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Amy Cowan

6 Podcast Episodes

Latest 4 Apr 2021 | Updated Daily

Weekly hand curated podcast episodes for learning

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HAPPY NATIONAL GET OVER IT DAY! Join us as we celebrate moving on with your life or callously telling people to shut up about their problems! Today we're partying with someone who was really disconcerted when we told her what the topic was, Amy Cowan (AmyACowan.com)!! LET'S PARTY!! Find Holiday Party online – Patreon: patreon,com/HOLIDAYPARTY Twitter: @HOLIDAYPARTYPOD / Instagram: HOLIDAYPARTYPODCAST / Facebook: @HOLIDAYPARTYPODCAST / HOLIDAYPARTYPODCAST.COM Find Alyssa – Twitter: @alyssapants / alyssapants.com Find Disa – Spotify: open.spotify.com/user/1243777842 Find the show notes at https://laughowenslaugh.com/holiday-party-march-9th-2021--national-get-over-it-day-with-amy-cowan/

1hr 28mins

9 Mar 2021

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Creating an Inclusive Learning Environment with Dr. Amy Cowan Part 2

Teaching In Medicine

“Look critically at not 'are you or aren’t you a racist', but how you might benefit from this system and how might you contribute to it, because once you start doing that then I think you start choosing differently.” Dr. Cowan is an internist at the VA in Salt Lake City, UT.  What opportunities has she created for trainees and faculty?  What makes her an award-winning educator?  What is White Allyship? Listen to Part 2 of our discussion about diversity, discrimination, and inclusive teaching practices.   To learn more,  Dr. Cowan recommends the following resources: https://www.vitaltalk.org/resources/ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3097516/


1 Jun 2020

Similar People

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Creating an Inclusive Learning Environment with Dr. Amy Cowan Part 1

Teaching In Medicine

Dr. Cowan is an internist at the VA in Salt Lake City, UT.  Listen to our discussion about diversity, discrimination, and inclusive teaching practices.  What were some of Dr. Cowan's early career experiences around discrimination?  How does she create an inclusive clinical learning environment?  What does she do when racist remarks are made about trainees?  This episode is part one of our discussion. To learn more, check out Dr. Cowan's JAMA article on calling out inappropriate behavior by patients and their families: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2701633. She also suggests the Scene On Radio podcast https://www.sceneonradio.org/seeing-white/ and the book, White Fragility by Robin DiAngelo.


