommends
Massif and DriFire as places to start looking at these.

Stay away from synthetics (eg. polyester, nylon) unless they are especially designed for fire protection. When they burn they turn to liquid and can melt into the skin. The only way to remove the material then is to cut the skin off.

To their credit one popular manufacturer of tactical/sports wear clothing has this text on their website product listing:

“WARNING! This product will melt when exposed to extreme heat or open flames, posing a risk of serious injury where melted product comes into contact with skin! “

For those in white shirts and gold bars charter situations there is nothing readily available. From a quick internet search you will have to look like a roadside construction worker or rambo. Massif did prototype a white business-style flame resistant shirt but didn’t receive enough demand for it. If you know of any solutions for corporate work please get in contact.

Skip’s burn injuries. Note the lack of burns to chest and shoulders where two layers of clothing were. Not to be confused with the white of Skip’s face where the skin is completely burnt through where he had no covering at all. It took almost 3 years to return to flying medical fitness.

For even more information and photos on the events of the crash and Skip’s recovery take a look at this article –> AirBeat Article 2010 Tackett Fire

Skip is one of the rare pilots in the world to have considerable hours on both AH-64 Apache and Mi-17 helicopters – machines that are normally in very different national and ideological fleets.

Joining the US Army first as a Ranger, Skip moved into aviation in the Aero Scout mission flying OH-58 Kiowa (see Episode 22 for more information on the Kiowa helicopter type) and then into Apaches as soon as non-Cobra qualified pilot training slots became avaliable.

As an Apache driver Skip conducted deep strike missions against Iraqi armour units during the Gulf War. He became a Master Gunner and was involved in a number of unique capabilities with the introduction of the Apache Longbow into Army service including replicating the airborne fire control computer targeting data transmission into a laptop system for use on firing ranges, using a similar system to pass targeting data from Apaches to F-16s and developing procedures for mixed Apache/UAV hunter killer teams.

Kitted up ready to fly a Mi-17 in Afghanistan on Counter Narco-Terrorism mission.

Jumping forward in time we find Skip, now out of the Amy, piloting Mi-17s in Afghanistan in combat operations as Chief Pilot for Northrup Grumman on a Special Operations Counter Narco-Terrorism program. While we don’t go into these operations in detail in the interview, Skip had a number of close calls that he indicates the robust construction and massive power of the Mi-17 engines was what got them home safely. In that operating area and its high altitudes the Mi-17 was one of the most capable rotary wing assets in country.

Skip is currently President of Utility Aviation, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Brunner Aerospace which itself has an interesting crew of aviators with unique backgrounds. “Break glass in case of war” is how I would describe them.

Under that umbrella and with G and T Outfitters, Skip trains and flys customers on wild hog eradication flights in Texas, USA. Normally this involves either a Bell 206, MD530F or H125 helicopter with Skip in the pilot’s seat, an onboard safety observer and two client shooters operating over an approved aerial shooting range in the eradication area. The observer doubles as a professional shooter, “We are out there to kill pigs, not just shoot at them”. With 37 years of air gunnery and special operations experience Skip indicates this is a highly controlled activity and they work closely with local wildlife rangers.

Aerial gunnery and hog eradication in Texas

Skip somehow finds time to also be founder/CEO/Chief Pilot of an unmanned drone company focused on high end, professional services to the energy facilities market and law enforcement. Rather than an off-the-shelf consumer drone platform they have gone with one that has been used by special forces overseas and that with the advances in miniaturization of electronics now has many of the capabilities that Skip used to use in the Apache’s nose mounted TADS (Target Acquisition and Designation Sights).

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon
World Helicopter Day
Brunner Aerospace
G and T Outfitters
AO Flight commercial UAS company

The AO Flight truck and Skip next to a Aeryon Skyranger drone.

This photo shows the Afghanistan dust and huge cockpit windows of the Mi-17

More aerial gunnery. This time in a MD500. Skip was a Master Gunner on Apaches so was involved in all kinds of range template creation and fire control instruction and supervision.

Do you have a question for Skip about protective clothing or his experiences? Have a fire resistant clothing option for charter pilots? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 64 – Lessons from an AH-64 Apache Refuel Fire with Skip Tackett appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Mar 23 2018

Play

RWS 79 – Tackling Helicopter Aircrew Distractions with Kimberly Hutchings

Podcast cover
Read more
Kimberly Hutchings juggles flying helicopters, running a longline training school, family, being a physical trainer and speaking on safety for high risk industries.

Have you ever taken your eyes inside the cockpit to check a notification or had your preflight inspection interrupted by a phone call? Distractions of all kinds are increasingly a problem for aircrew and they are starting to show up in safety stats. 

Picture for a moment – you are aircrew on a helicopter pre-1995 conducting a preflight on the ramp. For someone to distract you from your task they would have to come out onto the ramp and yell at you to get your attention. Chances are that unless something really important was up that your pre-flight would be uninterrupted.

In 2019 when you preflight you are likely to field calls from Mum asking why you haven’t called in a week, your wife/husband checking to see who is picking up the kids that afternoon and your boss wanting to know if you can work on Saturday. Then there are the social media post notifications, vibrations to let you know a new email has arrived and a recommendation from YouTube that PilotYellow has just posted a new video you might want to watch.  

And that’s just on the ground. Bluetooth headsets, ipads and selfie taking passengers bring a new level of challenges to our ability to focus.

Distractions are enough of an aviation hazard now that the US NTSB include it as the first item on their Most Wanted List.

Kimberly Hutchings is a helicopter pilot, helicopter business CEO, speaker who holds a Bachelor of Psychology, a Masters of aeronautical science specialising in Human Factors and Safety systems and a Masters of Management w/ Organizational Behaviour and Leadership.

Kimberly regularly speaks to groups and companies around the dangers of loss of focus, distractions, emotional intelligence and mindfulness.

In this episode we look at what the problem is, how helicopters compare to other forms of transport and strategies to prevent our attention being pulled away from critical tasks.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon

Volomission – Vertical Reference and Longline Training.

Kimberly Hutchings on LinkedIn.

NTSB Most Wanted List – more info on Distractions and the other top US aviation safety concerns.

Training at the Volomission ranch in Texas. Kimberly and her husband Andre run a dedicated external load and vertical reference school. Helicopters are more like cars than aeroplanes when it comes to distractions from passengers.

Have a comment or feedback about Episode 79? Maybe you have some great tips of your own that others can benefit from.  Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 79 – Tackling Helicopter Aircrew Distractions with Kimberly Hutchings appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Nov 21 2019

48mins

Play

RWS 78 – Military to Civilian Transition for Helicopter Pilots with Tarryn Ryan

Podcast cover
Read more
After gaining her Wings in South Africa Tarryn Ryan build up experience over a range of different roles both in the civilian market and in two different militaries.

For many military aviators their careers at some point end up being a case of ‘up’ or ‘out’ – either promoted to more non-flying roles or transitioning out into the civil industry. 

Landing that first non-military position can sometimes be hard as you establish yourself again and reorient to the new environment and civil market.

Tarryn Ryan is a pilot who has made the transition twice – once from the South African Air Force and more recently from the Australian Army. Tarryn has some good advice for other aircrew looking to prepare for the transition out of the military.

In the South African Air Force Tarryn flew the Oryx(Puma variant) operationally including regular deployments to the Congo and anti-piracy support missions off the east coast of Africa. After 10 years and reaching Major, Tarryn pursued her flying career outside of the military and landed a role flying a single engined August A119 conducting aeromedical evacuation to rural communities.

Tarryn later moved into Marine Pilot Transfer ops out of Durban operating offshore to ships using A109s.

After a successful application to transfer to the Australian Army via their lateral transfer program Tarryn again found herself wearing green. There she trained on the MRH90 transport helicopter and was posted to 5 Avn Regt in Townsville, Queensland.

Some time later Tarryn again got to experience the transition process and its challenges to her current position, again conducting Marine Pilot Transfer ops but this time of the east coast of Australia.

Some of the things we cover:

  • Reasons people leave the military
  • Timing 
  • Preparation
  • Logbooks
  • Hours – Mil vs Civil
  • Recognition of Qualifications
  • Resume tips – choosing references
  • Using your network
  • Reputation!!
MRH90 course graduation

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon

Transferring Your Australian Defence Force Flying Qualifications to Civil Licences guide.

HAI Military to Civil info page and sample resume.

Transitioning From Military to Civilian Aviation – 12 Steps to Ensure Success – LinkedIn post by Phillip Schantin.

Tarryn’s first job out of the South African Air Force was flying a A119 on aeromedical evacuation out of Durban.

 

On deployment in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Never a dull moment!

 

Short contract on the BK117 in Mali.

 

Oryx commander and the first all female operational crew.

Have a comment or feedback about Episode 78? Maybe you have some great tips of your own that others can benefit from.  Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 78 – Military to Civilian Transition for Helicopter Pilots with Tarryn Ryan appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Oct 29 2019

43mins

Play

RWS 77 – Helicopter Hoist Operations with Rob Munday and David Callen

Podcast cover
Read more

Rob Munday and David Callen have extensive experience in helicopter rescue and hoist operations. They provide training through the company SR3 Rescue Concepts.

