What are the benefits of immigration from an economic and social perspective? How do we distinguish between various types of immigrants, and how should societies balance the benefits of immigration with other considerations, such as security and cultural integration? In this episode of the Solutions With David Ansara podcast, I speak with Alex Nowrasteh, a policy scholar and director of immigration studies at the Cato Institute in Washington DC, about the arguments for open borders. Alex believes that countries which are more open to foreigners enjoy an economic dividend due to increases in skills and productivity. A liberalised immigration policy produces positive-sum gains for immigrants, as well as their host countries, he argues. I raise the most common objection to open borders: the problem of security and terrorism. Only those who pose a risk to "life, liberty and property" should be prevented from entering, Alex says. He notes that terrorism, while a significant problem, is not at the scale large enough to justify denying entry to those who do not pose such a risk. I also bring up the topic of cultural integration. Alex believes that smaller, more homogenous societies may be more justified in their concerns over the erosion of their language and culture, but the United States, with its long tradition of multiculturalism, does not experience this problem to the same extent. Culture is also fluid and ever-changing, he says. We also reflect on the presidency of Donald Trump and explore why his anti-immigration message resonated so strongly with the American electorate, and why Joe Biden has been reluctant to re-open America's borders. TIMESTAMPS (00:00) Intro (00:23) Alex Nowrasteh on the economic benefits of immigration (02:33) Alex Nowrasteh on political opposition to immigration (04:23) Alex Nowrasteh on the different categories of immigrants (08:48) Alex Nowrasteh on cultural integration (15:16) Alex Nowrasteh on the problems with government immigration policy (22:57) Alex Nowrasteh on the cultural effects of globalisation (25:57) Alex Nowrasteh on security risks arising from immigration (32:25) Alex Nowrasteh on Donald Trump's immigration policy (35:36) Alex Nowrasteh on Joe Biden's immigration policy (38:02) Alex Nowrasteh on safely liberalising immigration policy (45:00) Alex Nowrasteh on whether poor countries should open their borders (49:59) Alex Nowrasteh on how policymakers should approach immigration VIDEO WATCH this episode on YouTube RESOURCES Alex Nowrasteh bio
Aaron interviews Alex Nowrasteh, author of Wretched Refuse? The Political Economy of Immigration and Institutions, about a broad range of immigration topics, such as: the moral case for open immigration, birthright citizenship, assimilation rates, the economic and social effects of immigration, and much more. Subscribe in Apple Podcasts, Spotify, or wherever platform you prefer. If you’d like to suggest a guest for the show or if you’d like to be on the show, email Aaron at Aaron@ObjectiveStandard.org Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/objectivestandard Twitter: https://twitter.com/ObjStdInstitute LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/objectivestandardinstitute/ Show notes: Alex Nowrasteh’s bio: https://www.cato.org/people/alex-nowrasteh Book: Wretched Refuse? The Political Economy of Immigration and Institutions Twitter: @alexnowrasteh
The Political Economy of Immigration and Institutions with Alex Nowrasteh
Charter Cities Podcast
A largely unexplored counterargument to immigration liberalization is that immigrants who come from countries with worse institutions will make the institutions in their destination country worse. In Wretched Refuse? The Political Economy of Immigration and Institutions, Alex Nowrasteh and Benjamin Powell respond to this argument and today we have Alex on the show to elaborate on their findings. Our conversation begins with a discussion on the foundational piece by Michael Clemens, ‘Trillion-Dollar Bills on the Sidewalk’. This paper finds that the marginal immigrant to the United States from a developing country can expect a fourfold increase in their wages, and the result of a global, free migration policy would be to increase global GDP by about 50% to 150%. Alex then unpacks why immigrating would be the most efficient option for improving an immigrant’s life. He responds to the arguments that immigrants should improve their home countries rather than immigrate and that the home countries of immigrants will worsen thanks to ‘brain drain’. Later in our conversation, Alex addresses the deep roots theory which proposes that the ancestry metrics of societies influence their GDP per capita. He then weighs in on whether culture impacts economic production. We hear about the central finding of Wretched Refuse, which is that immigrants don't worsen economic institutions in places where they go and in some cases improve them. Wrapping up, Alex shares his perspectives on changing immigration visa laws in the US and what the next ten years might hold in that respect. Tune in today! Key Points From This Episode: • The argument that immigration does not destroy the institutions responsible for prosperity in the modern world to be found in Alex’s book.• Why immigrants from Yemen will 16X their salary after moving to the US.• Alex’s response to the ‘Why don’t immigrants fix their home country rather?’ argument.• The question of brain drain when immigrants leave their home countries and why matters are more complex than this.• Why the overall economic gains immigrants offer to the US outweigh the threat they pose to some salaries.• Why Alex is a skeptic when it comes to the deep roots argument for prosperity.• Perspectives on the many reasons for why economic status of a country can change.• The impacts of culture and trust on economic growth and whether immigrants erode this.• Examples of mass immigrations to countries with poor institutions that experienced massive economic reforms in a liberalizing direction as a result.• Alex’s thoughts on shifting H1B visa allocation from a lottery to a wage-based system.• How the heartland visa system might encourage higher rates of legal immigration.• What Alex thinks will happen around immigration liberalization in the next 10 years. Links Mentioned in Today’s Episode:Charter Cities InstituteCharter Cities Institute on FacebookCharter Cities Institute on TwitterCharter Cities Institute on LinkedInJeffrey MasonAlex NowrastehCATO Institute Center for Global Liberty and ProsperityWretched Refuse? The Political Economy of Immigration and Institutions‘Trillion-Dollar Bills on the Sidewalk’‘Post-1500 Population Flows and The Long-Run Determinants of Economic Growth and Inequality’The AnarchyFraser Institute
The Soul of Enterprise: Business in the Knowledge Economy
Ron and Ed are both strong advocates of immigration although they do differ on some policy details. On this episode, we welcome Alex Nowrasteh, the director of immigration and trade at the Cato Institute’s Herbert A. Stiefel Center for Trade Policy Studies. Alex understands not only the subtlety of immigration policy but can cite chapter and verse the latest data on immigration.