18 May 2020

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HAPPY INCONVENIENCE YOURSELF DAY! Join us as celebrate everything the stuff that gets in the way of other stuff. Today we're celebrating with the lovely and sometimes inconvenient Amy Cowan (aacowan.com)!! LET'S PARTY!! Find Holiday Party online – Patreon: patreon,com/HOLIDAYPARTY Twitter: @HOLIDAYPARTYPOD / Instagram: HOLIDAYPARTYPODCAST / Facebook: @HOLIDAYPARTYPODCAST / HOLIDAYPARTYPODCAST.COM Find Alyssa – Twitter: @alyssapants / alyssapants.com Find Disa – Spotify: open.spotify.com/user/1243777842 SHOW NOTES Definition of the topic Inconvenience, as defined by Merriam-Webster is:  Something that is inconvenient….or not convenient especially in giving trouble or annoyance The top definition on Urban Dictionary, with 16 thumbs up, is that Inconvenience is “a version of baseball you play when you do not have enough people to field two full teams. The rules are that “you can only hit to right field or left field, which you have to call before you are up. If you hit to the opposite field, you are out. The outfield can throw the ball to the pitcher to get the lead runner out.” Conveniently, or inconveniently depending on how you look at it, this is also the most downvoted definition of “inconvenience” on Urban Dictionary, with 47 thumbs down. It was posted on July 12, 2004 by “Steve”. The only other definition of “inconvenience” on UD was posted on November 2, 2019, and states that inconvenience is the “trouble or difficulty caused to one’s personal requirements or comfort.”  It has no votes either way, and was added by the user “TheUnseenWriter” (lol) History of the holiday According to Worldwide Weird Holidays, Inconvenience Yourself Day has been celebrated on the 4th Wednesday in February since 2006. The holiday was created by Julie Thompson, the then (and now?) president of Environmental Resources Network in Ft. Lauderdale, FL, to encourage everyone to recognize how our actions impact the lives of those around us I checked, and this sadly means that it will never fall on Leap Day, which is too bad because it would make it an incredibly inconvenient holiday “It’s easy to become so focused on our own crazy to-do lists that we forget to hold open a door, let a customer with only a few items get ahead of us in line, thank someone who has helped us or just be kind to others when there is no tangible benefit to us.” Its goal is not only to recognize a person’s self awareness in life, but also to acknowledge other peoples’ lives and actions as well. There are times where you need to put yourself first, but this day is meant to encourage you to try to put someone else before you And according to WWH, “the secret payoff of inconveniencing ourselves: it makes us feel good. Who knows? It could become a habit. Slow down, say thanks, and have a happy Inconvenience Yourself Day!” Fun facts and opinions A 2018 NYTimes opinion piece by Tim Wu, a law professor at Columbia, entitled “The Tyranny of Convenience”, says that “convenience is the most underestimated and least understood force in the world today.” Defining convenience as the more efficient and easier ways of doing personal tasks, Wu describes its effects on our individual lives and our economies.  “Convenience seems to make our decisions for us, trumping what we like to imagine are our true preferences. Easy is better, easiest is best.”  “Convenience has the ability to make other options unthinkable.” Why wash your dishes or clothes by hand when you can let machines do it? When you can watch streaming television or listen to a podcast anytime you want, why would you bother with waiting for a prescribed radio or television hour? Why would you use BIng when you have Google? Resisting convenience, such as refusing to get a smartphone or printing out Mapquest instructions instead of using a GPS, must “come to require a special kind of dedication that is often taken for eccentricity, if not fanaticism.”  The “article describes two separate cultural waves of convenience,” with the first taking place in the early 20th century with labor-saving inventions for the home and industry, such as convenience foods, washing machines, electric vacuum cleaners, and factory farming. The inventions were quickly embraced, since people thought it would free them from extraneous labor and offer the possibility of leisure for the first time, meaning that time could be used instead for hobbies, education, or binge watching I Love Lucy or The Jetsons This first wave began to wane and people seemed to intentionally embrace some inconvenience in the 60s and 70s in order to resist conformity and retain a sense of individuality. So it was fitting that the second wave of convenience, which occurred in the 1980s, would co-opt this ideal by presenting the idea of personal technology with the invention of the Sony Walkman.  According to Wu, “if the first convenience revolution promised to make life and work easier for you, the second promised to make it easier to be you. The new technologies were catalysts of selfhood. They conferred efficiency on self-expression.”  This version of convenience is no longer occupied with saving physical labor or creating free time--”it is about minimizing the mental resources, the mental exertion, required to choose among the options that express ourselves. Convenience is one-click, one-stop shopping, the seamless experience of “plug and play.” The ideal is personal preference with no effort.” But convenience has a dark side. “With its promise of smooth, effortless efficiency, it threatens to erase the sort of struggles and challenges that help give meaning to life. Created to free us, it can become a constraint on what we are willing to do, and thus in a subtle way it can enslave us.”  We pay a premium for convenience. As Wu states, “We are spoiled by immediacy and become annoyed by tasks that remain at the old level of effort and time. When you can skip the line and buy concert tickets on your phone, waiting in line to vote in an election is irritating.” (On the other hand, I miss the days of buying concert tickets in person. Not only were they cheaper, but I’m a sentimental fuck who loves keeping the physical tickets as a memento) Wu presents the concept of a paradoxical truth that today’s technologies of individualization are technologies of mass individualization, and that customization can be surprisingly homogenizing. Social media like Facebook and Instagram are vehicles intended to help you present your unique self, yet their formats and conventions force us to present ourselves as overwhelmingly the same He argues that “being a person is only partly about having and exercising choices. It is also about how we face up to situations that are thrust upon us, about overcoming worthy challenges and finishing difficult tasks--the struggles that help make us who we are.” “Today’s cult of convenience fails to acknowledge that difficulty is a constitutive feature of human experience. Convenience is all destination and no journey...We are becoming people who care mainly or only about outcomes.” Wu recommends that “we need to consciously embrace the inconvenient...if you want to be someone, you cannot allow convenience to be the value that transcends all others. Struggle is not always a problem. Sometimes struggle is a solution. It can be the solution to the question of who you are.” We already do this to a great degree, though we call these inconveniences other names, such as hobbies or passions. If you’re into wood carving, glass-blowing, exercise, or talking about inconvenience on your hobby podcast, you already making inconvenient choices in order to create your own character and give your life meaning.  Wu concludes by insisting that “we must never forget the joy of doing something slow and something difficult, the satisfaction of not doing what is easiest. The constellation of inconvenient choices may be all that stands between us and a life of total, efficient conformity.” If you do find yourself annoyed by inconveniences that were not intentional, such as locking yourself out, dealing with intense traffic, or breaking your phone, sersanoconsulting.com has some advice for how to change your perspective and therefore your experience of the inconvenient.  