Hoist operations open up a wide range of additional roles for helicopters. They allow us to get people and equipment into and out of locations which would otherwise be inaccessible or too dangerous to land. Rob Munday and David Callen from SR3 Rescue Concepts help talk us through some of the considerations.

The helicopter industry is so diverse that there will be aircrew that go their entire careers with conducting hoist operations and others where it is a regular activity.

This is a longer episode at over 90mins and provides a very good primer to anyone that has never worked with a helicopter hoist.

Hoisting does take time and exposes the helicopter, crew and people being hoisted to some level of risk. If there is the opportunity to land the helicopter then that is normally going to be the preference.

Examples of scenarios where a hoist is employed:

  • Water rescues
  • Transferring marine pilots to ships where the deck cannot support the weight of the helicopter or rigging is in the way
  • Lowering people or equipment through trees
  • Complex landing areas where obstacles or slope mean that a helicopter can not get low enough to land a skid or wheel
  • Offshore wind turbine maintenance
  • Powerline access

Dynamic Rollout is a term that we cover in the podcast. It relates to the ability for some D-shackles to interact with a hook such that they roll up and out of the hook gate allowing the person or load on the hoist to fall free. The video below explains in more detail. It has been the cause of a number of deaths and is believed to be what happened in the incident that lead to David Vanbuskirk losing his life while conducting a night mountain rescue in the US. A tribute video to David is at the end of this blog post.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon

SR3 Rescue Concepts website. Find out more about the company and the courses they deliver.

Have a comment or feedback about Episode 77? Have a particular question about helicopter hoist operations for Rob or Dave? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 77 – Helicopter Hoist Operations with Rob Munday and David Callen appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Aug 23 2019

1hr 39mins

Play

RWS 76 – Funding Helicopter Training Using VET Student Loans (Australia Only)

Podcast cover
Read more

The Australian Government provides vocational training assistance programs that include coverage for commercial helicopter licences.

A bit of change of format for this episode of the Podcast. I’m re-sharing a recording made for the flight school website where I instruct. This one is all about some of the financial assistance that the Australian Government provides that can also be used towards the gaining of a commercial helicopter licence.

* This will likely only apply to Australian citizens. If you live outside of Australia then you might want to skip this particular episode *

VET Student Loans are a Government Loan to assist Australians to gain new skills and qualifications that will improve their employability in the workplace.

These are similar to other Australian Government training assistance programs such as HECS. If you are in the USA then it might be similar to the GI Bill funding that people have used towards helicopter training.

What the podcast covers:

  • 2 biggest questions – employment chances and starting salary
  • What are VET Student Loans and how do they apply to Helicopter Training
  • Eligibility Criteria
  • Typical Diploma CPL(H) course structure and electives
  • 105 hour course vs 150 hour course
  • Costs involved
  • Application process
  • Pros and Cons of using VET Student Loans for your helicopter training
  • How Aeropower has structured the training course

Lifetime loan amount – The majority of students have a lifetime limit of $104,440 to use for VSL (changing in 2020, have a look at study assist website for more information).

This is a loan that has to be paid back. Once your loan amount is drawn down it is passed to the Australian Tax Office for administration.

The loan amount is recovered from your tax return once you start to earn over a threshold amount. Min salary threshold 2019/2020 for repayment $45,881 Starts at Pay back 1 % of the loan amount.

Maximum loan amount – for Diploma of Aviation (Commercial Pilot Licence – Helicopter) is $77,571 (as at August 2019).

The loans can only be used on a Diploma course and not a straight CASA CPL(H) licence course. They are only available through approved VET Student Loan training providers.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon

World Helicopter Day – global events on Sunday 18 August 2019

MySkills.com.au Website – list of flight schools in Australia that can provide training under the VET student loan program.

Example VET Student Loan Helicopter Course – outline of the course structure that Aeropower uses for students taking up a VET Student Loan for helicopter training.

Have a comment or feedback about Episode 76? Have a particular question about VET Student Loans for helicopter training? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 76 – Funding Helicopter Training Using VET Student Loans (Australia Only) appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Aug 09 2019

45mins

Play

RWS 75 – Adventures and Survival with Mike Atkinson

Podcast cover
Read more

Mike Atkinson has taken skills and knowledge from his aviation background and puts them to the test in survival adventures.

As an ex-Kiowa helicopter pilot, survival instructor RAAF fixed wing instructor, jet and 737 pilot Mike Atkinson has had opportunities to experience a range of aviation operations.  So what does he do in his spare time?

in 1932 two German seaplane pilots found themselves off course and out of supplies in the Kimberley region of northern Australia. This is still a fairly remote area of the world and it was much more so in the 1930s.

The two aviators attempted to make it back to a population centre and after a number of attempts and setbacks were discovered close to death by local Aboriginal hunters. It is a fascinating tale well known in that part of Australia.

Mike with a Kiowa from 161 SQN

Mike Atkinson isn’t a stranger to interesting adventures. In the podcast episode he shares some of the close calls and more interesting times of his posting as a reconnaissance helicopter pilot in the Australian Army in Darwin.

“I did crazy expeditions outside of work like taking my 4m tinny from Darwin to Derby [3000 km+] and the Squadron being on standby with bets taken as to where I’d pull the EPIRB”

Mike was also able to avail himself of a survival instructor course run by NORFORCE , an army reserve unit that patrols remote parts of northern Australia. Australian Aboriginal soldiers form 60 per cent of the unit and here Mike was able to learn a lot about ‘bush tucker’ that is relevant to our discussion.

After trekking across Iceland solo and living in the Middle East desert with only two camels (mother and calf so that he could drink the milk) for company Mike decided that it might be a good? idea to see if he could put himself in the same situation, with the same equipment as the German aviators and survive.

And for added difficulty he would carry with him cameras and drones to film it all.

The result is an amazing film called Surviving the Outback.

In the episode we talk about flying, adventures, risk management, drones and the comparisons between careers in rotary wing vs fixed wing.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon

OutbackMike.com.au –  Mike’s website where you can find out more about the film and his background
Surviving The Outback film – iTunes link to rent or purchase Mike’s film

An earlier adventure of Mike’s trekking solo across Iceland and some horrendous conditions. Mike’s camera work has come along way since then!

This footage below didn’t make the film but gives you an idea of the landscape and some of the unique filming/survival challenges on the trip.

Have a comment or feedback about Episode 75? Have a particular question for Mike about his trip or gear? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 75 – Adventures and Survival with Mike Atkinson appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Jul 22 2019

1hr 16mins

Play

RWS 74 – Pete Gillies Talks About Tail Rotor Failures

Podcast cover
Read more

Pete Gillies is a legendary, 18,000-hour helicopter pilot who has previously been honored as the Helicopter Association International’s instructor of the year.

Pete’s MD500 is in hilly terrain when a passenger’s hoodie departs the cabin and goes straight through the tail rotor. Listen to what happens next in this recording captured by Doug Williams at his house with Pete Gillies. Extra puppy noises included

In a machine that by design generates significant torque – losing helicopter tail rotor thrust is one of the less desirable airborne situations to find yourself in. Have your say or share an experience in the discussion below.

The post RWS 74 – Pete Gillies Talks About Tail Rotor Failures appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Apr 21 2019

25mins

Play

RWS 73 – Pete Gillies Talks About Teaching Autorotations

Podcast cover
Read more

Pete Gillies is a legendary, 18,000-hour helicopter pilot who has previously been honored as the Helicopter Association International’s instructor of the year.

In this interview Doug Williams captures a conversation at his house with Pete Gillies about teaching autorotations. Pete shares a story that highlights the differences, especially in turbine helicopters, between touchdown autorotations with the engine idling and with an engine completely off.

Have you ever flown an auto with the engine completely off – be that on purpose in training or as a real emergency? What differences did you experience? Be part of the discussion below.

The post RWS 73 – Pete Gillies Talks About Teaching Autorotations appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Apr 21 2019

21mins

Play

RWS 72 – AW609 Tiltrotor with Dan Wells

Podcast cover
Read more

Dan Wells is an experimental test pilot at Leonardo who has been on the AW609 program since 2011.

Tiltrotor technology aims to push the envelope on helicopter top speeds while retaining the ability to land and take-off vertically. The Leonardo AW609 will be the first civilian tiltrotor design to undergo FAA certification and brings with it some unique mission profiles.

Dan Wells started his flying career on the AH-1 Cobra before transitioning to being a US Army fixed pilot flying the twin turboprop Grumman OV-1 Mohawk. After test pilot’s course Dan began to rack up experience on a number of programs – both rotary and fixed wing. They included UH1 Huey, MH-47G Chinook, S-70 Blackhawk, C-130 Hercules and Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey amongst others. Dan was also involved in the X-48 research project flying a blended wing remote piloted aircraft which he flew using the video feed from a camera in the scaled down cockpit.

In 2011 a test flying job for AgustaWestland was posted through the Society of Experimental Test Pilots looking for a tiltrotor test pilot. Dan got the job and has been test flying on the AW609 ever since.

In hover mode the AW609 flight computers provide helicopter-like control responses for the pilot.

In terms of the main numbers posted for the AW609 you are looking at 275kt VNE, 25,000ft ceiling (currently an engine limitation that may be extended) and range of 750NM. The AW609 is powered by two PT6C-67A engines with a whopping 1,940shp rating giving it flyaway performance at MAUW on one engine.