The economic benefits of immigration seem clear, but what if immigrants could harm our institutions? CATO's Alex Nowrasteh joins the show to discuss his new book 'Wretched Refuse? The Political Economy of Immigration and Institutions'. We talk about the fears that immigrants could lead to more terrorism, less freedom, and more corruption. Is there any evidence for those fears? Do immigrants actually have positive impacts on institutions and culture? We cover these questions and more! Check out the book! - https://www.cambridge.org/core/books/wretched-refuse/47A037EB552CDB16DC77906072A590AB Follow Alex on twitter - https://twitter.com/AlexNowrasteh To make sure you hear every episode, join our Patreon at https://www.patreon.com/neoliberalproject. Patrons get access to exclusive bonus episodes, our sticker-of-the-month club, and our insider Slack. Become a supporter today! Got questions for the Neoliberal Podcast? Send them to firstname.lastname@example.org Follow us at: https://twitter.com/ne0liberal https://www.instagram.com/neoliberalproject/ https://www.facebook.com/groups/1930401007051265/ Join a local chapter at https://neoliberalproject.org/join
Alex Nowrasteh: How does immigration affect developed countries' institutions?
Political Economy with Jim Pethokoukis
On today's episode, Alex Nowrasteh explores the effect of immigration on cultural and political institutions in developed countries, as well as the future of immigration policy under the Biden administration.Alex is the director of immigration studies at the Cato Institute’s Center for Global Liberty and Prosperity. He is also the coauthor, along with Benjamin Powell, of Wretched Refuse? The Political Economy of Immigration and Institutions, released in December of last year.
Immigration's Economic Impact (with Alex Nowrasteh)
Economic arguments favoring increased immigration restrictions suggest that immigrants undermine the culture, institutions, and productivity of destination countries. But is this actually true? Alex Nowrasteh breaks the economic impact of immigration down for us by pulling data from history as well as from policies that other countries use to control immigration.What happens if we open up immigration? What is a founder effect? Why do people want to come to America? See acast.com/privacy for privacy and opt-out information.
Alex Nowrasteh: Breaking Down Biden's Day One Immigration Proposal (Amnesty, the Border, & More)
Breaking Boundaries with Brad Polumbo
President Biden has made immigration one of his first policy priorities, introducing a sweeping policy plan on his very first day in office. Cato Institute Director of Immigration Studies Alex Nowrasteh joins the show to break it down. How many millions of illegal immigrants could receive amnesty under Biden's plan? What impact would this have on the economy? Could it cause a rush on the border? What changes would Biden's plan make to legal immigration? Does it do anything to promote border security? What are the political odds this package gets passed in its current form? We discuss all this and more. Plus, Alex goes off about the one popular food he can't stand. Follow Brad on Twitter: https://twitter.com/brad_polumbo Follow Brad on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/bradpolumbo/ Follow Alex on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AlexNowrasteh Check out Alex's work at Cato: https://www.cato.org/people/alex-nowrasteh Buy Alex's latest book: https://www.amazon.com/Wretched-Refuse-Political-Immigration-Institutions/dp/1108702457/ref=sr_1_1?dchild=1&keywords=Alex+Nowrasteh&qid=1607137438&sr=8-1
215 Alex Nowrasteh, The Political Economy of Immigration
Alain Guillot Show
https://www.alainguillot.com/alex-nowrasteh/ Economic arguments against immigration suggest that immigrants undermine the culture, institutions, and productivity of destination countries. But is that true? Nowrasteh and Powell systematically analyze cross-country evidence and case studies of the potential negative effects of immigration on economic freedom, corruption, culture, and terrorism. They find that immigrants do not destroy the institutions responsible for prosperity and, in some cases, even improve them Get the book right here: https://amzn.to/35JsA1i