Remind yourself that these problems are almost certainly temporary Pay attention to your thoughts and emotions during these moments of inconvenience. See if you can take a different course of action that will counteract the typical build-up of frustration and irritation. For example, if you lock yourself out of your home and catch yourself in a spiral of blame or anger, see what else you can do with the time you’re about to spend locked out, such as taking a walk and exploring a different neighborhood, or in my case, developing a real appreciation for how fucking difficult it is to actually break into someone’s home thanks to modern door locks You don’t have to get mentally stuck when your plans go off the rails, since the misfortune is not likely to be eternal and you can make the choice to not let that time and emotion go to waste A thinkpiece from HackSpirit.com entitled “These 20 inconvenient truths about life are hard to admit but they’ll change your life when you do” highlight some “hard truths about life that will benefit you in the long run” to accept, including: We haven’t got that much control in life Our expectations are what cause are [sic] suffering Everything, even you, is imperfect Worrying is a complete waste of time The best lessons often come from hardships We often confuse being busy with being productive Most of us don’t need more to be happy, we need less As a society, we’re way too focused on outer beauty Most arguments we have are pointless It’s easier to hold onto the way things are than to learn and grow Everyone will die You give your own life meaning There is no such thing as a perfect partner Life isn’t that serious Everything will come to an end Be realistic Make a change or don’t complain The best lessons often come from hardships (see brutal truth #3) Most of us don’t need more to be happy, we need less (smh) Here’s mine: Proofreading is a necessary inconvenience Science shows that inconvenience can actually be really  good for you, especially when helping others!  Mentalfloss sites that “studies indicate that the very act of giving back to the community boosts your happiness, health, and sense of well-being”, and offers “7 Scientific Benefits of Helping Others” “Helping others can help you live longer” because activities such as volunteering or helping those in need can improve your “ability to manage stress and stave off disease” as well as reduce rates of depression and increase a sense of life satisfaction. This could be related to the fact that volunteering can alleviate loneliness and support our social lives, which are factors that strongly affect our long-term health One study shows that “altruism is contagious,” and found that “people are more likely to perform feats of generosity after observing another do the same”, which in turn can have a ripple effect within a community  “Helping others makes us happy”! A team of sociologists “tracked 2000 people over a five-year period and found that Americans who described themselves as ‘very happy’ volunteered at least 5.8 hours per month.” This boost could come from being the byproduct of being more physically active, being more socially active, or even from providing volunteers with a neurochemical sense of reward “Helping others may help with chronic pain.” One study showed that participants who suffered from chronic pain experienced a reduction in their own symptoms after working as peer volunteers “Helping others lowers blood pressure.” Some research has shown that “older individuals who volunteered for at least 200 hours a year decreased their risk of hypertension by 40%. This could possibly be because they were provided with more social opportunities, which help relieve loneliness and the stress that often accompanies it.”  “Helping others promotes positive behaviors in teens,” as teenage volunteers generally have better grades and self-image And finally, “helping others gives us a sense of purpose and satisfaction,” particularly when a person no longer holds a life-defining role such as “worker” or “parent.”  Psychology Today echoes these sentiments with their article, “In Helping Others, You Help Yourself” The “warm glow” of pro-sociality that one can experience after helping someone else “is thought to be one of the drivers of generous behavior in humans [because] the positive feelings associated with helping others is that being prosocial reinforces our sense of relatedness to others, thus helping us meet our most basic psychological needs.”  Activities such as volunteering, altruistic behavior, and spending money on others rather than ourselves have repeatedly shown boosts in well-being, a sense of meaning and purpose, general happiness, and lower rates of depression.  There is even neural evidence suggesting a link between acts of generosity and happiness in the brain. Simply the intent and commitment to generosity can stimulate the neural change and make people happier fMRI studies show that donating money to charities activates the same (mesolimbic) regions of the brain that respond to monetary rewards or sex Other research from Columbia University shows that helping others regulate their emotions helps us regulate our own, decreases symptoms of depression, and improve our well-being since we are enhancing our own emotion regulation skills “Social regulation of emotion is a key component of our relationships. Whenever we navigate children through tantrums, help a friend through a breakup, or rely on our partners for comfort after a challenging day, we often engage in social regulation of emotion... “The two most common ways to help others regulate their emotions are through acceptance ([by] showing empathy by validating their feelings) and reappraisal ([or] helping others think about their situation in a different way).” The study was done over a 3 week period, during which “participants were provided with an anonymous online environment where they could share their personal stories of stressful life events.” They were also able to provide emotional support to each other by replying to entries with short, empathetic messages.  “Participants helped each other by identifying potential distortions of thinking, suggesting reappraisal strategies or providing words of acceptance. Responses were rated for their degree of helpfulness and participants were given the opportunity to express their gratitude for the acceptance or reappraisal messages that they received from others. “The results showed that helping others to regulate their emotions predicted better emotional and cognitive outcomes for those participants who were giving the help. Moreover, because heightened levels of self-focused attention are common in depression, the more people helped others, the more their helping behavior predicted a reduction in their own depression, thanks to the use of reappraisal in their own daily lives. The article recommends that the “next time you find yourself helping someone with regulating their emotions, consider how your efforts may be providing you with an opportunity to practice for future situations at a distance, and consequently, improving your emotional well-being. Thus when it comes to the benefits of social regulation, St. Francis of Assisi’s words ring especially poignant: ‘For it is in the giving that we receive.’” There may be times when doing something kindly inconvenient will go south, though, such as the following examples from the Reader’s Digest article “14 Random Acts of Kindness That Went Totally Wrong” Reddit user dendaddy’s wife donated her kidney to a stranger, and the bills were supposed to be taken care of by the recipient. However, dendaddy and his wife learned that the recipient’s insurance hadn’t paid the bill in full and the recipient wasn’t paying it either. Since then, a collection agency has been after dendaddy’s family for the inconvenient sum of $10,000 Judith Re told Reader’s Digest,”I was purchasing fruit at a truck where several homeless men were congregating. As I purchased my fruits, I bought apples to give to each of the men. [but as I handed out the last apple, one of the men told me], ‘I’m sorry but we can’t eat these because our teeth aren’t strong enough.’” “Working out on the steps of an amphitheater, Scott Deuty, author of the book ‘Secrets of an Over 50 Fat Man’, noticed a woman and her daughter who were also working out on the steps. Inspired by the scene, Deuty responded by giving a copy of his book to the mother. Apparently, this gesture was not appreciated because the daughter responded by angrily throwing the book down the stairs!” I mean. a) what narcissistic maniac is just carrying around copies of his own goddamn book while working out and b) who the fuck wants to have to now carry a goddamn book around while they’re trying to work out that some idiot just handed them and c) the implication that the woman was fat is super obvious to everyone except apparently Scott Deuty When Veonne Anderson saw a pregnant woman smoking, she wanted to give her an encouraging word about quitting smoking for her baby’s sake. She started by telling her how pretty she looked, then asked her how many months she was. “How many…? What?”, the woman replied. “You’re pregnant, no? I mean, I thought…” “Not pregnant. Just fat.” Instant karma. Fuck you, Veonne. “When you see someone driving with a flat tire, it seems reasonable to flag them down. But Reddit user, whistledick, went beyond that simple kindness, pulling over and offering to take the driver to a convenience store to purchase a can of fix-a-flat. Unfortunately, according to whistledick, “Not only did they ride in my car silently, offering no thanks, but they also stole my wallet out of my console when I wasn’t looking.” When a homeless man asked Reddit user, hourmc, for food, hourmc gave the man the chicken salad sandwich he had with him. “Ain’t nobody gonna eat that,” the man said, refusing the sandwich. Hourmc recalled feeling “strangely rejected” Yet another Reddit user, capatiller, let a longtime friend stay in her spare bedroom when the friend was leaving an abusive husband. Capatiller’s friend then showed her gratitude by starting an affair with capatiller’s fiance, and the two of them then kicked capatiller out of the house and took up residency there together.  