The biggest difference over other tiltrotors in service and currently being developed is the pressurised cabin allowing for a much higher operating altitude and the ability to fly above many areas of bad weather. There are also advantages in the EMS world that a pressurised cabin allows for patient care.

One of the more interesting test flight schedules that Dan was involved with on the AW609 called for the proving of the ability to transition the aircraft from a forward glide where the prop-rotors are windmilling due to forward incoming air, through to a stable autorotational state when the engine nacelles are rotated to the vertical position and the airflow drives the prop-rotors from rate of descent airflow.

For their work on this testing, Dan and his colleagues Pietro Venanzi and Paul Edwards were recognised in 2014 with the Society of Experimental Test Pilots’ Iven C. Kincheloe Award. This is an award that they share with the Apollo 11 astronauts, Mercury astronauts, B-1B, B-2, NOTAR and Concord test pilot amongsts many other amazing programs.

The AW609 will be the first civilian tiltrotor with an expected FAA certification in late 2019. Dan Wells was made a Fellow of the Society of Experimental Test Pilots in Sep 2018 in recognition of his contributions over this career and on the AW609 program.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon
List of Iven C. Kincheloe Award recipients recognising outstanding professional accomplishment in the conduct of flight testing
Perlan Project – unpowered, pressurised glider test flight program surfing mountain waves to 90,000ft
Australian Army Aviation Corps 50th
CancelSARWatch podcast episode – story of WW1 Australian Army pilot Frank McNamara being awarded the Victoria Cross
Aeromedical Innovation Australasia – multidisciplinary medical organisation in Australia pushing for the AW609 for rural medical retrievals.
AoA Simulations – developers of the V-22 model for X-Plane flight simulator and who are also working on an AW609 model.

This documentary recounts the story of Matt Gane, a helicopter pilot in the Northern Territory, Australia who required an airlift to hospital following a mustering crash. The film was produced by Aeromedical Innovation Australasia as part of their efforts to lobby for the AW609 as an EMS platform in Australia.

Have a question about the AW609 for Dan or insight into how it will fit into the current aviation market mix? Be part of the conversation around this episode by posting a comment below.

The post RWS 72 – AW609 Tiltrotor with Dan Wells appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Oct 22 2018

1hr 8mins

Play

RWS 71 – Aircrew Mental Health with Kevin Humphreys – Part 2

Podcast cover
Read more

Kevin Humphreys is an experienced military and EMS pilot who bounced back from a period of mental illness and is now an ambassador for a number of mental health organisations.

Part 2 of the interview with ex-Australian Army and current Search and Rescue pilot Kevin Humphreys looking at the topic of aircrew mental health. In this episode the focus shifts from Kevin’s military career to his personal experience with mental health challenges, the recovery process and what other aircrew can take away for their own careers and perhaps more importantly, for their long term wellbeing. 

Listen to Part 1 here

Mental health is just such an under-represented topic in crewrooms and hangars the world over that I’m really glad that we can cover it here and that Kevin is so open and willing to share his story and what he has learnt on the way through.

Kevin’s career at-a-glance:
* Blackhawks, Chinooks – Australian Army Aviation
* Deployments – East Timor, Iraq, Afghanistan
* OC CH-47 Chinook Squadron, twice Detachment Commander of Australian Chinooks in Afghanistan
* Search and Rescue – Bell 412, BK117, AW139
* Check and Training Captain, Chief Pilot, Director of Operations

There is an assumption here that you have listened to Episode 70 before starting into this particular podcast.

I’d recommend that you stop and go do that to get the entire context if you are not up to speed – as this interview launches straight back into where we left off – and this time around the discussion is much more focused on the aircrew mental health side of things – both Kevin’s person experience and a discussion for general aircrew applicability.

In the last episode Kev speaks about an air assault mission he flew in Afghanistan with 9 other Australian Army aircrew in 2 Chinooks to extract Canadian special forces soldiers which saw them involved in a fierce firefight at the extraction point. All done on NVGs with essentially zero illumination with RPGs being fired around the aircraft.

For the last 7 or so years Kevin has been flying in the civil search and rescue role and is currently a check and training captain on the AW139 type.

There is a lot more in that interview but that quickly gives you the bare bones to understand that Kev has been around the block a few times and is speaking to us with some solid experience behind him.

Kevin picks up the story talking about when things started to go off the rails for him.

A number of links are provided below to mental health resources for anyone looking to take advantage of them.

Australian Army CH47D Chinook releasing flares just outside Tarin Kowt, Afghanistan, 2006

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon

MILITARY Mental Health Support
Mates4Mates
Stand Tall 4 PTS
Gallipoli Medical Research Foundation
Redsix APP – Phone App for veterans that alerts when other veterans are nearby and you/they need help

GENERAL COMMUNITY Mental Health Support
Phoenix Australia – Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health
R U OK? – suicide prevention charity that aims to start life-changing conversations
Moodgym – online self-help program designed to help prevent and manage symptoms of depression and anxiety. Free for Australians.
Beyond Blue – information and support to help everyone achieve their best possible mental health
Be a Looper APP – App that keeps you in contact with up to 5 people for regular check-ins, peer support that is unique to you

AVIATION SPECIFIC Mental Health Support
CASA Fact Sheet on Depression and Aviation Safety
Australian Federation of Air Pilots – Welfare Services

A couple of points I’ve pulled out from my notes that might be worth summarising:

* Kevin points out it being important to talk about mental health – even if you don’t know how, or the words to use, just the act of talking about how you are feeling with someone starts the recovery.

* Kevin’s Cheeseburger and coke analogy – comparing mental fitness to physical fitness is an easy way to remember and visualise the whole concept.

* If you encounter a mental health episode that it is not flying career ending with the proper intervention and support – just like any other medical issue

* Statistically most of us are going to deal with periods of mental illness either ourselves or with close friends and family at some time in our life.

* It can afflict anyone and that there is no shame or guilt or personal failing attached to it. It is just a function of living in a homo sapien body with an organ called a brain, and that its probably actually amazing that our brain works as well as it does most of the time.

* And lastly – The longer you ignore it or suppress it – the more you’ll have to work through when it finally does catch up with you.

Kevin’s story especially, and I’m sure there are many more like his, illustrates that you just wouldn’t want to have to go through those years of mental anguish, perceived isolation and that pain if you knew it was normal just to talk to someone early and that it is something that so many other people are going through or have gone through.

Kevin Humphreys with a BK117 on top of a Sydney hospital pad

Chinooks at Sunset – Kevin was a Detachment Commander for two trips to Afghanistan

Sep, 2018 – Kevin (2nd from left) with King and Queen of the Netherlands for the awarding of the Military Order of William to Dutch Apache pilot Roy de Ruiter. Kevin and Roy struck up a friendship serving together in Afghanistan.

If there was a part of Kevin’s story that really resonated with you or if you wanted to provide some feedback or be part of the conversation around this episode in particular then please post a comment below

The post RWS 71 – Aircrew Mental Health with Kevin Humphreys – Part 2 appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Oct 03 2018

1hr 16mins

Play

RWS 70 – Aircrew Mental Health with Kevin Humphreys – Part 1

Podcast cover
Read more

Kevin Humphreys is an experienced military and EMS pilot who bounced back from a period of mental illness and is now an ambassador for a number of mental health organisations.

Kevin Humphreys is a veteran of a number of overseas military deployments on Blackhawk and Chinook, currently a check and training pilot on AW139 helicopters and an ambassador for a number of mental health charities. He joins us in the interview today to share some of his flying experiences and his personal story of struggling with and overcoming an episode of mental illness.

With almost half of Australian adults estimated to experience a mental disorder at some time in their life it would be ludicrous to suggest that it is not something that would impact on the helicopter aircrew population.

This is part one of a two part interview. I’ll update this blog post with a link to the second half once it is published. Part 1/this episode is more focused on Kevin’s career and deployments which establishes the context for much of the mental health discussion in part 2.

Kandahar, AFG – Ready for departure, CH-47D with AH-64 escort

Kevin graduated from the Australian Army’s officer training course at Duntroon in Canberra before being posted to Point Cook, Victoria for initial flying training. He flew with the Australian Army throughout the 90s and 2000s, flying Blackhawk and Chinook types and serving up until 2011.

Video Extract “From the Shadows: Australia’s Special Forces” where Kevin talks about flying in Afghanistan.

He discusses a number of deployments to East Timor, one to Iraq and then a number to Afghanistan with some of the lessons learnt from each along with some of the organisational and operational challenges at the time. Kevin also re-tells the events around OP NILE which was a multi-national, joint operation involving Australian Chinooks, Canadian special forces, Afghan forces, Dutch Apaches, a US AC-130 and predator UAVs.

They said a rocket propelled grenade passed under us and another RPG went over the top while we were on approach

C Sqn, 5 Avn Regt just prior to Afghanistan deployment 2006 – Kevin as Officer Commanding in front.

We don’t spend a lot of time talking about Kevin’s post military flying career in rescue and the medical transport roles but he has held job titles along the way of – check and training captain, director of operations and chief pilot roles. Additional aircraft types are BK117, Bell 412 and AW139.

