Peter Calthorpe: Urban Planet: Ecology, Community, and Growth Through the Next Century
Long Now: Seminars About Long-term Thinking
Throughout Peter Calthorpe's decade-spanning career in urban design, planning, and architecture, he has developed and practiced the key principles of New Urbanism: that the most successful places are diverse in uses and users, are scaled to the pedestrian and human interaction, and are environmentally sustainable.Calthorpe developed the concept of Transit Oriented Development, a strategy that is now the foundation of many regional policies and city plans around the world. His work internationally has demonstrated that community design with a focus on environmental sustainability and human scale can be adapted throughout the globe. Most recently Calthorpe launched the urban-planning software UrbanFootprint which models the diverse impacts of urban planning scenarios for designers and planners working for cities, businesses, public agencies and nonprofits.
세계 인구의 절반 이상이 이미 도시에 살고 25억 명은 2050년까지 도시 지역으로 이동시킬 계획입니다. 새로운 도시를 짓는 방식은 기후 변화에서 부터 경제적 활력, 건강, 소속감까지를 아우르는 정말 중요한 핵심 문제 입니다. 피터 캘도프는 미래의 도시를 계획하는 작업을 진행중이며, 인간 상호작용에 집중한 지역 사회 건설을 옹호합니다. 그는 스프롤 현상을 해결하고 더 현명하고 지속가능한 도시를 건설하는 7가지 보편적인 방법을 공유합니다.
7 principles for building better cities | Peter Calthorpe
TED Talks Art
More than half of the world's population already lives in cities, and another 2.5 billion people are projected to move to urban areas by 2050. The way we build new cities will be at the heart of so much that matters, from climate change to economic vitality to our very well-being and sense of connectedness. Peter Calthorpe is already at work planning the cities of the future and advocating for community design that's focused on human interaction. He shares seven universal principles for solving sprawl and building smarter, more sustainable cities.
Sept principes pour construire des villes meilleures | Peter Calthorpe
Plus de la moitié de la population mondiale habite dans les villes et 2,5 milliards de personnes migreront vers les régions urbanisées d'ici 2050. La manière dont nous allons construire les nouvelles villes sera essentielle à de nombreux facteurs qui nous influencent : le changement climatique, la vitalité économique, notre bien-être et notre sentiment d’être connecté. Peter Calthorpe planifie les villes de l’avenir. Il fait un vibrant plaidoyer en faveur d’une conception centrée sur la communauté et sur les interactions entre les hommes. Il partage sept principes universels pour résoudre l’expansion urbaine, pour construire des villes plus intelligentes et plus durables.
Siete principios para construir mejores ciudades | Peter Calthorpe
Más de la mitad de la población mundial ya vive en ciudades, y se prevé para el año 2050 que otros 2500 millones de personas lleguen a vivir en zonas urbanas . La manera en que construimos nuevas ciudades será una de las mayores prioridades. Esto abarca desde el cambio climático, la vitalidad económica hasta nuestro propio bienestar y sentido de conexión. Peter Calthorpe trabaja en la planificación de ciudades del futuro y defiende el diseño comunitario que se enfoca en la interacción humana. Comparte siete principios universales para solucionar la expansión y construir ciudades más inteligentes y sostenibles.
Sete princípios para construir cidades melhores | Peter Calthorpe
Mais da metade da população mundial já vive em cidades, e prevê-se que outros 2,5 bilhões de pessoas irão se mudar para áreas urbanas até 2050. A forma como construímos novas cidades está no centro da questão, desde mudanças climáticas e vitalidade econômica até bem-estar e senso de conectividade. Peter Calthorpe já está trabalhando no planejamento das cidades do futuro e defendendo o desenho de comunidades focadas na interação humana. Ele compartilha sete princípios universais para resolver a expansão urbana desordenada e construir cidades mais inteligentes e sustentáveis.
Peter Calthorpe, Founder, Calthorpe Associates; Author, Urbanism in the Age of Climate Change (5/25/11)
Peter Calthorpe, Founder, Calthorpe Associates; Author, Urbanism in the Age of Climate Change It’s a love story gone horribly wrong. Big cars, ever-bigger homes, distant suburbs – all of it kept afloat by cheap oil. If this American arrangement ever made sense, it certainly doesn’t now, Peter Calthorpe says. Tragically, we’re perpetuating this failed system in much of the country, ignoring a cheaper, greener alternative: urbanism. “It’s better than free,” says Calthorpe, founder of Calthorpe Associates and author of Urbanism in the Age of Climate Change. “It costs less money to build smart, walkable, transit-oriented communities than it does to build sprawl. It takes up less land, it uses less energy, it uses less infrastructure, less roads … less of everything.” For Calthorpe, the ruptured housing bubble revealed a broken system but offers a chance to rethink how we build. “The real estate recession was a sign not just of perverse bank financing,” he says, “it was also a manifestation that we’d been building too much of the wrong stuff for too long, specifically large-lot, single-family subdivisions.” Why did we overbuild? “Habit and inertia,” Calthorpe says. “There’s tremendous institutional inertia” – banks, homebuilders, and zoning. “We have land-use maps that dictate low density in many areas and single use in most areas.” Calthorpe dismisses the notion that every American yearns for a piece of suburbia. Households with kids represent just 24 percent of the total, he says. The rest – singles, empty nesters, young couples – have different needs. “There are a whole range of needs out there and lifestyles that the one-size-fits-all subdivision just doesn’t satisfy,” he says. Calthorpe gives an example from his firm’s work, Stapleton, the nation’s largest redevelopment project. There, 12,000 units are going up on 4,500 acres – four times the density of the typical suburb – at the site of Denver’s old airport. “People spend more dollars per square foot for a smaller house and a smaller lot,” Calthorpe says, “but it’s in a walkable community; they’re willing to make that trade.”Change will require hard choices. Calthorpe challenges environmentalists to accept that infill alone won’t be able to meet the demand for housing; in some areas, projects cited near transit, for instance, building on greenfields may be necessary. We must also be willing to partner with developers. Development can help pay for a lot of the things we need, Calthorpe says: levees, transit extensions, flood control projects, parks, open space, and schools. “Quite frankly, the Bay Area should be thankful that we have the growth to deal with because it’s what we can use to repair so much of what we’ve misdesigned,” he says. This program was recorded in front of a live audience at the Commonwealth Club of California, San Francisco on May 25th, 2011 Learn more about your ad choices. Visit megaphone.fm/adchoices