Our final Reddit user named Thundernut was trail running when he encountered a fallen tree on the path. He decided to move the tree as a good deed, but then felt a pain on his knee. Then another. He soon realized he was being attacked by a swarm of bees that were nesting in the tree. Thundernut then spent three days in the hospital with anaphylaxis That all said, if your attempts to help someone backfire, take advantage of those emotional regulation skills of yours and remember that your discomfort is simply temporary and that anaphylaxis will only help your journey to being a better version of you :) What it means to me This was an incredibly inconvenient holiday to research “Inconvenient” is really inconvenient to type It’s more obvious that modern day conveniences are actually having some long-term consequences. Convenience food is terrible for you, single-use plastics and other similar inventions are terrible for the environment, and social media is terrible for your social life Activities to celebrate Whatever you do today, be sure to do it with the #InconvenienceYourselfDay hashtag on all your social media Worldwide Weird Holidays has a few suggestions to “slow the pace of [your] hectic lives, if only for today.” Call a friend instead of texting Write a letter instead of a Facebook message Cook a favorite meal instead of throwing something together (or getting delivery) Maybe even get the “good” china out of storage, because what the hell are you even saving it for? Take a walk without any mobile devices and look around at your neighborhood, not just the view of the sidewalk you see past your cell phone WikiHow, as always, comes to the rescue with the following breakdown of precisely how to Inconvenience Yourself today Be there for someone else emotionally--if someone you know needs to talk, give them your full attention. Give them advice and try to get them to see a positive aspect in whatever they’re going through. Everyone loves smiles and hugs, especially in a stressful situation Make children feel appreciated--”When parents are buried in work, household chores to maintain a clean & safe house, and bill payment deadlines to meet, it’s hard to set some time off to spend quality time with kids. Help them out with homework, have fun preparing for a test by creating index card games, take them to the park, or even play their favorite video game with them.” Perform a random act of kindness to a stranger--”don’t hesitate to let someone in the supermarket line before you if they have a few things while you have a full cart. Open the door for a senior citizen and allow them to walk in/out before you.” Be patient on the road--”Allow people to go in front of you to make a merge and never play the ‘bumper-to-bumper game’ so that people can’t merge. Avoid taking a parking space because it’s closer and more convenient for you; go further back to allow someone else the chance - it’s also good exercise to walk.” Achieve success at work--”Use this day to re-evaluate how you present yourself towards others. Offer help to someone first; don’t wait for them to come to you. Explain things with specific instructions instead of a basic overview. Take the time out and ensure that they are presented with the best assistance.” Avoid doing “me” things--”’Me’ things are activities or wants that people desire to do in their spare or leisure time by themselves. Examples could be sleeping in to a later time, taking a stress-free walk by themselves, or reading a book in a peaceful and quiet place. Agree to an outing with friends or attend your daughter’s stuffed animal tea party.” Reflect on “Inconvenience Yourself Day”-- “If you have put someone else before you, how did it make you feel? Were you satisfied or unhappy with the result(s)? Try to adapt and practice this everyday and see if it comes back to you.” Weekendnotes.com offers this comprehensive schedule for a proper celebration of the holiday “You start the day by waking up at 5AM, you need to celebrate the day to its fullest The first thing you do is start a load of all your bath towels Then, you take a freezing cold shower for 15 minutes When you’re done you realize you have no towel You figure out that problem and then you get dressed The thing is that you don’t get dressed the convenient way Put your clothes on backwards and inside out Once you’re completely dressed you go get the ingredients for cereal As you are pouring the milk you look at the time and then freak out, you’re late for work You spill the milk and then decide that you need something to eat You get your purse/wallet and then remember you need your coat You put your purse/wallet down and your coat on and get your car keys off the key hook You get in the car and hurry to the store Once you’re at the checkout you remember you have no money, because you forgot your purse/wallet You hurry to your car, just to remember that you locked your keys in the car You call the police to see if they can open the door, but the closest police man is over a half an hour away You call a friend who thankfully takes you to work But you’re late! And your boss is mad at you, for being late for the past week He gives you an insane amount of overtime, which you know you deserve You finish a hard day of work at 7PM, dealing with various inconveniences you made for yourself You didn’t wear your suit, so you had to borrow another employees extra one Well, you spilled coffee on it, so you had to find another just like it You yell at your friend, because she was yelling at you for ruining her suit and you just made the meaning of the special holiday come true  You return to the store and a police officer arrives. He goes through many ID questions, but realizes you are legit You go home just to find spoiled, bumpy, smelly milk all over your kitchen floor After you clean it up you realize it is 8PM You put your cell phone in the charger and the power to the house turns off You change into your most uncomfortable outfit and go to sleep INCONVENIENCE YOURSELF DAY Mixtape Help! By The Beatles The Inconvenient Truth by Nervus Unsolicited by Disadvantages The Annoying Song by Butthole Surfers Watch Out For This (Bumaye) by Major Lazer, Busy Signal, The Flexican, FS Green Do Somethin’ by Britney Spears Help I’m Alive by Metric Pain In The Ass by Nina Kraviz Kitties and Inconveniences by Iamjakehill World of Inconvenience by Dub Trio featuring King Buzzo Lose Yourself by Eminem Find You by Zedd, Matthew Koma, Miriam Bryant https://open.spotify.com/playlist/3f9XQw3stUg8sZDSV24b3M?si=ensyNxXUQiKk0KiHw5wfIQ And never forget what our wise “prince of paradox” Gilbert K. Chesterton once said, “An adventure is only an inconvenience rightly considered. An inconvenience is only an adventure wrongly considered.” GKC was an English write, philosopher, and lay theologian, often referred to as the “prince of paradox” [embed]https://open.spotify.com/playlist/3f9XQw3stUg8sZDSV24b3M?si=ensyNxXUQiKk0KiHw5wfIQ[/embed] SOURCES https://www.wikihow.com/Celebrate-Inconvenience-Yourself-Day https://www.worldwideweirdholidays.com/inconvenience-yourself-day/ https://www.weekendnotes.com/celebrate-national-inconvenience-yourself-day/ https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/inconvenience https://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=Inconvenience https://hackspirit.com/20-brutal-truths-life-will-make-better-person-1/ https://www.sersanoconsulting.com/2017/09/inconvenience-perspective/ https://www.treehugger.com/culture/why-convenience-overrated.html https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/16/opinion/sunday/tyranny-convenience.html https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/71964/7-scientific-benefits-helping-others https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/between-cultures/201805/in-helping-others-you-help-yourself https://www.rd.com/true-stories/acts-of-kindness-gone-wrong/