Outside of flying and on the mental health side of things Kevin is a speaker for BeyondBlue and a community ambassador for both the Mates4Mates program and the RUOK charity.

Kevin Humphreys with a QLD Government Air Wing Bell 412 on top of the Mater Hospital, Brisbane

Kevin suffered from anxiety for many years, PTSD, turned to alcohol abuse and eventually reached a point of mental breakdown where he finally was given support. From here he started the long process of recovery and return to work. He is very open about his experiences and displays an incredible vulnerability and courage to talk about it in the second part of this interview (Episode 71) with the aim of helping anyone else that might be in the position he was and to help normalise the conversation.

One of Kevin’s messages is that mental health is a spectrum – no different from physical fitness – that there are times when we are very mentally fit and other times when we are mentally out of condition and need some more mental ‘pushups/exercise’ to get back into condition. The sooner the intervention and positive addressing of any issues the quicker the rebound is.

It is by no means a career ending event for aircrew and if we are trying to be professional aviators then it’s a topic that needs to be more widely discussed.

A number of links are provided below to mental health resources for anyone looking to take advantage of them.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon

MILITARY Mental Health Support
Mates4Mates
Stand Tall 4 PTS
Gallipoli Medical Research Foundation
Redsix APP – Phone App for veterans that alerts when other veterans are nearby and you/they need help

GENERAL COMMUNITY Mental Health Support
Phoenix Australia – Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health
R U OK? – suicide prevention charity that aims to start life-changing conversations
Moodgym – online self-help program designed to help prevent and manage symptoms of depression and anxiety. Free for Australians.
Beyond Blue – information and support to help everyone achieve their best possible mental health
Be a Looper APP – App that keeps you in contact with up to 5 people for regular check-ins, peer support that is unique to you

AVIATION SPECIFIC Mental Health Support
CASA Fact Sheet on Depression and Aviation Safety
Australian Federation of Air Pilots – Welfare Services

Kevin unveiling the plaque to name the Australian base at Kandahar CAMP BAKER in honour of CPL Mick Baker who was the loadmaster killed in the Black Hawk crash (Townsville, Australia) in Jun 96

A15-104 was callsign Patriot 47 captained by Kevin on OP NILE – one of two Australian Army chinooks taking part in a special forces operation in Afghanistan

CH-47 Chinook dust landing examples in Afghanistan

Have a comment or feedback about Episode 70? A question for Kevin or a good resource to add to the list? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 70 – Aircrew Mental Health with Kevin Humphreys – Part 1 appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Oct 01 2018

1hr 6mins

Play

RWS 69 – Multi-Engine Helicopter Considerations with Jim Vince

Podcast cover
Read more

Currently flying for the UK Police Air Service Jim Vince has a background with instruction on both multi- and single engine helicopters

Learn about multiengine helicopter operations in this episode. A great primer for those that have only flown single engine machines and hopefully a useful refresher others.

Putting this together has been a great refresher for me personally as it is just over 10 years since I last flew anything with a second engine. Thankfully though we’ve got someone with a lot more experience than me to help us cover the topic.

Jim Vince is currently a pilot for the UK National Police Air Service flying an Airbus EC135 over London and the surrounding areas. Jim has 25 years experience in the helicopter world. Before that he spent 10 years as an engineer in the New Zealand Army.

RAF Chinooks on exercise Northern England ANZAC Day 2013

His first helicopter role was as a reconnaissance pilot flying Kiowa (Bell 206) in the Australian Army then transferring onto CH-47 Chinooks where he was a troop commander, chief instructor and then Sqn commander and lead an Australian Chinook deployment to Iraq.

Jim then moved to the UK and served with the RAF first as an instructor on AS350 Squirrel on the UK Defence Squirrel Basic Course then on the Bell 412 for the Advanced course. He ended back up on Chinooks then got out of the services and did some consulting work before instructing on the UK Army Advanced course in AS350 Squirrels once again covering everything from formation to NVG to Instrument flying.

Hours wise Jim is sitting around 4200 hours helicopters at the time of recording and another 1100 fixed wing. He holds ATPL Helicopter and Aeroplane, CIR Multi Heli + Aeroplane, Flight Instructor and is endorsed on types – R22, R44, B206, AS350, AS355, EC135, Bell412, Chinook and Augusta 109.

That’s just the highlights and with Jim’s mixed background flying and instructing in both singles and multi engine types he made a good candidate to tackle the intro to multi engine operations which is the topic today.

UK Police Air Service H135 over London – Jim Vince flying.

Some of the things covered in this podcast episode:

Multi-engine power application to transmissions
How power from engines mixed/transferred to single transmission
How engine ECU/FCUs talk to each other

Engine start process
APUs/starters
Dual starts

Throttle control of two engines
Locations – Overhead panels, collective levers
General manipulation

Emergencies: primarily achieving a safe flight configuration
Single Engine: enter autorotation… assess when you can…
Multi-Engine: achieve OEI flight then assess

Departure & Arrivals:
Single Engine: Avoid curve.
Multi-Engine: Single engine profile ensuring safe landing with no injury to crew/pax or damage to aircraft/property.
Risk balance – exposure time vs flight manoeuvre
Flyaway – F1, F2, F3 External loads/external full tanks jettison
Terms – Vtoss, Vy, CAT A, Performance Class PC1 vs PC2, PC2 limited exposure

En route planning and considerations.
SE: safe point of landing.
ME: drift down altitude & alternate landing. PNR, Critical Pt planning

CRM:
Single / Multi Engine: Single Crew
Multi Engine: Multi Crew
Identify, Confirm, Select

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon

Video showing gearbox arrangement for how power from two engines is mixed into the main transmission.
jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_5B9CCFAA465F4").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"5B9CCFAA465F4","width":600,"height":450,"thumbnail":"","title":"Mixing two engines into main transmission","description":"Mixing two engines into main transmission","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"ebl9L2pt-00"}");

Australian Army Chinook helicopter night landing in Iraq 2003 – Jim Vince was the detachment commander for the Australian Chinooks deployed.

Overnighting with a Squirrel helicopter after a tailrotor chip light during a UK Army training flight.

RAF Advanced Course Bell 412 after landing with a TXMN Oil Hot light. Jim on right. There are still single points of failure in a twin engined helicopter.

Pratt & Whitney PT6T Twin Pack used in Bell 412 models. Photo: pwc.ca

Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 69 – Multi-Engine Helicopter Considerations with Jim Vince appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Sep 23 2018

1hr 5mins

Play

RWS 68 – 2018 World Helicopter Day and Flying the Chinook with Paul Kennard

Podcast cover
Read more

Paul Kennard, RAF Chinook driver

World Helicopter Day 2018 is this Sunday! Wishing everyone in the industry a fantastic day for it as we celebrate what we do and the machines we love.

A big thank you to Mike Young from aircrewinterview.tv for being kind enough to allow the syndication of this interview with RAF pilot Paul Kennard. The audio version is on the podcast feed along with more information about events lined up around the world for this Sunday.

The video below is the original interview with Paul.

2018 World Helicopter Day event locations:

Australia, Cairns – Nautilus Aviation
Australia, Brisbane – Aeropower Flight School
Australia, Newcastle – Skyline Aviation Group
Australia, Perth – Corsaire Aviation
Belgium, Wevelgem – Heli Business
England, Leicestershire – Helicentre Aviation
England, Somerset – The Helicopter Museum
England, Ramsgate – Polar Helicopters
England, Manchester – Flight Academy Ltd
England, Chard – Historic Helicopters
Germany, Munich – Sky Magic
Hong Kong – Hong Kong Aviation Club Foundation
Scotland, Fort William – Helisafari
Scotland, Kinloss – Morayvia Science and Technology Centre
Serbia, Belgrade – Balkan Helicopters
Spain, Balearic Islands – Balearic Helicopters
South Africa, Johannesburg – Henley Air
USA, Pennsylvania – American Helicopter Museum
USA, Hawaii – Blue Hawaiian Helicopters
USA, Washington – Snohomish County Helicopter Rescue Team
USA, California – Wings Over Camarillo
USA, New York – Independent Helicopters
USA, Arkansas – flyARH
USA, Alabama – Wallace State Community College

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
World Helicopter Day – Register Your Event
aircrewinterview.tv – original source of this interview. (Youtube Channel)

Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 68 – 2018 World Helicopter Day and Flying the Chinook with Paul Kennard appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Aug 15 2018

1hr 5mins

Play

RWS 67 – Falklands War from a Wessex Cockpit with Harry Benson

Podcast cover
Read more

As a 21 yr old Harry Benson experienced the Falklands War from the cockpit of a Wessex helicopter. Years later he has caught up with squadron mates to bring together an amazing collection of stories from the helicopter side of the war.

6834 nautical miles south west of London in the South Atlantic some amazing helicopter stories were being lived out during the Falklands War. Many of these were even unknown to the other aircrew flying in the same operational area.

Harry Benson was there as a 21 yr old pilot and many years later has interviewed 45 of his fellow aircrew and pieced together the story of the helicopter side of that conflict. You can read the result in the book Scram!: The Gripping First-Hand Account of the Helicopter War in the Falklands.

Scram was the radio codeword for inbound Argentine jets and the ‘actions on’ for helicopter crews was to find a depression and land the helicopter as quickly as they could to minimise the chance of being sighted.