1hr 56mins

27 Feb 2020

Most Popular

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HAPPY INTERNATIONAL PODCAST DAY! Join us as we celebrate the thing that we're doing while we're celebrating it! Today we're partying with pal and beloved guest Amy Cowan (aacowan.com)!! LET'S PARTY!! Find Holiday Party online – Patreon: patreon,com/HOLIDAYPARTY Twitter: @HOLIDAYPARTYPOD / Instagram: HOLIDAYPARTYPODCAST / Facebook: @HOLIDAYPARTYPODCAST / HOLIDAYPARTYPODCAST.COM Find Alyssa – Twitter: @alyssapants / Instagram: lettertalkpodcast / alyssapants.com Find Disa – Twitter: @cinnamonenemy / Spotify: open.spotify.com/user/1243777842 SHOW NOTES History/Fun facts about the holiday According to Wikipedia, a podcast is “an episodic series of digital audio or video files which a user can download to listen. Alternatively, the word “podcast” may refer to the individual component of such a series or to an individual media file Podcasting often uses a subscription model, whereby new episodes automatically download via web syndication to a user’s own local computer, mobile application, or portable media player Some have labeled podcasting a “converged medium,” that is bringing together audio, the web, and portable media players, as well as a disruptive technology, having caused some in the radio business to reconsider established practices and preconceptions about audiences, consumption, production, and distribution Listeners typically consume podcasts for free, and producers can usually create them for little to no cost. This sets podcast apart from the traditional 20th-century model of “gate-kept” media. Podcasting is a horizontal media form--producers are consumers, consumers may become producers, and both can engage in conversations with each other Variants of podcasts include  Enhanced podcasts, which can display images synchronized with audio. These can contain chapter markers, hyperlinks, and artwork Podcast novels, also known as serialized audiobooks or podcast audiobooks. This is a literary form that combines the concepts of a podcast and an audiobook. Like a traditional novel is a work of long literary fiction; however this form of the novel is recorded into episodes that are delivered online over a period of time and in the end is available as a complete work for download. They can vary from new works from new authors that have never been printed, to well-established authors that have been around for years, to classic works of literature that have been in print for over a century  Video podcasts, which include video clips. Web television series are often distributed as video podcasts Oggcast, which is a podcast recorded and distributed exclusively in the Vorbis audio codec with the Ogg container format, which is a format state that is unrestricted by software patents. The name is derived from “ogging”, jargon from the computer game Netrek, which came to mean doing something forcefully, possibly without consideration of the drain on future resources Political podcasts, which focus on current events, usually last 30 minutes to an hour, often featuring journalists, politicians, pollsters, writers, and others with credentials in the public sphere. Most have a host-guest interview format and are broadcast each week based on the news cycle Podguide, an enhanced audio tour podcast. It’s a single audio file where each chapter displays a picture and a number of what to look at a certain stopover. The numbers correspond to the numbers on a map that can be downloaded via the link incorporated into the artwork of the chapters in the podguide. Wikipedia describes it as being like a soundseeing tour but with pictures and a map, so users can take the tour themselves It was previously known as “audioblogging”, and has its roots dating back to the 1980s. With the advent of broadband internet access and portable digital audio playback devices, podcasting began to catch more mainstream hold in late 2004. In the 1980s, Radio Computing Services (RCS) provided music and talk-related software to radio stations in a digital format Before online music digital distribution, the MIDI format as well as the Mbone, Multicast Network was used to distribute audio and video files. The Mbone was a multicast network over the internet used primarily by educational and research institutes, but there were audio talk programs In 1993, Carl Malamud launched Internet Talk Radio which was the “first computer-radio talk show, each week interviewing a computer expert.” It was distributed “as audio files that computer users fetch one by one.” Malamud said that listeners could pause and restart the audio files at will, as well as skip content they didn’t like In 2001, Applian Technologies introduced Replay Radio, a TiVo-like recorder for Internet Radio Shows. One of the features was a Direct Download link, which would scan a radio publishers site for new files and copy them directly to a PC’s hard disk. The first radio show to publish in this format was WebTalkGuys World Radio Show, produced by Rob and Dana Greenlee In September 2000, the first system that enabled the selection, automatic downloading and storage of serial episodic audio content on PCs and portable devices was launched from early MP3 player manufacturer, i2Go, which introduced a digital audio news and entertainment service called MyAudio2Go. This enabled users to download episodic news, sports, entertainment, weather, and music in audio format for listening on a PC, the eGo portable audio player, or other MP3 players. The app could be programmed to automatically download the latest episodic content from user selected content types to a PC or portable device. Unfortunately, the service succumbed after a little over a year, due to the i2Go company running out of capital during the dot-com crash. In October 2000, the concept of attaching sound and video files in RSS feeds was proposed in a draft by Tristan Louis, and implemented  by Dave Winer. Winer had received other requests for “audioblogging” features and had discussed the enclosure concept with Adam Curry in the same month. They are credited in 2004 for coming up with the idea to automate the delivery and syncing of textual content to portable audio players In September 2003, Winer created a special RSS-with-enclosures feed for his colleague Christopher Lydon’s weblog, which previously only had a text-only RSS feed. When Lydon had accumulated about 25 audio interviews with bloggers, futurists, and political figures, Winer gradually released them as a new RSS feed. Winer challenged other aggregator developers to support this new form of content and provide enclosure support.  Lydon’s blog eventually became Radio Open Source and is now the oldest, still-running podcast Matt Schichter’s The Backstage Pass is widely believed to be the first podcast to be published online, despite lacking a commonly accepted identifying name for the medium. The chat show was launched in October 2003 Ben Hammersley originally suggested the word “podcast” as a portmanteau of “iPod” and “broadcast” in February 2004 Other names in limited use include “net cast,” which is intended as a vendor-neutral term without the loose reference to the Apple iPod. Other sources have suggested “portable on demand” or “POD” for similar reasons In September 2004, blogger and columnist Doc Searls began keeping track of how many “hits” Google found for the word “podcasts”. His first query reportedly returned 24 results. On September 28, there were 526 hits on Google for “podcasts”. On October 1, there were 2750 hits. The number continued to double every few days In June 2005, Apple released iTunes 4.9, which added formal support for podcasts, thus negating the need to use a separate program in order to download and transfer them to a mobile device. While this made access to podcasts more convenient and widespread, it also effectively ended advancement of podcatchers by independent developers. Additionally, Apple issued cease and desist orders to many podcast application developers and service providers for using the terms “iPod” or “Pod” in their products’ names In July 2005, US President George W. Bush became a podcaster of sorts when the White House website added an RSS 2.0 feed to the previously downloadable files of the president’s weekly radio addresses Also in July of that year, the first People’s Choice Podcast Awards were held during Podcast Expo, with awards being given in 20 categories. The Awards are still held annually and now better known as the Podcast Awards, and the now-22 categories are the following. I also added who won for 2018: People’s Choice--The Fantasy Footballers Best Produced--N/A Best Video Podcast--N/A Best Mobile Podcast--N/A Arts--We Like Drinking Business--Extraordinary Women Radio Comedy--2 Girls on a Bench Education--Our Fake History Entertainment--We’re Drunk and We Know Things Food and Drink--N/A Games & Hobbies--Trivial Warfare General--N/A LGBQ--Derek and Romaine Health--A Better Night’s Sleep Government & Organizations--Democracy Works Kids & Family--Cool Facts About Animals Mature--Turn Me On Music--The Modern Vinyl Podcast News & Politics--Consider This Religion & Spirituality--For the Love with Jen Hatmaker Science & Medicine--Curiosity Daily Society-Culture--Travel Oddities Sports & Recreation--The Fantasy Footballers Technology--Why’d You Push That Button? Travel--N/A TV & Film--Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. Podcast This year’s award ceremony was live streamed on September 29 On September 28, 2005, Google found more than 100M hits on the word “podcasts” In December 2005, “podcast” was named the word of the year by the New Oxford American Dictionary, and added the word to the dictionary in 2006 In February 2006, Lance Anderson became the first to take a podcast and create a live venue tour with his podcast The Lance Anderson Podcast Experiment In 2014, This American Life launched the first season of their Serial podcast, and went on to achieve 68 million downloads by the end of Season 1 and became the first podcast to win a Peabody Award. The show is also credited with popularizing true crime podcasts. As of December 2018, Serial is the most downloaded podcast of all time, with 420 million total downloads NPR is the most popular podcast publisher with 175 million downloads and streams every month.  According to a Chartable blog post by Dave Zohrob published in February 2019, we are entering the “Golden Age of Podcasting.”  “Podcasts have been around since at least 2004. But unlike text-based news and blogs, which have gone through waves of centralization and disruption thanks to Facebook and Google, the podcast industry has remained stubbornly decentralized. There are dozens of popular podcast players, and no single gatekeeper in the industry. Despite many attempts, there has never been a ‘Netflix of podcasts.’” Spotify appears to be on an acquisition spree and will be spending hundreds of millions of dollars purchasing podcast hosting platforms, studios, and podcasts themselves. The article states that “Spotify CEO Daniel Ek explicitly referenced Netflix’s strategy as part of their motivation This could signal that we’re on the cusp of a Netflix-style change for podcasting, with “a marked increase in the amount and quality of original audio programming.” Between 2018 and 2019, weekly and monthly listenership jumped from 15% to 23%, or 20 million more frequent listeners in the US alone In total, around 60 million people are listening a few times a week or more, and 91 million people are listening at least once a week In 2018, an average of 575 podcasts were started every day, or about 1 every 3 minutes. Chartable is tracking over 670K podcasts in the Apple Podcasts directory, and over 210K of those published their first episode in 2018 In contrast, there are 35 million YouTube channels, so there is still plenty of room for new entrants in the audio world The article goes on to say that podcasting is exploding because they’re a great way to connect directly to an audience. “There’s no single gatekeeper, or gatekeeping algorithm, that will prevent you from reaching our audience. Edison Research data shows that 87% of podcast listeners listen to most or all of each podcast they listen to, even despite the fact that many episodes may run for hours. This is in contrast to the way that our attention works with other media. Some sources claim that our average attention span is down to 8 seconds. The average watch time for Facebook Watch videos is around 23 seconds. A “good” YouTube consumption rate is somewhere around 50% Listeners binge on podcasts the same way that they binge a new Netflix season Chartable also explains why the podcasting boom is happening now, 15 years after the creation of the medium. There are several broad trends converging, starting with Spotify and   getting serious about competing with Apple, increasing their investments in podcasting in 2018. Google launched a native Google Podcasts app for Android, which has the advantage of working on any Android device without requiring an app installation, meaning that hundreds of millions of Android users now have a “universal link” for podcast listening While Spotify has allowed podcast listening for about three years, they didn’t open the platform to all podcasters until 2018. Spotify has significantly increased the prominence of podcasts, which is showing in their downland stats, having doubled from 2017-2018 from 4.4% to 8.5%. Most of those listeners are new to podcasts, meaning that Spotify didn’t poach listeners from other hosting platforms, but rather created new listeners simply by exposure  Additionally, the prevalence of smartphones is crucial for the podcast boom, since smartphones are by far the most popular device for audio listening. Streaming media make up the majority of mobile data usage, and that share is continuing to grow Another factor is connected car adoption. A quarter of all listeners do most of their listening in the car, and as more cars adopt Apple’s CarPlay and Android Auto, people are choosing to listen to podcasts or streaming services like Spotify or Apple Music rather than traditional AM/FM radio Other converging trends include the popularity of smart speakers, and that generally more audio of various kinds are being more widely consumed and easily accessed, such as streaming music services, meditation apps, and audiobooks. Chartable predicts that this Golden Age of Podcasts will lead to more high-quality shows, podcasts will continue to grow their share of overall attention, new models for funding the production of a show will emerge, advertisers and other funders will be able to expect more precise and transparent measure of audience engagement (other than download numbers), Spotify will create more exclusive content to aggregate and retain listeners, but Apple will maintain a strong position The blog post closes out with this optimistic comparison: “Our current Golden Age of Television started 80 years after the invention of TV, and a decade after the invention of the Web. And despite some dire warnings, the trend in more and better TV programming has yet to slow. In comparison, the Golden Age of Podcasts only took 15 years since the invention of the medium, and it’s just getting started.” International Podcast Day history The holiday was co-founded in 2014 by a father and son team, Steve and Dave Lee. They also co-host the podcast The Waves of Tech, which was launched in March of 2007 and currently consists of nearly 500 episodes.  From a 2018 article by Morgan Hines on discoverpods.com, it was seven years after they started their podcast that they had the idea to create the holiday. Steve was driving and “heard a radio commercial for National Senior Citizen Day and wondered immediately why there wasn’t a day to celebrate podcasters and podcasting.” They chose September because the first podcast was released in September 2004, and the day after their 2014 National Podcast Day event, they “heard overwhelmingly from the international podcasting community to be represented and involved--hence, the birth of International Podcast Day.” From their website, internationalpodcastday.com, they describe the day a “great opportunity to connect with fellow podcasters, podcast listeners, podcast enthusiasts, and leaders in the podcasting industry.” Since the inaugural holiday, Steven and Dave have featured podcasters from 55 countries. The day is comprised of several events that take place in both an official and unofficial capacity. They host a 33-hour live video stream, where podcasters present their story or topic in their own language, though the majority are presented in English. The holiday events start at 8AM on September 29 and end at 10PM on the 30th. They note that podcasters around the world also take part in their own ways, coming up with unofficial events of their own. Internationalpodcastday.com has a page listing such events, and continues to take submissions from podcasters trying to spread the word about their own. When I checked the page in mid-September, there were events listed in Poland, Paris, Germany, North Carolina, Wisconsin, India, and Brazil  According to nationaldaycalendar.com, they created the holiday as a way to raise awareness of podcasting as an excellent entertainment and educational medium Fun facts/stats--from weeditpodcast.com, wikipedia, podcastinsights.com, podcastprogress.com Of 300K podcast listeners, 63% bought something that the host had promoted on their show. Of that same group, 71% said they had visited a sponsor’s website, while 62% said they would consider paying for the advertised product or service Podcast subscriptions soared past the 1 billion mark back in 2013 There are 7 billion mobile devices worldwide, and 58% of Americans own a smartphone. One in four podcast consumers play their audio device in their car “nearly every day.” Only 6% of all marketers are using podcasting as a form of content (2016) Podcast listeners consume more than 105 minutes of audio per day than the average American. They spend more than 35% of that total audio time listening to podcasts Today, there are more than 115K English-language podcasts available, and dozens of websites available for distribution for little or no cost to the producer or listener According to one 2017 survey, 42M Americans above the age of 12 listen to podcast on at least a weekly basis As of June 2019, there are currently over 750K podcasts, with over 30million episodes A huge jump from April 2018, at which point FastCompany stated that there were “over 525K shows and over 18.5million episodes” (podcastprogress.com) According to Chartable in 2018, an average of 757 podcasts were launched every day, or about one every three minutes.  There is a high level of podfading--few people keep it going after a few episodes. Between 50% and 75% of podcasts end up podfading after 7 episodes 51% of the US population has listened to a podcast 49% of podcast listening is done at home. 22% is done in the car 80% of listeners listen to all or most of each podcast episode and listens to an average of 7 shows per week Listenership is split between women and men at about 44%/56%, respectively 50% or over 60 million homes are podcast fans 70% of the US population is familiar with the term “podcasting”--up from 64% in 2018 51% of the US population has listened to a podcast--up from 44% in 2018 32% (90 million) listened to a podcast in the last month 22% (62 million) listen to podcasts weekly 16 million people in the US are “avid podcast fans” 45% of monthly podcast listeners have household income over $75K--vs 35% for the total population 27% of US podcast listeners have a 4-year college degree 36% of podcast listeners are non-white Podcast listeners subscribe to an average of 6 shows 19% of listeners increase the speed 65% of monthly podcast listeners have been listening for less than 3 years Comedy is the most popular podcasting genre, followed by education and news Podcast listeners are much more active on every social media channel (94% are active on at least one vs 81% for the entire population) Listeners are more likely to follow companies and brands on social media Listeners are also more likely to subscribe to Netflix or Amazon Prime--meaning that they are less likely to be exposed to TV advertising Listeners are more likely to own a smart speaker such as Amazon Alexa or Google Home 51% of bottled water households are podcast listeners, as are 57% of baby food households 53% of beer households 56% of juice households 54% of milk households 54% of cereal households 69% agreed that podcast ads made them aware of new products or services South Korea leads the world in the percentage of people who have listened to a podcast in the past month with 58% The top five are rounded out with Spain at 40%, Sweden at 36%, Australia at 33%, and the US at 33% Classes of MBA students have been commissioned to research podcasting and compare possible business models, and venture capital flowing to influential content providers Podsafe music refers to tracks, by independent as well as signed acts, that are available for use on podcasts without significant cost or licensing difficulty Podnography is also becoming a thing. Also called sexcasts, these are audio clips that may contain porn reviews, kinky storytelling, and interviews with porn writers Activities to celebrate Use #InternationalPodcastDay and #PodCastDay to share on social media Visit internationalpodcastday.com, who suggests that you can celebrate by spreading the word about the day to your friends, share the celebration on your podcasts and social media feeds Grab your mic and camera, ask someone about their favorite podcast. Share the response on social media Join in events in your region and around the world Promote by posting the official banner image on your website  Play the International Podcast Day audio or video promo on your show Change your social media image to the International Podcast Day logo Explain to someone what a podcast is and get them hooked Share your favorite podcast with someone Send feedback to your favorite podcasters and tell them thank you Provide a rating and review in Apple podcasts and other platforms Subscribe to a new show and talk about it using one of the hashtags Not a podcaster? Become one! Internationalpodcastday.com also has merch for sale, including shirts, hoodies, hats, mugs, and tote bags. If you order a shirt, you can send a selfie of yourself wearing it that the site will display on their Podcast Day Proud page They also have a podcasting quiz, where you can test your knowledge about podcasting. I got 7/11 right, or 63.63%, or a solid D National Today suggests Finding a new podcast: “With apps like Pocket Cast (for Android) and Downcast (for IOS), it’s never been easier to find an interesting podcast. Browse by category, or by popularity, and you’re bound to find at least a dozen that you’ll have a hard time turning off Creating your own: “You can create your very own podcast, and you’ve likely already got the tools you need to get started. Between your mobile phone and your computer, you’ve likely got a microphone, and some app like Garageband or Audacity.  Recording the podcast is the easy part--the real challenge comes when you’re trying to pick a topic worth listening to!” Donating to your favorite podcaster: “Many of the most popular podcasts survive on minimal ad revenue and donations ‘from viewers like you.’ As much as even hearing those words can put one to sleep, they’re there for a reason! Consider throwing a few dollars toward your favorite podcasts so that they can keep on broadcasting.” SOURCES https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Podcast https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_podcasting https://internationalpodcastday.com/podcasting-history/ https://internationalpodcastday.com/promotion/ https://internationalpodcastday.com/ https://nationaldaycalendar.com/international-podcast-day-september-30/ https://nationaltoday.com/international-podcast-day/ https://discoverpods.com/founding-creation-international-podcast-day/ https://www.weeditpodcasts.com/14-podcasting-facts-that-will-blow-your-mind/ https://www.podcastinsights.com/podcast-statistics/ https://podcastprogress.com/podcast-facts-and-figures-2019/ https://musicoomph.com/podcast-statistics/ https://chartable.com/blog/golden-age-of-podcasts https://musicoomph.com/podcast-statistics/