Logistically getting the UK forces down to the Falklands was an amazing feat as everything had to go by sea or be dropped into the ocean from the air. Helicopters were crammed onto vessels wherever they could fit. A requisitioned Cunard container ship ‘Atlantic Conveyor’ carried a cargo of six Wessex helicopters from 848 Naval Air Squadron and RAF Chinook HC.1s from No. 18 Squadron RAF. At Ascension Island, the halfway point, she picked up eight Fleet Air Arm Sea Harriers (809 Squadron) and six RAF Harrier GR.3 jump jets.

Atlantic Conveyor underway to Falklands with a Wessex on Spot 1.The Atlantic Conveyor was sunk by two Exocet missiles with the loss of 3 Chinooks, 6 Wessex and a Lynx. This had a big impact on the course of events as it only left 15 troop-carrying helicopters available for the ground force breakout from the landing area – 10 Seakings, 5 Wessex and a single 1 Chinook. The Chinook remained the only one in theatre for the rest of the war can could forward position 4 fuel blivets/’bollocks’ vs the Seaking’s one.

The harsh South Atlantic weather proved one of the biggest challenges for aircrew rather than enemy action. Harry tells the story of his port engine shutting down due to heavy snow blocking the intake. At times aircraft had to hover taxi next to cliffs above the waves due to poor visibility in fog.

Unloading a Wessex on a bleak Falkland hillside.

Just some of the stories in the book:

    • Going head to head with fast jets
    • Sneak single aircraft mission with missile strike on Argentine high command
    • Rescues of sailors off burning ships
    • One way Seaking flight to Argentina mainland to assault airbase
    • Radalts going from 30′ to 200′ flying over glaciers
    • SAS missions in 60kt winds
    • Getting low on fuel and shutting down one engine
    • Night unaided casualty evacuations from front line

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon
World Helicopter Day – Register Your Event
Scram!: The Gripping First-Hand Account of the Helicopter War in the Falklands
Junglie – Seaking pilot fiction novel by Harry Benson
Special Forces Pilot: A Flying Memoir of the Falkland War – Story of the Seaking raid on Argentina
Historic Helicopters – UK helicopter event

HMS Fearless in San Carlos, during the Falklands War. Typical of the ships that the helicopter fleet was flying to and the barren terrain of the islands in the background.HMS Hermes was due to be decommissioned in 1982 after a 1981 defence review (that would have made the Royal Navy considerably smaller) by the British government, but when the Falklands War broke out, she was made the flagship of the British forces, setting sail for the South Atlantic just three days after the Argentine invasion of the Falkland Islands. She sailed for the Falklands with an airgroup of 12 Sea Harrier FRS1 attack aircraft of the Royal Navy’s Fleet Air Arm, and 18 Sea King helicopters.

Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 67 – Falklands War from a Wessex Cockpit with Harry Benson appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Jul 26 2018

1hr 14mins

Play

RWS 66 – Extreme Ownership Book Review with Adrian Park

Podcast cover
Read more

Adrian Park is an experienced military and rescue helicopter pilot who is currently completing a phd thesis in aviation human factors and communication.

A podcast that I get a lot of value from is the Jocko Podcast which deals in leadership, mindsets, ju jitsu, military history and has nothing to do with helicopters… or does it. In this episode I chat with Adrian Park a former Australian army helicopter pilot and now EMS pilot who has a special interest in aviation safety and human factors about how some of the material Jocko Willink talks about relates to aviation.

Extreme Ownership is a book written by Leif Babin and Jocko Willink (host of podcast mentioned above) who are both ex-US Navy SEALs who held leadership roles during deployments in Iraq and later in SEAL training units.

The book details some of the leadership lessons they learnt that they see as applicable to leadership in any situation. Their examples start with a military example from their own experience and then apply that in a business setting.

Today I’m talking with Adrian Park and we break down some of the ideas in the book and discuss how they play out in an aviation context with examples from our own experiences.

Adrian Park (right) next to an Australian Army Huey in Bougainville. The bright orange paint scheme was part of the peace keeping role.

Adrian or ‘Parky’ has a background in Australian Army Huey and Blackhawk operations along with experience flying in the EMS sector. Along the way he has picked up a Bach. of English Literature and Communication (something he has in common with Jocko Willink) and is working towards his PhD.

Parky is a frequent article contributor to Flight Safety magazine here in Australia, runs crew resource management training, has been involved in youth leadership development and also hosts an aviation podcast. A busy guy! But someone with a lot of helicopter experience paired with some thoughtfulness on the application of leadership and human factors in how we go about our operations.


Some of the ideas we discuss are:

Extreme ownership
– If mindset of victim of circumstance then you can’t have any input to fixing
– accepting feedback
– not blaming people / weather / aircraft
– admitting to and owning mistakes/errors
– opposite of ‘someone else’s problem’
– if someone tells you to do something that you know is a bad idea, and you do it and it turns out bad, you’re still responsible for the outcome.
– implications for accident investigations / companies that have accidents / forum discussion

Detach
– long term view rather than short term task pressure
– viable company/career in 5 years over any single task
– EMS operations and weather decisions
– risk vs reward

Check Your Ego
– proving your skill / pushing on
– unnecessary risks
– putting others down for mistakes
– not seeking input
– not accepting feedback and constructive criticism

Cover and Move (Teamwork)
– crew, ops, atc
– back others up
– share information
– help them do their job
– mateship

We end up running out of time to cover everything that we had in our notes – look out for a part 2 sometime in the future.

Adrian during an exchange posting to the US working as a Blackhawk instructor

This is the first time both of us have discussed this topic/content as it relates to the book Extreme Ownership. If you are familiar with the book or with Jocko’s other ideas and can share aviation examples of your own we would love you to add to the comments section here on the blog post.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon
World Helicopter Day – Register Your Event
Cancel Sarwatch Podcast
Resonate Safety Solutions – CRM Training and Consultancy
Jocko Podcast

On the ramp in East Timor with a Blackhawk from B SQN, 5 Avn Regt. Hopefully these aircraft can continue in a flying role when retired from the Australian Army

Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 66 – Extreme Ownership Book Review with Adrian Park appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Jun 25 2018

Play

RWS 65 – Night Aerial Firefighting with Richard Butterworth

Podcast cover
Read more

Richard Butterworth spent time in the military, instructing and EMS before taking up a role at Kestrel Aviation in support of a night firefighting capability.

Helicopters are amazing assets to have working in a bush firefighting role. Every year around the world they contribute to lives saved and property damage avoided. Now for the first time in Australia we are starting to see the move into night time firebombing operations.

Richard Butterworth is head of training at Kestrel Aviation based in Mangalore, Victoria. It is about 1 1/2 hours drive north of Melbourne. Kestrel has been developing a night aerial firefighting capability and has put a significant amount of private investment behind Richard, their other staff and equipment to become the first Australian operator to gain CASA approval.

Don’t forget to check out past episodes on Helicopter NVG flying and Aerial Fire Fighting

Dropping water on a fire during trials – part of final approval from CASA to commence live, night-time aerial firefighting.

Internationally night firefighting with helicopters goes back a surprisingly long way.

“On June 16, 1974, the first night water drops were made on a wildfire on the Angeles National Forest with Los Angeles County Fire Department’s Bell 204B helicopter, equipped with a fixed tank”

“In 1977, an L.A. County Fire helicopter and the USFS Rose Valley helicopter collided while inbound to a heliport on the Angeles National Forest”

After this collision, night firefighting was essentially canned until 2005 when it again became an operational capability in the US. The quotes above have come from this article which gives a pretty good run down on the history. There is a ‘Part 2’ of the article too.

Dropping water low level at night on fires while flying on NVGs at first glance looks like ‘risky’ business. As you’ll hear from Richard in the interview they have taken a very slow step by step process to building the capability up and have done so using existing frameworks and procedures already in place that govern night flight and aerial firefighting. They have then just incorporated them together.

It is not an activity that just any company can turn around do. Aside from procedures and regulator legal instruments you also first need experienced NVD crews with extensive day firefighting time, access to goggles, NVG compatible aircraft modifications, an aerial platform with waterdrop equipment and supporting ground crews. So don’t expect this to come cheap for fire agencies and governments.

The benefits on a fire scene range from not just the extended hours avaliable (Richard also talks about the daylight hours lost on current fires due to morning briefing requirements) but also the generally calmer conditions and colder temperatures reducing the intensity and speed of fires. This ‘quietening’ of the fireground provides more of a chance to affect the outcome with water drops.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon
World Helicopter Day – Register Your Event
Kestrel Aviation Website
Jocko Podcast

Ground filling of water tanks for night firefighting – provides aircrew a chance to catch a break.

Trials moved onto proving hover fill capability at night too.

Another shot inbound on fire at night for trials.

Richard Butterworth is one of the Kestrel Aviation pilots instrumental to the development of the night capability – here in front of the Bell 412 used during the trials.

(Photos supplied)

Do you have a question for Richard and the Kestrel crews about night firefighting? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 65 – Night Aerial Firefighting with Richard Butterworth appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Jun 07 2018

Play

RWS 64 – Lessons from an AH-64 Apache Refuel Fire with Skip Tackett

Podcast cover
Read more

Skip Tackett has almost 4 decades of military and civil experience across a diverse range of operations. He is President of Utility Aviation, Inc

Imagine you are sitting in an apache cockpit during a refueling operation. Suddenly the world outside, in every direction you look, is one giant fireball. You can feel the heat cooking through through the windshield. What do you do next?