1hr 26mins

30 Sep 2019

Episode artwork



HAPPY NATIONAL TOILET PAPER DAY! Join us as we celebrate the amazing rolls of paper we rub our nether regions with! Today we're celebrating with friend, sister and toilet paper user Amy Cowan (aacowan.com / Twitter: @aacowan / Instagram: aacowan)!! LET'S PARTY!! Find Holiday Party online – Patreon: patreon,com/HOLIDAYPARTY Twitter: @HOLIDAYPARTYPOD / Instagram: HOLIDAYPARTYPODCAST / Facebook: @HOLIDAYPARTYPODCAST / HOLIDAYPARTYPODCAST.COM Find Alyssa – Twitter: @alyssapants / Instagram: lettertalkpodcast / alyssapants.com Find Disa – Twitter: @cinnamonenemy / Spotify: open.spotify.com/user/1243777842 SHOW NOTES “Toilet paper is a tissue paper product people primarily use to clean the anus and surrounding area of fecal material after defecation and to clean the perineal area of urine and other bodily fluid releases. It also acts as a layer of protection for the hands during these processes.” --Wikipedia According to WordHippo, other names for toilet paper include: toilet tissue, TP, bum wad, loo paper, loo roll, bog paper, or bog roll According to Urban Thesaurus, additional synonyms include: shit ticket, ass polish, geneva convention, US constitution, bill of rights, certificate of deposit, bung fodder, bum fodder, poop eraser, manpon, rectum ribbon, moon squares, moon tape, bowel towels, poop mittens, clint eastwood paper, poo or poop tickets, dookie tickets, parachute, mountain money, shistapape, dunny roll, shatner, hole roll, yugio cards, moon floss, daily mail, alpha whiskey, ghetto kleenex, and butt scroll Among many, many, many other terms with definitions adjacent to toilet paper but not direct slang terms for it Most modern toilet paper in the developed world is designed to decompose in septic tanks Toilet paper comes in various numbers of plies, or layers of thickness, from 1- to 6-ply, with more back-to-back plies providing greater strength and absorbency Toilet paper products can vary greatly in the distinguishing technical factors, such as size, weight, roughness, softness, chemical residues, “finger-breakthrough” resistance, and water-absorption Quality is usually determined by the number of plies, coarseness, and durability. Low grade institutional toilet paper is typically of the lowest grade of paper, has only one or two plies, is very coarse and sometimes contains small amounts of embedded unbleached/unpulped paper. Mid-grade two ply is somewhat textured to provide some softness and is somewhat stronger. Premium toilet paper may have lotion and wax and has 2-4 plies of very finely pulped paper. If it’s marketed as “luxury”, it may be quilted or rippled, perfumed, colored or patterned, medicated, or treated with aloe In order to advance decomposition of the paper in septic tanks or drainage, the paper used has shorter fibers than facial tissue or writing paper. Manufacturers try to reach an optimal balance between rapid decomposition (which requires shorter fibers) and sturdiness (which requires longer fibers) Another use for toilet paper is toilegami, which refers to a common practice by hotels to fold the first sheet of a toilet paper roll to indicate to guests that the room has been cleaned The practice has been considered an emblematic example of a meme copied across the world from one hotel to another to the point that most of them now do it There are recreational uses for toilet paper such as “TP-ing”, which is the act of throwing rolls of toilet paper over cars, trees, houses, and gardens, causing the toilet paper to unfurl and cover the property, creating an inconvenient mess Children and cats may take to unrolling an entire roll of toilet paper by spinning it until it completely unravels on the floor, or as a game by children wadding up one end, putting it in the toilet bowl without tearing it and then using the flushing of the toilet to pull new paper into the toilet with the objective of flushing the entire roll down the toilet section at a time without the toilet paper breaking Toilet paper pranks include musical toilet paper holders and inserts that are activated by the unrolling of the toilet paper and will loudly play an embarrassing song, calling attention to the person defecating Other gags include custom toilet paper printed with jokes, stories, or politicians’ images From toiletpaperhistory.net, wrapping and padding material known as paper was invented in China in the 2nd century BC, and there are “many evidences” that confirm that they used that paper like toilet paper as well. The first modern toilet paper was created in 1391 for the Chinese Emperor family, and each sheet of toilet paper was perfumed. It wasn’t until the late 15th century that paper became widely available, though mass manufacturing of modern toilet paper didn’t begin until the late 19th century Prior to toilet paper, wealthy people would use wool, lace, or hemp to wipe, while poorer people would often use their hand when defecating into rivers, or cleaned themselves with materials such as rags, wood shavings, leaves, grass, hay, stones, sand, moss, water, snow, ferns, plant husks, fruit skins, seashells, or corncobs In Ancient Rome, a sponge on a stick was a popular option. The tool would be placed into a pail of vinegar or heavily salted seawater after use Other sources indicate that ancient Jewish practice included the use of small pebbles that would be carried in a special bag, as well as the use of dry grass or the smooth edges of broken pottery jugs In 1857, Joseph C. Gayetty created the first commercially available toilet paper, which were comprised of loose, flat sheets of paper medicated with aloe. It was dubbed “Gayetty’s Medicated Paper,” with Joseph Gayetty’s name printed on every sheet. Sadly, this invention ultimately failed. In 1879, the Scott brothers founded the Scott Paper Company, which offered the first toilet paper sold in rolls. However, they struggled to get the public to openly buy the product because Americans were so embarrassed by bodily functions. In fact, the Scott brothers were so ashamed of the nature of their work that they didn’t take proper credit for it until 1902 In 1871, Zeth Wheeler patented rolled and perforated toilet paper, and began selling the paper in 1897 By the end of the 19th century, more homes were being built with sit-down flush toilets attached to indoor plumbing systems. Because people required a product that could be flushed away with minimal damage to the pipes, widespread acceptance of toilet paper finally took hold In 1935, Northern Tissue invented splinter free toilet paper It was popular in the 1960s to buy colored toilet paper to match or complement the colors of one’s bathroom. Colors included pink, lavender, light blue, light green, darker green, purple, and light yellow. US manufacturers fully discontinued color paper lines in 2004, though colored paper remains commonly available in some European countries In 1973, Johnny Carson allegedly created a toilet paper shortage in the US after a joke he told on The Tonight Show.  From Snopes, which lists the rumor as a “mixture” of fact and fiction: “In December 1973, Carson made a joke during his opening monologue of The Tonight Show about an upcoming toilet paper shortage. While Carson was not the first to comment on the situation, [he] was blamed for causing a nationwide toilet paper shopping spree.” 1973 was a rough year economically for Americans. In the beginning of the year, the stock market crashed and lost over 45% of its value. In October, an Arab oil embargo saw gas prices rise from $3/barrel to nearly $12/barrel  After inflation, that equates to a rise from about $17/barrel to about $69/barrel (for reference, our prices today appear to range from $55-65/barrel) The US experienced a period of economic stagnation that it hadn’t seen since the Great Depression As a result, gas, electricity, and onions were heavily reported to be in limited supply, and Americans cultivated a “shortage psychology.” The toilet paper shortage started with an unsubstantiated rumor in November 1973 with several news agencies reporting a tissue shortage in Japan. A republican congressman in Wisconsin, Harold V. Froelich, then released a series of press releases stating that “the US may face a serious shortage of toilet paper within a few months...we hope we don’t have to ration toilet tissue...a toilet paper shortage is no laughing matter. It is a problem that will potentially touch every American.” The media took this and ran with it, setting the ground for a consumer panic. Johnny Carson’s reference to the shortage on his shown is oft-cited as the spark that ignited the legitimate shortage that followed. He said, “You know, we’ve got all sorts of shortages these days. But have you heard the latest? I’m not kidding. I saw it in the papers. There’s a shortage of toilet paper!” Millions of Americans went on toilet paper shopping sprees, leading to some store owners setting limits on two rolls per customer. Some creative thinkers requested toilet paper as gifts to their baby showers. The shortage last for four months. Toilet paper was bartered and traded, and a black market even emerged before the panic