That is the situation that today’s guest Boyd ‘Skip’ Tackett found himself in. He received second and third degree burns over 42% of his body in his escape and credits the fire resistant clothing he was wearing with his life. Skip has been sharing his story with aircrew for the last 2 decades to drive home the message of the importance of wearing the right gear and being prepared because you never know if your next flight could be one that puts you in a life threatening situation. He hopes to avoid other aircrew avoid the recovery process he went through where “there is not enough morphine in the world” to treat the pain of such extensive burns.

Skip Tackett in the rear seat of an Apache helicopter with the door open. This is approx 8 feet off the ground and the same position Skip had to escape through the fire from.

In 1994 Skip was the rear seater of an AH-64A Apache that had just landed at a field hot refuel point. As they started to take on fuel, a fault in the hose pressure nozzle caused fuel to spray up into the rotors, splash against the cabin and into the inlet of the right hand engine. The accompanying vaporisation of the fuel along with the hot engine exhaust immediately caused a fireball to engulf the aircraft and continue to burn. Skip and his co-pilot had to exit the aircraft through the flames or be cooked inside. Skip covers the incident and the steps involved in the escape in the interview.

His story provides a big wake up call for all aircrew to revisit the clothing and equipment you fly with and have on your person. In a situation like this there was no time to reach for or put on other equipment. It also emphasises regular evacuation rehearsal as both Skip and his co-pilot in the rush to exit and confusion failed to properly release their shoulder straps, wasting precious seconds.

The smoldering remains of Apache 235.

What you should wear:

* NOMEX or similar flame resistant material outer layer.
* Natural fiber (wool, cotton, silk) underwear covering as much of your body as practical.
* Alternatively a flame resistant material clothing under flight suit. Skip recommends
Massif and DriFire as places to start looking at these.

Stay away from synthetics (eg. polyester, nylon) unless they are especially designed for fire protection. When they burn they turn to liquid and can melt into the skin. The only way to remove the material then is to cut the skin off.

To their credit one popular manufacturer of tactical/sports wear clothing has this text on their website product listing:

“WARNING! This product will melt when exposed to extreme heat or open flames, posing a risk of serious injury where melted product comes into contact with skin! “

For those in white shirts and gold bars charter situations there is nothing readily available. From a quick internet search you will have to look like a roadside construction worker or rambo. Massif did prototype a white business-style flame resistant shirt but didn’t receive enough demand for it. If you know of any solutions for corporate work please get in contact.

Skip’s burn injuries. Note the lack of burns to chest and shoulders where two layers of clothing were. Not to be confused with the white of Skip’s face where the skin is completely burnt through where he had no covering at all. It took almost 3 years to return to flying medical fitness.

For even more information and photos on the events of the crash and Skip’s recovery take a look at this article –> AirBeat Article 2010 Tackett Fire

Skip is one of the rare pilots in the world to have considerable hours on both AH-64 Apache and Mi-17 helicopters – machines that are normally in very different national and ideological fleets.

Joining the US Army first as a Ranger, Skip moved into aviation in the Aero Scout mission flying OH-58 Kiowa (see Episode 22 for more information on the Kiowa helicopter type) and then into Apaches as soon as non-Cobra qualified pilot training slots became avaliable.

As an Apache driver Skip conducted deep strike missions against Iraqi armour units during the Gulf War. He became a Master Gunner and was involved in a number of unique capabilities with the introduction of the Apache Longbow into Army service including replicating the airborne fire control computer targeting data transmission into a laptop system for use on firing ranges, using a similar system to pass targeting data from Apaches to F-16s and developing procedures for mixed Apache/UAV hunter killer teams.

Kitted up ready to fly a Mi-17 in Afghanistan on Counter Narco-Terrorism mission.

Jumping forward in time we find Skip, now out of the Amy, piloting Mi-17s in Afghanistan in combat operations as Chief Pilot for Northrup Grumman on a Special Operations Counter Narco-Terrorism program. While we don’t go into these operations in detail in the interview, Skip had a number of close calls that he indicates the robust construction and massive power of the Mi-17 engines was what got them home safely. In that operating area and its high altitudes the Mi-17 was one of the most capable rotary wing assets in country.

Skip is currently President of Utility Aviation, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Brunner Aerospace which itself has an interesting crew of aviators with unique backgrounds. “Break glass in case of war” is how I would describe them.

Under that umbrella and with G and T Outfitters, Skip trains and flys customers on wild hog eradication flights in Texas, USA. Normally this involves either a Bell 206, MD530F or H125 helicopter with Skip in the pilot’s seat, an onboard safety observer and two client shooters operating over an approved aerial shooting range in the eradication area. The observer doubles as a professional shooter, “We are out there to kill pigs, not just shoot at them”. With 37 years of air gunnery and special operations experience Skip indicates this is a highly controlled activity and they work closely with local wildlife rangers.

Aerial gunnery and hog eradication in Texas

Skip somehow finds time to also be founder/CEO/Chief Pilot of an unmanned drone company focused on high end, professional services to the energy facilities market and law enforcement. Rather than an off-the-shelf consumer drone platform they have gone with one that has been used by special forces overseas and that with the advances in miniaturization of electronics now has many of the capabilities that Skip used to use in the Apache’s nose mounted TADS (Target Acquisition and Designation Sights).

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon
World Helicopter Day
Brunner Aerospace
G and T Outfitters
AO Flight commercial UAS company

The AO Flight truck and Skip next to a Aeryon Skyranger drone.

This photo shows the Afghanistan dust and huge cockpit windows of the Mi-17

More aerial gunnery. This time in a MD500. Skip was a Master Gunner on Apaches so was involved in all kinds of range template creation and fire control instruction and supervision.

Do you have a question for Skip about protective clothing or his experiences? Have a fire resistant clothing option for charter pilots? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 64 – Lessons from an AH-64 Apache Refuel Fire with Skip Tackett appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Mar 23 2018

Play

RWS 63 – 2011 Brisbane Floods & Lifesaving Helicopter Rescues

Podcast cover
Read more

Mark Turner was a rescue wireman during the 2011 Brisbane Floods

“On 9th and 10th of January 2011, heavy rainfall caused flash flooding to occur across parts of Queensland resulting in widespread damage to property and 35 fatalities. Grantham, Lockyer Valley and Toowoomba were severely impacted. Due to landslides caused by flooding, and water blocking the Warrego highway, the Lockyer Valley became isolated; police and emergency services were no longer able to access the area. Excessive fog and rain prevented helicopters flying overhead during the emergency.”

“Emergency services were overwhelmed during the disaster. Triple zero operators advised people to stay indoors to avoid being swept away.
… on a typical Monday the 000 line in Toowoomba receives about 60 calls, on this day 883 such calls were received.” – Source

Mark Turner on one of the 28 rescues conducted by his crew over 2 hours on 10 Jan 2018

Despite what the extract above says helicopters did indeed fly in extremely poor weather and conducted a large number of rescues off house roofs and emergency evacuations of towns in the way of the flooding.

In this episode we hear from 3 of the aircrew involved and the different perspectives of each of their crews as the emergency unfolded.

Mark Turner was the rescue wireman in the Queensland Government AW139 Callsign Rescue 500 which was the first rescue machine on the scene in the afternoon of 10 January at the township of Grantham. “Horrendous” weather forced them to scud run at low level to reach the town they were greeted by streets awash with fast running flood waters and residents stranded on roof tops. Over 2 hours of hoisting operations 28 people and a cat were rescued and moved to dry land.

Next on the scene was Rescue 510, another AW139 with Brett Knowles onboard as a crewman. They relieved the Rescue 500 crew who landed with minimal fuel reserves. Brett’s crew then continued into the late afternoon and evening conducting winch operations by searchlight unaided. Another 15 people were rescued.

The next morning 2 Blackhawks departed Oakey to the west of the area under IFR conditions and managed to break visual near Amberley Air Force Base. Nathan Coyle was the Captain of the second Blackhawk and he talks about the experiences of his crew on the 2nd day including a harrowing rescue conducted on NVGs next to a live powerline.

All their operations would have been pretty heroic on any normal day but the weather they were operating in deserves special mention. The graph below shows rainfall on the days in question with many places receiving all time record breaking amounts. The videos below give some additional indication of the conditions encountered.

“I have been flying for 12 years and that’s the worst I have seen it – terrible visibility and for the pilots it was incredibly hard to navigate” – WO2 Tony Young

The pilots had to rely on their personal phones and Google maps to navigate in a number of cases due to the flood waters obscuring roads and landmarks.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon
World Helicopter Day
Technical Evacuation Advanced Aero Medical (or TEAAM)

MAJ Nathan Coyle was Aircraft Captain of a Blackhawk responding to the flood event.

Brett Knowles (second from right) with members of Emergency Management Queensland helicopter crew. Centre is Peter Row who was Brett’s pilot during the flood event.

Mark Turner at rear. Several survivors in front of the Rescue 500 helicopter that was first on the scene in Gratham.

Army Blackhawk crews with Prime Minister Julia Gillard

SeaKing in rain at Gatton on 11 Jan 2011

Do you have a question for Mark, Brett or Nathan? Were you flying during the flooding and want to share your experiences? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 63 – 2011 Brisbane Floods & Lifesaving Helicopter Rescues appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Mar 11 2018

Play

RWS 62 – Snohomish County Helicopter Rescue Team

Podcast cover
Read more

HRT’s UH-1 helicopter at 8,000 feet and litter with patient on the wire after a 500ft fall on mountain side.

Nestled in the north west corner of the US, just north of Seattle is Snohomish County and the operating base of their Helicopter Rescue Team. The HRT conducts approximately 80 rescues a year, predominantly mountain rescues of hikers. Two of their team, Chris Moriarty and Bill Quistorf, took the time out for a chat about their setup, the operating area and its challenges and the skill sets within the organisation.

The Snohomish County Helicopter Rescue Team operates 2 helicopters.

SnoHawk 10 is a highly modified Vietnam era Bell UH-1H – Fast Fin and tailboom strake kit, Bell 205 tail boom, Bell 212 Tail rotor/gearboxes, more powerful Lycoming T53-L703, Garmin G500H’s, NVG-compatible cockpit – which is the main workhorse for rescue missions and training. It is a beautiful looking ship. A typical mission would include 5 crew and a range of role equipment operating up to 9000′ elevation. Depending on the nature of the site and casualties the crew may have to offload people and equipment and/or burn fuel for sufficient power margin.

Chris Moriarty is a Rescue Technician (or Tech) with HRT. And Bill Quistorf is the organisation Chief Pilot.

SnoHawk 1 is a Hughes 500-P (military NOH-6P) which flew in Vietnam with Alpha Troop, 3/17 Air Cavalry. It was a specially modified machine for covert CIA/Air America style missions with 4 bladed tail-rotor, an extra main rotor blade and (now removed) oversized engine exhaust muffler. SnoHawk 1 can provide law enforcement and missing persons support. It was used to fly more regular police patrols but budget reductions have curtailed the flying hours possible.

The HRT team itself is unusual in that it consists of only a few full time salaried members and then a pool of approximately 30 volunteers who man a roster. Skill sets of the volunteers include rescue technicians, flight medics, crew chiefs, pilots, and ground support personnel. These people have their own separate day jobs and interests that then come together to form the capability. On any particular day when the HRT is activated the rostered on team members will meet at the ‘Taylor’s Landing’ base and assess the callout mission.

Team training is conducted twice a week. A number of other agencies also use the base facility for training and there is a tower mounted Huey frame avaliable for rappelling drills.

Mountain rescue makes up most of the HRT callouts. Note the cloud ceiling on the hills in background.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon
Snohomish HRT Website
Snohomish HRT Facebook

jQLeadBrite("#leadplayer_video_element_5A8E65D6C0C56").leadplayer(false, "{"ga":true,"overlay":false,"powered_by":false,"powered_by_link":"http:\/\/www.leadplayer.com\/","color1":"#F5BB0C","color2":"#1798CD","color3":"#F5BB0C","txt_submit":"Send Me Alerts","txt_play":"Send Me Alerts","txt_eml":"Enter Your Email Address","txt_name":"Your Name","txt_invalid_eml":"Please enter a valid email","txt_invalid_name":"Please enter your name","lp_source":"WP Plugin 1.4.2.1 Unlimited","id":"5A8E65D6C0C56","width":620,"height":349,"thumbnail":"","title":"Snohawk10 Walk Around with Bill Quistorf","description":"Snohawk10 Walk Around with Bill Quistorf","autoplay":false,"show_timeline":true,"enable_hd":false,"opt":{"time":10,"text1":"Got the 10 Top Helicopter Books for Helicopter Aircrew?","text2":"Download the list and get new episode alerts","url":"www.leadplayer.com","skip":{"text":"Not at the moment - skip back to the video"},"form_provider":"aweber","form_html":"&lt;!-- AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;&lt;style type=&quot;text\/css&quot;&gt;#af-form-186108745 .af-body .af-textWrap{width:98%;display:block;float:none;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body a{color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:underline;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#D9D9D9;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;color:#C7C7C7;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:16px;font-family:Trebuchet MS, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body input.text:focus, #af-form-186108745 .af-body textarea:focus{background-color:#FFFAD6;border-color:#030303;border-width:1px;border-style:solid;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body label.previewLabel{display:block;float:none;text-align:left;width:auto;color:#CCCCCC;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:13px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-body{padding-bottom:15px;padding-top:15px;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:11px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-footer{padding-right:15px;padding-left:15px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:top left;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:12px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-header{padding-bottom:9px;padding-top:9px;padding-right:10px;padding-left:10px;background-color:#FFFFFF;background-repeat:no-repeat;background-position:inherit;background-image:none;border-width:1px;border-bottom-style:none;border-left-style:none;border-right-style:none;border-top-style:none;color:#CCCCCC;font-size:16px;font-family:Verdana, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode .bodyText{padding-top:2px;padding-bottom:2px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-quirksMode{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .af-standards .af-element{padding-right:60px;padding-left:60px;}#af-form-186108745 .bodyText p{margin:1em 0;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{background-color:#0479c2;background-image:url(&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot;);color:#FFFFFF;text-decoration:none;font-style:normal;font-weight:normal;font-size:24px;font-family:Helvetica, sans-serif;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer input.submit{width:auto;}#af-form-186108745 .buttonContainer{text-align:right;}#af-form-186108745 body,#af-form-186108745 dl,#af-form-186108745 dt,#af-form-186108745 dd,#af-form-186108745 h1,#af-form-186108745 h2,#af-form-186108745 h3,#af-form-186108745 h4,#af-form-186108745 h5,#af-form-186108745 h6,#af-form-186108745 pre,#af-form-186108745 code,#af-form-186108745 fieldset,#af-form-186108745 legend,#af-form-186108745 blockquote,#af-form-186108745 th,#af-form-186108745 td{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 submit,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{float:none;position:static;margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 div{margin:0;}#af-form-186108745 fieldset{border:0;}#af-form-186108745 form,#af-form-186108745 textarea,.af-form-wrapper,.af-form-close-button,#af-form-186108745 img{float:none;color:inherit;position:static;background-color:none;border:none;margin:0;padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 input,#af-form-186108745 button,#af-form-186108745 textarea,#af-form-186108745 select{font-size:100%;}#af-form-186108745 p{color:inherit;}#af-form-186108745 select,#af-form-186108745 label,#af-form-186108745 optgroup,#af-form-186108745 option{padding:0;}#af-form-186108745 table{border-collapse:collapse;border-spacing:0;}#af-form-186108745 ul,#af-form-186108745 ol{list-style-image:none;list-style-position:outside;list-style-type:disc;padding-left:40px;}#af-form-186108745,#af-form-186108745 .quirksMode{width:100%;max-width:371px;}#af-form-186108745.af-quirksMode{overflow-x:hidden;}#af-form-186108745{background-color:#FFFFFF;border-color:#CFCFCF;border-width:1px;border-style:none;}#af-form-186108745{display:block;}#af-form-186108745{overflow:hidden;}.af-body .af-textWrap{text-align:left;}.af-body input.image{border:none!important;}.af-body input.submit,.af-body input.image,.af-form .af-element input.button{float:none!important;}.af-body input.text{width:100%;float:none;padding:2px!important;}.af-body.af-standards input.submit{padding:4px 12px;}.af-clear{clear:both;}.af-element label{text-align:left;display:block;float:left;}.af-element{padding:5px 0;}.af-form-wrapper{text-indent:0;}.af-form{text-align:left;margin:auto;}.af-header,.af-footer{margin-bottom:0;margin-top:0;padding:10px;}.af-quirksMode .af-element{padding-left:0!important;padding-right:0!important;}.lbl-right .af-element label{text-align:right;}body {}&lt;\/style&gt;&lt;form method=&quot;post&quot; class=&quot;af-form-wrapper&quot; accept-charset=&quot;iso-8859-1&quot; action=&quot;http:\/\/www.aweber.com\/scripts\/addlead.pl&quot;  &gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_web_form_id&quot; value=&quot;186108745&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_split_id&quot; value=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;listname&quot; value=&quot;awlist3502715&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;redirect&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; id=&quot;redirect_0a5d3b067c4cffb93f381d6586f133de&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_redirect_onlist&quot; value=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/thankyou&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_adtracking&quot; value=&quot;RotaryWingShowLeadPlayer&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_message&quot; value=&quot;1&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_required&quot; value=&quot;email&quot; \/&gt;&lt;input type=&quot;hidden&quot; name=&quot;meta_tooltip&quot; value=&quot;email||email address&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-form-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-form&quot;&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-header-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-header&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;  class=&quot;af-body af-standards&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element&quot;&gt;&lt;label class=&quot;previewLabel&quot; for=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot;&gt;&lt;\/label&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-textWrap&quot;&gt;&lt;input class=&quot;text&quot; id=&quot;awf_field-65571189&quot; type=&quot;text&quot; name=&quot;email&quot; value=&quot;email address&quot; tabindex=&quot;500&quot; onfocus=&quot; if (this.value == 'email address') { this.value = ''; }&quot; onblur=&quot;if (this.value == '') { this.value='email address';} &quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-element buttonContainer&quot;&gt;&lt;input name=&quot;submit&quot; id=&quot;af-submit-image-186108745&quot; type=&quot;image&quot; class=&quot;image&quot; style=&quot;background: none; max-width: 100%;&quot; alt=&quot;Submit Form&quot; src=&quot;http:\/\/rotarywingshow.com\/wp-content\/uploads\/2014\/06\/button-orange-yes.png&quot; tabindex=&quot;501&quot; \/&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;af-clear&quot;&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div id=&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot; class=&quot;af-footer&quot;&gt;&lt;div class=&quot;bodyText&quot;&gt;&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;\/p&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;div style=&quot;display: none;&quot;&gt;&lt;img src=&quot;http:\/\/forms.aweber.com\/form\/displays.htm?id=jBxsjAwc7Cys&quot; alt=&quot;&quot; \/&gt;&lt;\/div&gt;&lt;\/form&gt;&lt;script type=&quot;text\/javascript&quot;&gt;    &lt;!--    (function() {        var IE = \/*@cc_on!@*\/false;        if (!IE) { return; }        if (document.compatMode &amp;&amp; document.compatMode == 'BackCompat') {            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-form-186108745&quot;).className = 'af-form af-quirksMode';            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-body-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-body inline af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-header-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-header af-quirksMode&quot;;            }            if (document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;)) {                document.getElementById(&quot;af-footer-186108745&quot;).className = &quot;af-footer af-quirksMode&quot;;            }        }    })();    --&gt;&lt;\/script&gt;&lt;!-- \/AWeber Web Form Generator 3.0 --&gt;","form_hash":"33a4ffb41998a5fdea0a0b6aa3540d37","name_enabled":false},"cta":{"time":"end","btext":"Are you following Rotary Wing Show on Facebook?","url":"facebook.com\/rotarywingshow","auto_follow":false,"new_window":true},"ym":"Ygmzs9DUKGo"}");