subsided in February of 1974 Carson issued a serious apology on his talk show, saying, “I don’t want to be remembered as the man who created a false toilet paper scare. I just picked up the item from the paper and enlarged it somewhat...there is no shortage.” In 2015, Venezuela faced a similar crisis. Reports surfaced that the country’s government’s price controls may lead to a lack of toilet paper, the citizens panicked and induced their own shortage. The situation got so out of hand that President Jorge Arreaza occupied a toilet paper factory, and issued this statement: “[We] will not allow hoarding or failures in the production and distribution of essential commodities. There is no deficiency in production.” Wet wipes were first introduced in the UK in the 1990s. It was promoted as a flushable product but it has since been implicated in the creation of fatbergs (a congealed mass in a sewer system formed by the combination of non-biodegradable solid matter, such as wet wipes, and congealed grease or cooking fat Since 2013, there have been a number of notable fatbergs that have been discovered and extricated from sewers in Great Britain, Australia, and the US In September 2017, a fatberg of congealed fat, wet wipes, and waste was discovered under the streets in Baltimore, Maryland that caused the spillage of 1.2 million US gallons of sewage into Jones Falls In February 2019, the largest fatberg in UK history, so far, was discovered in a sewer at Birchall Street in Liverpool. It weighed 400 tons and was 250 meters long. As of recording, it is still in the process of being removed, as it is proving to be difficult to break down using conventional tools and equipment In many parts of the world, especially where toilet paper or the necessary plumbing for disposal are unavailable or unaffordable, toilet paper is not used. Many people also consider using water as much cleaner and more sanitary practice than using paper. Cleansing may then be done with other methods or materials, such as a bidet, a lota (a small water vessel made from brass, copper, or plastic used in parts of South Asia), rags, sand, leaves, corn cobs, animal furs, sticks, or hands History of the holiday It was tough to pin down the inaugural Toilet Paper Day, but I did manage to find a mention of it in an article from 2010 on theyearoflivingunofficially.com The date was chosen to commemorate the first time toilet paper was ever sold on a roll, August 26, 1871 Fun facts and anecdotes! More than 7 billion rolls of toilet paper are sold yearly in the US. Americans use an average of 23.6 rolls per capita per year The average American uses 50 lbs of tissue paper per year, which is 50% more than the average person of other Western countries or Japan. This may be explained by the fact that people in other countries use bidets or hoses to clean themselves Americans use an average of 8.6 sheets of toilet paper each time they go to the restroom One tree produces about 200 rolls of toilet paper and about 83 million rolls are produced per day Global toilet paper production consumes 27k trees daily Millions of trees are harvested in North and South America leaving ecological footprint concerns It takes 37 gallons of water to make a single roll of toilet paper Friction from toilet paper contributes to and exacerbates the 23 million annual cases of hemorrhoids, UTIs, and anal fissures During Desert Storm, the US Army used toilet paper to camouflage its tanks--this is a fact I found listed in several places, but I wasn’t able to find anything to corroborate it or to explicate what that looked like About 4 billion people in the world do not use toilet paper An average of 666 rolls are used every day in the Pentagon 7% of Americans admit to stealing toilet paper rolls from hotels When asked what they’d bring if they were stuck on a deserted island, 49% of people said they’d bring TP before food Renova is the most expensive brand of toilet paper in the world. From Portugal, the paper is three-ply, perfumed, available in red, black, blue, and green, and is apparently a favorite among celebrities like Beyonce and Kris Jenner. It’s about $15 for a 6-roll pack On the International Space Station, they still use regular toilet paper but it has to be sealed in special containers and compressed Women tend to wad paper, while men tend to fold. Women wipe from front to back, and men just wipe however they want to From a 2016 AskReddit thread, titled “What is your ‘there’s no toilet paper’ horror story?”, here are some of the better answers “I’m Venezuelan… Do I have to say more?” “Every time I have a ‘there’s no toilet paper’ situation I turn it into “I need a replacement pair of socks’ situation.” “Got food poisoning while staying on a friend’s couch. In the middle of the night I went to the bathroom about to burst from both ends. There was no toilet paper, so I searched for about 15 minutes everywhere in the house for any paper product. There wasn’t anything. I was really sweating at this point because I just couldn’t hold it anymore. I ended up grabbing some old wrestling magazines printed on newspaper that my friend had lying around (she’s a hipster) and using that. It wouldn’t flush, so after I was done, I had to fish it out of the toilet and throw it out.” “One day, when I was a kid, I had to take a huge shit at little league practice. Of course, we were at a baseball field with not a single restroom around. So I went behind the dugout and took the biggest shit a 6 year old has ever taken. Obviously, there wasn’t any TP. So I tried using grass, to no avail. At the end of practice, everyone was checking their shoes to make sure they hadn’t stepped in any dog shit. And as you would guess, it was me they were smelling.” In July 2019, a man was caught on camera stealing toilet paper from a Fresh Value Marketplace in Trussville, Alabama. The toilet paper was on pallets on the sidewalk by the store, and a man in a hat, white wifebeater, and jeans, smoothly steals four packs of toilet paper and yeets out of there In 2006, a town employee in the Bavarian village of Fuchstal accidentally ordered two truckloads of toilet paper. When the first vehicle rolled up to the small town of 4k people, the authorities realized the mistake and managed to cancel the second truck, but the village was left with the logistical problem of storing the paper Officials set up a four-person team to distribute the toilet paper in several public buildings, filling the attic of the local storage building as well as all available closets and cabinets in local schools, the town hall, and the firehouse.  Ordinary citizens showed little interest in the paper, as it turned out to be a gray, single-ply brand that tended to yellow and grow brittle under prolonged exposure to sunlight It took the village 12 years to get through all of the toilet paper, with the last roll used in March 2019 There was an upside--the town saved over $1,130 because the price of wood went up the following year, which lead to higher prices for toilet paper The village has already placed its next large order of toilet paper, however the paper this time would be white, two-ply, and not delivered all at once In 2017, German non-profit Goldeimer took to pulping Nazi federal election pamphlets and turning it into toilet paper, as well as any other material the group deemed hateful, as part of a “hate is for assholes” campaign They’re quoted as saying, “In Germany, hatred has once again taken hold of the political climate. This is somewhat unfortunate. That is why Goldeimer is calling for a hate-free campaign. Up until the federal election, all campaign material that incites hatred and causes hurt will be taken out of circulation. Afterwards, from the crude slogans, we will make a velvety-soft special edition toilet paper.” All money raised was donated to the CURA organization, which aids victims of right-wing violence The paper, dubbed “Shitty Paper-Made from hate”, sold out in less than 24 hours SOURCES https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toilet_paper http://www.toiletpaperhistory.net/toilet-paper-history/history-of-toilet-paper/ https://www.checkiday.com/e84b3688c059d0c7918a4b78549aba22/national-toilet-paper-day https://home.howstuffworks.com/toilet-paper.htm https://www.trussvilletribune.com/2019/07/26/video-man-caught-on-camera-stealing-toilet-paper-from-fresh-value-marketplace-in-trussville/ http://mentalfloss.com/article/23210/toilet-paper-history-how-america-convinced-world-wipe https://www.cleanitsupply.com/blog/happy-national-toilet-paper-day/ https://www.bostonstandardplumbing.com/15-facts-to-help-you-celebrate-national-toilet-paper-day/ https://hellotushy.com/blogs/the-posterior/why-is-national-toilet-paper-day-a-thing https://www.lifehack.org/343424/fun-facts-about-toilet-paper-that-will-blow-your-mind https://blog.restockit.com/2016/08/03/21-fun-facts-about-toilet-paper/ https://priceonomics.com/the-great-toilet-paper-scare-of-1973/ https://www.dw.com/en/wiped-out-town-flushes-final-roll-of-12-year-toilet-paper-supply/a-47884449 https://www.dw.com/en/german-non-profit-flushes-away-right-wing-hate/a-40534628

1hr 19mins

26 Aug 2019