Chief Pilot Bill Quistorf with Dr. Drew Scheele who flew the HRT’s Hughes 500-P (military NOH-6P) in Vietnam with Alpha Troop, 3/17 Air Cavalry.

Do you have a question about Snohomish County Helicopter Rescue Team’s operations? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 62 – Snohomish County Helicopter Rescue Team appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Feb 22 2018

Play

RWS 61 – Virtual Reality Helicopter Sims with Sérgio Costa

Podcast cover
Read more

Sérgio Costa has 25 years of experience with PC based flight simulators and heads up the Helisimmer website team. Helping others and bring the simulation hobby to those that don’t know it yet is something he loves to devote time to as well.

Virtual reality hardware and software have crossed a threshold where their use in supporting helicopter training and currency/recency provides an amazing experience. In this episode we break down what you can expect and what you will need to get started.

Hopefully you will never look at computer helicopter flight simulators the same after listening to this podcast episode. Sérgio Costa is the editor and founder of Helisimmer.com which focuses on the fairly niche market of – not surprisingly – PC based helicopter flight simulation. On the site you can read reviews of a number of different flight sim software solutions and add-ons from a helicopter perspective.

Until recently I have spent very little attention or interest on PC helicopter flight sims. Mainly due to poor experiences in the past with flight models and how they flew but also just due to access to the real thing. I did use a home flight simulator during instrument flight training on fixed wing and rotary which certainly helped (the Cessna 172 matches a Blackhawk close enough in performance for instrument approaches).

Virtual reality headsets – model shown is a HTC Vive. The technology is now good enough to impact how aviation training is conducted.

Then 3 months ago I discovered where virtual reality(VR) technology had got to. My perception of PC flight simulator software for helicopter simulation has changed forever. Given the high cost of operating a helicopter, the cost of traditional fixed simulators and the increasing adoption of VR by consumers – my call is that all student helicopter pilots will be using VR during their training faster than most people will think.

It is amazing!!!

Sérgio and I chat about our experiences of virtual reality, unpack the technology that makes it up and go into the hardware and software you will need to install effectively a full sized Huey in your living room just by putting on a VR headset. Then when you are done with the Huey you can swap it for a Bell 206, R22, R44, B412, H125…..

Cadets and students trying out virtual reality helicopter sim (DCS:Huey) in Brisbane, Nov 2017

When researching headsets you will come across a number of types. The ones that we are talking about today are PC (Windows 10) powered rather than standalone headsets such as those that use a phone or Playstation. The power of modern PC graphics cards are required to provide the level of experience to make this viable. You will also find reference to ‘Mixed Reality’ headsets. Mixed Reality is the term that microsoft has created to group their virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) technologies. AR references digital information overlayed on the outside world that you are looking at in much the same way that a HUD works.

The ‘best’ headset is subjective. If you are tempted to purchase in 2017/early 2018 then look at the HTC Vive (what Sérgio and I have), Oculus Rift which has been out for a while and is a proven product and the Samsung Odyssey. Each has different pros and cons – price, hand tracking resolution, screen brightness, field of view, resolution – but should all be suitable for flight sim needs and are the pick of the current offerings. A high resolution headset recently raised $4 million on Kickstarter but hasn’t been manufactured yet. Its final performance and successful delivery is still to be proven.

If you do not currently have a high performance gaming PC then you will unfortunately also need to factor that in your costs. And then the helicopter controls you need to purchase… Look it is not cheap but compared with the next best offerings in physical based simulators with multiple screens VR is a compelling business case.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the podcast on Patreon
Helisimmer Website

Purpose built helicopter simulator controls:
Rainman Automation and Simulation
Max Flight Stick
Pro Flight Trainer
Ryan Aerospace

Places to find latest VR and/or Flight Sim News:
Heli Flight Sim Facebook Group
r/virtualreality on Reddit
r/vive on Reddit
r/oculus on Reddit

Screenshot from the Dreamfoil AS350/H125 model in X-Plane 11

A good demonstration of the difference that head tracking provided by VR headsets makes to a helicopter flight sim experience

A pilot providing a detailed comparison of performance and flight model of DCS:Huey vs the real thing.


X-Plane and Robinson R66 model – more feedback and an opinion on the virtual reality experience of helicopter flight.


360 degree video example – wearing a VR headset allows you to look around inside this video tracked to the direction you are looking. This doesn’t have the 3D effect of software such as the flight sims but is still very immersive – putting you in the scene. Powerful tool for training or for capturing lessons and description of helicopter manoeuvres.


Sérgio demoing helicopter flight simulator (not virtual reality) and controls at a recent expo.

Chart showing relative performance of different graphics cards – virtual reality needs a beefy hardware setup especially when combined with flight sims.

Do you have a question about setup, hardware, software, training uses for virtual reality for helicopter simulation? Have feedback for others on how you found it or tips? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 61 – Virtual Reality Helicopter Sims with Sérgio Costa appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Dec 13 2017

1hr 29mins

Play

RWS 60 – 20 Crew Resource Management Diamonds with Randy Mains

Podcast cover
Read more

Randy Mains has operated across many parts of the helicopter industry (military, mustering, instructing, EMS, VIP and more). He has a special interest in helicopter crew resource management.

As helicopter systems, engineering and processes continue to get safer, the human component becomes the focus to further improvements in accident rates. Randy Mains shares his 20 CRM Diamonds in this interview.

Randy Mains was 22 years old when he deployed to Vietnam to fly UH-1H Hueys. On return to the US with over 1000 combat flight hours and a Distinguished Flying Cross (Randy shares the story of this in the interview) he found the US helicopter market flooded with other returned aircrew.

A night with a friend over a shared case of Australian beer resulted with Randy flying in Australia on remote outback cattle stations before a stint in PNG.

Later, souring of Iranian international relationships saw Randy leaving a Bell instructor trainer position on the last civil flight out of Iran. Taking up an emergency medical services (EMS) pilot role in Texas then became the start of Randy’s long and continued focus in this part of the industry. It is where much of the focus of his books and CRM training efforts are focused.

In the US the EMS sector seems to have a high proportion of single engine, single pilot VFR/IFR operations compared with twin engine, two pilot IFR operations in other countries. He has had a number of close calls himself including inadvertent IMC (flying into cloud) and approaching to night flare lit sites with overhead wires.

Randy’s later experiences flying in the middle east and simulator check and training with pilots from around the world gave him the chance to see how EMS is done in other countries.

Since then Randy has returned to the US with a focus on reducing the EMS accident rate and with in the helicopter industry in general. Randy is a regular columnist with Rotorcraft Pro magazine, a speaker at medical and helicopter events, author and runs a Crew Resource Management Instructor course focused on helicopters.

Podcast: Subscribe in iTunes | Play in new window | Download

Links from this week’s episode:
Support the show on Patreon
Crew Resource Management Instructor Course
Randy Main’s Website

“Antennas Up” – a visual prompt to remaining vigilant and looking for a link in the error chain forming

Do you have a question for Randy about helicopter crew resource management or about something mentioned in the episode that you want to ask? Be part of the conversation by leaving a comment below.

The post RWS 60 – 20 Crew Resource Management Diamonds with Randy Mains appeared first on The Rotary Wing Show Podcast.

Oct 17 2017

Play